US 2296551 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Se t, 22, 1942, j H I 2,296,551
CALENDAR Filed Jan. 16, 1941 V 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR 1571a n 0 V Ylao H. V. YLIQ Sept. 22, 1942.
CALENDAR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 16, 1941 INVENTOR .A'E'Zario V. Ylzo BY ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 22, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CALENDAR Hilario V. Ylio, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application January 16, 1941, Serial No. 374,648
manner to facilitate the rotation of the drums to expose portions thereof in the window openings.
Still further it is proposed to imprint the drums with a certain calendar material for the purpose of indicating the day of the week, the day of the month, the month of the year, and the year in a manner to permit the drums to be selectively aligned for indicating a predetermined day.
Still further it is proposed to individually mount the drums upon rotatively supported shafts which also carry complementary wheels projected through other openings formed in the front wall of said casing in a manner to facilitate the rotation of the shafts to change the exposed portions of the drums.
Still further it is proposed to provide a means for releasably holding the drums in various fixed positions in which the imprinted matter of the drums will be properly aligned with the window openings. 7
A further object of this invention proposes the provision of a flat edge portion on each of the control wheels which is adapted to be brought into position with the front wall of the casin in a manner to prevent the'projection and exposure of portions of these wheels when not being used to shift the position of the drums.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and. advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
'Fig Lia a front elevational view of'a new day calendar constructed in accordance with this invention.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is'a horizontal sectional view taken on V the line :4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line H of Fig. 1.
but illustrating a modification of the invention. Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 66 of Fig. 5.
The new day calendar, according to this'in vention. includes a hollow nickel plated casing I0. shell H having its axis extended substantially horizontal to a surface upon which the device is to be rested. The back of the tubular shell is closed by means of a back wall l2 and a front wall l3 closes the front of the tubular shell H. These walls 12 and I3 are fixedly maintained in position by means of screws M. The front wall i3 is formed with a plurality of window openings i5'in predetermined spaced positions with relation to each other. There is one window opening I5 at a point above the center of the front wall l3 and a plurality of window openings i5 arranged one adjacent each other on a line extending substantially through the center of the front wall. The window openings l5 are preferably four in number.
A tubular rod I6 is extended horizontally to the rear of the window opening l5 and a similar tubular rod I1 is extended horizontally to the rear of the line of window openings I5 These tubular rods l6 and II are adapted to act as supporting axles and are themselves fixedly supportedin brackets l8 provided with openings for receiving the ends of these tubular rods. The brackets l8 extend rearwards and are provided with pairs of bosses l6 through which set screws [9 are adapted to pass. These set screws l9 also threadedly engage the back wall l2 of the hollow casing for fixedly attaching the brackets l8 to this back wall.
The tubular r'od l6 carries a drum 2!! in an aligned position with the window opening I 5*.
The drum 20 is imprinted upon its face with gressively rotated. The drum 2! isv fixed to a tubular shaft 2| which is rotatively positioned on the rod l6. One end of thetubular shaft 2| is provided with a control wheel 22 which extends through an opening 23 formed in the front wall ii of the casing. The wheel 22 is provided witha knurled periphery which'permits the same drum 20,.
Fig. 5 ma view similar to a portion of Fig. v1 5 There is a drum 24 provided for each of This casing is characterized by a tubular" follows 2, 3-blank. The next drum to the right is imprinted upon its face with the numbers from zero to 9, and the last drum to the right is imprinted with twelve year numbers arranged in chronological order. Each of the drums 24 is fixedly attached to a tubular shaft 25 which rotatively engages the tubular rod I! which acts as a support therefor. The tubular shafts 25 have certain projected portions upon which control wheels 26 are fixedly mounted. These control wheels 26 are projected through complementary openings 21 formed to the right and left of the line of window openings l5 and in the front wall I3 of the casing. It is thus possible to selectively rotate the wheels 25 to retate their complementary shafts 25 and drums 24 carried by these shafts to align different portions of the drums with the window openings IS".
A means is provided for releasably holding the drums in various fixed positions in which the calendar material imprinted thereon will be properly aligned with the window openings I5 and HP. This means is alike for all the drums 20 and 24 and is characterized by a ratchet wheel 28 each of which is provided with a plurality of. teeth. The teeth formed in these ratchet wheels correspond in number to the number of impressions made on the faces of their respective drums. That is, the drum 2!! which is used to indicate the day of the week has seven impressions and its respective ratchet wheel is preferably provided with seven teeth.. The drum ,2! for indicating the month of the year is provided with twelve impressions and its respective ratchet wheel 28 has twelve teeth. Each of the drums 24 has its respective ratchet wheel formed in a similar manner.
A' pawl 29 is extended rearwards from the ratchet wheels 28 and is pivotally supported upon a bracket 30 which is mounted upon the rear wall I 2 of the casing Each of the brackets 30 is provided with bosses through which'set screws 3| are engaged. These set screws 3| also threadedly engage the rear wall H of the casing v for fixedly maintaining the brackets in position thereon. Each of the pawls 29 has a hook portion 29 which engages the teeth of its respective ratchet wheel 28.
