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Publication numberUS2299614 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 20, 1942
Filing dateFeb 8, 1940
Priority dateFeb 8, 1940
Publication numberUS 2299614 A, US 2299614A, US-A-2299614, US2299614 A, US2299614A
InventorsMaurice Deutsch
Original AssigneeMaurice Deutsch
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Structural unit
US 2299614 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 20, 1942. DEUTSCIH v 2,299,614

' I STRUCTURAL UNIT Filed Feb. 8, 1 940 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR M4 UR/CE 050766 ATTORN EYS Oct. 20, 1942. M. DEUTSCH 2,299,614

STRUCTURAL UNIT Filed Feb. 8, 1940 '2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Maw/c5 051/7609 BY 58}. Q WJ,

ATTORNEYS Patented Oct. 20, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE STRUCTURAL UNIT Maurice Dentsch, New York, N. Y. Application February a, 1940, Serial No. 311,929

6 Claims.

I closed in said copending application. According to the invention such a core member is positioned within an enclosing structure the side portions of which constitute parallel structural channel portions whose channels face each other and in which the core member is supported, the enclosing structure further having upper and lower portions of sheet material lying above and below the core member. The channel portions and the upper and lower sheets form a hollow structural boxlike enclosure for the core which surrounds it on at least four sides.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a section of one of the core members;

Fig. 2 is a broken plan view showing several core members of the kind illustrated in Fig. 1 fastened together end to end to form a longer core member;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a structural boxlike unit made in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view partly in section showing how a number of units like that illustrated in Fig. 3 may be fastened together to form a floor or the like.

Figs. 1 and 2 are taken from the copending application above referred to and illustrate the type of core member which I make use of in the structural unit of the present application. The core member comprises an interior grid having interlocking vertical longitudinal and transverse strips 24 and 25 intersecting substantially at right angles to one another. These strips are preferably made of fibrous material, such as heavy paper or corrugated board. Extending around at least four sides of the grid, 1. e., around the top, sides and bottom thereof, is a covering 28 of waterproof sheet fibrous material, or other suitable sheet material. The ends of the sheet material may be joined together in any suitable way member shown in Fig. 1 may be considered either a complete core'member, or a section of a longer one. Under some circumstancesit may be necessary to fasten several of such sections together, end to end, to form a core member of the desired length. For instance, the ends of the longitudinal strips of one section may be glued or otherwise fastened to the ends of the longitudinal strips of an adjacent section, as shown at 30 in Fig. 2, and

the meeting edges of the two sections of the outer covering 28 may be joined by a strip of tape 3|.

If desired, the grid may be completely covered so as to be entirely enclosed by the outer covering, and a plurality of core members of this type may be laid end to end within the outer casing to be hereinafter described. The grid may be completely covered by cutting oil the ends of the longitudinal strips 24 and covering the end portions of the grid with paper or the like.

Figs. 3 and 4 show a core member, similar to that hereinbefcre described, embodied in a hollow, light structural unit in which the enclosing structure or outer casing for the core member-is made of metal. This is preferably accomplished by positioning two metal channel members 31 and 38 so that the channels face each other, and supporting in the opposing channels of these members a core member indicated in general at c. A layer of insulating board 39 may be posi-' 3i38 and a similar metal sheet 42 is welded to the lower flanges of these two members. The

web of each channel member may be provided with spaced bolt holes 43 to permit the unit to holes of the two adjoining units and nuts 46 are threaded on the bolts and tightened to clamp the adjoining units together. The hand-holes 44 afford the necessary access to permit insertion of the bolts and tightening of the nuts. If desired the outer covering 28 of the core member may be cut away as indicated at 41 where the as by stap1lng,or by a strip of tape :9, The om nuts clamp the units together so that the nuts will bear directly against the metal of the channel members 31-48 instead of against the covering of the core member.

The metal enclosure for the core member provides a more durable and wear resisting surface than the fibrous material of which the core memher is made. In some cases it may be desirable to make the metal enclosure out of stainless or rustless steel. The lmit has great structural strength and yet it is extremely light in weight. By fastening together a number of units as shown in Fig. 4 various parts of a building may be formed such as the flooring, roofing, walls, partitions, etc.,

4 or they may be used as shock-absorbing units or the like By employing low cost metal the resulting inexpensive, light but strong, units may advantageously be used for the rapid assembling of military structures, such as barracks, storage buildings, pontoon bridges, aeroplanes, etc., each of which may readily be dismantled and reassembled or converted into a structure of a diiferent type.

Ihe interior cells or openings not only make the unit lighter but also add to its insulating properties. By making the core member out of fibrous material further insulation is provided and the weight is kept down to a minimum. Notwithstanding the light weight of the core memberit has surprising strength and this feature is taken advantage of to impart the neces-- sary strength to the finished unit and to any structure made by assembling a number of the units.

