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Publication numberUS2304199 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 8, 1942
Filing dateNov 8, 1940
Priority dateNov 8, 1940
Publication numberUS 2304199 A, US 2304199A, US-A-2304199, US2304199 A, US2304199A
InventorsPinnow Norman F
Original AssigneeHenney Motor Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable ambulance chair
US 2304199 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 8, 1942. N. F. PINNOW ADJUSTABLE AMBULANCE CHAIR 5 Sheets- Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 8, 1940' Dec. 8, 1942. ow 2,304,199

ADJUSTABLE AMBULANCE CHAIR Filed NOV. 8, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 D 8, 1942. N. F. PlNNOW ADJUSTABLE AMBULANCE CHAIR Filed Nov. 8) 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented Dec. 8, 1942 ADJUSTABLE AMBULANCE cum Norman F. Pin now, Freeport, "111., asslgnor to- Henney Motor Company, Freeport, 111., a corporation of Delaware Application November a, 1941 Serial No. 364.808

28 Claims.

This invention relates to a new and improved ambulance chair that has the bottom and back portions thereof adjustable from a normal substantially right angle relationship to horizontally aligned relationship to permit use of two chairs so adjusted as a cot or as a support for a stretcher.

The principal object of my invention is to provide ambulance chairs of the kind mentioned in which the bottom and back portions of a chair are quickly releasably but securely locked in normal substantially right angle relationship with only a single spring pressed manually retractable bolt, which when retracted permits the seat back to drop to substantially horizontal position, the bottom being hingedly connected with the back so as to be raised from an inclined position to a substantially horizontal position in alignment with the back when the chair is unfolded.

A salient feature of the invention consists in the provision of a bell-crank-shaped supporting arm for the seat back pivoted with respect to the floor intermediate its ends and having a pin and. slot sliding connection at one end with the seat back and a pivotal link connection at its other end with the rear portion of the seat'botturn, in such a way that when the seat back is dropped to horizontal position, the seat bottom is not only moved to horizontal alignment with the seat back but the link in this operation moves past a dead center position, so that downward pressure anywhere on the seat bottom or seat back cannot cause folding of the chair; the chair can be folded only by lifting on the seat back at a point remote from the seat bottom. 7

Another object of my invention is to provide ambulance chairs of the kind mentioned, in which the bell-crank lever arms are releasably lockable in at least one intermediate position relative to a floor bracket to support the seat back.

in approximately a mid-position between the raised and lowered positions, as, for example, where the unfolded chairs are being used as a cot and it is desired to have the head rest raised to el minate necessity for a pillow. In this connection, a further feature of the invention consists in the reversibility of the front one of a pair of chairs so that the seat back or the front chair may be used in the manner stated, where the cot occupant desires to ride head forward and with head rest raised. Another important object consists in the pro vision of ambulance chairs'of the kind mentioned, the bottom and back portions of which are of a width to fit within the frame of a stretcher, the bottom and back cushions being moreover designed to lie flush with one another so far as the top and both sides are concerned, so that the stretcher can be placed directly onto the cushions in the handlingof emergency cases.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a side view of a pair of ambulance chairs made in accordance with my invention and shown folded;

Fig. 2 is aside view of the same chairs unfolded to form a cot; on which there is indicated a stretcher provided to fit the cot in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, but showing the front chair reversed and with the seat back raised to a mid-position;

Fig. 4 is a rear view of one of the chairs of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a side view of one of the chairs of Fig. 1, on a larger scale and showing parts thereof in section;

Fig. 6 is a side view of the same chair unfolded;

Fig. l is a section on the line 1-1 of Fig. 4, on a largerscale;

Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8-8 of Fig. 1, but indicating the bell-crank lever arm in the mid-position, as in Fig. 3;

Fig. 9 is a'horizontal section on the line 9 9 v of Fi 1; v

Fig. 10 is a vertical section on the line ill-Hi of Fig. 2, showingthestretcher in section onthe,

line l0l0 of Fig. 11; and

Fig. 11 is a top view of the stretcher with a portion thereof shown in section for better'illustration.

