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Publication numberUS2297830 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 6, 1942
Filing dateMar 11, 1941
Priority dateMar 11, 1941
Publication numberUS 2297830 A, US 2297830A, US-A-2297830, US2297830 A, US2297830A
InventorsHardage Clarence A
Original AssigneeCrouse Hinds Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Condensation drain for explosionproof fittings
US 2297830 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 6, 1942. c. A. HARDAGE CONDENSATION DRAIN FOR EXPLOSIONPROOF FITTINGS Filed March 11, 1!.941 2 Sheets-Sheet l cZAeE/vos- A. HAEOAGE' ATTORNEYS.

Oct. 6, 1942.

c. A. HARDAGE 2,297,830 CONDENSATION DRAIN FOR EXPLOSIONPROOF FITTINGS 'Filed March 11, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 A T OENEYS.

Patented Oct. 6, 1942 CONDENSATION DRAIN FOR EXPLOSION- PROOF FITTINGS Clarence A. Hardage, Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to Grouse-Hinds Company, Syracuse, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application March 11, 1941, Serial No. 382,772..

5 Claims.

This invention hasas an object a particularly simple and efiicient device for draining condensation from the interior of enclosed explosion proof housings in which electrical devices are mounted, the device being operable exteriorly of the housing and maintaining the explosion proof feature of the housing during the draining operation.

The invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed.

In describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the views.

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a draining device embodying my invention and the contiguous portion of the bottom of a switch housing in section.

Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the device and contiguous portion of the bottom wall of the housing.

Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view of the device with the stem positioned to drain rapidly from the interior of the housing to the reservoir in the device.

Figure 4 is a view taken on line 44, Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view of a modified form of the device particularly suited for the draining of housings in which the electrical devices are operated in oil.

Figure 6 is a view, similar to Figure 5, with the stem positioned to drain from the interior of the housing to the reservoir of the device.

Figure 7 is a view taken on line l-l, Figure 6.

As previously stated, this device is arranged in the bottom wall of a totally enclosed explosion proof housing for electrical apparatus and is operable to permit the condensation within the housing to be drained without effecting the explosion proof feature of the housing. It will be understood that housings of the type referred to are located in hazardous places and are employed to house electrical apparatus such as switches, circuit breakers, motor starters etc.,

in such a manner as to prevent any explosion within the fitting igniting the surrounding inflammable gases. Accordingly, while the apparatus within the housing is in use, it is essential that the housing be not opened, or the explosion proof feature thereof otherwise affected.

The device consists of a body 1 0 which is preferably of cylindrical formation to provide a reservoir I I and is formed with a reduced externally threaded end portion 12 which may be threaded directly in the bottom wall I3 of the housing 14 or, as shown in Figure 2, the end [2 may be threaded into a fitting welded or otherwise secured in the bottom wall l3.

The opposite end I6 is formed with a passage I1 leading from the reservoir I] to the exterior of the fitting, and the reduced end portion 12 is provided with a passage l8 leading from the interior of the housing 14 to the reservoir H. .A movable memberis arranged in the body and is operable in one position to close the passage ll leading from the reservoir in flame tight relation and being movable to open said passage and simultaneously close the passage 18 leading from the interior of the housing to the reservoir. As here shown, the passages-I1, I.8 are threaded internally in step pitch. That is, the thread in one portion is a continuation of the thread in the other portion.

The movable valve member is in the nature of a stem 20 arranged in the passage of the body and is formed with axially spaced apart externally threaded portions 2|, 22. These portions are also threaded in step pitch and, of course, are also of complemental diameter to the internally threaded portions l1, I8. The spacing between the externally threaded portions 2|, 22 on stem 2.0 is such, relative to the spacing of the internally threaded portions ll, 18 of the body, that one of the threaded portions 2!, 22 will engage the adjacent threaded portion of the body before the other externally threaded portion of the stem disengages from the other internally threaded portion of the body. That is, the extent of the threaded engagement between the movable member and the body always remains constant.

