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Publication numberUS2298081 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 6, 1942
Filing dateSep 17, 1940
Priority dateSep 17, 1940
Publication numberUS 2298081 A, US 2298081A, US-A-2298081, US2298081 A, US2298081A
InventorsEdgar A Cohen
Original AssigneeCherio Music Publishers Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for arranging musical compositions
US 2298081 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 6, 1942. E. A. COHEN 2,298,081

APPARATUS FOR ARRANGING MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS Filed Sept. 17, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNEYS.

E. A. COHEN 2,298,081

APPARATUS FOR ARRANGING MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS Oct. 6, 1942.

Filed Sept. 17, 1940 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. Z

INVENTOR.

ATTORNEYS.

KOGAIQ A. COHE/V.

. BY T O WITNESS.

Oct. 6, 1942. COHEN 2,298,081

APPARATUS FOR ARRANGING MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS Filed Sept. 17, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 500,4? 4. GOA/EM ATTORNEY 5.

Patented Oct. 6, 1942 APPARATUS FOR ARRANGING MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS Edgar A. Cohen, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Cherio Music Publishers, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation Application September 17, 1940, Serial No. 357,087

2 Claims.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in the art of printing, and more partlcularly it pertains to a new and novel apparatus and method for preparing or arranging musical compositions for the production of printing plates from which numerous copies may be made.

It is the primary object of the invention to provide an apparatus and method whereby separat elements may be assembled in desired relation and photographed or otherwise reproduced to provide printing plates from which impressions in the desired number may be made.

A feature of the invention resides in a novel form of support upon which a plurality of note or character bearing elements may be assembled in any desired relation to form a musical composition.

A further feature of the invention resides in a special construction of support, together with means for use in connection therewith, whereby a musical composition set-up in one key may be transposed into another key without necessitating shifting or rearrangement of the note or character bearing elements relative to the support. t A still further feature of the invention resides in the use of a novel form of note or character element together with novel means for retaining the same in position upon a suitable support or base.

A still further feature of the invention resides in a novel construction whereby the character bearing elements, particularly the note bearing character elements may be positioned upon the support with its stem extending either up or down as desired.

Other features of the invention relate to cer- I tain novel and improved constructions, arrange ments and combinations of parts hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in the claims, the advantages of which will be readily understood and appreciated by those skilled in the art.

The invention will be clearly understood from the accompanying drawings illustrating the invention in its preferred forms and the following detailed description of the constructions therein shown.

In the drawings,

Figure 1 is a plan view illustrating a device constructedin accordance with one form of the present invention illustrating two musical staves and character bearing elements associated with each,

Figure 2 is a fragmentaryplan view thereof on an enlarged scale,

Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view of the support, the view being taken substantially on the line 33 of Figure 2,

Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3, taken substantially on the line l4 of Figure 2,

Figure 5 is a detail sectional view taken substantially on the line 5-5 of Figure 4,

Figure 6 is a distended perspective view illustrating the construction of one of the character bearing elements,

Figure 7 is a perspective view partly broken away of one of the staff forming elements,

Figure 8 is a schematic view illustrating a few of the different types of notes employed,

Figure 9 is a plan view illustrating a slightly modified construction of support,

Figure 10 is a detail fragmentary view partly broken away illustrating that form of support shown in Figure 9, the view being taken on an enlarged scale,

Figure 11 is a detail sectional view taken substantially on the line illl of Figure 10,

Figure 12 is a view illustrating in plan, a plurality of note or-character bearing elements of a slightly modified form, and

Figure 13 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale taken substantially on the line l3-l3 01' Figure 12.

Referring to the drawings by reference character, and particularly to Figures 1 through 8, the support is designated generally by the reference character A.

The support illustrated is of rectangular form and is constructed from suitable soft or pliable material of which rubber is one very good example.

While for certain reasons which will hereinafter appear, it is highly desirable to maintain a certain degree of flexibility or pliability upon the front or working face of the support, it is also desirable to provide a certain rigidity to the support in order that it may be transported from place to place without undue flexing or distortion thereof. These features are obtained by employing a material which is possessed of the desired flexibility and pliability in the form of a relatively thick sheet or body and reinforcing the rear portion or zone thereof, leaving the front or working face thereof in its original flexible or pliable state.

