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Publication numberUS2303264 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1942
Filing dateMay 9, 1941
Priority dateMay 9, 1941
Publication numberUS 2303264 A, US 2303264A, US-A-2303264, US2303264 A, US2303264A
InventorsFlick Henry S
Original AssigneeFlick Henry S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container
US 2303264 A
Abstract  available in
Images(7)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1942- H. s. FLICK v 2,303,264

CONTAINER Filed May 9, 1941 7 Sheets-Sheet l Nov. 24, 1942. H. s. FLICK 2,303,264

CONTAINER Filed May 9, 1941 7 Sheets-Sheet 2 H. S. FLICK CONTAINER Nov. 24, 1942.

Filed May 9, 1941 7 Sheets-Sheeci Nov. 24, 1942. H. s. FLICK 2,303,264

CONTAINER Filed May 9, 1941 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 N v- 1942. H. s. 2,303,264

CONTAINER Filed May 9, 1941 '7 Sheets-Sheet 6 I II lllu I p Nov. 24, 1942. H. s. FLICK CONTAINER Filed May 9, 1941 7 Sheets-Sheet 7 Patented Nov. 24, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CONTAINER Henry S. Flick, Philadelphia, Pa.

Application May 9, 1941, Serial No. 392,787

10 Claims.

This invention relates to a container and, more particularly, to a box or carton of the tray type.

An important object of the invention is the provision of such a container which may be formed in a single piece from a single-faced board and which will provide a construction having both its inner and outer faces finished by the single facing.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a tray-type box or carton which may be shipped in a flat condition and which in its erected form affords a convenient and attractive display package.

Another object of the invention isthe provision of a device of the character described above which may be, as desired, equipped with an integrally attached cover.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a box which may be shipped flat and set up by the user and which, when set up, provides self-contained locking means insuring the integrity of the erected structure.

These and other objects I attain by the construction shown in the accompanying drawings wherein, for the purpose of illustration, I have shown preferred embodiments of my invention and wherein:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of the blank employed in the construction of a tray-type box or carton in accordance with my invention;

Fig. 2 is a plan of the carton folded for shipment;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of the erected carton;

Fig. 4 is a section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is a section on line 6-6 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary plan of a blank showing a slight modification of the construction of Fig. 1;

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspective of an erected box of the type formed from the blank of Fig. 7;

Fig. 9 is a section on line 9-9 of Fig. 8.

Fig. 10 is a plan view of the blank of a further modified form of the invention;

Fig. 11 is a perspective, partially broken away, of an erected box formed from the blank of Fig.

Fig. 12 is a plan view of the box folded for shipment;

Fig. 13 is a transverse sectional view through the box 01' Fig. 11;

Fig. 14 illustrates a slight modification of the form of construction shown in Figures 10 to 13;

Fig. 15 is a typical sectional view through a box 55 of the type shown in Figures 1 to 14, taken on line |5I5 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 16 is a plan view of the blank for the construction of a box shown in Figures 1 to 15, but having an integral cover;

Fig. 17 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of an erected box formed from the blank of Fig. 16;

Fig. 18 is a plan view of the box folded for shipment, the lid and its flap being shown extended; v

Fig. 19 is a section on line |9l9 of Fig. 17, the cover being shownin the closed position;

Fig. 20 is asection on line 2l|2ll of Fig. 17;

Fig. 21 is a plan view of a blank for constructing a box in accordance with a further form of my invention;

Fig. 22 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of an erected box constructed from the blank of Fig. 21;

Fig. 23 is a plan of the blank of Fig. 21 for shipment;

Fig. 24 is a plan of the blank of a modified construction of the type shown in Figures 21 to 23;

Fig. 25 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of the box erected from the blank of Fig. 24;

Fig. 26 is a plan view of the blank of Fig. 24 folded for shipment;

Fig. 27 is a section on line 2'I-2'I of Fig. 25;

Fig. 28 is a section on line 28-28 of Fig. 25;

Fig. 29 is a plan view of the blank of a further modification of my invention;

Fig. 30 is a perspective view, partially broken away, of an erected box formed from the blank of Figure 29;

Fig. 31 is a section on line 3l-3l of Fig. 30;

Fig. 32 is a section on line 32 32 of Fig. 30; and

Fig. 33 is a plan view of a box partially folded for shipment.

