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Publication numberUS2299249 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 20, 1942
Filing dateNov 10, 1941
Priority dateNov 10, 1941
Publication numberUS 2299249 A, US 2299249A, US-A-2299249, US2299249 A, US2299249A
InventorsHermann Obergfell
Original AssigneeHugo G Tomich
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lock structure
US 2299249 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. OBERGFELL LOCK STRUCTURE Oef. 20, 1942.

Filed Nov. 10, 1941 Patented Oct. 20, 1942 2,299,249 Loox STRUCTURE Hermann Obergfell,

half to Hugo Chicago, Ill., assignor of one- G. Tomich, Chicago, lll.

Application November 10, 1941, Serial No. 418,533

(Cl. 'I0-469)` '7 Claims.

My invention relates to locking structure, particularly to locking structure for the closure plugs or caps of containers such as the gasoline tank on automotive vehicles.

An important object of the invention is to produce a closure locking structure comprising a minimum number of parts all of which are in the form of simple sheet metal stampings requiring no finishing, so that the structure may be economically manufactured.

Another important object is to produce a locking structure in which a laterally extending lock bolt is shifted to locking or unlocking position by a vertically extending cam member with spring means tending to shift the locking structure to unlocking position and with detent means normally holding it in locking position and with the detent means releasable by the longitudinal movement of a suitable key in a keyhole.

My invention also embodies other features of improvement, and all these features are embodied in the structure shown on the drawing, in which drawing:

Figure l is a plan View of the locking structure;

Figure 2 is a section on plane ITL-II Figure l showing the locking structure in locking position within the inlet of a container and showing the unlocking key about to be applied to effect unlocking;

Figure 3 is a section similar to Figure 2 showing the locking structure unlocked;

Figure 4 is a section on plane IV-IV Figure 2;

Figure 5 is a section on plane V-V Figure 2; and

Figure 6 is a side elevation of a key.

On the drawing I have shown a closure structure C for the filling opening Ill of a container II which may be the gasoline tank of an automotive vehicle, the locking parts being included in this structure. The structure comprises a cylindrical cup I2 having the outwardly directed flange I3 at its upper end, the cup forming a plug for extending through the container opening I0. The bottom of the cup is deflected to provide a diametrally extending guide channel I4 for the locking bolt or bar I5 which is adapted to be projected outwardly through the opening I6 in the side of the cup for engagement behind the flange I'I at the inner end of the container passageway II.

Engaging on the cup flange I3 is a circular plate I8 whose middle portion is deflected downwardly to form the annular guide wall or flange downwardly through a cup I2 and extending to clearly shown on Figure 4. Engaging the plate I8 is an upper plate 26 whose middle portion is deflected upwardly to form the guide wall or flange 2| concentric with andl iny alignment with the guide flange I9 so as to provide a cylindrical guideway 22 for the locking bolt actuating element. This element comprises a cylindrical sleeve 23 of sheet metal whose upper end is closed by a wall 24 integral therewith. Secured at its upper end to this top wall 24, as by riveting, is a cam bar 25 whose body extends longitudinally in the sleeve 23 and whose lower end 25' extends at an angle to form upper and lower cam surfaces 26 and 21 respectively. 'I'he locking bolt or bar l5 has a rectangular slot 28 in alignment with the slot 26 in the cup bottom lthrough which the end of the cam bar extends for cooperation of its cam edges 26 and 21 with the inner and outer ends respectively of the slot 28 so that when the actuating member with the cam bar is shifted inwardly, the cam surface 2I will engage with the outer end of the slot 28 in the latch bolt and shift the latch bolt to its outer or locking position as shown on Figure 2, and when the actuating member with the cam bar is shifted outwardly, the cam surface 26 will engage with the inner end of the slot 28 in the bolt and shift the bolt to its inner or unlocking position as shown on Figure 3.

The cup ange I3 and the plates I8 and 2i] are rigidly secured together in concentric relationship as by means of rivets or by welding, and to afford a closure seal, a gasket 29 may be secured to the under side of the cup flange I3 for engaging against the top of the container around the filling opening I0 thereof.

A compression spring 30 within the actuating member 23 abuts the bottom of the cup and the top 24 of the actuating member and tends to hold the actuating member in its outer position for unlocking of the locking bolt I5, as shown on Figure 3. At its inner end the actuating member 23 has an abutment ledge 3| extending therefrom for engagement by a detent member 32 for holding the actuating member in its inner or locking position. The detent member shown is in the form of a spring plate anchored at its outer end to the top of the plate 26, as by welding or, as shown, by a rivet 33 which may also extend through the plate I8 and the cup flange I3 to assist the rivets :l: in holding the respective frame parts together. The detent spring deflects slot 34 in the plate 26 I9 concentric with the the bottom thereof, as

and through a slot 35 in the plate 8. The detent spring fully closes the slot 34 so as to prevent access to the inner end of the detent spring, but the slot 35 affords sufficient clearance for flexure of the spring end. When the actuating member 23 is in its inner or locking position, the inner end of the detent spring is l above the abutment 3| on the actuating member to hold this member in its inner position, as shown on Figure 2.

