Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2299927 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 27, 1942
Filing dateMay 8, 1939
Priority dateMay 8, 1939
Publication numberUS 2299927 A, US 2299927A, US-A-2299927, US2299927 A, US2299927A
InventorsHermson John H, Pierce Howard M
Original AssigneeSpalding A G & Bros Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Calk device
US 2299927 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 27, 1942. PlERQE ET 2,299,927

GALK DEVICE Filed May 8, 1939 INVENTORS Howard M Bierce .Ja/m l1. Her/273012 \Ummdfia ATTORNEY 1 Patented Oct. 27, 1942 lyn, N. Y., assignors' to A. G. Spalding & Bros. Inc., New Yam, N. Y., a corporation of Del'afware Application M y .8, 1939, Serial Nb. 272,351

13 C im This invention relates to improved devices for securing calks or. cleatsto the soles of shoes,

particularly shoes used in various sports such for example as football andsoccer.

It is of the utmost impgrtance that the calks or cleats be so mounted that theywill not inad vertently become-loose and will be maintained in place even when subjected to the most severe usage.

It is, therefore, an object of the invention to provide a. calk device whichznay be most effectively held in place on a shoe sole. t

It is another object of the invention to provide a calk device which may be most easily applied to the sole.

One of the common expedients heretofore utilized in securing. calks or cleats to a shoe sole involves the provision of a threaded stud. e mes th hat s init lly fixe t9 the. stud, and the latter screwed intothe sole, and sometimes the stud is initially fixed to the sole and he chat th n sersw d. 9n the. studla ash o these variations of this expedient there is a problem of holding the calk and the threaded stud against turning and thereby becoming loose relative to the sole.

n t tan Ob o h e n t vention, therefore, is to providea calls device involving the use oi a threaded stud, in whieh the call: or cleat and the threaded stud are elffectively held against turning and unscrewing l fiY 9 h .5 i c I In the attainment of the above and other objects which will hereinaiter appear there is provided as a feature pf the invention a washer which may be ef feetively secured to the calk holding stud and which is provided not only with means for gripping the sole but also with pros iecting a er ldin h ta a a ns i advertent rotation.

screwed into the 'sole, in which very efiicient and economically produced means are provided for securely holding the calk against unscrewing relative to the sole A further feature resides in the provision of a calls securing device involving a washer of compressible material, suchas leather or rubber,v

which is inserted on the calk holding stud intermediate the base of the calkand the sole and is,

adapted to grip the base and hold the calk against. inadvertent rotation.

Yet another feature resides in the provision of projections on the base of the chalk which cooperate with a washer intermediate the sole and the call; for effectively holding the latter against a ve tent et o Another important feature of the invention resides in providingan internally threaded tubu- I lar member adapted to be inserted in an aperture in thef shoe sole to receive the threaded stem f @5 1 which fi PmVid no onl w jections for gripping the sole, but also with prowas. o ld the e s a a n d rt rota onproviding a call: holding stud with very effective Another feature of the invention resides in providing adeigrn able washer with a sole gripp n P PJ' Cfi Q I nding from h q l id O a portion normally bent to extend away frem the sole, whereby it is possible to. screw the. washer tightly against'the sole without interference rr m h r g r en an then'tp se u ntl flatten the bent portion to cause the projection to bite into the sole.

Another feature resides in providing a washer r with a tubular stem which supports the call:

e w n n ia y xed ars nal: and. am

meansfor firmly holding the stud relative to the j j v wh n i is mbe d t r in- Other objects and features will hereinafter appear. I

e draw g Figure 1 is an exploded view showing the various elements of the present preferred form of calk device beifore association with the shoe sole,

portions of the insert member and of the stemmed. washer being broken away to enable a clearer illustration.

Fig. 2 is an exploded view partially in shoe sole.

the device fully assembled and in operative position on the shoe sole.

Fig. 5 is a yiew showing the base of the calk.