Referring now to the drawings and, more particularly, to Figures 1 to 6 thereof, the carton constructed in accordance with my invention comprises outer and inner bottom walls [0 and I l, side walls [2 and I211, and end walls comprising outer and inner wall members l3 and I4 of which the wall member I4 comprises the flap integrally connected with the outer wall member [3 at a crease fold l5. It will be noted that in the erected form of the box, as shown in Figure 3, all the outer surfaces at boththe interior and exterior of the box are formed by a common surface of a blank forming Figure 1 so that if this surface of the blank is a single finished surface folded of single-faced cardboard, a completely flnished structure is provided, thus enabling the use of a relatively cheap material. 7

As more clearly seen from Figure 1, the side wall I2 serves to connect the outer and inner bottom walls l and H, the connections being in the form of crease folds indicated at IS. The outer edge margin of the inner bottom wall is connected to the side wall l2a by crease fold I1,

and to the outer edge margin of the outer bottom wall a flap I8 is connected by crease fold IS. The end portions of side walls l2 and Ho have flaps 20 attached thereto. For purposes of display, it is desirable that the side walls I! and l2a. in the erected structure be sloping, and for this reason itjs necessary that the flaps 20 be made trapezoidal, as shown.

In the primary construction of the box, the inner surface of side wall |2a is pasted, or otherwise secured to the outer surface of the flap l8, as more clearly shown in Figure 5. The side walls l2, l2a and the bottom wall II are made of such height that when this connection has been made the box may be folded flatly, as shown in Figure 2 and the typical section forming Figure 15, and thus may be conveniently shipped. This involves merely a simple computation to insure that the width of the inner portion I I connecting adjacent edges of the side walls l2, He should be equal to the width of the bottom wall Ill. Flap H, in addition to forming an interior facing for the end walls, likewise serves as a locking means to hold the interior bottom in proper position and to mutually interlock therewith to prevent either displacement of the bottom or of theflap. To this end, the ends of the inner bottom portion II are made somewhat shorter than the length of the outer bottom and the ends of this section are provided centrally with slightly projecting extensions 2|. In the form at present shown, the inner surface of the bottom wall is dished in a smooth curve. The tongue or flap I4 is so constructed that its edge corners 22 are spaced apart a distance slightly greater than the distance between the portions of the bowed inner wall with which they coact so that they must be sprung back of this inner wall, as more clearly shown in Figure 5, the abbreviation of the inner wall section providing space for their reception. The extensions 2|, however, will engage against the inner surface of the outer end wall member l3 and thus the central portion of flap M will overlie these extensions and hold the central portion of the inner bottom firmly in position.

In. erecting the folded box structure of Figure 2, it is simply necessary to apply sufficient pres-- sure to cause.the side walls to erect, fold in the end flaps 20 of the side walls, and then fold the end flap ll downwardly and inwardly to its locking position.

In the form of invention shown in Figures to 14 inclusive, the inner bottom wall, indicated at Ila is subdivided by folding scores 23 into a central panel 24 and side panels 25, the center panel overlying flatly the outer bottom I0 of the box and the panels 25 forming inner side walls beyond which the upper edge corners 22a engage. The flap a is notched, as at 26 to receive the extension 2la so that the free edge of this flap may engage entirely against the bottom of the box. Additionally, the extension 2| a is provided with a flap 21 to extend between the inner and outer end walls and thus further increase the security of the lock maintaining the box in its erected position. By varying the proportions of inner side walls.

panels 25 and the panel 24, the inner wall may be either sloped, as shown in Figures 11 and 13, or be made perpendicular as in Figure 14. The formation of flap I will naturally have to be varied to conform to the angularlty of the inner side walls, and in all cases will be provided with extension portions 220 to engage behind such It will be noted that in the form of invention shown in Figures 1 to 6, the upper portions of the inner bottom actually form inner side walls for the box. Attention is directed to the fact that utilization of the notch 25 in the inner-end-wall-forming flap enables the entire free edge portion of this wall to engage behind the end edges of the inner bottom or inner-bottom and inner-side-wall-forming section of the box, thus further insuring the integrity of the locking mechanism.

In Figures 7 to 9 I have illustrated the application of the construction shown in Figures 10 to 14 to the box design illustrated in Figure 3.

In Figures 16 to 20 I have illustrated a method of applying an integrally attached cover to the box, this being particularly applicable in connectionwith boxes of the type shown in Figures 10 to 14, although adaptations thereof might well be employed with the construction of any of the remaining figures. In these figures the walls I2, I21: instead of being attached to opposite sides of the inner bottom wall panel are attached to opposite sides of the outer bottom wall panel II. The flap l8a employed in connecting the side edges of the main blank is disposed at the free edge of the panel Ila. The free edge of the wall no corresponding to the wall l2a of the constructions hereinbefore discussed has a flap cover 28 connected thereto by a crease fold 29. In this form of box construction the erection is identical with that discussed in connection 'with the remaining forms.

