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Publication numberUS2303766 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1942
Filing dateAug 19, 1939
Priority dateAug 19, 1939
Publication numberUS 2303766 A, US 2303766A, US-A-2303766, US2303766 A, US2303766A
InventorsScherbak Hermann
Original AssigneeScherbak Hermann
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum sealing device
US 2303766 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 1, 1942. $HERBAK 2,303,766

VACUUM SEALING DEVICE Filed Aug. 19, 1939 Fig. 1

.70 meal/M MEANS 2 iiwENToR.

afiymama-kerlak BY W W ATTORNEY.

Patented Dec. 1, 1942 VACUUM SEALING DEVICE Hermann Scherbak, New Stork, N. Y.

Application August 19, 1939, Serial No. 290,978

Claims.

The object of the invention is a vacuum sealing device for containers, in which goods, as e. g. foodstufis, are to be preserved.

The device comprises, in combination, a container for the goods to be sealed, an opening in the wall of said container, a lid adapted to close said Opening hermetically under the influence of the atmospheric air pressure, and a suction head so proportioned as to be adapted to be attached directly to said container over said opening and said lid.

It is a feature of the invention that said suction head comprises, in addition to yielding means adapted to exert pressure upon said container, other yielding means adapted to exert pressure upon said lid.

A more important feature, however, of the invention is an automatically controlled evacuation valve repeatedly and rapidly opened for the evacuation of each container, whereby, with use of one or more evacuation tanks, the very des'irahie jerky evacuation is obtained, obtainable before this invention only by direct action of reciprocating evacuation pumps.

Other features and purposes of the invention will become apparent from the following specification in connection with the annexed drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a vertical section, through the characteristic part of a device for sealing milk bottles;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the lower part of a device for sealing cans;

Fig. 3 is a vertical section through a screw closure for a barrel provided, in addition, with a vacuum closure;

Fig. 4 is a partial vertical section through a modified form of lid;

Fig. 5 is a vertical section through the upper I part of a milk bottle provided with a modified form of closure;

Fig. 6 is a vertical section through a further modification of the lid.

From a main vacuum tank, not shown, a pipe I, provided with a valve 2, leads to an intermediate vacuum tank 3, of limited volume. From this tank a pipe 4, providedwith a valve 5, leads to a suction head 6. This head has the form of a cap provided with a yielding rim or gasket 1 of rubher so proportioned as to be adapted to seal the head 6 hermetically on the milk bottle 8 or the like if pressed thereagainst.

The head 6 is provided with a second yielding means in the form of a rubber block 9 adapted to exert yielding pressure upon the closure lid It of the bottle 8 when the gasket 1 is pressed against said bottle as described.

In this way two different yielding pressures are exerted at two places of the container.

The rubber block 9 is traversed by suction channels Ii, l2 connecting the inner space of the head 6 withthe pipe 4. This not only is the simplest way of connection, avoiding expensive provision of channels in metal parts, but also increases the elasticity of the block 9.

The lid l0, consisting e. g. of aluminum or the like, is at its outer edge provided with an adhesively secured narrow'annular lining l3 of a softer packing material like rubber. It has been found that a simple coating of rubber solution, latex or rubber paint is completely satisfactory. For the jerky and/ or vibratory evacuation aimedat by the inventor it is very important to avoid separate loose gaskets like rubber rings which would be subjected to a strong danger of becoming dislodged during this kind of evacuation.

The head 6-in accordance with the invention is provided with valved connections l4, '5, I6 for the introduction of a chemical disinfectant, a sterilizing agent like superheated steam or hot air and other air respectively. The air introduced through l8 may be sterilized for avoiding contamination as much as possible.

In the intermediate tank 3 a liquid seal l'l is maintained preventing contamination. Pipe connections l8, H! are provided for keeping the U-shaped leaf springs 2| abutting against one or more cross beams 22 of the tank 3. It is important that the area of this valve is very large and its peripheral passage channel, consequently, very extended so that I the valve opens only a minimum amount during each evacuation period and responds to the slightest changes of pressure.

The tank 3 is provided with a vacuum meter or vacuum gauge 23 used for controlling the operation of the valves 2' and 5. This, for the sake of simplification, is indicated merely by an electric contact 24, secured to the pointer 25 of the gauge, and by an adjustable contact 26 adapted to cooperate therewith.

The device functions as follows:

By one and the same operation the filled bottle is pressed against the yielding gasket rim 1 and the lid l0 against the yielding rubber block 9.

The valve 5, at this time, is closed and the valve' 2 is open so that a vacuum is produced in the.

relatively small tank 3. Now, by'means not shown, the valve 2 is closed and the valve 5 is rapidly opened. This situation is shown in Fig. 1. Thereupon the vacuum in the tank 3 opens th check valve 20 and the lid l0, acting as a check valve because of its elasticity and because of the elastic block 9, for a minimal amount and with a sharp and sudden jerk evacuating. partly the contents of the bottle I.

In the next moment the valve 5 is closed and the valve 2 opened restoring the vacuum in the tank I.

This action is repeated until the vacuum in the tank I and in the bottle 8 have reached the predetermined degree, when the contact 24 engages the contact 26 and, by means which need not be showm terminates the actuation of the valves": and 5 and opens the vent IS. The pressure of the atmospheric air entering now the head 6 keeps the lid it closed like a check valve and permits an easy separation of the now hermetically sealed bottle I from the head--6-.--------- The speed of movement of thevalve 5 and, if desired, the valve 2 is adjustable by any means, not shown, in accordance with the desired jerk, bufier function, and vacuum.

