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Publication numberUS2300138 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 27, 1942
Filing dateSep 25, 1940
Priority dateSep 25, 1940
Publication numberUS 2300138 A, US 2300138A, US-A-2300138, US2300138 A, US2300138A
InventorsMaurice G Steele
Original AssigneeKent Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Floor machine
US 2300138 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

FLOOR MACHINE Filed Sept. 25, 1940 a f J 4 7 I I 47" I I I I l I l' u jg I I I I I I I! 4 ENTOR. 50 49 BY Mme/c: 6. .5 75541:

ATTORNEY.

Patented Oct. 27, 1942 FLOOR MACHINE Maurice G. Steele, Rome, N. Y., assignor to The Kent Company, Inc., Rome, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application September 25, 1940, Serial No. 358,244

Claims.

This invention relates to floor machines of the type that are commonly used for scrubbing, pol ishing and sanding floors. These floor machines may be generally classified into two classes, one class employing a single disk-type brush and the other class employing a plurality of brushes commonly of the disk type and arranged side by side.

An example of the single brush type machine is shown in the Yutzler and Kent Patent 1,847,323, dated March 1, 1932. In this type of machine all of the weight is on the brush, and whenever the machine is tilted slightly, either forward or backward or to either side, the machine'travels on the surface on which it is operating and experience has shown that it requires some skill and experience on the part of the operator to properly control the movements of the machine and to effect travel over a desired course. While this tendency of the machine to travel is considered by those skilled in the operation of the machine to be a decided advantage in that it lessens the amount of manual labor required, as compared with a machine of the multiple brush type in which there is no tendency to travel, it is considered objectionable in a small domestic type of machine for use in scrubbing and polishing floors in a home for the reason that these domestic machinesare usually operated by servants who have no particular skill for the work,

with the result that the machine is considered to be difiicult to control and, therefore, liable to cause damage to furniture, etc.

It is one of the objects of the invention to provide an improved type of machine that will possess the advantages of the single brush machine and, at the same time, avoid the tendency to travel, and possess other advantageous features of the multiple brush type of machine.

A further object of the invention is to provide a machine that will be quiet in operation, simple in design, low in cost and easy to maintain.

A further object of the invention is to provide a machine that is so designed that it may be built in comparatively small light-weight units that will nevertheless do satisfactory work in polishing and scrubbing floors in a home and also be a perfectly safe machine in the hands of an unskilled operator.

Other objects of the invention and the features of novelty will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with th accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a vertical section through a machine embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is a horizontal section on the line 2--2 of Fig. l and looking upward.

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 but looking downward.

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 of a modification, certain parts being shown in elevation.

Fig. 5 is a fragment of Fig. 1 showing a modification of the center brush mounting.

Referring to the drawing, and more particularly to Figs. 1 and 3, it will be noted that the machine comprises a frame or housing In in the upper part of which there is a motor II, the rotor II of which has a downwardly extending shaft I2. The frame I0 is, in effect, a part of the frame of the motor II and extends downwardly from the motor to enclose the operating mechanism for the two annular brushes I3 and I4. A handle I5 may be secured to the frame I6 as shown at I6 or it may be pivotally connected with the frame I0 through a bail such as is illustrated in the Yutzler Patent 1,675,078, June 15, 1928.

A bearing I1 is mounted on the frame It and rotatably supports the carrier I8 for the brush M, the latter being secured to the carrier by means of a plurality of screws or lugs I9 which engage in key-slots 20 in the flange 2|. The bearing I7 is secured in position on the frame it? by means of the hub of a bracket 22. The bracket 22 carries the bearings 23 and 24 which are secured to the bracket by means of bolts 25. The bolts 25 are preferably arranged on opposite sides of the shaft I2, as will be seen from Fig. 2, and the bearings 23 and 24 rotatably support the idler wheels 28 and 2'3, respectively, each of these idler wheels being provided with a rubber tire which engages the shaft I2 and also the interior of the carrier it. By the arrangement described, the rotation of the shaft I2, by the motor M, will effect the rotation of the carrier 58 and brush I4 at a reduced speed, depending upon the ratio of the diameters of the shaft I2 and the inner surface of the carrier I8 which is engaged by the tires 28. While I have illustrated in the preferred construction two of the idler wheels 2E, 27, it is obvious that more than two may be employed if desired or needed to increase the driving torque.

Secured to the lower end of the shaft I2 is a clutch plate 36 having the key-slots 3I which are engaged by the screws or lugs 32 on the brush I3, this arrangement permitting the brush to be readily applied to or removed from therein l fit in the hub of the plate 30 and the inner sleeve 2i!" may be similarly mounted in the shaft l2 and further secured by the nut 29. In the operation of the machine the rubber sleeve 36 is adapted to flex torsionally and also to permit the plate 355 to float or rock to a limited extent sothat the brush 13 will automatically adjust itself to any unevenness in the surface on which it is operating.

