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Publication numberUS2296893 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 29, 1942
Filing dateFeb 12, 1941
Priority dateFeb 12, 1941
Publication numberUS 2296893 A, US 2296893A, US-A-2296893, US2296893 A, US2296893A
InventorsHarold J Austin
Original AssigneeHarold J Austin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminated sign
US 2296893 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

p 1942- H. J; AUSTIN 2,296,893

ILLUMI NATED SIGN Filed Feb. 12; 1941 4 v INVENTOR.

7 formed by the luminous gas filled tube.

Patented Sept. 29, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ILLUMINATED SIGN Harold J. Austin, Hartsdale, N. Y.

Application February 12, 1941, Serial No. 378,507

4 Claims.

, This invention relates to luminous signs embodying a lamp envelope in th form of a tube of transparent material shaped to conform to a connect the gaseous medium in circuit with and charge the same from a source'of electric energy to render said gaseous medium luminous, and it is the primary object of the invention to provide in signs of this character a frame or housing for protecting and supporting the luminous gas filled inscription or symbol forming tube and arranged for the engagement of means to attach or suspend the frame from a support.

In signs of this character it is desired to provide a border surrounding and preferably of a color contrasting with the inscription on symbol This is usually accomplished by forming the frame of a lamp envelope in the form of a tube carrying a gaseous medium different from the gaseous medium in the inscription or symbol forming tube and producing when charged from a source of electric energy a color contrasting with the color produced by the gaseous medium in said inscription or symbol forming tube, and the sign is supported by means attached directly to the tube or tubes forming the sign with the result that should the sign be subjected to a jar the tube or tubes are brokenand th sign rendered useless.

It is another object of the invention to provide a sign of the character including a lamp consisting of a tube envelope shaped to form a symbol or inscription and filled with a gaseous medium adapted to be rendered luminous and produce alight of predetermined color when connected in circuit with and charged from a source of electric energy, and a supporting frame therefor surrounding said inscription or symbol forming tube and the fram formed of a translucent material which may be of a color contrasting with the color produced by the gaseous medium in the inscription or symbol forming tube, and a lamp,

such as a fluorescent" lamp including an envelope filled with a gaseous medium and said envelope being in the form of a tube shaped to conform to the contour of the frame and'carried by the frame to lie contiguous thereto and electrically connected with the gaseous medium in the inscription or symbol forming tube in circuit with a source of electric energy, or the material of said frame may be substantially white and made of a color contrasting with the color produced by the gaseous medium in the inscription or symbol forming tube and effect a corresponding illumination of the frame. It is another object of the invention to provide a sign of this character wherein the supporting frame is formed of a translucent thermoplastic material of channel shape in cross section with the open side of the channel disposed at the rear of the sign and the tube envelope of the fluorescent lamp disposed within the channel of the frame, and which tube may have a coating of opaque and reflective material on the outer portion thereof to direct the rays of the light toward the channel wall of the frame.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear. y

In the drawing accompanying and forming a part of this application a Figure 1 is a perspective view of a sign embodying the invention.

Figure 2 is a view looking at the top of the Sign. Figure 3 is a view looking at the rear of the sign with the inscription orsymbol forming tube broken away. Y

I Figure 4 is a cross sectional view, on aneularged scale, taken on the line 44 of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a cross sectional view of the enveloping tube of the lamp for illuminating the frame and showing a peripheral wall portion thereof provided with a coating of opaque and reflective material; and

Figure 6 is a longitudinal sectional view to I show the electric connection between the gaseous medium in the inscription or symbol forming tube and in the enveloping tube of the lamp for illuminating the supporting frame.

In carrying out the embodiment of the invention shown in the drawing there is provided a frame I of channel shape in cross section and made of a suitable transparent material, preferably translucent thermoplastic material, and e s own as of rectangular form although it may be of any other form, such as circular or elliptical. The upper member of the frame is provided with outwardly extending lugs 8 having perforations 9 therein adapted for the engagement of members, such as screws, to attach the frame to a support, or for the engagement of a strand of wire or a rod to suspend the frame from a support. The lower member or portion of the frame is provided with inwardly extending lugs I0, II, the lug Ill having a perforation therein extendthe enveloping tube for the fluorescent lamp mg transversely of the frame, and the other 111% llhaving a perforation extending longitudinally of the frame.

