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Publication numberUS2299991 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 27, 1942
Filing dateJan 18, 1941
Priority dateJan 18, 1941
Publication numberUS 2299991 A, US 2299991A, US-A-2299991, US2299991 A, US2299991A
InventorsWilmer F Kallock
Original AssigneeMc Laurin Jones Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chart paper
US 2299991 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Patented Oct. 27, 1942 CHART PAPER Wilmer F. Kallock, Ware, Mass., assignor to Mc- Lanrin-Joncs 00., Brookfleld, Mass., at corporation of Massachusetts Application January 18, 1941, Serial No. 375,042 7 Claims. (01. 234-74) This invention relates to a novel pressuresensitive paper adapted to receive and record inkless or other impressions imparted by a stylus,

' typewriter, or other manually or mechanically operated writing or printing means. The invention finds one principal application in the production of inkless recording charts for various recording instruments, though it is also useful in other applications wherein pressureor stylus-sensitive paper is utilized for the recording of data. Heretofore, it has been common to provide a black-surfaced paper with a solventapplied waxy or soap-like coating with attendant disadvantages because such coatings are easily subject to even light abrasion in handling, are temperature sensitive so as to be brittle and stiff at low atmospheric temperatures, and soften objectionably at high atmospheric temperatures. Such wax coated paper is also diiiicult to print with the graduations, lines, or designations which some recording charts require.

The present invention avoids these disadvantages and provides a pressure-sensitive paper which can be handled with very much less chance of objectionable marking by abrasion or handling than the wax coated material, one that can be used at high temperatures, and one that can be readily printed. Moreover, a better and more uniform color can be provided in that white or other light colors can be employed in the surface coating providing a greater contrast between such surface coating and the relatively darker coating of the base layer. Also, the coating can be applied with greater uniformity and precision than coatings heretofore employed in the prior at pressure-sensitive inkless recording papers. Fig. 1 is an enlarged perspective view of the chart paper of my invention involving a blushed lacquer coating, an intermediate dark-colored coating, and a paper backing layer; and

Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of a modified form of the chart paper of my invention involving a blushed lacquer coating and a darkcolored paper backing.

In the preferred practice of the present invention there is provided a dark-colored base or foundation layer which may be of dark-colored paper or paper of a light shade may be suitably colored or coated so as to form a relatively dark-coloredfoundation. For example, ordinary paper of the grade desired is coated with any suitable hardenable dark-colored coating by a reverse roll coater or other means, as well known dark-colored foundation, it is provided with an opaque surface layer of blushing lacquer, as well known in the art, for example, as in U. S. patent to Willkie, No. 1,449,157, (which blushes to either white or some light tint or color) and which, it has been discovered, may, in accordance with this invention, be modified to render it stylussensitive so that, upon the application of pressure, the surface layer becomes transparent wherever such localized pressure has been employed. The color of the base, where pressure has been applied, thus appears in contrast to the color of the areas where no such pressure has been applied. This blushing lacquer may be made up by adding a suitable softener to a blushing lacquer, for example, as follows (all parts being by weight) Parts Cellulose nitrate (5-6 see.) l0 Ace 25 Alcohol 68 Water 2 Glycerine 2.3 Butyl stearate 5-8. 'I

The above illustrates my preferred practice of the invention and includes a typical blushing lacquer modified by the addition of a substantial quantity of a suitable softening agent, and, as is well known in the art, various other cellulose derivatives, including cellulose esters, ethers, and/or ether-esters may be employed instead of cellulose nitrate, for example, cellulose acetate with or without the inclusion of a resin or resins. Examples of cellulose esters include cellulose butyrate, oleate, stearate, phthalate, naphthenate, laurate, aceto-butyrate, acetomaleate, and aceto-nitrate; of cellulose ethers,- ethyl cellulose, benzyl cellulose, and glycol cellulose; of cellulose ether-esters,ethyl cellulosenitrate, benzyl cellulose-acetate, ethyl celluloseacetate, and glycol cellulose-acetate.

The modifying or softening agent, which functions by reason of its physical effect on the blushing lacquer, need not be butyl stearate, and, in lieu of all or a part of the butyl stearate there may be employed additional glycerine or equivalents or other salts or esters of various fatty acids or fatty acids themselves, or other hardenable oily, fatty, or waxy materials,all of which for convenience are herein termed softening agents. For example, stearic and other fatty acids are also found to be useful as blushing lacquer softening agents which, like those just in the art. Following the provision of such a as referred to, will not inhibit or materially retard precipitation of the small discrete particles which render the lacquer opaque.

In practice, it is found that the application of this surface layer provides a sumciently hard and abrasion-resisting surface so that there results a continuous film that can withstand handling without objectionable marring. The film itself functions in the manner of normal blushing lacquer so as to provide a white or very light colored surface layer which will not melt or soften at ordinary atmospheric temperatures' The hardness'can be increased by decreasing the amount of butyl stearate, increasing slightly the amount of water, or adding a small amount of ethyl acetate which increases the amount of unprecipitated film-forming material of the lacquer. It is found that suitable lines and indicia may be readily printed thereon, using ordinary inks and ordinary printing processes that heretofore have been employed in making paper charts with lines and indicia thereon. For all practical purposes, pressure-sensitive paper made in accordance with the above preferred formula provides a commercially satisfactory and much improved product.