The stem 20 extends externally of the body I0 and is provided with a transversely extending pin 25 which serves as a convenient handle for threading the stem into and out of the body, and the upper end of the stem 20 is provided with .a shorter pin 26, the purpose of which is to limit the outward movement of the stem rela tive to the body, and the handle pin 25 also from. Accordingly, there is a constant drainage between the threaded portions [8 and 22 when the stem is positioned as shown in Figure 2. That is, any condensate within the housing seeps through this threaded connection and into the reservoir ll of the body, and with the stem thus positioned the threaded portion 2| is fully disengaged from the threaded portion l1, permitting the condensate to readily drain from the reservoir ll. However, over a substantial period of time the passage between the threaded portions I8, 22 may become filled up or plugged, in which event it is only necessary to screw the stem inwardly, threading the upper portion 22 of the stem out of the threaded portion l8, and in so doing cleaning these threaded connections. However, during this operation the lower threaded portion 2! of the stem will be threaded into the lower end of the body and thus a fiame tight joint will be established at the lower end of the body previous to the time the flame tight joint at the upper end of the body is broken.

In order that the condensate may readily drain from the interior of the housing into the reservoir l I when the stem is moved to the inward position shown in Figure 3, the portion 30 of the stem, intermediate the threaded portions l1, I8, is of reduced diameter throughout the greater portion of its length. The lower part 3| of this intermediate portion of the stem, adjacent the threaded portion 2|, is of substantially the same diameter as the internally threaded portion I1 and engages the same to serve as a guide for the lower end of the stem. To assure proper drainage when the stem is in the out or down position, as shown in Figure 2, this lower portion 3| is relieved at one or more points as at 43, Figure 4. In this instance, the portion 3| is shown as of triangular formation.

In order to prevent the possibility of the reservoir ll becoming air bound when the stem is moved to the out position, as shown in Figure 2, the intermediate portions 30, 3| of the stem are formed with an axially extending passage 34 which communicates at each end with a transversely extending passage 35.

In the event the housing I4 is filled with oil,

the body 10 is provided with a partition 40 formed with an aperture 4| to receive the stem 20, and the bottom side of the partition 40 is formed with a valve seat 42. In this instance, the lower portion of the stem 20 is provided with a relieved portion 43 which is positioned in the aperture 4| of the partition 40 and serves as a guide for the stem 20, and the stem 20 is formed with a valve surface 44 which is cooperable with the valve seat 42 when the stem is threaded inwardly, as shown in Figure 6.

With this arrangement, any water that may collect in the oil in the housing will settle and drain into the reservoir ll above the partition 40 when the stem is positioned as shown in Figure 6, and the reservoir l l is drained by threading the stem 20 outwardly to move the valve 44 out of engagement with the valve seat 42, as shown in Figure 5. In the meantime however, the upper threaded portion of the stem has engaged the upper internally threaded portion of the 'body, with the result that the condensate may be drained with a minimum loss of oil. The body I 0 may be provided with a square or hex surface 45 for the reception of a wrench or tool for threading the body into the bottom wall of the housing.

What I claim is:

1. A condensate drain adapted to be arranged in the bottom wall of an enclosed explosion proof switch housing, said drain comprising a body formed with a passage extending therethrough and adapted to communicate with the interior of the housing, said passage being formed with axially spaced apart portions threaded internally in step pitch, a stem formed with axially spaced apart portions, said portions being provided with external threads in step pitch complemental to the threaded portions of the passage, with the portion of the stem intermediate said threaded portions being of reduced cross section, the threaded portions of said stem being so spaced that when one threaded portion of the stem is moved out of engagement with the complemental threaded portion of the passage, the other threaded portion of the stem is in threaded engagement with the other threaded portion of the passage, and said stem being provided with stop means cooperable with the body to prevent disengagement of both threaded portions simultaneously.