A leaf spring 32 is fixedly mounted upon the top of the bracket 30 by means of a screw 33. The free end of the leaf spring 32 bears against the free end of the pawl 29 for urging the pawl into a position in which its hook portion 29 will be engaged with the teeth of its respective ratchet wheel28. The ratchet teeth andthe hook portions 129 are-arranged in such a manner as to limit rotation of the drums 24 in a" clockwise direction and restrain movement in the opposite direction. I
of. this form of the device is as The operation After the newtdayicalendar has-been properly assembled it is possible to indicate any'predetermined day of the'year by rotating the proper wheels or to cause the respective drums 20 or -24 to" rotate therewith and bring the proper predetermined calendar material in position with engage the teeth of the ratchet wheels 28 will slip over these teeth permitting a free rotation in a clockwise direction and will also limit rotation in the opposite direction and act to hold the I drums in-a position in which the respective calendar material will be properly aligned with the window openings.
According to the modification'of the invention shown in Figs. 5 and 6 the construction of the new day calendar is similar to that previously described except for the provision of a means are attached. In this form of the invention each of the wheels 26' is formed with a flat edge portlon 25' which when aligned with the face of the front wall l3 of the casing prevents the wheel from having a portion projected beyond this face. Means is provided for locking the wheels 16' to their respective shafts when turned in a clockflat side to be aligned with the face of the casing irrespective of the position of its drum. This means comprises a clutch characterized by a pair of oppositely disposed balls 35 located within cutouts 36 formed in the inside surface of the wheels 25' and adjacent their respective shafts.
The openings 36 are of a particular nature and have an enlarged end 36 and a reduced end 36'. When the wheels 26' are rotated in a clockwise direction the balls 35 will be moved to engage within the reduced portions 36" of the openings and act to lock the wheels 26' to their respective shafts to cause the same to be turned. However, when an attempt is made to rotate the wheels 26' in an anti-clockwise direction the balls 35 will be positioned within the enlarged portions 36' of'the openin s 36 to permit the wheels 26' shafts. When the wheels 26' have their flat edge portions 26* aligned with the face of the casing as shown in Fig. 6, and to start rotation thereof in a clockwise direction, it is merely necessary to press inwards upon the top of this flat portion which will cause the bottom to be exposed tobe conveniently gripped in ones fingers.
While 1 have illustrated and described the preferred' embodiments of my invention, it isto be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise constructions herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in theappended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:
1. .A new day calendar, comprising a casin having spaced front and rear walls, horizontally spaced brackets mounted on the inside face of said rear ,wall and projected into the vicinity of the inside face of said front wall, a tubular shaft, a drum fixedly mounted on one end of said shaft and provided on its periphery with printed matter viewable through a window opening formed in the front wall of said casing, a wheel mounted on the other end of said shaft-and aligned with another opening formed in said front wall by which said shaft maybe 'turned' to likewise turn said drum, and a rod fixedly mounted between the front ends of said brackets, and said tubular I shaft being rotatively supported on said rod between said brackets permitting rotation thereof, said wheel being free upon the end of said tubutriangularly shaped opening extended inwards lar shaft and having a flat side projected into its respective opening and flush with the face of said front wall forming a flat front wall on said casing free .of projecting portions, and means for locking said wheel to its shaft when turned in one direction to simultaneously turnsaid shaft and drum, whereby when.said wheel'is turned in the inside face of said front wall, a tubular shaft, a drum fixedly mounted on one .end of said shaft I and provided on i s periphery with printed mat,-
from the central opening of said wheel and disposed adjacent said shaft. I 3. A new dayv calendar, comprising :a casing I having spaced front and rear walls, horizontally spaced brackets mounted on the inside face. of
- said rear wall and projected into the vicinity oi. the inside face of said front wall, a tubular shaft,
a drum fixedly mounted on one end of said shaft and provided on itsperiphery with printed matter viewable through a window openin formed in the front wall of said casing, a wheel mounted on the other end of. said shaft and aligned with another openingformed in said front wall by which said shaft may be turned'to likewise .turn
. said drum,- and a, rod fixedly'mounted-between said rear wallvand projected into the vicinity of ter viewablethro .gh a window opening-formed in the front wall if said casing, a wheel mounted on the other end of said shaft and'aligned with another openingformed in said front wallby' which said shaft may be turned to likewise turn said drum, and a rod fixedly mounted between Y the front ends of said brackets, and said tubular shaft being rotatively supported on said rod-between said brackets permitting rotation thereof, said wheel being free upon the end of 'said tubular shaft and having a flat side projectedinto its respective opening. and flush with the face of said front wall forming a flat .front wall on said a casing free-of projecting, portions, and means for locking said wheel to its shaft when turned in one direction to simultaneously turn said shaft and drum, whereby when said wheel is turned in theoppositedirection it rotatesindependently of said shaft-and drum so that its flat side may be aligned with its respective opening regardless of the position in which said shaft and .drum
of the position in which-said shaft and drum is the front-ends of 'said brackets, and said tubular shaft being rotatively; supported on said rod -be.-' tween said brackets permitting rotation thereof,
said wheel being free upon the end of said tubular shaft and having a flat side projected into its respective opening and flush with the face of saidfront wall forming a flat front wall' on said casing free of projecting portions, and-means forv locking said. wheel to its shaft whenturned in onedirection to simultaneously turn sa'id shaft and drum, whereby when said wheel is turned in the opposite-direction it rotates independently of said shaft anddrum .so that its flat side may be aligned'with its respective opening regardless located, comprising :a ball located withina triangular-1y shaped opening extended inwards from the central opening .of said wheel and disposed -is located, comprising a ball located within a adjacent said shaft, said triangular opening havingalarge end'greater indepth than thediameter of said ball and a small end having a depth less than thegdiamet'er of said ball, causing the wheel to become. locked to said shaft when said ball is wedged between the small end of said triangular opening and said shaft,