In the foregoing specification and in the appended claims, the backing material is referred to as paper, but it will be appreciated that any one of various other thin flexible backings may be employed as functionally equivalent backings. Also, by light-colored it is intended to include white as well as various light colors. c

Having described my invention, what I wish to claim and secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a backing layer of paper providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having thereon a relatively soft, stylus-pressuresensitive blushed light-colored lacquer film, said film being normally opaque but adapted tojbecome sumciently transparent to disclose the underlying dark surface upon the application of stylus-pressure to said film.

2. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a backing layer of paper hav-- ing a dark-colored coating thereon providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having on said foundation a relatively soft, stylus-pressure-sensitive blushed light-colored lacquer film, said film being normally opaque but adapted to aaeaoer 3. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a colored backing layer of paper providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having thereon a relatively soft stylus-pressure-sensitive blushed light-colored lacquer film including printed lines and indicia on the exposed surface of said film, said film being normally opaque but adapted to become sumciently transparentto disclose the underlying dark surface upon the application of stylus-pressure to 4. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a backing layer of paper having a dark-colored coating thereon providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having on said foundation a relatively soft, stylus-pressure-sensitive blushed light-colored lacquer film including printed lines and indicia on theJexposed surface of said film, said film being normally opaque but adapted to become sumciently transparent to disclose the underlying dark surface upon the application of stylus-pressure to said film.

5. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a backing layer of paper providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having thereon a relatively soft, stylus-pressuresensitive blushed light-colored cellulosic lacquer film, said film being normally opaque but adapted to become sumciently transparent to disclose the underlying dark surface upon the application of stylus-pressure to said film,

6. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a backing layer of paper havbecome sumciently transparent to disclose the underlying dark surface upon the application of stylus-pressure to said film.

ing a dark-colored coating thereon providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having on said foundation a relatively soft, stylus-pressure-sensitive blushed light-colored cellulosic lacquer film, said film being normally. opaque but adapted to become sumciently transparent to disclose the underlying dark surface upon the application of stylus-pressure to said film 7. A pressure-sensitive inkless recording medium comprising a backing layer of paper providing a relatively dark-surfaced foundation and having thereon a relatively soft, stylus-pressuresensitive blushed light-colored lacquer film con taining cellulose nitrate, said film being normally opaque but adapted to become sufiiciently transparent to disclose the underlying dark sur= face upon the application of stylus-pressure to said film.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2519660 *Sep 6, 1947Aug 22, 1950Little Inc ARecording material
US2686676 *Apr 8, 1949Aug 17, 1954Dictaphone CorpRecording progress indicator for magnetic records
US2710263 *Feb 2, 1951Jun 7, 1955Minnesota Mining & MfgHeat-sensitive copying-paper
US2739909 *Jun 29, 1950Mar 27, 1956Nashua CorpCoated paper suitable for stylus inscription and method of making the same
US2898112 *Sep 1, 1954Aug 4, 1959Dictaphone CorpIndicator slips with blushed lacquer coating
US2927039 *Mar 7, 1957Mar 1, 1960Labelon Tape Co IncHeat sensitive copying sheet
US2939802 *Nov 13, 1957Jun 7, 1960Uarco IncPressure sensitive recording material and method of making same
US2961334 *Jun 4, 1957Nov 22, 1960Little Inc APositive printing, pressure-sensitive material and method of making it
US3180752 *Nov 6, 1961Apr 27, 1965Interchem CorpHeat-sensitive copying sheets
US3320089 *Mar 9, 1964May 16, 1967Judson Bigelow IncMethod of making blush coated recording sheet, coated sheet and coating composition
US3534604 *Feb 8, 1968Oct 20, 1970Neptune Meter CoWatermeter with freeze protection and indication
US4299880 *Nov 15, 1979Nov 10, 1981Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyDemand and timed renewing imaging media
US4374889 *Dec 7, 1981Feb 22, 1983Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyReusable sheet with dark colored base and face treated with oleophobic fluorochemical
US4418098 *Feb 12, 1982Nov 29, 1983Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing CompanyImaging media capable of displaying sharp indicia
US4729687 *Sep 26, 1986Mar 8, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFelt tipped pens, temporary marking
US4877253 *Feb 6, 1987Oct 31, 1989Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyReusable bingo card
US5667303 *Mar 10, 1995Sep 16, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyTime-temperature integrating indicator device
US8536087Apr 5, 2011Sep 17, 2013International Imaging Materials, Inc.Thermographic imaging element
DE1001890B *Dec 28, 1953Jan 31, 1957Molineus & CoVerfahren zur Herstellung eines Durchschlagpapieres
Classifications
U.S. Classification346/135.1, 428/535, 428/918
International ClassificationB41M5/124
Cooperative ClassificationB41M5/124, Y10S428/918
European ClassificationB41M5/124