A lamp envelope of transparent material, such as glass, is carried and bounded by the frame, said envelope being in the form of a tube l2 shaped to form a desired inscription or symbol, and shown as shaped to form the notation Eichlers. The tube contains and has sealed therein a suitably colored gas or gaseous medium, such as a gaseous mixture containing argon, neon, helium, krypton or xenon, and preferably neon. The tube is releasably connected to the frame I by wire strands passed throughperforations in the frame, as at l3, and the ends engaged about portions of the tube and twisted upon themselves, as at H. The tube may be further secured to the frame by a strand of wire H extended through the perforation in the frame lug II and the ends engaged about the lower portion of the letter "13 and twisted upon themselves. Certain portions of the tube are rendered non-luminous by applying a coating of opaque material thereto, as at l5, to separate from the tube a luminous portion l5 representative of the dot over the letter i," and as at IE to separate the letter s from the letter r and provide an interposed luminous portion IS. The end portions of the tube are also rendered non-luminous by applying a coating of opaque material thereto, as at H and I8. The non-luminous end portion H is extended transversely of the rear of the upper portion or member of the frame and has an electrode therein conneced to conductors llextended through and sealed in the closed end, as is usual. The end portion l8 of the tube is disposed relative to the channel in an end portion of theframe and connected in communication with a, portion 20 having an electrodeengaged therein connected to conductors 2| extended through and sealed in the closed end of said portion 20, the portion 20 being disposed reltaive to a cut out 20' in a side wall of the channel of the frame. The gas or gaseous medium in the tube i2 is adapted to be rendered luminous when subjected to an electric charge and for this purpose the conductors I9, 20 are connected in circuit with a source of-electric energy.

' 'I'heframe I is illuminated by a fluorescent lamp the envelope 2: of which is in the form of a tube shaped to conform to the contour of and disposed within the channel of the frame and retained therein by cleats 23 extending transversely of the open side of the channel of the frame and secured thereto by screws threaded by a coupling member in the form of a sleeve 21 of electric insulating material slidably engaged upon the ends of the tubes and enclosing the connected conductors 25, 28 therein, as shown in Figure 6. To direct the light rays of the tube 22 toward the channel wall of the frame.

of electric energy, and to produce a contrasting white light. when the frame is illuminated, the

into openings in the lugs 8, l0 and II, as shown at 24 in Figure 3. The tube 22 also contains and has sealed therein a gas or gaseous medium adapted to be rendered luminous when connected in circuit with and charged from a source of electric energy, and is connected with the inscription forming tube 12 in circuit with a source of electric energy. For this purpose the elecirode having the conductors 2| connected thereto is sealed in the oneend of the tube 22. The gas or gaseous medium in the tube 22 is connected at the opposite end in circuit with the gas or gaseous medium in the tube l2, which is effected by engaging an electrode in said end of the tube 22 and extending conductors 25 connected thereto through and sealing the same in said end of the tube 22 and electrically connecting said conductors 25 to the conductors 26 sealed in the closed end of the tube l2, and connecting said ends of the tubes I2 and 22 material of the frame is of a substantially white translucent material, and the enveloping tube 22 is of clear glass so that the rays of light trans mitted through the uncoated portion of the tube 22 exposed to the frame will illuminate the frame and produce a. substantially white light surrounding or bordering the inscription forming tube l2. Should it be desired to surround the inscription forming tube l2 with an enclosing frame or border of a contrasting color, such for instance as blue, green or yellow, the material of the frame may be tinted to produce the desired color when the frame is illuminated. Or if desired the frame may be of a substantially white translucent material and the glass of the tube 22 may be colored to produce the desired color illumination of the frame.

The tube l2 may be engaged in a casing or housing of channel shape in cross section shaped to conform to the symbol, such as Eichler's, and fixed to the frame I by suitable means, such as the wire strand IS. The casing will protect the tubing l2 and broaden or enlarge the letters or elements of the symbol.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. In a sign, a frame of translucent material and channel shape in cross section, a pair of tubes of transparent material each having an electric conducting gaseous medium sealed therein adapted to be rendered luminous by an lectric charge thereon, and electric conductors in electrical connection with the gaseous medium in the tubes extended to the exterior of and sealed in the ends of the tubes, the electric conductors at one end of the tubes being electrically connected and connecting the gaseous medium in one tube in electric circuit with the gaseous mediumin the other tube, and the conductors at the opposite ends of the tubes adapted to be electrically connected to a source of electric energy, one of said tubes being shaped to conform to, the contour of the frame and disposed in the channel thereof and having a coating of opaque material on the surface exposed through the open side of the channel of the frame to illuminate the frame and the other tube shaped to form an inscription or symbol of the sign supported by and disposed within the opening in the frame, and the gaseous medium in said latter tube adapted to produce light of a color contrasting with the color of the light produced by the tube disposed within the channel of the frame and the illumination of the frame.

