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Publication numberUS2298989 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 13, 1942
Filing dateMay 20, 1940
Priority dateMay 20, 1940
Publication numberUS 2298989 A, US 2298989A, US-A-2298989, US2298989 A, US2298989A
InventorsUnderwood Ernest J
Original AssigneeUnderwood Ernest J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 2298989 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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@mentent @at i3, 1942 UNTED STATES PATENT OFFICE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Ernest J. Underwood, Topeka, Kans.

Application May 20, 1940, Serial No. 336,270

1 Claim;

The device forming the subject matter of this application is a building construction. The invention aims to supply a metal framework of novel construction, to improve the make-up of the walls, to provide a means whereby exhaust air from the rooms of a building may be conducted between the inner and outer Walls, and to provide novel means for holding the inner and outer walls in assembled relation.

It is within the province of the disclosure to improve generally and to enhance the utility of devices of that type to which the present invention appertains.

With the above and other objects in view, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it .being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a perspective disclosing a building construction embodying the invention, parts being broken away;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section taken in a. plane spaced from the walls, parts being broken away;

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken in a plane at right angles to the cutting plane in Fig. 2;

Figs. 5 and 6 are horizont-al sections taken, respectively, on the lines 5--5 and 6-6 of Fig. 4;

Fig. '1 is a vertical section showing a modification;

Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8-8 of Fig. '7;

Fig. 9 is a horizontal section showing an expansible corner construction;

Fig. 10 is a horizontal section showing a fixed corner construction.

Referring to Figs. 1 to 6, it will be understood that parts mentioned as being secured together or attached to each other, may be connected by Welding or in any other suitable way. The following description relates to the physical makeup of the` structure, and does not presume to outline the steps of building, in order, since such details are not a limitation on the present invention.

Grossly considered, the building structure embodies a foundation, a framework on the foundation, inner and outer walls assembled with the framework, and floors, together with suitable supports for the floors.

The foundation I may be constructed as desired. In the upper edge of the foundation I is seated a base member 2, which may be an inverted channel. Anchor bolts 3 are mounted in the foundation I and engage the base member 2.

The lower ends of horizontally spaced, vertical posts 4, are secured to the base member 2. Horizontal reenforcing elements 5, such as studs, are mounted in the body portions of the posts 4, and may be secured therein. A horizontal finishing strip 6, which may Ibe an angle member, is secured to thev posts 4, near the upper ends thereof. A hollow beam 1 extends through the posts 4, slightly above the finishing strip 6.

The posts 4 may be channels, and to their inner flanges are secured the ends of upper beams 8, the beams 8 being disposed immediately above the finishing strip 6.

A perforated, horizontal base piece 9 is se cured to the posts 4, at the inner flanges of the posts and may be a channel, disposed adjacent to the foundation I. The inner flanges of the posts 4 are supplied with openings I0, and there are openings II in the depending flange of the strip E.

Having thus described the framework, it will be noted that an outer wall I2 preferably made of concrete, and not necessarily of great thickness is erected on the foundation I and overlaps the base member 2, as shown in Fig. 4. The posts 4 are partially embedded in the outer wall I2, as Figs. 5 and 6 will disclose.

Lower floor beams I4', which preferably although not necessarily are of concrete construcf tion, carrying longitudinal reenforcements I5,

are mounted on the foundation I and on the base member 2, preferably in contact with the body portions of the posts 4, as disclosed in Fig. 2. A lower oor I6, which may be of concrete, is formed on the floor beams I4 and extends upwardly to the lower flange of the perforated base piece 9.

An upper floor I'I is joined integrally to the outer wall I2, the upper beams 8 being partially embedded in the floor II, and supporting it..

The inner wall is designated as a whole by the numeral I8, and extends upwardly from the upper flange of the base piece 9 to the horizontal fiange of the finishing strip 6. It will be observed that the inner wall I8 is separated from the outer wall I2, to form draft spaces I9 between the inner and outer walls. Air from the lower apartment in the building can nd an exit through the perforated base piece 9 and move upwardly through the draft spaces I 9. The hollow beam 1, partially open atvthe bottom, serves as an outlet for the air space I9. Proper connections between the conduit beam 'l and heating or air conditioning units (not shown) form no part of the present invention. The conduit beam l is an incorporated part of the structure shown, and not solely a part of any heating or air-conditioning system that may be employed.

The inner wall i8 may be vario'usly constructed. It may include a metal lath 20, carrying plaster 2|, or any other suitable inner layer. The` means for holding the metal lath 20 in pla/ce preferably comprises twisted wirings 22, alternating with headed securing elements or bolts 23, engaged in the openings l of the posts 4 and in the openings Il of the finishing strip 6.