Fig. 6 a view showing the base of the calkillustrated in Fig. 7]

Fig. ,7: a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a modified term of the invention. 1

Fieg ew s mi r WFi but ho n anp be was e i t in t nother feature of "the invention resides in section, similar to Fig. 1, but showing the insert member in and the stemmed washer associated withthe is a detail. view looking downwardly he elk h ld ng Stadj 3 is aview partially in sectionv showing and first to Figs. 1 through 5, there is shown a 5 section of a shoe sole III which may be of conventional construction, including an inner or upper layer H and an outer or lower layer l2.

The calk device 13 provided by the present invention includes, as is conventional, a calk or cleat 14 of rubber or other suitable material, which as shown may be frusto-conical in shape and formed with a base I5 from which extends a threaded stem or stud 16. Preferably, webs l1 and I8 extending respectively longitudinally and transversely of the stud are provided to form a head [9 for locking the stud against movement relative to the calk I4.

As shown most clearly in Fig. 2A, the transverse web I8 is preferably of multisided form. Of importance it is to be noted that a plurality of recesses l8aare provided inthe edges of the transverse web to receive the body material of the calk l4 and thus serveto hold the stud against adverse rotation relative to the calk. Also of importance attention is directed to the fact that the longitudinally extending web I! is so formed and positioned that the side edges Ila and I'll) thereof extended outwardly to be in substantial alignment with two of the recesses l8a in the transverseweb l8.

With this construction the longitudinally exmovement in the calk body. And, of particular importance, the side edges |"la and ill) of the web I! by overlying the transverse web [8 define in effect notches into which the body material of the calk extends to further secure the stud against movement relative to the calk. Also, because the side edges I la. and [lb of the web I! extend beyond the edges of the transverse web I8 defined by the recesses l8a', a substantial thickness of supporting body material is interposed between the side edges Ila. and Ill) and the calk base. A very strong and efiective securement of the stud [6 in the calk is thus achieved.

For securing the calk to the sole l0 there is provided an interiorly threaded tubular insert member adapted to be inserted in a suitable aperture 2| in the shoe sole. A laterally extending flange 22 formed at one end of the insert member is adapted to overlie the upper side 23 of the sole and is provided with a plurality of circumferential disposed prongs 24 for engaging the sole and holding the insert against rotation relative thereto.

Of importance, there is associated with the insert member 20 a novel stemmed washer 25 having a deformable flange section 26 bent into substantially U-shape to provide portions 2! which extend away from the sole, and having an interiorly and exteriorly threaded tubular stem 28 adapted to be screwed into the insert memwhen the washer 25 is initially screwed in place but which, as shown in Fig. 3, are adapted to bite into and securely grip the sole when the washer is flattened. This feature is most advantageous in theassembly of the device as it is thereby possible to screw the washer tightly against the sole without interference with the prongs 33 and then subsequently to flatten the bent portions 21 to cause the prongs to grip and bite into the underside 34 of the sole. Moreover, because the prongs 33 are clear of the sole during the screwing up of the washer, they do not cut into the sole to form adverse grooves which would prevent the secure holding action achieved by forcing the prongs cleanly into an uncut sole. Also, the bent portions 21 offer a convenient means-for gripping the washer during the screwing or tightening operation. Thus, a worker may merely grasp the bent portions in his fingers and spin the washer into position, and if a pair of pliers or the like is used the bent portions may be easily gripped thereby.

Also of importance it is to be noted that pro- ..J'ections 35 are formed on the washer to extend toward the base l5 of the calk. As shown, the

projections 35 and the prongs 33 may be conveniently formed by lancing or by bulging out integral parts of the washer. However, they may be formed in any other suitable manner.

With this construction, when the threaded calk stud I6 is screwed tightly into the tubular stem 28 of the washer 25, the base I5 of the calk I 4 is drawn firmly against the gripping projections 35 and the calk is securely held thereby against inadvertent rotation relative to the washer 25 which in turn is held against rotation relative to the sole E2 and the insert member 20 by the prongs 33.