While the reinforcing of the support may be accomplished in various ways, I prefer to employ a perforated plate of rigid -material of which metal, wood or fiber are very good examples.

In the accompanying drawings, the body portion of the support is designated II, and is shown as formed from rubber. The reinforcing means is designated l6 and it consists of a plate of rigid-2 material formed with a nluralitv of openin s ll.

The main body portion may be formed. by molding and during the molding process, the reinforcing plate may be incorporated therein in any desired manner and since, as best illustrated in Figure 4 of the drawings, the reinforcing element i8 is relatively thinner than the body portion I, preferably less than half the thickness thereof, and being located at the rear or bottom face thereof, the forward or working face or portion retains its pliability to the desired degree.

. The body of the support is preferably enclosed in As indicatedin-ithe drawings, the working face of the supporitgis black in color and this color is employed so thatli i'when the device is photographed, the support will make no impression upon the sensitive element employed. The position indicating lines 20 heretofore mentioned are of a color which contrasts with respect to the working surface of the support in order that they may be visible thereon and yet which will not photograph and for this purpose, the color red, is preferably employed. 4

The channels is and the position indicating lines may be numbered as shown thus rendering the location on any particular portion of the support more readily accomplished.

In Figure 7, I have illustrated one of the elements which are adapted for reception in the channels to form the bars of the musical staff. This element is designated by the reference numeral 2| and consists of a relatively long strip of suitable material of a cross-sectional size and shape to be received in the channels I! and retained therein against accidental displacement by frictional contact or engagement with the side walls thereof. The bar forming elements 2| are white in color and this color is employed so that when photographed, the bars will be impressed upon the sensitized element.

In Figure 1 of the drawings, ten of these bar forming elements arranged in two groups of five each to form two musical staves, the bars in each staff being placed in a-lternate channels in this particular set-up.

The reference character 25 designates character bearing elements and, asillustrated, each consists of a transparent body portion with the character, which is designated 26 appearing in white thereon. These character bearing elements may be formed of any suitable transparent material with the character appearing thereon in I have illustrated 1 any color which will photograph in contrast to thewhite background produced in the photographic step of the process by the black surface of the support. In the present embodiment of the invention, I have illustrated the character bearing elements as bearing note and clef characters, it is understood that they are intended to bear all of the characters employed in the composition and arrangement of musical scores.

' The character bearing elements are each provided with means for engagement in the chalinels in order properly to position the characters carried thereby with respect to the bars and spaces of the musical staff formed by the elements 2|. This means preferably consists of a flange or the like 20, which may project from one end of the character bearing element as illustrated in Figures 4 and 6 or from a point intermediate of the ends as illustrated in Figure 13.

I will now describe the manner in which the invention is employed in the preparation of printingv plates from which printed sheets of music may be reproduced.

A musical composition in the form of manuscript copy or other form is reproduced in uniform-spacing upon the support A. This is accomplished by first taking five of the elements It and placing them within the channels IS in equidistantly spaced relation to form the bars and spaces of a musical staff. In so doing, the bars may be placed in adjacent channels, alternating channels or in any equi-distantly spaced relation depending upon the size of finished copy desired. This having been done a character bearing element, bearing the clef designation is positioned in superimposed relation to the bars with the flange of the character bearing element received in the proper channel properly to position the clef bearing element relative to the bars. After this has been done character bearing elements in the form of-notes are then superimposed upon the bars and their flanges are engaged in the proper channels properly to position the notes with respect to the bars and spaces of the musical staff. In placing these note bearing elements upon the support and in order to maintain proper ,spacing of the notes, the note bearing elements are positioned with one of their edges, preferably their left edge, in parallel relation with and closely adjacent to the proper indicating lines" to maintain either equi-distantly spaced relation between the note bearing elements or other desired spaced relation between the note bearing elements in order to produce a uniform copy.

The foregoing method is carried out until such time as the musical composition is completed upon the support or supports as the case may be and when completed, the entire support, together with the character bearing elements, is photographed upon a sensitive plate.