In Figs. 7 and 8, parts hereinbefore described have been designated by numerals already used, with the sutlix a. Here, the metal lath 2G of Fig. 4 is replaced by a rigid insulation sheet 2l. In Fig. 7, the bolts 23a, alone, are shown. This indicates that the wire rings 22 of Fig. 5 need not be employed: and, without specific delineation, it will be apparent that, if desired, the rings 22 can be employed to the exclusion of the headed bolts.

Figure 9 shows a. corner post construction. In

Fig. 9, parts hereinbefore described have been designated by numerals already used, with the suilix b.

The corner post is designated as a whole by the numeral 25. It comprises Z-bars 26, each including a body, each body carrying an inner ange 28 and an outer flange 29. 21 are arranged at right angles to each other, to form two adjacent walls of the post 25. The ilanges 28 are located externally oi' the post, at right angles to each other. A space exists at the post-angle formed .by the flanges 2B, but that space is closed by an internal angle strip 30, cooperating with the bodies 21 of the Z-bars 2E. Y

The two remaining walls of the post 25 are formed partly by the outer anges '29 of the The bodies' Z -bars 26, those flanges being at right angles to each other. The free edges of the flanges 29 are spaced apart at the outer angle of the post 25, but that space is closed, and said two remaining walls of the posts are completed, by an external angle member 3|, overlapping the flanges 29 of the Z-bars 25.

The flanges of the angle member 3| are provided with studs 32, passing through elongated slots 33 in the flanges of the angle member 3l. Nuts 34 are threaded on the studs 32 and engage the flanges 29 of the Z-bars 26. It will be obvious, Without further discussion, that an expansible corner post is provided. The relation of the parts 2lb and lZb to the post 25 can be seen readily from Fig. 9 of the drawings.

In Fig. 10, parts hereinbei'ore described have been designated by numerals already used, with the suilx c. The outer walls I2c are joined integrally at the corner of the building, as shown at 35. Near the angle of the building, one 0I the outer walls |2c carries a crutch plate 35, including angularly disposed parts receiving the angle formed by the inner walls, represented, for the sake of illustration, by the wall forming members 24C.

The framework is simple in construction but possesses a high degree of strength. Air circulation between the walls is possible, temperature variations are reduced, and expansion and contraction will .be kept down to a minimum.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:

In a building construction, upright posts, a oor associated with the posts, an outer wall wherein the posts are partially embedded, an inner wall, means for securing the inner wall to certain of the posts, there being an air space between the walls, and a base piece connected to the posts adjacent to the oor, the base piece being a channel, comprising a body and outwardly extended nanges, the body being perforated, to admit air to the air space.

ERNEST J. UNDERWOOD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2432354 *Jul 20, 1943Dec 9, 1947Clyde TempleHollow building wall
US2474709 *Dec 16, 1943Jun 28, 1949Stewart Warner CorpHeating system
US2607125 *Jun 18, 1949Aug 19, 1952Johansson Ab C EMeasuring device
US3744194 *Jul 6, 1971Jul 10, 1973L RambergReinforcing assembly and method of forming reinforced concrete building walls, roofs and the like
US4987719 *Dec 29, 1988Jan 29, 1991Goodson Jr Albert AReinforced concrete building construction and method of forming same
US5826388 *Jan 21, 1997Oct 27, 1998K2, Inc.Composite insulating drainage wall system
US7516589 *Nov 26, 2003Apr 14, 2009Polyfinance Coffor Holding S.A.High-strength concrete wall formwork
US8056291 *Nov 15, 2011The Steel Networks, Inc.Concrete and light gauge cold formed steel building structure with beam and floor extending over a load bearing stud wall and method of forming
US9038338 *Oct 30, 2014May 26, 2015Bailey Metal Products LimitedInsulated concrete form wall having a bracket attaching a rim joist thereto
US9175470Nov 25, 2011Nov 3, 2015Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcPrefabricated thermal insulating composite panel, assembly thereof, moulded panel and concrete slab comprising same, method and mould profile for prefabricating same
US20060059847 *Nov 16, 2005Mar 23, 2006John RiceBracket for concrete forms
US20070028544 *Nov 26, 2003Feb 8, 2007Pierre MessiquaHigh-strength concrete wall formwork
US20130174506 *Jan 25, 2012Jul 11, 2013Cascadia Windows Ltd.Thermally insulative spacer and methods involving use of same
US20140013683 *Nov 25, 2011Jan 16, 2014Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcConcrete slabe structural member and construction method for pouring same
US20150052839 *Oct 30, 2014Feb 26, 2015International Steel CorporationBracket for concrete forms
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/264, 52/289, 52/302.3, 52/378, 52/351, 52/331, 454/185
International ClassificationE04B2/58
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/58
European ClassificationE04B2/58