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Publication numberUS2297090 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 29, 1942
Filing dateJan 14, 1942
Priority dateJan 14, 1942
Publication numberUS 2297090 A, US 2297090A, US-A-2297090, US2297090 A, US2297090A
InventorsWeaver Monte F
Original AssigneeWeaver Monte F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Delayed action cam mechanism
US 2297090 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 29, 2- M. F. WEAVER 2,297,090

DELAYED ACTION CAM MECHANISM Filed Jan. 14, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 r INVENTOR W1 JFFTJ. v

Sept. 29, 1942. M. F. WEAVER DELAYED ACTION CAM MECHANISM 2 sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 14, 1942 INVENTOR Patented Sept. 29. 1942 MUN-[TED STATES ATENT OFFICE 1 Monte F. Weaver, Monroe, Mich. Application January 14, 1942 Serial No. 426,697

8 Claims.

This invention relates to cam mechanisms,

more particularly it relates to a delayed action nism actuated by an intermittent operating shaft for operating an air valve to provide air for ejecting or blowing stamped pieces out of the die or blowing it as it drops from the die so that it will not fall on the lower die or on the new blank and ruin the parts or even the dies when the next punching or pressing operation takes place. This'also eliminates the need of the operator to remove the part from the upper die if it sticks there or to remove it if it falls on the lower die. It can also be used to blow chips and the likefrom piecesformed in a punch press or similar pressing machine.

Punch presses are usually provided with a cam for operating an air valve. The air valve allows air. from a compressed source of supply, to pass through a passageway and then is directed at the formed piece or at the dies to remove the stamped piece, chips, dirt, or any other foreign material. These cams are located on an intermittently operating shaft. Since all parts of a punch press intermittently, the-cam can only be placed on a shaft that is in motion during the-punching or pressing operation. The best-time to eject the pressed part is whilethe press is coming to rest and for a short period thereafter. During this time the punched or pressed piece tends to fall from the die or can be blown. from the die and blown to a point where it does not interfere with the following cycle of operation. At this time it also permits the air to blow the chips and dirt from either or both the part and the dies. The present type of cam arran'gement does not provide any blowing action after the machine comes to rest after the punching or pressing operation because the cam must provide for the closing of the air valve while it is still in motion. Therefore, the present type of cam does not provide 'an air stream for ejecting the part cleaning the dies at the most essential time. 7

My invention provides a novel cam mechanism adapted to keep the air valve open a predetermined length of'time after the operating shaft comes to rest or stops. then closed to prevent the use of excessive quantities of compressed. air. My novel invention provides a primary, or, positive action cam plate.

The air valve is a secondary or delayed action cam plate operated by means of spring action after the valve is opened andthe shaft and main cam stop or come to rest, thus keeping the valve open a predetermined length of time after the machine stops.

My invention has for its principal obJect the provision of a delayed cam action for operating an air valve to provide an air blast for ejecting or ,removing the pressed part from the die in order to increase the capacity-of the machine and at the same time eliminate the possibility of the dies being ruined.

Another object of my invention is to provide an air blast at a time advantageous to remove chips and dirt from the die. v

My invention will be best understood from the detailed description and claims which follow, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is shown by way of example and in which: l l

Fig. 1 is a; front elevation showing my novel valve mechanism.

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken along line 22 of Fig. 1 looking. in the direction indicated by the arrows.

Fig. 3 is a pictorial view of the main or positive action cam plate.

30 Fig. 4 is a pictorial view of the delayed'action cam plate.

- Fig. 5 is a pictorial view of the hub upon which the delayed action cam plateoperates.

Fig. 6 is a pictorial view of the stop pin used 35 to limit the independent motion of the delayed action cam plate.

' Fig. 7 is a pictorial view of the spring tension adjusting ring.

Fig. 8 is a front elevation of my cam arrangement together with a diagrammatic representation of the air valve that it operates.

delayed cam action mechanism in one of its operative positions.

Fig. 10 is a front elevation of my delayed cam action mechanism showingthe cam. follower in a position where the air valve is open.

Fig. 11 is a front elevation showing the delayed action cam holding the valve open after the action of the machine has ceased.