In the photographing process the surface of the support being black reproduces white. The bars forming the bars and spaces of the musical staff being white, photograph black. The character bearing elements being of a transparent material do not in themselves photograph but the characters carried thereby being inwhite photograph black as do also the bars which {our the spaces and bars of the musical staff they are readily-visible through the transparent portion of the note bearing elements, except of course, where they are hidden by the characters themselves.

By this construction and arrangement it will be obvious that after the photographic plate has been prepared in theusual manner, impressions taken therefrom will produce the musical staff together with the several musical characters in black or another colored ink upon a white field or background.

In some instances it may be necessary to position notes above or below the outer bars and spaces of the musical staff and in such instances I employ a character bearing element of the type illustrated in Figure 6 which characters consist of notes 30 with intervening bars 4|. While in this instance two notes and three bars are shown such characters may be made up with anycombination of notes and bars. when such a note character is employed, the additional bars above or'below the staff will be supplied by the character itself rather than by the insertion of addition elements such as 2| in the channels in the surface of the support.

I will now describe the character bearing elements.

Each character bearing element preferably comprises three separate sections of transparent material of rectangular shape or form. Each section of material is preferably provided upon its end with the flange 23 heretofore mentioned, although in some instances it may be desirable to omit the flanges from all but one of the pieces of material. As heretofore stated the material employed is of a transparent nature and the three sections are placed together in superimposed relation and secured in said superimposed relation by any suitable means. In actual practice I have found it convenient to use certain materials for which there are solvents which act as a cement and when the sections are secured together by such material, the transparency of the character bearing elements is in no way impaired. The character is applied to the intermediate piece in any desired manner. I have found in actual practice that one convenient way of doing this is by painting directly upon the intermediate section, the desired character preferably upon what is the upper face thereof when the character bearing element is placed in operative position upon the support.

The character being painted, printed or otherwise formed on the upper or front face of the intermediate section, is thus protected against defacement by that piece which covers it when the three pieces are assembled as described, to form a laminated structure.-

In Figures 9 through 11, I have illustrated a modified form of the invention by which transposition of a musical composition from one pitch or key to another pitch or key without disturbing in any manner the arrangement of the character bearing elements with relation to the support, may be accomplished.

The support, in this modified form of the invention, is identical in every respect with the support heretofore described, except that the frame thereof is provided with guide channels 30, these guide channels being arranged one at each side of the frame. The side members of the frame are slightly thicker in order that an element movable through the guide channels will be spaced with respect to the working surface of the support. In this modified form, the frame is also provided at top and bottom with position indicating crossed lines 32 and 33 respectively, the purpose of which will be hereinafter described. The elements 2| employed in the heretofore described form of the invention are replaced by elements 35 the exposed surfaces of which are red or other non-photographic color. They are, however, of a color which contrasts with the working surface of the support and are thus visible .for the proper'positioning of the character bearing elements with respect to the bars and spaces of the musical staff formed by said elements 35.

The reference numeral 4|! designates a character bearing element in the form of a rectangular, sheet of transparent material and carried thereon in the same manner as the characters of the heretofore described character. bearing elements, there is a character in the form of five bars 4| which form the bars and spaces of a musical staff and a clef character 42. This arrangement is of a size to fit and slide freely within the guide channels 30 and it is also provided at top and bottom with position indicating crossed lines 43 and 44 respectively so positioned upon the sheet as to register with the position indicating lines 32 and 33 heretofore mentioned when the sheet is in proper position relative to the support.

In using this form of the invention the musical composition is set up in one key upon the support, employing the musical staff provided by the elements 35. Now, in order to change the pitch or key of the musical composition it is only necessary to insert the sheet 40 in the guide channels 30 and position the staff character carried thereby to proper position with respect to the set up composition, in order to change it to the desired pitch or key. For example, in Figure 9, the note designated 46 is shown upon the musical bar of the staff formed by the elements 35. To transpose this note to a higher or lower pitch position upon the staff, the sheet 40 is moved through the guide channels 30 until the musical staff thereon registers with the musical staff formed by the elements 35. If now the sheet 40 be moved upwardly in the drawings one space beyond the point designated, the note 46 will then fall below the bottom line of the staif character upon the sheet 40 and the pitch of the note will be lowered. On the other hand with the staff character on the sheet 40 in registration with the staff formed by the elements 35, and the sheet 40 be moved downwardly in the drawings one or more spaces, the position of the note 46 will be raised with respect to the staff character on the sheet 40 and the pitch of the note thereby raised.

