US 230195 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(Mode1.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. A. OSBORNE. Provision Safe.
No. 230,195. Patented July 20,1880.
MPETERS. FHOYO-LITHOGRAPHER, WASMNG'IONv D C4 (ModeL) V 2 She-etsSheet 2. A. OSBORNE.
Provision Safe. No. 230,195. Patented July 20,1880.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
AARON OSBORNE, OF GEORGETOWN, CONNECTICUT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 230,195, dated July 20, 1880.
Application filed Ayn-i128, 1880. (Model) To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, AARON OSBORNE, of Georgetown, in the county of F airfield and State of Connecticut, have invented certain Improvements in Provision-Safes, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to provision-safes for domestic use; and it consistsin a peculiar construction and manner of oonnectin g the parts, whereby the whole may be folded and packed into a small space for shipping or storage.
. 1n the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective view of my improved safe, with the top raised to show more clearly the general construction and arrangement of parts; Fig. 2, a horizontal section on the line a no of Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a perspective view of the back Fig. 4, a perspective view of the crossbrace by which the ends or sides are held at the back; Fig. 5, a perspective view of the main body of the safe folded for transportation or storage.
The object of this invention is to produce a safe which may be at any time readily taken down and stowed away in small space, and as readily set up, when desired, without the use of tools in either case and by an unskilled per-.
To this end the invention consists in hinging the end or side sections to the front, which is in turn composed of two parts hinged together at the middle, thus enabling the front and ends to fold closely one against the other; in forming grooves in the inner faces of the end sections, near the back edges, to receive tenons on the back brace, which latter is furnished with connecting-hooks atits ends,and to receive the back; in dividing the back through the middle and connecting the two parts by hinges, and in forming the top with a molding to fit around the sides of the safe and providing hooks by which to secure the top in place.
Referring to the drawings, A represents the front, composed of two vertical portions, to b, hinged together at the middle and adapted to be folded inward, and C D the ends or sides, hinged to the front A on the rear side and arranged to foldagaiust the inner or rear face of the front A, as will be more clearly understood by referring to Fi 5.
The end or side portions, C D, are both provided with a groove, 0, on theirinncr faces, eX- tending from the top downward to a point below the lower shelf to receive tenons d on the ends of a cross-brace, B, which latter extends from one side or end to the other, and is furnished at its ends with hooks (1, arranged to pass down and engage over screws or studs 0, extending outward from the back edges of the end or side sections, C D, as shown in Fig. 2. The back E is opened out, as shown in Fig. 3, and slid downward in the grooves c 0 until its lower edge rests upon the upper side of the cross-bar B, when its upper edge will come flush with the sides or ends 0 D, as shown in Fig.1, the bottom F bein either previously or subsequently placed in position, as found most convenient, In practice it is found preferable to place the bottom in position before inserting the back, as it may then be slid inward from the back, it being supported at the ends upon cleats f and at the front upon the main frame, while the back edge rests upon the crossbrace B. The shelf or shelves G, which are supported upon cleats at the ends, may likewise be inserted .and placed in position either before or after the back, as desired.
The top H is furnished, as represented in Fig. 1, with a head or molding, g, arranged to fit down closely against the outer face of the front and ends of the safe to form a finish and prevent the movement of the top out of proper position, and it is further provided with staples h, into which hooks i engage to hold the top in place.
The front will be provided with doors, as usual, and the doors and ends or sides may be provided with panels of wire-gauze, perforated metal, glass, or other suitable material, as usual, or they may be of wood. The safe being thus constructed and set up is ready for use and is stiff and rigid in every direction.
When it is desired to take down the safe for removal or storing, thetop is first unhooked and removed, then the back is taken out, after which the shelves and bottom are withdrawn, andthe cross-brace detached and removed. The front and sides or ends are then folded together, as in Fig. 5, the back, shelves, bottom, and brace, together with the top, laid against the sides, and the whole secured in any convenient manner.
The advantages of this construction will be apparent, as by it the cost of transportation, as well as danger of breakage, is reduced to the minimum, and a large stock may be carried by dealers having limited storage-space, while the labor of setting up or taking down is inconsiderable, and may be performed by any person without fitting or trimming and withoutthc use of any tools whatever.
I am aware that a knockdown safe is not, broadly, new; but I am not aware that any one has hitherto proposed a construction which admitted of setting up or taking down the safe without the use of tools, or which permitted so large a portion of the safe to remain connected in shape for use.
It is apparent that the hooks (1, which will in any case be rigid, as shown, may be attached directly to the back and the brace B omitted. The construction shown is, however, preferred.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is- 1. The herein-described safe, consisting of the divided front and the ends, hinged together as described, the brace B, back E, bottom F, and top H, all combined and arranged as set forth.
2. In combination with the divided front and the ends, hinged one to another, as shown, a detachable back, top, and bottom, substantially as shown.
3. In combination with the folding front and ends, a back adapted to be inserted into grooves 0, formed in the ends, as described and shown.
4. In combination with a separable or folding body, a detachable back divided through the middle and having its two parts connected by hinges, as shown.
CHARLES A. JENNINGS, WILBUR M. JENNINGS.