Fig. 12 is a front elevation showing'the position my delayed 'cam action mechanism come to rest after its cycle of operation. r

Fig. 13 shows a fragmentary view of a modifastened to a shaft for opening the air valve and fled form of the positive action cam plate.

' anchor pin 2|.

hole I8 of the positive action cam II.

7 Referring to the drawings Ills punch press or. other pressingmachine shaft, that operates intermittently. mechanism isfastened to the end of the shaft My novel delayed valve action Ilf The mechanism comprises a positive action :camJI shown in Fig.3. The positive action cam II is Provided with holes I! used'to secure the cam rigidly to the shaft III when assembled. The positive action cam is further providedwith an aperture I9 adapted to hold. the stop pin I9. The delayed action cam I2 shown in Fig. 4 is provided with an aperture l4 for operating on the outer surface I5 of the hub I3. The delayed action cam is further provided with an elongated curved slot I5 and a hole '29 to hold the spring Fig. 5 shows the hub I3 with the larger bearing surface I5 and the smaller surface 22. The hub I3 also has two annular holes 23 used to secure the hub in position. Fig. 6 shows the stop pin I9 which is fastened in th; Fig. discloses the spring tension adiusting ring 23 which is provided with atapped hole 24 adapted to receive a screw for securing the end of the spring 25.

the bearing surface I5 of the hub I3 operates in the aperture I4. The stop pin I9, fastened in the aperture |8 of the positive action cam II, operates in the elongated slot I 6. The spring tension adjusting ring 23 is then placed on the' smaller'bearing surface 22 of the hub I3. Cap screws 21 provided with washers 28 are inserted through the holes 23 of the hub and I I of the positive action cam. and are then'screwed into tapped holes 26 in the end of the shaft I0 holding the entire unit assembled and securing the unit to the shaft.

I The position of the cam II is fixed when the unit is assembled. The hub I3 is also rigidly se cured and is pressed against the positive action camplate II. The cam plate I2 is slightly thinner than. the width of the bearing surface I5 of the hub I3, thus providing sufficient clearance to permit free rotary movement of the cam plate I2 on thehub I3. The spring tension adjusting ring 23 holds the delayed action cam plate I2 on thehub I3. The spring tension adjusting ring 23 is fastened in a predetermined position on the hub I3 when the cap screws 21 are tightened. One end of the tension spring 25 is secured to the spring anchor pin 2I,- While the other end of the spring is secured to the spring tension adjusting ring 23 by means of a screw 49 which is fastened in the tapped hole 24.

The roller cam follower 29 is held against the outer surface of the cam plates II and I2 by means of spring pressure or other suitable pressure. The cam follower and the link 30 are limited to radial motion only. When the cam follower 29 is in its lower position the air valve operated by'the link 30 is closed. As soon as the cam raises the follower 29, the air valve opens and it remains open until the cam allows the roller 29 to return to the lower position. In order to keep the valve open after the motion of the shaft I0 stops the cam must provide 'motion after the shaftstops. This is accomplished by the use of thedelayed action'cam I2 and the spring 25.

.The delayed action cam plate I2- is not rigidly secured'to the rest of the unit,.insteadit is permitted to oscillate on thehub I 3. The extent of oscillation is limited by the length rof the slot li.

Thetension of the spring- 25 tends to ,hold the delayed action cam plate I2 in a position relative to the positive action cam plate II as shown in Fig. 1. I l

The positive action cam shown in Fig. 3 is pro-- vided with a rapid rising lobe 3|, which immediately falls'rapidly. The remainder of the cam plate II is circular. The delayed actic cam plate I2 shown in Fig. 4 is provided with a circular portion of the same'radius as the circular portion of the camplate Ii, for aboutthreefourths of its circumference. The remainder of the circumference is'provided with a substantially instantaneous rise shown at32. The radius remains constant after this point of instantaneous rise for a substantial period as shown at 33 and then drops back to the original radius.