In the form of invention shown in Figures 21 to 28 inclusive, I have illustrated a method of constructing a box in accordance with my invention without resorting to any gluing or attaching devices. Such a box may be either shipped flatly, as illustrated by the blank plans of Figures 21 and 24, or may be folded for more compact packing, as illustrated in Figures 23 and 26. In these figures the inner bottom section instead of being formed as anintegral structure is formed in two sections 30 the outer edges of which are provided with projections 3| adapted to interdigitate when the sections are brought into combined relation, as illustrated in Figures 22 and 25. The end edges of the sections 30 each bear one-half of a tab 32 corresponding to, the tab 21 of the construction of Figure 10, for example, these half-sections combining, as more .clearly, seen in Figures 22 and 25 to produce a ormay include a plurality of panels 30a, 30b pro ducing a distinct inner side wall as in the case of the construction shown in Figures 13 and 14.

In the form of invention shown in Figures 29 to 33, a further and important modification of my invention is illustrated. In this form of the invention the inner bottom wall is so arranged as to form a platform in which, by the provision sert.

of cut-outs, definite location of contained articles 33 may be secured after the manner of the ordinary perforated trays formed as-a separate in- In these figures, llb indicates the inner bottom wall comprising a. main panel 34 perforated to suit the articles to be stored and side panels 35 which form the inner side walls of the box. As usual, this section llb is abbreviated in length, having projections 36 at the central portion of its end edges. Secured to these projections are tabs 31 which are made of a height equal. to that at which it is desired to space the inner bottom wall from the bottom wall I0. In erection of a box of this character, the tabs 31 are bent downwardly and in the completely erected structure have their free edges resting upon the inner surface of the outer bottom wall It, as more clearly shown in Figures 31 and-32. As in the constructions hereinbefore considered, the inner-end-wall-forming tabs 38 are notched to receive the extension 36, thus insuring against any possible transverse displacement of the inner bottom wall and permitting engagement by the entire free edges of the inner end walls behind the end edges of the inner bottom wall.

In each of the constructions hereinbefore described, it will be noted that board having but a single finished surface will sufilce to produce a box both interiorly and exteriorly finished.

Since the constructions illustrated are capable of considerable modification without departing from the spirit of my invention, I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself thereto except as hereinafter claimed.

I claim: l

1. A container of the type described having inner and outer bottom, side, and end wall the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side walls of the container, the inner end walls having portions extendin between the marginal portions of said section and the outer end walls and other portions overlying medially disposed portions of said section to maintain the same in proper relation to said outer bottom wall the medially disposed portions of said section having tabs extending vertically between the inner and outer end walls of the container.

2. A container of the type described having,

inner and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side walls of the container, said section having marginal portions of less length than said outer bottom wall and a central portion of substantially the same length as said bottom wall, the irmer end walls having portions extending between the marginal portions of said section and the outer end walls and central portions overlying the central portions of said section to maintain the same in proper relation to said outer bottom wall and tabs on said central portions extending vertically between the inner and outer end walls of the container.

3. A container of the type described having inner and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side walls of the container, said section having marginal portions of less length than said outer bottom wall and a central portion of substantially the same length as said bottom wall, the inner end walls having portions extending between the marginal porher and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a. section forming the bottom and inner side walls of the container, said section having marginal portions of less length than said outer bottom wall and a central portion of substantially the sam length as said bottom wall, the inner end walls having portions extending between the marginal portions of said section and the outerend walls andcentral portions overlying the central portions of said section to maintain the same in proper relation to said outer bottom wall, said section including central and side panels, said side panels forming said inner side walls and said central panel flatly seating upon said outer bottom wall, a cover for said container comprising an integral continuation of one of the side walls thereof and tabs on said central portions extending vertically between the inner and outer end walls of the container.

5. A container of the type described having inner and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side wallsof the container, the inner bottom wall having projections and the inner end walls having portions overlying said projections to prevent vertical displacement of the inner bottom wall and tabs on said projections extending vertically between the inner and outer'end walls of the container.

6. A container of the type described having inner and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side walls of the container, the inner bottom wall having projections and the inner end walls having portions overlying said projections to prevent vertical displacement of the inner bottom wall, the inner end walls having notches receiving said projections thereby preventing transverse displacement of the bottom wall.

7. The device of claim 1 wherein the inner end walls have notches receiving said medially disposed portions of said inner bottom wall.