The upwardly extending flange 2| of the plate has a portion 36 deiiected outwardly opposite the detent spring 32 to provide a keyway 3'| between the deflected part and the sleeve 2'3 of the actuating member for insertion of ,a key K. Below this keyway, the guide flange I9 of the plate I3 is cut away to leave the opening 38Y through which the detent abutment or ledge 3| on the actuating member 23 extends, the actuating member being thus held against rotational displacement. 'Ihe opening 38 is in alignment with the keyway 31 and also receives the lower end of the detent spring 32 for detent engagement with the abutment ledge 3|. At its lower endl the detent spring may be of arcuate cross section Yconcentric with the actuating element 2'3, as shown on Figure 5.

Figure 2 shows the structure in its 'locked position, with the key partially inserted and about to engage the detent spring .32.` Upon iinalfinw'ard movement of the key, its end engages with and swings out the inner end of the detent spring away from the detent ledge 3|, on the actuating member 23 as indicated by dotted lines, the released actuating element 2,3 being then shifted to its outer position by the spring 3B, the key moving outwardly with the actuating member, kas shown on Figure 3. I'his outward movement of the actuating memberris limited by the engagementY of the abutment ledge 3| with the plate I8 at the upper end of the opening 38 in the flange I9. During this outward movement of the actuating element 23, the upper cam surface 26 of the cam bar is engaged lwith the inner end ofthe slot 234 to shift the locking bolt |5 to its inner or unlocking position to release the structure for removal from the ,ller opening ID in the container To reclose and lock the ,filler opening |0, the locking structure is reapplied, and ,after withdrawal of the key, the actuator member 23V is shifted to its inner position for engagement of the cam surface 21 with the outer end of thelocking-bolt slot 2'8 for outward shift of the locking bolt back to its locking position, as shown on Figure 2.. During such inward shift of the actuating member 23, its abutment ledge 3| wipes along the detent spring and deilects it. outwardly until the abutment ledge is below` the spring edge, the spring then deliecting back to its normal position above the ledge to relock the actuating member in its locking position.

I thus produce a simple and efficient locking structure for the purpose described'in which all of the parts are simple sheetmetal stampings which can be secured together, as by welding, without need of any machining or finishing work. The lock can be used for otherpurposes than that referred to, as for example, for doors and other types Yof closures. I have shown a practical embodiment of my invention, but I do not desire to be limited to the exact structure, arrangement and operation shown and described, as changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

I claim as follows:

1. Locking structure comprising a cylindrical cup-shaped frame having a diametrally extending slot in its bottom Wall, a locking bolt shiftable radially on the bottom of said frame into locking or unlocking position and having a slot therethrough in alignment with said slot in said bottom wall, a cylindrical sleeve guided in said frame for inward and outward movement and having an upper wall, a cam bar secured at said upper wall and extending through said sleeve and having an inclined end extending through said slots in the locking bolt and the frame bottom wall and having upper and lower camming surfaces for coopertion with said locking bolt at the ends of the slot therethrough whereby inward movement of said sleeve and cam bar will shift said locking bolt outwardly into locking position and outward movement of said sleeve with said cam bar will cause inward shift of said locking bar to unlocking position, and key releasablev means engageable with said sleeve for holding it normally in its inner position with said locking bolt in its locking position.

2. Locking structure comprising 4a cup-shaped cylindrical frame having a diametrally extending slot in its bottom wall, a locking bolt shifta-ble radially in said frame and having a slot therethrough in alignment with the slot in said bottom wall, a cylindrical sleeve guided in said frame for inward and outward movement and having an outer wall, a cam member extending from said sleeve outer wall through said sleeverand terminating in an inclined end extending through the slots in said locking boltA and the frame bottom wall and providing upper and lower cam surfaces on said end engageable with said locking bolt at the ends of the slot therethrough whereby inward shift of said sleeve will engage said lower cam surface with said locking bar for outward shift thereof to locking Vposition and outward movement of said sleeve will cause said upper cam surface to engage with said locking bolt to shift it inwardly to unlocking position, spring means within said sleeve tending to shift it to its outer or unlocking position, Aa detent abutment on said sleeve, a detent member mounted on said frame and extending thereinto .for engagement with said detent abutment to hold said sleeve `in its inner or locking position, and meansv providing a keyway for insertion of a key for engagement with said detent to release it from said detent abutment whereby said spring means will be free to shift said sleeve to its outer position for unlocking movement of the locking bolt.

3. Locking structure comprising a cylindrical cup, a locking bolt shiftable radially in said cup to locking or unlocking position and having a slot therethrough, wall structure within said cup forming a guideway, an actuating member shiftable in said guideway, a cam member secured to said sleeve and having an inclined lower end extending through said locking bolt slot Vand having cam surfaces engageable with the locking bolt at the ends of the slot therethrough with the arrangement such that when said sleeve is shifted ,to its inner position said cam member will cam said locking bolt to its outer or locking position and when said sleeve moves to its outer position said cam member will cam said locking bolt to its inner or unlocking position, spring means tending to shift said sleeve outwardly to unlocking position, a detent abutment on said sleeve, a detent member mounted on said cup with its end normally in the path of said abutment to prevent outward movement of said sleeve, said guideway forming wall structure having a portion deflected outwardly to provide a keyway between the deflected portion and said sleeve for the insertion of a key for engagement with said detent to disengage the detent from said abutment for release of said sleeve for outward shift thereof by said spring means.