In operation the'shaft III operates-intermittently, one revolution being one cycle of operation. As the shaft III begins a new revolution the entire valve assembly rotates with the shaft III as aunit in direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 1. During this time the cam follower 29 rolls on both cam faces as shown in Fig. 2. The valve 34 being in a closed position while the cam follower 29 is on the lower cam surfaces, such as shown in I, 2 and 8. As the entire unit continues to rotate, the radial face 32 of the delayed action cam I2 contacts the roller follower 29 as shown in Fig. 8. The delayed action cam I2 stops in this position while the remainder of the unit continues to turn. One end of the spring 25 is fastened to the stop pin 2| and-the othe end is fastened to the spring tension adjusting ring by means of the screw 40. When the delayed action cam plate I2 stops and the remainder of the unit continues to rotate, the spring 25 is expanded thus storing up energy in the spring 25. Fig. 9 shows my delayed cam vactionmechanism in a position where the spring 25 has been partially expanded. The delayed action cam I2 is still prevented from turning by the cam follower 29 while the lobe, 3| of the positive action cam plate II has contacted the roller follower 29. As the positive action cam plate II. continues to rotate, the follower 29 is moved up or outward radially from the center of the cam and shaft. This radial movement of the cam roller follower 29 opens the valve 34 by means of a link member 30. As the unit'continues to turn the cam lobe 3| lifts the cam follower 29 to its maximum height as shown in Fig. 10. In this position the spring 25 has been fully expanded and the delayed action cam has been released because the cam roller follower 29 has been lifted, by the lobe 3| of the positive action cam plate II, unto the top surface of the cam lobe 33. From the position shown in Fig. 10 the entire unit continues to rotate until the shaft I 0'stops at the end of its cycle. The plate II being rigidly secured to the shaft III also stops when the shaft stops the lobe 3|, then being in the position shown in Fig. 11. The camfollower 29 rides on the upper surface of the cam lobe 33' after remainafter the remainder of the unit'and. the shaft III stop. Thus, the valve 34 is held open after all other'motion of the cycle of operation ceases.

Fig. 11 shows the positive action cam II in its stopping position while the delayed action cam continues to turn on the hub l3 due to the tension of the spring 35. The valve 34 is held open until the roller follower 29 drops from the cam lobe 33 back to the lower circular portion of the delayed action cam plate. Thedelayed action cam plate comes to rest when the stop pin I3 engages with the end of the elongated slot l6 as shown in Fig. 12. Fig. 12 shows the delayed radial motion. The bracket 35 is fastened to the punch press or machine indicated at 36. An inlet line 31 carries compressed air from a source of supply to the valve 34 while the line 38 carries the compressed air from the valve .34 to, the point where it is used to eject the stamped part or to blow chips and dirt from the dies orthestamped piece.

From the above description it will be noted that my novel device keeps the air valve 34 open for an. appreciable'lengthof time after the punch press or pressing machine stops. As stated previously, the desirable time for providing the air blast for cleaning is immediately after the press stops. As the press stops the stamped piece tends to fall from the die and this is the proper time for the air blast to. occur. In the present valve arrangement for presses, a cam is fastened on the press shaft. This cam must necessarily open and close the valve while the machine is still in motion. Thus the air blast is provided before the machine stops at the end of its. cycle which is too early. My improved cam mechanism provides motion or cam action after the press stops. My device does not close the air valve until after the press or machine stops which provides an air blast at the desirable time. The period of valve opening can be varied by changing the length of the cam lobe 33. The period can also be governed by changing the tension in the spring 25. This is accomplished by turning the spring tension adjusting ring 23, After the desired tension is obtained in the spring 25, the spring tension adjusting ring is held in position by the cap screws 21.

The positive action cam plate II can be provided with a notched opening at its center as shown in Fig. 13 in place of the holes H. The notches 33 engage with the cap screw 21 looking the cam in position. The notches 39 provide a means for changing the position of the positive action cam plate H with respect to the shaft Ill. The change of position provides a means for varying the time at which the valve opens.

My novel delayed action cam mechanism provides' a very. fiexible arrangement for opening and closing the air valve 34. The opening of the valve can be made to occur sooner or later in the cycle by changing the position of the fixed cam II with respect to the shaft Ill. The closing of the valve canbe made to occur earlier or later in the cycle by decreasing or increasing theJength of the delayed action cam lobe 33. The time of closing can be further modified by altering the tension in the coil spring 23.

be used to operate mechanisms other than air valves.

