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Publication numberUS2296335 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1942
Filing dateNov 29, 1940
Priority dateNov 29, 1940
Publication numberUS 2296335 A, US 2296335A, US-A-2296335, US2296335 A, US2296335A
InventorsBrady David R
Original AssigneeBrady David R, Windsor Davis J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Athletic protector
US 2296335 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

v Sept. D. R. BRADY 2,296,335

ATHLETIC PROTECTOR Filed Nov. 29, 1940 Patented Sept. 22, 1942 2,296,335

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ATHLETIC PROTECTOR David R. Brady, Highland Park, Mich., assignor to David R. Brady and J. Windsor Davis, as joint trustees for Brady Research Company, Detroit, Mich-., a joint-venture company Application November 29, 1940, Serial No. 367,807

4 Claims. (01. 2-3) This invention relates to athletic protectors helmet. The body portion 1 is formed of fibrous such as are worn by players in various games, material or of suitable plastics molded or formed such as football for example, and has for its priinto the approximate desired shape. The crown mary object to provide a protector having resilportion of the body I is inset as illustrated at ient material incorporated therein in such man- 2 and in this inset portion is a layer 3 of sponge ner as to absorb considerable of the shocks re- .or foam rubber. The rubber 3, is of substantial sulting from impacts of other objects or persons thickness and is secured to the body I by on therewith. adhesive. A layer 4 of comparatively tough Athletic protectors of the type here concerned rubber is then placed ov e Sponge foam are usually composed of a shell-like main body rubber and the xp portion of e y portion of comparatively .stifl material with The rubber 3 is preferably an emulsion of padding incorporated therein to avoid discomlatex applied after the sponge or foam rubber fort to the wearer due to chafing resulting from has been adhered in place by spraying, brushing its stillness. This invention has for its object o pp The ex is e cured o V111- to providesuch protectors with shock absorbing canized and adheres to both the rubber 3 and to material externally thereof which tends to abthe body i and constitutes an air impervious sorb a major portion of the forces resulting from 8 f r th Sponge o m e other moimpacts with other objects or players. In th teriai than latex may be employed if desired. case of the conventional protector the wearer For e p e layer 4 might b p d is protected against bruising as the result of imof an elastic plastic known commercially as Koropacts but thefull forces of such impacts are felt seal, Polyvyhol Chloride, Plexiglass, by the wearer. In the case of the present pros typ s f sp o a ru r have tector these forces are to a great extent absorbed interconnected e s Whereas in other pe the so that the full forces of impacts are not felt cells e e S p ate from adjacent ce sby the wearer. This feature has particular util- 5 In the case of the first mentioned yp the ity in the case of football helmets which allatex or liqu d co t l 8 tendency to D though comparatively stiff in the presence of irate a Substantial depth by permeating severe impacts transmit stunning shocks to th through one cell to another. -In filling the cells wearer. The present invention absorbs s mthe elasticity of the sponge rubber is reduced cient of these forces to reduce the shock to the materially o in Such cases it is desirable o P wearer. vent penetration of the coating material. To

Another object is to provide a. protector c prevent this the rubber I is coated with a rubber prising a stiff main body ortion having a, h k cement such as rim cement for bicycle tires or absorbing material in the form of sponge or a cement commercially known s vulcfl-Lox foam rubber, with a casing of tough, durable rub- 5 which contain res s and which after be pber hermetically sealing the sponge rubber to plied and allowed o dry will become tacky When assist in securing the sponge rubber to the main heated. The rubber coating s applied over this body and to protect it against damage and tearcement and When the coating is Vulcanized ing. cured the cement bonds the coating to the sponge Another object is to provide a padding member 40 l'llbbefinternally of the protector for contact with the The rubber coating 4 provides a tough, durable body of the wearer, said padding being in the casing which prevents tearing of the sponge form of a toroid of sponge or foam rubber enrubber and assists in securing the sponge rubcased in a coating of tough durable rubber. her to the fibrous shell or form I. It also seals Other objects and advantages will become the sponge rubber hermetically andtherefore more fully apparent as reference is had to the reduces its tendency to oxidize.

accompanying drawing wherein my invention is To position the hehnet on the head of the illustrated, and in which v wearer a cushioning element 5 is provided in Fig. 1 1s a side view of a protector, the! crown thereof. The cushioning element Fig. 2 is a cross section of the protector, and 0 comprises a toroid 6 of sponge or foam rubber Fig. 3 is a cross section illustrating a modified enclosed in a casing I of tough, durable rubber. construction. The casing l is applied to the sponge rubber in More specifically i designates the main body the same manner that the casing 4 is applied portion of a protector which in the present into the sponge rubber 3. The sponge rubber 6 stance is illustrated in the form of a football is completely sealed within the casing I and its In the form shown in Fig. 2 the inset 2 enablesplacement of a comparatively thick layer of sponge or foam rubber externally over the entire crown portion of the helmet. Fig. 3, however, illustrates the sponge rubber tapered so as to merge into the contour of the helmet. It will be understood, of course. that the sponge rubber 3a of Fig. 3 may be applied without fabric as shown in Fig. 2, or that the sponge rubber of Fig. 2 may be used with fabric as disclosed in Fig. 3.