4. Locking structure comprising a sheet metal cup, a locking bolt shiftable radially in said cup to locking or unlocking position and having cam engageable abutments thereon, wall structure extending into said cup and providing a guideway, a sleeve shiftable in said guideway, a cam member on said sleeve engageable with the cam abutments on said locking holt with the arrangement such that when the sleeve is shifted inwardly said locking bolt will be cammed to its locking position and when the sleeve is shifted outwardly said locking bolt is cammed to its inner or unlocking position, spring means tending to shift said sleeve outwardly, a detent abutment on said sleeve, a detent in the form of a spring anchored at its outer end to said cup and extending thereinto for engagement of its end with said abutment to lock said sleeve in its inner position, said wall structure providing a keyway for the insertion of a key into engagement with said detent spring to release it from said abutment whereby said spring will shift said sleeve outwardly for unlocking movement of said locking bolt.

5. Locking structure comprising a sheet metal cup, a locking bolt shiftable radially along the bottom of said cup into locking or unlocking position and having cam engageable abutments, sheet metal wall structure extending into said cup to form a guideway, an actuator structure movable in said guideway and supporting a cam member engageable with said abutments on said locking bolt to shift said bolt to its outer or locking position when said actuator structure is in its inner position and to shift said bolt inwardly to its unlocking position when said actuator structure is moved outwardly in said guideway, a detent abutment on said actuator structure, a detent mounted on said cup and extending thereinto for engagement with said detent abutment to lock said actuator structure in its inner position, said guideway forming wall structure being formed to provide a keyway for the insertion of a key for engagement with said detent to release it from said detent abutment whereby said actuator structure may then be moved to its outer position for unlocking of the locking bolt.

6. A locking structure comprising a cylindrical cup, a locking bolt shiftable radially at the bottom of said cup into locking or unlocking position and having cam engageable abutments, wall structure supported on said cupy and extending thereinto to provide a cylindrical guideway, an actuator structure movable in said guideway and providing cam surfaces engageable with the abutments on said bolt to shift said bolt to locking position when said actuator structure is moved inwardly and to shift said bolt to unlocking position when said actuator structure is moved outwardly, spring means tending to move said actuator structure outwardly, an abutment extending outwardly from the lower end of said actuator structure, a detent in the form of a spring plate anchored at its outer end to said cup and extending thereinto for engagement with said actuator structure abutment to hold said actuator structure in its inner position, said wall structure having a portion thereof deflected away from said actuator structure to provide a keyway for the insertion of a key for engagement with said detent to move it away from said actuator structure abutment to release said actuator structure for outward movement by said spring, said actuator structure abutment being engageable with said guideway forming wall structure to limit the outward movement of said actuator structure.

'7. A locking structure comprising a cylindrical cup forming a plug for engaging in the ller opening of a container and having a flange at its outer end engageable with the top of the container around the opening, the bottom of said cup being deected to form a diametrally extending channel, a locking bolt shiftable outwardly in said channel with its end projected below the container wall or to be shifted inwardly away from the container wall, the cup bottom having a slot and said locking bolt having a slot in alignment therewith, a wall structure secured to the cup flange and extending into the cup to form a cylindrical guideway, an actuating member in the form of an inverted cup movable in said wall structure guideway, a cam member supported within said actuating member and having an inclined inner end extending through the slots in said bolt and the cup bottom and presenting cam surfaces engageable with the bolt at the ends of the slot therethrough for effecting outward shift of the bolt when said actuating member is moved inwardly and inward shift of the bolt when the actuating member is moved outwardly, spring means tending to move said actuating member outwardly, a detent abutment on said actuating member, a detent spring anchored at its outer end to the cup flange and extending into the cup for engagement with said abutment detent to lock said actuating member in its lower position, said wall structure having a portion deilected outwardly to form with said actuating member a keyway for the insertion of a key for engaging said detent spring to disconnect it from said detent abutment for release of said actuating member for outward movement thereof by said spring, said detent abutment being engageable with said wall structure to limit the outward movement of said actuating member.

HERMANN OBERGFELL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3006196 *Jan 18, 1960Oct 31, 1961Basic Products CorpController for machines
US6719358Sep 4, 2002Apr 13, 2004Lear CorporationControl panel for a vehicle
US6739640Sep 4, 2002May 25, 2004Lear CorporationControl panel for a vehicle
US6746067Sep 4, 2002Jun 8, 2004Lear CorporationControl panel for a vehicle
US6789831Sep 4, 2002Sep 14, 2004Lear CorporationControl panel for a vehicle
US6820921Sep 4, 2002Nov 23, 2004Lear CorporationControl panel for a vehicle
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/169, 70/150, 292/182, 70/387
International ClassificationB60K15/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60K15/0409
European ClassificationB60K15/04F1