Proper alignment position of the sheet 40 and its staff character relative to the note character bearing elements uponthe support is determined by bringing the desired horizontal lines of the position indicating lines 43 and 44 respectively into registration with the horizontal lines for the position indicating lines 32 and 33 on the support, and proper lateral position of the sheet 40 is determined by bringing the vertical lines of the position indicating lines 43 and 44 respectively into registration with the vertical lines of the position indicating lines 32 and 33 upon the support, it being understood that the sheet 40 has a slight lateral movement in the guide channels 30 in order that this last described operation may be carried out.

In Figures 12 and 13 I have illustrated modified forms of note character elements. In one form the flange 29 is shown as at the upper end of the element with the stem of the note in an upright position. Also in said figure the flange 29 is shown as projecting from the bottom edge of the element when the stem of the note is in an upright position. In still-another form there is shown a note bearing character in which the flange 29 is positioned slightly above the lower edge, and in the fourth form the flange 23. is illustrated at a still further point from the lower edge of the element and in each of these instances the stem of the note is shown in an upright position.

From the foregoing it will be apparent that the present invention provides a new and improved apparatus and method for reproducing printed music and it has been found in actual practice, that the printing of music with an apparatus and by the method as herein described, may be accomplished with greater facility than is possible with any methods now in use with which I am familiar. Furthermore, the present invention provides for greater latitudes in the selection of musical characters and their use and still further provides apparatus which may be used over and over again without deterioration or defacement.

While the invention has been-illustrated in its preferred forms, it is to be understood that it is not to be limited to the structures herein illustrated and that it may be practiced in various other forms and that this is particularly true of the character bearing elements, since there has been no attempt to show all types of all musical characters employed, in the present illustration of the invention.

Having thus described the invention what is claimed is:

1. Apparatus of the type described comprising in combination, a base member, a plurality of spaced grooves extending transversely of the base member, non-photograhpic position indicating means extending across the surface of the base member in angular relation to said grooves, bars for removable attachment in said grooves in spaced relation to form the bars and spaces of the musical staff, transparent character bearing elements adapted to be positioned upon the base membcrindeflnite relation withthesaidnonphotographic position indicating means and said bars, and means for retaining said transparent character bearing elements in position upon said base member.

2. Apparatus of the type described comprising in combination, a base member, a plurality of bars. means for removably securing said bars in spaced parallel relation upon the surface of the base membertoformthebarsandspacesof a musical stall, non-photographic position indicating means extending across the surface of the base member in angular relation to the bars forming the musical stall, transparent character bearing elements adapted to be positioned upon the base member in definite relation with the said non-photographic position indicating means, and means for retaining said transparent character bearing elements in position upon the base member.

EDGAR A. COHEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2518204 *Jul 21, 1947Aug 8, 1950Victor JohnMusic printing process and apparatus
US2545409 *Dec 17, 1947Mar 13, 1951Mccall John DMeans for designing and laying out plans of building
US2638040 *Feb 11, 1950May 12, 1953Lumitype CorpApparatus for producing type proof and photoprints thereof
US2975694 *Sep 22, 1958Mar 21, 1961Kenneth M PellStep and repeat apparatus
US3504613 *Jan 30, 1967Apr 7, 1970Regis BenoitProcess and apparatus for reproducing a musical score
US4531320 *Oct 31, 1983Jul 30, 1985James Houston FQuick-change plastic strip display board
US4736665 *Jan 23, 1986Apr 12, 1988Manuel Sorribes ArambulMusical language game
US5555660 *Feb 10, 1994Sep 17, 1996Whitehouse; RogerModular signage system
US20090205236 *Feb 15, 2008Aug 20, 2009Nancy JordanProtective display frame
US20110252946 *Oct 20, 2011Robin Elizabeth ArmstrongManipulative system for teaching musical notation
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/622, 273/148.00A, 84/471.00R
International ClassificationG09B15/02, G03F1/00, B41M3/04
Cooperative ClassificationG03F1/00, B41M3/04, G10G1/00, G09B15/02
European ClassificationB41M3/04, G09B15/02, G03F1/00, G10G1/00