' The same reference numerals are applied to corresponding parts throughout the views.

Referring first mainly to Figs. 1 to 4, the reference numerals l2 and I3 designate generally front and rear chairs inan ambulance, only the floor of which is indicated at it. These chairs are of identical construction and are numbered correspondingly. For example, l5 and I6 designate the bottom and back of the chair l2, while I5 and I6 designate'the bottom and back of chair i3, and so on,the same numerals being used in referring to corresponding parts on the chair l3 but being primed.

Referring now to Figs. 1 to fastened to the bottom The support l8 has a chair l2 hasa floor bracket I! on the front of which is a tubular its arms 2! fitting in vertical sockets 22 in the floor bracket l1 and bolted in place, as indicated at 23. A pair of laterally spaced hinge arms 24 fastened as at 25 to the seat bottom l project rearwardly from the seat bottom and are pivoted as at 28 on brackets 21 secured as at 28 to the adjacent lower end of the seat back IS. The arrangement is such that the pivotal axis 25 is close enough to the rear upper edge of the seat cushion 23 and the lower outer edge of the back cushion 30 to permit unfolding the chair from the normal substantially right angle form of Fig.

5 to the flat substantially horizontal form of Fig.

6, wherein the cushions 29 and afllxed to the seat bottom l5 and seat back l8 have their top surfaces substantially flush with one another and with a very small gap left between the cushions at the hinge connection. A bell-crank-shaped supporting arm 3| is provided, the angularly related portions 32 and 33 of which comprise respectively a cast bracket pivoted as at 34 on the floor bracket and a tubular member entered at its lower or inner bent end in a socket 35 in the bracket 32 and secured in place by bolts 36, the other end of said tubular member having a U-shaped bracket 31 welded or otherwise suitably secured thereon for better support of a cross-rod 38, by means of which the member 33 is slidably and pivotally connected to the seat back IS. A pair of brackets 39 longitudinally slotted, as at 40, and fastened to the seat back, as at 4|, in fixed parallel relationship on opposite sides of the arms of the bracket 31 and arranged to be slidably engaged by said arms receive the ends of the cross-rod 38 in the slots 40. The cross-rod 38 slides outwardly in the slots mm the unfolding of the chair, as shown in Fig. 6. A. link 42 of short but broad cast construction is pivoted at its lower end, as at 43, on the front end of the bracket 32 andis pivoted at its upper end, as at 44, on another bracket 45 secured to the seat bottom, as at 48 When the chair I2 is in the normal folded condition, a spring pressed bolt 41 carried on the lower end of the seat back I6 is received in a hole 43 provided therefor in the tubular member 33 of the supporting arm 3|, as shown in Figs. 5 and '7. The bolt 41 is slidable in one arm of a generally U-shaped bracket 49 secured, as at 50, to the seat back l5 at the lower end thereof, the tubular member 33 being arranged to enter between the arms of the bracket 49 when the seat back is raised, thus permitting the entry of the bolt under pressure of its spring 5|. The bolt 41 has a knob 52 provided on its outer end, as shown in Fig. 7, for manual operation thereof. When the chair is folded and the tubular member 33 enters between the arms of the bracket 43, the bolt 41 is automatically forced out of th way by cam action of the tubular member on the beveled inner end of the bolt, but the bolt promptly thereafter enters the hole 43 under action of the spring 5| to lock the seat in the folded position. When the chair is to be unfolded, however, it is only necessary to withdraw the bolt 41 by means of the knob 52, whereupon the seat back IE will drop of its own accord to the horizontal position. In this same movement, the link connection 42 between the bell-crank-shaped supporting arm 3| and the seat bottom l5 serves to raise the rear portion of the seat bottom-so as to move the seat bottom from the inclined position of Fig. 5 to horizontal alignment with the seat back 16. It is important to note that the link 42 in moving from the position of Fig. .5 to