Although specific embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood that various changes may be made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention, and such changes are contemplated.

What is claimed is:

1. An athletic protector comprising a shelllike main body portion of comparatively stiff main body portion, said helmet having the crown portion inset with respect to theremainder of the contour thereof, a layer of spon e rubber secured to the crown portion externally thereof,

tour thereof, a layer of sponge rubber in said inset, and a casing of air impervious rubber overlying the sponge rubber and surface bonded to the sponge rubber and the helmet.-

3. An athletic protector comprising a shelllike main body portion of comparatively stiif main body portion, said helmet having the crown portion inset with respect to the remainder of the contour thereof, a layer of sponge rubber secured to crown portion externally thereof, a layer of open-mesh fabric overlying the sponge rubber, and a casing of air impervious rubber bonded to the sponge rubber through the interstices in said fabric.

4. An athletic protector comprising a shelllike main body portion of comparatively stiff main body portion, said helmet having the crown portion inset with respect to the remainder of the contour thereof, a layer of sponge rubber secured to the crown portion externally thereof, a casing of tough, durable rubber bonded to the exposed surface of said sponge rubber, and 8. padding within said body, said padding comprising a toroid of sponge rubber encased and sealed within a layer of air impervious rubber.

DAVID R. BRADY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2607036 *Dec 9, 1949Aug 19, 1952Robert MccoyHead protector and temple guard for baseball players
US2629095 *Jan 2, 1948Feb 24, 1953Kleinman Jacob LHelmet
US2634415 *Mar 11, 1950Apr 14, 1953Wilson Athletic Goods Mfg Co IHelmet
US2785404 *Mar 5, 1954Mar 19, 1957Macgregor Sport Products IncProtective helmet
US2794189 *Nov 29, 1955Jun 4, 1957Cons Edison Co New York IncProtective cap liner
US3155981 *Feb 5, 1963Nov 10, 1964John MckissickFootball helmet cover
US3174155 *Feb 20, 1963Mar 23, 1965Dallas Sports Knitting Co IncProtective helmet having a padded outer surface
US3186004 *Jun 7, 1962Jun 1, 1965Richard E CarliniProtective helmet
US3242500 *Aug 24, 1964Mar 29, 1966John W DerrProtective head covering
US3245087 *Apr 15, 1964Apr 12, 1966Joseph Buegeleisen CoSafety helmet cover in combination with a helmet
US3296582 *Jul 23, 1946Jan 3, 1967Ide John MUnderwater listening aid for submerged personnel
US3787893 *May 4, 1972Jan 29, 1974A LarcherProtective headgear
US4068323 *Oct 6, 1976Jan 17, 1978Pu Gill GwonAthletic protective system
US4581773 *Feb 2, 1984Apr 15, 1986Plum Enterprises, Inc.Protective hat
US4937888 *May 31, 1988Jul 3, 1990Straus Albert EHelmet cover
US5177815 *Apr 9, 1990Jan 12, 1993Andujar Edward MProtective headgear
US5461730 *Aug 6, 1993Oct 31, 1995Plum Enterprises, Inc.Protective hat
US5713082 *Mar 13, 1996Feb 3, 1998A.V.E.Safety helmet
US6101636 *Nov 27, 1996Aug 15, 2000Williams; MarixSculptured helmet ornamentation
US6219850 *Jun 4, 1999Apr 24, 2001Lexington Safety Products, Inc.Helmet
US6272692 *Jan 4, 2001Aug 14, 2001Carl Joel AbrahamApparatus for enhancing absorption and dissipation of impact forces for all protective headgear
US6434755Jun 2, 2000Aug 20, 2002Southern Impact Research Center, LlcHelmet
US7089602 *Jun 30, 2004Aug 15, 2006Srikrishna TalluriMulti-layered, impact absorbing, modular helmet
US7328462 *Feb 17, 2005Feb 12, 2008Albert E StrausProtective helmet
US8209784Oct 31, 2007Jul 3, 2012Kranos Ip CorporationHelmet with an attachment mechanism for a faceguard
US8272073Dec 31, 2007Sep 25, 2012Stromgren Athletics, Inc.Athletic protective padding
US8528118Jun 3, 2011Sep 10, 2013Riddell, Inc.Sports helmet
US8739599Mar 2, 2011Jun 3, 2014Bio-Applications, LLCIntra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US20120297525 *May 22, 2012Nov 29, 2012Juliana BainHelmet for Reducing Concussive Forces During Collision
EP2292111A1 *Sep 6, 2010Mar 9, 2011ThalesHelmet with a protective shell with variable stiffness
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/412, D29/106
International ClassificationA42B3/06, A42B3/04, A42B3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA42B3/06, A42B3/003
European ClassificationA42B3/00B, A42B3/06