2. In a sign, a rectangular frame of translucent material and channel shape in cross section, a pair of tubes of transparent material each having an electric conducting gaseous medium sealed therein adapted to be rendered luminous by an electric charge thereon, and electric conductors in electrical connection with the gaseous medium in the tubes extended to the exterior of and sealed in the ends of the tubes, the electric conductors at one of the tubes being electrically connected and connecting the gaseous medium in one tube in electric circuit with the gaseous medium in the other tube, a sleeve of electric insulating material enclosing said electrically connected conductors and engaged at the opposite ends upon the adjacent ends of the tubes and connecting said ends of the tubes, and the conductors at the opposite ends of the tubes adapted to be electrically connected to a source of electric ener y, one of said tubes being shaped to conform to the rectangular contour of the frame and disposed in the channel thereof to illuminate the frame and the other tube shaped to form an inscription or symbol of the sign supported by and disposed within the opening in the frame, and the gaseous medium in said latter tube adapted to produce light of a color contrasting with the color of the light produced by the tube disposed within the. channel of the frame and the illumination of the frame.

3. In a sign, a frame of translucent material and channel shape in cross section and arranged with lugs extended outwardly from a side channel wall thereof, a pair of tubes of transparent rendered luminous by an electric charge thereon, and electric conductors in electrical connection with the gaseous medium in the tubes extended to the exterior of and sealed in the ends of the tubes, the electric conductors at one end of the tubes being electrically connected and connecting the gaseous medium in one tube in electric circuit with the gaseous medium in the other tube, and the conductors at the opposite ends of the tubes adapted to be electrically connected to a source of electric energy, one of said tubes being shaped to conform to the contour of the frame and disposed in the channel thereof to illuminate the frame, cleats mounted on the lugs of the frame to extend transversely of the open side of the channel of the frame and retain said tube in the channel of the frame, the other tube shaped to form an inscription or symbol of the sign supported by and disposed within the opening in the frame, flexible means engaged in openings in the frame and about the inscription or symbol forming tube to secure said tube to the frame, and the gaseous medium in said latter tube adapted to produce light of a color contrasting with the color of the light produced by the tube disposed within the channel of the frame and the illumination of the frame.

4. In a sign, a frame of translucent material and channel shape in cross section, a side channel wall of the frame being arranged with laterally extending lugs having openings therein for the engagement of means to attach or suspend the frame from a support, a pair of tubes of transparent material each having an electric conducting gaseous medium sealed therein adapted to be rendered luminous by an electric charge thereon, and electric conductors in electrical connection with the gaseous medium in the tubes extended to the exterior of and sealed in the ends of the tubes, the electric conductors at one end of the tubes being electrically connected and connecting the gaseous medium in one tube in electric circuit with the gaseous medium in the other tube, an the conductors at the opposite ends of the tu s adapted to be electrically connected to a source of electric energy, one of said tubes being shaped to conform to the contour of the frame and disposed in the channel thereof to illuminate the frame and the other tube shaped to form an inscription or symbol of the sign supported by and disposed within the opening in the frame, and the gaseous medium in said latter tube adapted to produce light of a color contrasting with the color of the light produced by the tube disposed within the channel of the frame and the illumination of the frame. v

HAROLD J. AUSTIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2652483 *Apr 19, 1948Sep 15, 1953Westinghouse Electric CorpArcuate discharge lamp and socket
US2852877 *Dec 10, 1954Sep 23, 1958Arthur C GieseLuminous sign
US4413311 *Sep 1, 1981Nov 1, 1983Philip OrensteinConnection system for joining illuminated modules
US6711841May 24, 2002Mar 30, 2004Everbrite, Inc.Gas discharge tube cover
US6901688Mar 22, 2004Jun 7, 2005Thomas A. KingIlluminated house address sign
US20080155870 *Jan 3, 2007Jul 3, 2008Cedric TaylorSolar energy powered address identifier
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/545, 362/263, 362/812, 313/515, 248/50
International ClassificationG09F13/26
Cooperative ClassificationG09F13/26, Y10S362/812
European ClassificationG09F13/26