As shown a central recess 36 is formed in the base l5 of the calk for receiving the projections 35, and preferably a plurality of radially extending ribs 3! in the form of ratchet teeth are formed on the bottom 38 of the recess for cooperation with the projections 35 in holding the calk against unscrewing. The inherent resiliency of the projections 35 which are lanced out of the preferably metallic washer 25 causes the latter to act like spring pressed pawls. This action is accentuated when the calk and ribs 31 are formed of a compressible or resilient material such as rubber. Thus when the calk is rotated in one direction to be screwed toward the sole, the" inclined faces 39 of the ribs readily slide over the projections 35, butany tendency of the calk to rotate in the otherdirection is resisted by the projections engaging the substantially vertical sides 40 of the ribs. A very effective ratchet or locking means is thereby provided for maintaining the calk securely in position.

While, as shown, the ribs 3'! are in the form of ratchet teeth it will be readily understood that the ribsmay be formed either with two inclined faces or with two vertical sides. Such constructions will likewise serve to cooperate with the projections 35. in holding" the calk against inadvertent rotation, although not ,as satisfactorily as when ribs are formed 'to'simulatetrue ratchet teeth. 1

In the association of the calk device I3 with a shoe sole it is merely necessary to push the insert member .20 into a preformed aperture in the shoesole and embed the prongs 24 in the upper side :of the sole. The stemmed washer 25 is then screwed in place and'the bent; up portions 21 flattened by any suitable tool to force theprongs 33 into the underside of the sole. Then the threaded stud I6 is screwed e into the threaded be readily appreciated that thebottom-38amay be formed with gripping ribs as embodied in-the calk |4 shown in Fig.- 5. Likewise it will .be apstem of the (Washer to d-rawythe ribbed base of thecalk securely, against-the washer and into interengagement with theprojections 35.

,InFigs. 6 and 7 a modified form of calk device |3a is shown. In this form a calk Ma is provided which does nothave a stud initially fired thereto as in the form shown in Figs. 1 through 5, but whichincludes a calk holding screw meme ber 4| with a threaded shank 42 and a head 43, insertable in a preformed aperture 44 in the sole ll]. Whenthe screw member 4| is inserted in the aperture the threaded shank 42 projects downwardly through theaperture 44 to receive the modified .calk Ma and the head 43 overlies and is embedded in the upper side 23 of the sole. Preferably, andasshown, radially extending webs or fins 45 are formedon the head to bite into the sole and hold the screw member against adverse rotation. i

Of importance, there is provided with this modified calk device |3a a modified stemmed washer 25a which like the stemmed washer 25 first described has a deformable flange section 26 initially bent, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. '7, into substantially a U-shape to provide portions 21 whichinitially extend away from the sole but which are adapted, as shown in full lines, to be flattened on the sole and thereby force the prongs 33 into the underside of the sole. Also, like the washer 25, the modified washer 25a is formed with an interiorly threaded tubular stem 28a. which as shown, however, may be shorter than the stem 23 and provided with an unthreaded or smooth outer surface.

In associating the modified calk device with a sole, the screw member 6| may be first inserted in the aperture and the stemmed washer 25a then screwed thereon tov draw the tubular stem into the aperture 44 to thereby support the threaded shank in the sole.

. the sole.

The modified calk 14a, which preferably is provided with an internally threaded insert 46 embedded therein, may then be screwed on the threaded shank 42 and thus be drawn firmly against the washer 25 on the sole. As shown, the base |5 of the niodified calk is formed with a recess 36a having a plain bottom 3311 which is gripped by projections formed on the washer 25a exactly the same as the projections formed on the stemmed washer 25 first described. However, while the bottom of the recess 35a in the base of the. calk la is illustrated as plain it will The washer, therefore, is effecing the calk against adverse rotation, and which are initially formed with portions extending away 1 grips the main washer- 15b and the calk and preciated that if'desiredthe calk z|4 shown in Fig. 5, like the calk shown in Fig. 6, may be' Fig. '7, involves a calk |4b preferably provided with a threaded insert 46 and adapted to be screwed on the threaded shank 42 of a screw member 4| inserted in an aperture 44b formed in the shoe sole Hi. The screw member 4|, as shown, is exactly the same as the one illustrated in Fig. 7, with a head 43 provided with holding webs 45 and embedded in the sole.

