US 22999 A
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AUNITED STATES `PATENT OFFICE.O
J. J. DUTCHER, OF BROOKLYN, -NEVA-YOBK, ASSIGNOR 'IO NOAH MOSHER,
Specilication forming part of Letters Patent No. 22,999, dated February 15, 1859.
Io all whom it may concern.I
Bc it known that I, J. J. DUTCHER, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Pail; and I do hereby declare that the following is afull, clear, and exact description ofthe same, reference being had to the annexed drawing, making a part of this specification, said drawing being a vertical central section of my invention.
The object of this invention is to obtain a pail that will be free from the objection attending wooden`pails-to wit, the disagreeable taste communicated to the water by the wood or the paint thereon when used as a water pail, and also the disagreeable smell or ett-ld via which always escapestrom wooden pails, even when cleaned as thoroughly as may be, when they have been used as chamber-pails or for analogous purposes, the smell or effluvia being due to the absorbant properties of the wood.
The invention consists in having the body of the pail constructed of porcelain, pottery, glass, or other similar non-absorbent substance, and inclosing the-body with a sheetmetal jacket to serve as a protector to the body, as hereinafter described.
. To enable those skilled in the art to fully understand and construct my invention, I will proceed to describe it.
A represents the body of the pail, which is constructed of porcelain, pottery, or glass pottery 01 glazed earthenware will probably be the material used. rlhis body A may be made in the form of the usual pail and about the same size, the upper part ot' the bodyhaving a flange, a, projecting from it horizontally, or nearly so7 and a iiange, b, projecting obliqnely downward from the bottom of the body A, as shown clearly in the drawing.
Bis a sheet-metal jacket, which encompasses the body A, the lower end of the jacket being turned under the lower flange, b, and the upper end fitted just below the upper flange, a. At the npl: er and lower parts of the jacket a filling, c, of plaster-oflparis or other suitable cement, is used, a space, d, being allowed between the jacket and body. To the upper part of the jacket B ears or lugs e are attached, in which the ends of the bail C are secured.
The body A, being constructed of either of the materials mentioned-viz., porcelain, pottery` or glass-is non-absorbent, and therefore may be properly cleaned, whatever substance it may have contained and the body cannot impart any unpleasant taste to the water, as is the case with wood. The brittle nature of the substance used Ior the body A is prevented from being an objection, as the jacket B is a protector, and will receive all ordinary or reasonable blows or concussions without iniparting the same to the body A, the space d allowing the jacket to yield or give under pressure and blows, and thereby effecting the desired result'. The top of the body A may be provided with a nozzle or spout or be perfectly plain. For chamber-pails a nozzle or spout would be preferable. For water-pails they may be plain. A
These pails may be constructed nearly as cheap as the cedar brass-bound pails, and are far superior, for the reasons hereinbefore stated.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new,and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The pail constructed of the body A and jacket B, ofthe materials herein speciiied, to
form a" new and useful article of manufacture.
J OSIAH J. lDUTCHER.
WM. TUscI-r. W. HAUFF.