8. The device of claim 6 wherein the central portions of the bottom wall section are provided with downwardly turned tabs supporting said inner bottom wall in spaced relation to the outer bottom wall.

9. A container of the type described having inner and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common face of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side walls of l the container, said section having marginal portions of less length than said outer bottom wall and a central portion of substantially the same length as said bottom wall, the inner end walls having portions extending between the marginal portions of said section and the outer end walls and central portions overlying the central portions of said section to maintain the same in proper relation to said outer bottom wall, said section including central and side panels, said side panels forming said inner side walls, and a cover for said container comprising an integral continuation of one of the side walls thereol, said central panel having projections at its end edges and said inner end walls having notches receiving said projections.

10. A container of the type described having inner and outer bottom, side, and end walls the exposed faces of which comprise a common i'ace of a unitary blank, said blank including a section forming the bottom and inner side walls or the container, said section having marginal portions or less length than said outer bottom wall and a asoases as said bottom wall, the inner end walls having portions. extending between the marginal portions of said section and the outer end walls and central portions overlying the central portions of said section to maintain the same in proper relation to said outer bottom wall, said section including central and side panels, said side panels forming said inner side walls, and a cover for said container comprising an integral continuation of one of the side walls thereof, and the ends of said central panel having downwardly turned tabs engaging said bottom wall to support said inner bottom wall in spaced relation thereto.

central portion of substantially the same length 15 HENRY S. FLICK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2465169 *Dec 13, 1948Mar 22, 1949O'connor Richard PDisplay box
US2519831 *Feb 15, 1945Aug 22, 1950Frankenstein William PCarton
US2528016 *Mar 19, 1946Oct 31, 1950Smith Charles SFolded partitioned tray with transparent wrapper
US2531255 *Mar 7, 1945Nov 21, 1950Morris Paper MillsContainer and display insert
US2536990 *Jan 29, 1948Jan 2, 1951Nat Folding Box Company IncFolding box
US2541510 *Feb 24, 1947Feb 13, 1951Owens Brush CompanyToothbrush carton
US2650015 *Jan 2, 1948Aug 25, 1953William P FrankensteinCarton
US2670125 *Mar 19, 1948Feb 23, 1954William P FrankensteinCarton
US2675912 *Aug 19, 1949Apr 20, 1954Container CorpTableware tray and insert
US2708085 *Nov 17, 1952May 10, 1955Bonaccorsi James FCradle type carton
US2744675 *Apr 23, 1952May 8, 1956Allied Plastics CompanyShipping container
US2924371 *Oct 8, 1956Feb 9, 1960William P FrankensteinCarton
US2936879 *Jul 16, 1954May 17, 1960Owens Illinois Glass CoContainer display kit
US3036754 *Jul 25, 1960May 29, 1962Interstate Folding Box CoCushioned end closure device for cartons
US3080049 *Jun 21, 1960Mar 5, 1963Fed Paper Board Co IncPackage
US3094264 *Feb 1, 1961Jun 18, 1963Petrone JohnTray for food and drink
US3095086 *Apr 19, 1961Jun 25, 1963Weyerhaeuser CoPlatform carton
US3099475 *Jul 7, 1959Jul 30, 1963Continental Can CoPackage forming member
US3136473 *Dec 26, 1962Jun 9, 1964Paper Mate Mfg CoBox construction
US3246738 *May 6, 1963Apr 19, 1966Continental Can CoHat box
US3405860 *Mar 25, 1966Oct 15, 1968Continental Can CoReusable display carton for relatively small objects
US3724650 *Apr 23, 1971Apr 3, 1973Westvaco CorpMulti-product carton
US3812957 *Nov 30, 1972May 28, 1974Westvaco CorpMulti-product carton
US4957237 *Nov 29, 1989Sep 18, 1990Paperboard Industries CorporationBox for use in carrying hot food products
US6095408 *Jul 20, 1998Aug 1, 2000Adaptec, Inc.One-piece multiple-compartment shipping and display box
US6237842Apr 24, 2000May 29, 2001Adaptec, Inc.One-piece multiple-compartment shipping and display box
DE971220C *Oct 21, 1954Dec 24, 1958Papier Und Pappe AgOben offener Transportbehaelter fuer druckempfindliche Verpackungsgueter, insbesondere Fruechte oder Gemuese
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/104, 229/112, 229/173
International ClassificationB65D5/20, B65D5/22, B65D5/50, B65D5/36
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/2047, B65D5/22, B65D5/2004, B65D5/5021, B65D5/3635
European ClassificationB65D5/22, B65D5/50B, B65D5/20D2, B65D5/36B4, B65D5/20A