In the operation of the machine shown in Figs. 1 to 3, the rotation of the shaft i2 effects the rotation of the brush H3 at the same speed and the rotation of the brush M- at a much reduced speed as described above. The brushes l3 and i rotate in opposite directions and the outer brush I 1 tends to nullify any travel tendency that might otherwise result from the rotation of the brush H3 at high speed. The brush l4 also serves as a shield to prevent the high speed brush it from throwing Water or particles of wax or other substances against objects in the room where the machine is being used.

tendency due to this brush and make the ma- I chine very easy to control and to guide in its movements over any surface being operated upon.

One of the advantages of a single brush type of machine is that it may be readily and conveniently used with a polishing pad such as that described in the aforesaid Yutzler Patent 1,675,078, and one of the advantages of the multiple brush machine shown in Figs. 1 to 3 is that by the removal of either of the brushes !3 or it the other brush may then be used with this polishing pad. For this purpose it will usually be desirable to remove the brush M and effect high speed rotation of the polishing pad by means of the brush 13.

In the modification illustrated in Fig. 5 the motor shaft 5! has secured thereto by a set screw or otherwise a sleeve 52 in which the stub shaft 53 is slidable. The shaft 53 carries the clutch plate 54 on which the center brush I3 is mounted. A spring 55 engages the upper end of the shaft% and yieldingly presses the brush l3 against the surface on Which it operates. A pin 5'5 in the shaft 53 is slidable in the slot F5 in the sleeve 52 and causes it to rotate with the motor shaft 51. The wheels 28. engage the sleeve 52 and transmit power to the carrier Id as in the Fig, 1 construction.

Theadvantage of this form is that the center brush is largely relieved of the weight of the machine and this reduces the starting torque load on the motor. Another advantage is that the center brush is vertically adjustable and thus is capable of adapting itself to any unevenness in the surface on which the machine operates and. since the major portion of the weight of the machine may be on the outer brush the wear of the two brushes will be more uniform.

In the construction illustratedin Fig. 4 the principle of the invention as described above is embodied in a machine having brushes arranged side by side, as is common in some types of multiple brush machines. In this construction there is a motor 33 mounted on the frame 34. The motor shaft is indicated at 35 and on opposite sides of this shaft the frame 34 carries vertical shafts such as that illustrated at 36, these shafts being mounted in bearings 31 and 38 and being driven from the shaft 35 by the train of gears 39, "it and ii. There is an annular shelf 42 in the frame 34 and this shelf has downwardly projecting hollow bosses d3 which surround the shafts 36 and on which a bearing 44 is mounted in a manner similar to the mounting of the bearing, IT in Fig. 1. At their lower end the bosses l3 carry the brackets 45 on which idler wheels 46 are mounted. A carrier 4'! for an annular brush 68 is mounted on each of the bearings 44 and, the idler wheels 45 form the driving connection between the shaft 36 and the carrier 41. Each of the shafts 36 carries at its lower end a brush d9 which is similar to the brush is and is attached to a clutch plate 55. The connection between the clutch plates to and the shafts 36 may be similar to the connection between the plate 3t) and the shaft I2 in Fig. 1 or the form illustrated in Fig. 5.

In this machine the two sets of brushes. 48 and 9 operate in the manner above described with reference to the brushes l3 and I4 and it is believed that, from the description above, the operation of the machine illustrated in Fig. 4 will be fully understood.

While I have illustrated and described what I consider to be the preferred embodiments of my invention, it will be understood that changes in the details of construction may be made Without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended'claims.

Havingthus described my invention, I claim:

1. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a brush within said annular brush secured to the shaft of said rotor and rotatable therewith, a bracket fixed on said frame and carrying a bearing, and a friction wheel on the last-mentioned bearing through which said member is driven by said rotor.

2. In apparatus of the class described,,the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor, a bearing on said frame, a member, rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a brush within said annular brush secured to the shaft of said rotor and rotatable therewith, a bracket fixed on said frame and carrying a plurality of bearings angularly spaced about said shaft, and friction wheels on the last-mentioned bearings en:-

gaging said shaft and said member and through which said member is driven.

3. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a shaft driven by said rotor, a brush within said annular brush slidably secured to said shaft and rotatable therewith, a bracket fixed on said frame and carrying a bearing, and a friction wheel on the lastmentioned bearing through which said memberis driven from said shaft.

4. In apparatus of therclass. described, the

combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a shaft driven by said rotor, a brush within said annular brush slidably secured to said shaft and rotatable therewith, a bracket fixed on said frame and carrying bearings angularly spaced about said shaft, and friction wheels on the last-mentioned bearings engaging said member and through which said member is driven.

5. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor provided with a shaft, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a brush mounted on said shaft within said annular brush, and speed-reducing means arranged between said bearing and said brushes for driving said member from said shaft.

6. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor provided with a shaft, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a brush within said annular brush, the last mentioned brush having a connection with said shaft permitting movement of the brush axially relative to the shaft while being rotated thereby, and speed-reducing means for driving said member from said rotor.

7. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor provided with a shaft, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a brush within said annular brush, the last mentioned brush being mounted on a member which is slidably connected with the shaft of said rotor but rotatable therewith, and speedreducing means for driving the first mentioned member from said rotor.

8. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor provided with a shaft, a bearing on said frame, a member rotatably mounted on said bearing and having an annular brush attached thereto, a. brush within said annular brush, the last mentioned brush being mounted on a member which is slidably connected with the shaft of said rotor but rotatable therewith, spring means for yieldably pressing the last mentioned brush against the surface on which it operates, and speed-reducing means for driving the first mentioned member from said rotor.

9. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor, a pair of bearings on said frame arranged on opposite sides of the axis of said rotor, a member rotatably mounted on each of said bearings and each having an annular brush attached thereto, a shaft extending through each of said bearings and rotatably mounted in bearings on said frame, means for driving said shafts from said rotor, a brush within each of said annular brushes and each mounted on and rotated by one of said shafts, a bracket arranged within each of said members and fixedly supported on said frame, and a friction wheel rotatably mounted on each of said brackets and for driving one of said members.

10. In apparatus of the class described, the combination of a motor having a frame and a rotor, a pair of bearings on said frame arranged on opposite sides of the axis of said rotor, a member rotatably mounted on each of said bearings and each having an annular brush attached thereto, a shaft extending through each of said bearings and rotatably mounted in bearings on said frame, means for driving said shafts from said rotor, a brush within each of said annular brushes and each mounted on and rotated by one of said shafts, a bracket arranged within each of said members and fixedly supported on said frame, and a pair of friction wheels rotatably mounted on each of said bracketsand each of said pairs of friction wheels forming the driving connection between one of said shafts and one of said members.

MAURICE G. STEELE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2508411 *Feb 12, 1944May 23, 1950Hendrik W LundquistFloor machine
US2597971 *Mar 26, 1948May 27, 1952Lee H BurnhamRotary buffing and polishing machine
US2671915 *Sep 24, 1948Mar 16, 1954Tuson Vernon HeathFloor-conditioning assembly for floor maintenance machines
US2683884 *May 7, 1949Jul 20, 1954Hoover CoFloor polisher
US2726492 *Dec 19, 1950Dec 13, 1955Standard Process CorpGrinding and polishing head
US2731655 *Apr 29, 1952Jan 24, 1956Newberry George EGrease fitting cleaner
US2748408 *Nov 8, 1951Jun 5, 1956Lappin Robert IApplying and polishing apparatus
US3091158 *Mar 7, 1956May 28, 1963Alois Sommer DrApparatus for smoothing and compacting plastic layers
US3128581 *Apr 3, 1962Apr 14, 1964Tosetti AntonioFloor grinders
US3436782 *Nov 22, 1966Apr 8, 1969Wayne Manufacturing CoVariable gutter broom
US6595838 *Jul 23, 2001Jul 22, 2003Onfloor Technologies, LlcWood floor sanding machine
US7828632Jun 5, 2007Nov 9, 2010Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor finishing machine
US8282445Jul 20, 2007Oct 9, 2012Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor finishing apparatus
US8393937Jul 20, 2007Mar 12, 2013Onfloor Technologies, L.L.C.Floor finishing machine
US8572791 *Jul 28, 2010Nov 5, 2013Washtech Holding GmbhDevice for cleaning vehicle wheels
US9265397Mar 14, 2013Feb 23, 2016Carlisle Food Service Products, Inc.Adapter plate for a rotary floor scrubbing machine
US20070232207 *Jun 5, 2007Oct 4, 2007On Floor LlcFloor finishing machine
US20090019652 *Jul 20, 2007Jan 22, 2009Jay Michael GoldbergFloor finishing apparatus
US20100197210 *Jul 20, 2007Aug 5, 2010Onfloor Technologies LlcFloor Finishing Machine
US20110035889 *Jul 28, 2010Feb 17, 2011Washtec Holding GmbhDevice for cleaning vehicle wheels
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/49.1, 451/353
International ClassificationA47L11/16
Cooperative ClassificationA47L11/16, A47L11/4038, A47L11/4069
European ClassificationA47L11/40F2, A47L11/40J4, A47L11/16