I claim:

1. A structural box-like unit comprising a pair of channel members spaced apart in parallel relation with the channels facing each other, a core member supported in said channels and comprising an inner grid having partitions intersecting substantially at right angles to one another and an outer covering extending around at least four sides of the grid, sheet material fastened to said channel members and closing. the space from each longitudinal edge portion of one channel member to the opposite longitudinal edge portion of the other channel member, said channel members and the sheet material fastened to them forming a hollow structural box-like enclosure for said core which surrounds it on at least four sides, the planes in which the intersecting partitions of the grid lie being at right angles to the planes occupied by the sheet material fastened to the channel members.

2. A structural box-like unit comprising a pair of channel members spaced apart in parallel relation with the channels facing each other, a core member supported in said channels and comprising an inner grid having partitions: of fibrous material intersecting substantially at right angles to one another and an outer covering of sheet fibrous material extending around at least four sides of the grid, sheet material fastened to said channel membersand closing the,

space from each longitudinal edge portion of one channel member to the opposite longitudinal edge portion'of the other channel member, said channel members and the sheet material fastened to them forming a hollow structural box-like enclosure for said fibrous core which surrounds it on at least four sides, the planes in which the intersecting partitions of the grid lie being at right angles to the planes occupied by the sheet material fastened to the channel members.

3. A structural box-like unit comprising a pair of metal channel members spaced apart in parallel relation with the channels facing each other, a core member supported in said channels and comprising an inner grid having partitions intersecting substantially at right angles to one another and an outer covering extending around at least four sides of the grid, metal sheets fasteed to said channel members and closing the space from each longitudinal edge portion of one channel member to the opposite longitudinal edge portion of the other channel member, said channel members and the metal sheets fastened to them forming a hollow metallic structural box-like enclosure for said core which surrounds it on at least four sides, the planes in which the intersecting partitions of the grid lie being at right angles to the planes occupied by the metal sheets fastened to the channel members.

4. A structural box-like unit comprising a pair of metal channel members spaced apart in parallel relation with the channels facing each other, a core member supported in said channels and comprising an inner grid having partitions of fibrous material intersecting substantially at right angles to one another and an outer covering of sheet fibrous material extending around at least four sides of the grid, metal sheets fastened to said channel members and closing the space from each longitudinal edge portion of one channel member to the opposite longitudinal edge portion of the other channel member, said channel members and the metal sheets fastened to them forming a hollow metallic structural box-like enclosure for the fibrous core which surrounds it on at least four sides, the planes in which the intersecting partitions of the grid lie being at K right angles to the planes occupied by the metal sheets fastened to the channel members.

5. A structural box-like unit in accordance with claim 1 having means whereby the unit may be clamped directly to a similar unit.

6. A structural box-like unit comprising an outer metallic enclosure and a core member supported therein, said core member comprising an inner grid having partitions of fibrous material intersecting substantially at right angles to one another and an outer covering of sheet fibrous material extending around at least four sides of the grid, said enclosure having upper and lower sheets of metallic material lying above and below the core member and the side portions of the enclosure constituting parallel metallic structural channel portions whose channels face each other, said channel portions and the upper and lower sheets of metallic material forming a hollow structural box-like enclosure for said core which surrounds it on at least four sides, the core member being supported in the channels of said channel portions so that the planes in which the intersecting partitions of the grid lie are at right angles to the planes occupied by said upper and lower sheets of metallic material.

MAURICE DEUTSCH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2646325 *Jan 29, 1948Jul 21, 1953All Steel Equipment IncDesk top construction
US2682089 *Oct 13, 1951Jun 29, 1954Stahl Clarence ELightweight structural section
US2704587 *Mar 4, 1950Mar 22, 1955 Short radii bends in honeycomb
US2793718 *Jan 25, 1950May 28, 1957Glenn L Martin CoHoneycomb panel and method of making same
US2879557 *Mar 22, 1956Mar 31, 1959Wiegand Edward AStructural units for buildings
US4012882 *Apr 19, 1973Mar 22, 1977Industrialised Building Systems LimitedStructural building panels
US5573818 *Dec 21, 1994Nov 12, 1996Shippers Paper ProductsCollapsible void filler
US6588171Nov 29, 2000Jul 8, 2003Scienda, LlcCellular-core structural panel, and building structure incorporating same
US20140130440 *Jun 13, 2012May 15, 2014Bassoe Technology AbDrilling derrick for offshore drilling incorporating a stressed-skin and offshore platform
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/116, 428/129
International ClassificationE04C2/34, E04C2/36
Cooperative ClassificationE04C2/36
European ClassificationE04C2/36