In-the modified calk device |3,b-, a slightly modified washery25b is utilized which like the stemmed washer 25w shown in Fig. '7, has a threaded connection with the shank 42 of the screwmember. It maybe flatgorinitially bent into .a substantially .U-shape, as shown indotted lines, to ,provide portions initially extending away from the sole andformed with prongs 5| which advantageously may be lancedout of the j washer and are adapted to bite into the sole when the washer is flattened. However, as shown, no tubular threaded stem is formed on the washer, the threaded connection betweenthe washer 25b and the shank 42 being provided by asingle thread 58 defining theshank receiving, aperture in the washer. Such atubular stem may be provided, however, if desired. a Of particular importance there is inserted o the threaded shank 42 intermediate the main and preferably metallic washer 52 andthebase l5 'of the calk Mb a washer 53 of compressible material such as rubber or leather, which when the calkgis screwed tightly in place effectively holds the latter against inadvertent rotation.

Preferably, and as shown, projecting ribs 54 are pushed out of the main washer 25b to extend towardthe base of the calk. While these ribs 54 are shown as extending radially for'an appreciable extent they may, if desired be formed, like the simple projections 35 on the stemmed. washers 25 and 25a. Also, preferably ribs 31 are,-

formed in the recess 35 in the base ofv the calk Mb exactly the same as the rib-son the calk shown in Fig.5. With thisconstruction the ribs 54 on the main washer25b and the ribs 3! on the calk |4b bofth grip the compressiblewasher 53 and. the call; is thus most eifectively held 1 against adverse rotation.

This same compressible washer 53 may, if de sired-and;wi;th good effect, be utilized with each of the othencalk devices |3 and |3a shown in: Figsrl ,throughfl. When so'utilized the washer supplements the action of the projections 35 and ribs31 in firmly holding the calk and maintaining theisame in tightened position on the sole.

With each of the forms of the invention, washers are provided which have a threaded connection :with a member firmly embedded in the sole, which have projecting means for not o'nly gripping the sole but also for cooperating inholdircm the sole but adapted to be flattened and to push gripping prongs into the sole after the washer has been tightly screwed in place.

Variations and modificationsmay be made within the scope of this invention and portions of the improvements may be used Without others.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is:

1. In a calk device for attachment to a shoe sole, a calk having a base; a screw member for connecting said calk to the sole; a washer insertable on said screw member intermediate the sole and said calk having projecting means extending toward saidbase for maintaining the calk against inadvertent rotation; a deformable portion on said washer normally extending away from and adapted to be flattened relative to said sole; and projecting means on said deformable portion adapted when the latter is flattened, to grip the sole and secure the washer against rotation relative thereto.

2. In a calk device for attachment to a shoe sole, a calk having a. base; a screw member for connecting said calk to the sole; a washer insertable on said screw member, having projections formed thereon engageable with said sole; and ratchet means including opposed elements, intermediate said base and said washer for resisting rotation of said calk in unscrewing direction while permitting rotation in screwing direction.

3. In a calk device for attachment to a shoe sole, a calk having a base; means for securing said calkto the sole; a washer having means for gripping the sole, said washer being of such lateral extent relative to said base as to oppose marginal portions of the latter; ratchet teeth on said base; and means formed on said washer cooperable with said teeth to arrest rotation of said calk in one direction.

4. In a calk device for attachment to a shoe sole, a calk having a base; a screw member adapted to project outwardly beyond said sole, for connecting said calk to the sole; threaded means in said calk for threadedly receiving said screw member; a washer on and having a threaded connection with said screw member; and projecting means on said washer for gripping said sole and for holding said calk against adverse rotation.

5. In a device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, a washer; a tubular stem on said washer associated with said sole and adapted to receive a threaded member for securing a calk relative to the sole; a deformable portion on said washer, normally extending away from and adapted to be flattened relative to the sole; and projecting means on said deformable portion adapted when the latter is flattened, to grip the sole and secure the washer against rotation relative thereto.

6. In a device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, a washer; an internally threaded tubular stem on said washer, associated with said sole and adapted to receive a threaded member for connecting a calk to the sole; projecting means on said washer for holding the calk against inadvertent rotation; a deformable portion on said washer, normally extending away from and adapted to be flattened relative to the sole; and means on said deformable portion adapted when the latter is flattened, to grip the sole and secure and hold the washer against rotation relative thereto.