2. A condensate drain adapted to be arranged in the bottom Wall of an enclosed explosion proof switch housing, said drain comprising a body formed with a passage extending therethrough and adapted to communicate with the interior of the housing, said passage being formed with axially spaced apart portions threaded internally in step pitch, a stem formed with axially spaced apart portions, said portions being provided with external threads in step pitch complemental to the threaded portions of the passage, with the portion of the stem intermediate said threaded portions being of reduced cross section, the threaded portions of said stem being so spaced that when one threaded portion of the stem is moved out of engagement with the complemental threaded portion of the passage, the other threaded portion of the stem is in threaded engagement with the other threaded portion of the passage, and said stem being formed with vent apertures adjacent 'each of said threaded portions, and the intermediate portion of the stem being formed with a vent passage connecting said apertures.

3. A condensate drain for explosion proof switch housing and the like comprising a body adapted to be arranged in the bottom wall of the housing and being formed with a passage adapted to communicate with the interior of the housing, said passage being formed with axially spaced apart internally threaded portions threaded in step pitch, a partition arranged in said passage between said threaded portions and being formed with an aperture in register with said threaded portions, said partition being formed with a valve seat, a stem arranged in the passage and being formed with axially spaced apart portions provided with external threads complemental to the threads in said passage, the threaded portions of said stem being so spaced relatively to the threaded portions of the passage that one threaded portion of the stem engages the complemental threaded portion of the passage before the other threaded portion of the stem disengages from the other threaded portion of the passage, said stem being provided with a valve surface cooperable with said valve seat to close the aperture in said partition when one of the threaded portions of the stem is in threaded engagement with the adjacent threaded portion of the passage.

4. A condensate drain for enclosed explosion proof switch housings and the like comprising a body adapted to be arranged in the bottom wall of the housing and being formed with a passage adapted to communicate with the interior of the housing, said passage being formed with axially spaced apart internally threaded portions threaded in step pitch, a stern arranged in the passage and being formed with axially spaced apart portions provided with external threads complemental to the threads in said passage, the threaded portions of said stem being so spaced relative to the threaded portions of the passage that one threaded portion of the stem engages the complemental threaded portion of the passage before the other threaded portion of the stem disengages from the other portion of the passage, means cooperable with the body and stem to limit axial movement of the stem relative to the body in both directions, and said stem being operable exteriorly of the body.

5. A condensate drain for enclosed explosion proof switch housings and the like comprising a body member having a stem adapted to be threaded into an aperture in the wall of the housing, said body being formed with a reservoir for the accumulation of condensate, the stem of said body being formed with an axially arranged passage communicating with said reservoir and with an outlet passage leading from said reservoir to the exterior of the body, said passages being arranged in axial alinement and being internally threaded in step pitch, a stem extending through both of said passages and being formed with axially spaced apart externally threaded portions comparable to the respective internally threaded passages, the portion of said stem intermediate said externally threaded portions being of reduced cross section, the threaded portions of said stem being so spaced relative to the threaded passages that one threaded portion of the stem is always in engagement with one of said threaded passages.

CLARENCE A. HARDAGE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2663669 *Jul 1, 1950Dec 22, 1953Socony Vacuum Oil Co IncMethod of stabilizing raw gasoline
US4684046 *Sep 16, 1985Aug 4, 1987Realex CorporationUnit dose liquid dispenser having precise dosage capabilities
US5054282 *Feb 28, 1989Oct 8, 1991United Technologies CorporationDrain assembly
US5368181 *Mar 12, 1993Nov 29, 1994Myers; AlanCaptured drain plug or vent
US6863156May 21, 2002Mar 8, 2005Daimlerchrysler AgGearbox housing element and method for acting upon the oil level of a gearbox
DE10124864B4 *May 22, 2001May 24, 2006Daimlerchrysler AgGetriebegehäuseelement und Verfahren zur Einwirkung auf den Ölpegel eines Getriebes
DE10254551B3 *Nov 21, 2002Apr 22, 2004Daimlerchrysler AgTransmission casing for an automatic transmission comprises an oil sump having an oil outlet opening sealed by a device regulating the oil volume in the transmission casing
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/451, 251/216, 251/211
International ClassificationH02B1/28, H02B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationH02B1/28
European ClassificationH02B1/28