While I have described the details of one form I of my invention, I do not wish to be limited to the particular form shown and described as it will be apparent many modifications therein may be made without departing from the scope of my invention.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A cam mechanism comprising; a fixed cam plate rigidly mounted on a shaft, a hub'secured to said shaft, an auxiliary cam plate mounted on said hub and adapted to oscillate thereon, a means for limiting the oscillation of said auxiliary cam plate, in respect to said fixed cam plate, a spring tending to hold said fixed cam plate and said auxiliary cam plate in a predetermined position with respect to each other, a cam follower in operative engagement with said fixed cam plate and said auxiliary cam plate; said fixed cam plate adapted to move said cam fol-' lower outward radially and said auxiliary cam plate adapted to hold said cam follower in said outward position for a predetermined period after the motion of said. fixed cam plate ceases.

2; A cam mechanism comprising; a fixed primary cam platesecurely mounted on a shaft, a

hub secured to said shaft; an auxiliary cam plate mounted on said hub and adapted to oscillate in axial alignment with respect to said primary 3. A- cam mechanism comprising; a hub, said hub being rigidly secured to a shaft; a primary cam plate interposed between said hub and said shaft; a secondary cam plate mounted on said hub and adapted to oscillate with respect to said primary cam plate, said secondary cam plate having an elongated slot, said primary cam plate being provided with a stop pin arranged to travel in said elongated slot and restrict the travel of said secondary cam plate; a spring tending-to hold one end of said slot against said stop pin; a' ring adapted to retain said secondary cam plate on said hub, said ring also adapted to adjust the tension in said spring; and a cam follower; said secondary cam plate being provided with a substantial instantaneous rise for contacting said ramfcllower; said primary cam plate being provided with a lobe for moving said cam'follower radially outwardly, whereby-secondary cam plate is released and allowed to advance holding said cam follower in said outward position for a predetermined length of time after the rotary movement of said primary cam plate ceases.

4. A cam" mechanism comprising; a hub rigidly secured to a crankshaft; a primary cam plate interposed between said hub and said crankshaft; a secondary cam plate mounted on said hub and adapted to oscillate with respect to said primary cam plate, said secondary cam plate having an elongatedslot, said primary cam plate having a stop pin arranged to travel in said My delayed cam action arrangement can also 7 elongated slot and restrict the travel of said secondary cam plate, spring -for resiliently holding said secondary cam plate in position against said stop pin; a ring for holding said secondary cam plate on said ub; a'cam follower; said cam follower restricting the motion 'of said secondary cam plate; said primary cam plate having a'lobe for moving said cam follower,

whereby said secondary cam plate is released and allowed to advance, said secondary cam plate holdingsaid cam follower,in said moved positiona predetermined length of time after the rotary movement of said primary cam ceases.

5. a intermittently rotating cam mechanism comprising; a hub, 'said hub being rigidly secured to a shaft; a primaryicam plate interposed between said hub and said shaft; a secondary cam plate mounted on ,said hub adjacent said primary camplate and in axial alignment therewith, said-secondary cam plate being provided withan elongated slot, said primary cam plate being provided with-a stop pin adapted to travel insaid slot and restrict the travel in said slot and restrict the travelof said secondary cam plate with respect to said primary cam plate;

a resilient means "for holding said auxiliary cam plate against said pin; .a ring for holding said auxiliary cam plate on said hub; a cam follower; said secondary cam .plate having a lobe, said cam follower restricting the motion of said secondary cam plate during part of the revolution .of said primary cam plate; said primary cam plate having a lobe for moving said cam folplate 1 lower radially outwardly thereby releasing said auxiliarycam plate whereby said cam follower is held in said outward position by said auxiliary cam plate after. the primary cam plate stops until the spring moves-said auxiliary cam plate toits normal position against said stop pin.

7. An intermittently rotating cam mechanism comprising; a primary cam plate, an auxiliary cam plate coupled to said primary cam'plate,

for movement therewith but with capacity for c limited independent movement with respect" thereto, a cam follower in operative engagement with said auxiliary cam plate, said auxiliary cam plate provided with an instantaneous rise adapted to engage with said cam followersl whereby the auxiliary cam plate is stopped while the primary cam plate continues to rotate,