'7. In a device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, an internally threaded tubular insert member insertable in an aperture in the shoe sole; a deformable washer having a portion normally extending away from the sole and adapted to be flattened relative to the sole; a tubular stem on said washer, screwed into said insert member,

having internal threads adapted to receive athreaded member for comiecting a calk to the sole; and means on said deformable washer for gripping the sole when the washer is flattened.

8. In a device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, an internally threaded insert member, insertable in an aperture in the shoe sole; a washer; a tubular stem on said washer, screwed into said insert member, having internal threads adapted to receive a threaded member connecting a calk to the sole; and projecting means on said washer cooperable in holding the calk against inadvertent rotation.

9. In a .device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, a deformable substantially U-shaped washer with the sides thereof normally extending away from and adapted to be flattened relative to the sole; an internally threaded tubular stem on said washer, associated with the sole and adapted to receive a threaded stud for connecting a calk to the sole; projecting means on said deformable washer for gripping the sole when the washer is flattened; and means on said washer for holding a calk against inadvertent rotation.

10. In a device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, a deformable substantially U-shaped washer with the sides thereof normally extending away from and adapted to be flattened relative to the sole; an inner face on said washer to engage said sole; a calk; an outer face on said washer to engage the calk; means to secure said washer to said sole; and means to secure said calk to said washer.

11. In a calk device for attachment to a shoe sole, an internally threaded tubular insert member, insertable in an aperture in a shoe sole; means on said insert member for arresting movement thereof downwardly through the sole; a

washer; an internally and externally threaded tubular stem on said washer, screwed into said insert member; a calk having a threaded stud screwed into said tubular stem; and projecting means on said washer for holding said calk against inadvertent rotation.

12. In a calk device for attachment to a shoe sole; a washer; an internally threaded tubular stem on said washer, insertable in an aperture in the shoe sole; a screw member extending through said stem and having a free end portion adapted to project outwardly beyond said sole for receiving a threaded calk; means on said screw member for holding the same against rotation' relative to said sole; and projecting means on said washer for gripping said sole.

13. In a device for securing a calk to a shoe sole, an internally threaded insert member, insertable in an aperture in the shoe sole; a washer; and a tubular stem on said washer, screwed into said insert member, having internal threads adapted to receive a threaded member connecting a calk to the sole.

HOWARD M. PIERCE. JOHN H. HERMSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2459610 *May 5, 1947Jan 18, 1949Zadina Arthur FGolf shoe spike or calk
US2523652 *Feb 5, 1948Sep 26, 1950Chester W DowdShoe cleat assembly
US2607135 *Feb 8, 1950Aug 19, 1952Claude HarmonDetachable calk
US2774151 *Jan 20, 1955Dec 18, 1956Ackerson Edwin ICleat for athletic shoes
US3133364 *Dec 10, 1962May 19, 1964Howard Robert CCleat for football shoe
US4466205 *Jan 10, 1983Aug 21, 1984Corbari George VSafety stud
US5033211 *Aug 30, 1989Jul 23, 1991Macneill Engineering Company, Inc.Cleat member and slot system
US5321901 *Mar 27, 1991Jun 21, 1994Trisport LimitedStuds and sockets for studded footwear
US7370441 *Jan 5, 2006May 13, 2008Chuan-Li ChangHobnail structure
US7726043 *Jan 9, 2004Jun 1, 2010Trisport LimitedStudded footwear
EP0282257A2 *Mar 8, 1988Sep 14, 1988Trisport LimitedStudded footwear
WO1991003183A1 *Aug 28, 1990Mar 21, 1991Macneill Eng Co IncCleat member and slot system
WO1991015131A1 *Mar 27, 1991Oct 4, 1991Trisport LtdStuds and sockets for studded footwear
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/59.00R, 36/67.00D
International ClassificationA43C15/16, A43C15/00
Cooperative ClassificationA43C15/161
European ClassificationA43C15/16A