The relative location, in the direction of pressure, of the pressure exerting surfaces of the yielding means I and 9, and thereby the pressure of the block 9 against the lid i0, is adjustable by any means, not shown. The simplest way would be by shims regulating the height of the block 9.

For sealing. cans by the new device it would not be advisable to use the whole bottom of the can as a lid.

Consequently the inventor, as shown in Fig. 2, provides the bottom 21 of the can 28 with a relatively small opening 2! for evacuation. -This opening is covered by the lid 30 having an attached gasket ll as described.

It has ben found, surprisingly, that the height and shape of the cans 2! is uniform enough to mak posible, at the periphery of the can, a leakproof connection between the latter and a correspondingly large suction head 32 by means of an ordinary flat-sealed rubber gasket 33 instead of the formerly used rubber sleeve packings which are very inconvenient in operation. For securing a still more reliable hermetic-contact a gasket may be applied or attached to the can too.

According to Fig. 2 the head 32 is provided with U-shaped leaf springs 34, arranged crosswise, instead of a rubber block. These springs consist of stainless steel or other material having a corrosion-proof surface like rubber.

Fig. 3 shows a vacuum seal lid 35 combined, as an additional safety device against tampering and leakage, with a screw cap barrel closure. The lid 35 closes the opening I of the screwbushing 3'! which opening is closed also by the screw cap 38.

Fig. 4 shows a lid 3! provided with an annular recess 40 into which the annular packing 4| is embedded.

In Fig. is shown a modification of the seal in-which the sealing disc 42, instead of being seated upon the outer front edge of the bottle, is seated upon the inner shoulder 43. The disc 42 said source and said check valve, and a second is provided with a small aperture 45 sealed adhesively by a patch 45 of parchment or the like. For opening the bottle for use of its contents the patch 45 can be easily scratched oil? or perforated for admission of the atmospheric air into the bottle. A known cap 48 of parchment or the like covers the head of the bottle.

In Fig. 6 the lid 41, for increasing its elasticity,

is provided with a central recess 4| engaged by the pressure member 49 of the machine. This arrangement also acts as a centering device.

The described evacuation by numerous small Jerks, besides permitting accurate regulation, is very important for avoiding the dangers of dislocation of the lids, soiling of the sealing surfaces by particles sucked of! from the contents oi the containers and back leakage of air into the containers. These dangers are unavoidable in onestroke evacuation causing excessive lifting of the.

lids and high velocity of the air currents.

The invention described in connection with Fig. 1, providing the lid on the outermost mouth edge of the milk bottle, makes unnecessary thev expensive and undesirable formation, at the mouth of milk bottles, of the usual recess and inner shoulder necessary for the usual cardboard sealing disc. Such recess and shoulder have been shown in Fig. 1 for characterizing the container as a milk bottle.

Containers sealed in accordance with this invention may be used in hospitals etc. for preserving in sterile condition instruments, bandaging materials and chemicals. For such purposes the containers may be provided with suitable internal supports, subdivisions and equipments.

What I claim is:

1. A vacuum sealing device, comprising, in combination, a source of vacuum, a suction head adapted to air-tight contact with a container to be evacuated, a small tank arranged close to said head, in a conduit between said head and saidv source, a liquid seal in said tank in series with said head and source for the evacuationof air through said liquid seal, and a check valve arranged in 'said liquid seal for the evacuation of air through said head and said valve.

. 2. A vacuum sealing device as claimed in claim 1, said valve consisting of {a stiff elastic diaphragm.

3. A vacuum sealing device as claimed in claim 1, said valve consisting of a still elastic diaphragm loaded in the central zone.

4. A vacuum sealing device, comprising, in combination, a source of vacuum, a suction head adapted to airtight contact with a container to be evacuated, a small tank arranged close to said head in a conduit between said head and said source, a liquid seal in said tank in series with said head and source for the evacuation of air through said liquid seal, a check valve in said liquid seal, a control valve in said conduit between control valve in said conduit between said check valve and said head.

5. A vacuum sealing device comprising, in combination, a source. of vacuum, a suction head adapted to airtightjfcpntact with a container to be evacuated, a smalLta'nk arranged close to said head in a conduit-between said head and said source, a liquid seal'in said tank in series with said head and source for the evacuation of air through said liquid seal, a check valve in said liquid seal, said valve consisting of a stiii elastic diaphragm elastically loadedin the central'zone,

a control valve in said conduit between said source and said check valve, and a second control valve in'said conduit between said check valve and said head.

HERMANN SCHERBAK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3351090 *Jun 25, 1965Nov 7, 1967Lockheed Aircraft CorpAspirator apparatus
US4699190 *Aug 14, 1986Oct 13, 1987Bilbate LimitedEvacuating apparatus
US4989745 *Jun 5, 1989Feb 5, 1991Schneider Bernardus J J AContainer
US5069020 *Jul 13, 1990Dec 3, 1991Sanfilippo John EApparatus for providing containers with a controlled environment
US5215129 *Sep 25, 1991Jun 1, 1993Bermar International LimitedPreserving the contents of beverage containers
US5806575 *Apr 11, 1997Sep 15, 1998Tsay; Shiu ChuVacuum extractor of a vacuum container
US6886605Aug 21, 2003May 3, 2005Armando LuisWine preservation system using a central vacuum
US7108023Mar 22, 2005Sep 19, 2006Armando LuisWine preservation system using a central vacuum
WO2008043151A1 *Oct 12, 2007Apr 17, 2008Anthony KitchenerBottle air evacuation system with stopper and vacuum pump
Classifications
U.S. Classification141/65, 53/103, 53/88
International ClassificationF25D23/02
Cooperative ClassificationF25D23/02
European ClassificationF25D23/02