' said primary cam plate provided with a lobe to raisesaid cam follower to release said auxiliary cam plate; a spring means for moving said auxiliary cam' plate with respect to said primary lower whereby said secondary cam plate is' released, said resilient *means causing said secondary cam plate to advance after, said primary cam plate stops whereby said cam'follower'is held by saidlobe of saidauxilia'ry cam plate I after the motion of saidcam plate ceases. 6. A cam mechanism comprising; a hub rigidly secured to a shaft; a primary cam plate interposed between said hub and said shaft; a secondary cam plate mounted on said hub, said secondary cam plate being provided with an elongated slot, said primary cam ,plate being provided with'a stop pin adapted to travel'in said slot and restrict the motion of said secondary cam plate; a spring for resiliently holding said auxiliary cam plate against said stop pin; a means for holding said auxiliary cam plate on said hub; said means also adapted to vary the tension in said spring; a cam follower; said primary cam plate having a lobe with a sharp riseadapted to move the cam follower radially outwardly, said secondary cam plate being provided with a substantial instantaneous rise; said primary cam plate and said auxiliary cam plate, said auxiliary cam'plate being provided with an elongated lobe for engaging said cam follower after the rotary motion of said primary cam plate ceases whereby the cam follower is held in said raised position after the rotary motion of said primary cam' plate ceases, said elongated lobe of said auxiliary cam plate provided with a gradual drop permitting said cam follower to return to its lower position after the motion of said auxiliary cam plate ceases.

.8. An intermittently operating cam mecha nism adapted to operate in cycles of one revolution comprising; a primary cam plate, an auxiliary cam plate coupled to said primary cam plate for movement therewith but with capacity for limited independent movement with respect thereto, a cam follower in operative engagement with said primary and said auxiliary unit, said auxiliary cam plate with respect to saidprimary cam plate, said motion continuing after the rotation of said primary cam plate ceases wherecam plate operating as a unit when said shaft beginsits rotation and continuing to operate as a unit until said cam follower contacts said lobeof said secondary cam plate, said auxiliary cam plate remaining'stationary until said lobe of said primary cam plate moves the cam folby said cam follower is held in a raised position after the rotation of said cam plate ceases, said elongated lobe provided with a gradual drop. for permitting said cam follower to drop to its J lower position when said auxiliary and primary cam unit comes to rest whereby the cam unit is automatically set for another cycle of operation.

MONTE F. WEAVER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2517142 *Apr 22, 1948Aug 1, 1950Staley Joseph HVariable contour cam
US2553846 *Aug 6, 1948May 22, 1951Clemens George STimer construction
US2587026 *Nov 14, 1947Feb 26, 1952Gen Time CorpTime switch
US2617903 *Feb 12, 1949Nov 11, 1952Cutler Hammer IncElectric switch
US2635638 *Dec 29, 1947Apr 21, 1953Mcquay Norris Mfg CoFluid control valve
US2646607 *Jun 26, 1948Jul 28, 1953Stearns Mfg CompanyMeans for preventing collapse of molded concrete products when core is withdrawn
US2674665 *Jun 14, 1951Apr 6, 1954Ranco IncClock initiated defroster control for mechanical refrigerators
US2866869 *Jun 1, 1955Dec 30, 1958Pioneer Electric And Res CorpRotary distributor for selecting system
US2920152 *Sep 6, 1957Jan 5, 1960Werner Harry CTime limit switch
US3098961 *Apr 29, 1959Jul 23, 1963Aircraft Radio CorpMotor control for selecting shaft positions
US3236106 *Jan 22, 1965Feb 22, 1966Gerber ProdCoupling with shear pin
US3271877 *Dec 7, 1962Sep 13, 1966Controls Co Of AmericaDryer control device and timer
US3818771 *Nov 29, 1972Jun 25, 1974Kobelt JTime-delay cam
US7819643 *Nov 15, 2006Oct 26, 2010Seiko Epson CorporationFluid transportation system with elastic tube and detaching cam arrangement
US8043077 *Aug 14, 2008Oct 25, 2011Seiko Epson CorporationMicropump
US8177531 *Sep 16, 2010May 15, 2012Seiko Epson CorporationFluid transport system with elastic tube and detaching cam arrangement
US8317500Dec 15, 2011Nov 27, 2012Seiko Epson CorporationFluid transport system with elastic tube and detaching cam arrangement
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/567
International ClassificationF16H53/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16H53/00
European ClassificationF16H53/00