thatof Fig. 6 has its pivot 43 moved past a dead center position relative to the pivots 34 and 44, as indicated by the dot and dash line a-b in Fig. 6. When the pivot 43 is below the dead center line (1-1;, it is obvious that suilicient downward pressure on the seat bottom l5 or seat back I. at any point between the pivot points l3 and 38 would necessarily cause the parts l5 and IE to move in the direction of the folded position of Fig. 5, whereas when the pivot 43 is above the dead center line (1-2:, downward pressure at any point on the parts l5 and I6 has no tendency to cause the chair to fold. The chair can be folded only by lifting the seat back l5 at any point remote from its pivotal connection 25 with the seat bottom l5. when the chair is unfolded, a rubber bumper 53' provided on the rear portion of the bracket 32 is arranged to strike the floor l4 substantially simultaneously with the engagement of another rubber bumper 54 with the back of the link 42, the bumper 54 being secured to the bracket on the seat bottom l5. These bumpers 53 and 54, therefore, limit the unfolding movement in addition to silencing and cushioning the operation. Another rubber bumper 55 on the floor bracket I1 is arranged to be engaged by a flat pad portion 56 provided on the under side of the bracket 32 at the end of the folding movement, thus providing a limit stop in addition to silencing and cushioning that operation. When the bolt 41 is entered in the hole 48, the pad 55 is held out of engagement with the bumper 55, as indicated in Fig. 5, or at least there is no appreciable compression of the bumper and the bumper is, therefore, not under compression during the long periods of service in which the chairs are folded. In that way there is no unnecessary wear and tear on the bumper 55.

The floor bracket l1 has another bolt 51 provided therein for releasably locking the bracket 32 in an intermediate position between the folded and unfolded positions just described, whereby to lock the seat back IE or l8, as the case may be, in a position approximately midway between the folded and unfolded positions described, as.

for example, as illustrated by the seat back N in Fig. 3. Such an adjustment, as previously indicated, is desirable where the patient wants to use the seat back as a head rest, without a pillow. Ordinarily the seat back It of chair I3 is adjusted in that way, but in Fig. 3 I have shown the chair l2 reversed from its normal position with the seat back 18 so adjusted, that being desirable where the patient wants to ride head forward or the attending physician indicates such a preference. The reversibility of the chair I2 is more fully described later. The bolt 51 is of an in or out type, not spring pressed like the bolt 41, but preferably provided with suitable detent means for releasably holding the same in either extreme position or else relying simply upon friction in its mounting 58 to insure keeping the bolt in a retracted position, when so desired, so as not to be apt to interfere with free oscillatory movement of the bracket 32 when moving from folded to unfolded position or vice versa. The bracket 32 has a socket 59 provided therein on that side toward the bolt 51 and at the proper radius with respect to the pivot 34 to register with the bolt 51 when the bracket 32 is in an intermediate position corresponding approximately to a 45 position of the seat back 45 or l5 as the case may be. So long as the bolt 51 is entered in the socket 53, it is, of course, obvious that the chair is securely locked in the intermediate position of adjustment, and when the bolt is withdrawn, the seat back it unless held by hand will drop to horizontal position or may be raised to the upright folded position.

The floor bracket II for chair l2, as shown in Fig. 9, has three screws 60, ti, and 62 enter-e1. through holes in flanges on the bottom thereof and threaded in nuts 63 provided therefor in the floor it. The nuts for the screws Bi and 52 are on a median line c--d midway between the locations of the nut for the bolt 50 and another nut 63a located on a longitudinal center line e'] at right angles to the line cd. It is, therefore, evident that upon removal of the screws 66, 8!, and 62, the floor bracket i! may be turned around through 180 and the screw 6Q entered in nut 63a, while screws SI and 52 may be replaced in the same nuts 63 from which they were previously removed. The line -02 is incidentally a true transverse center line for the unfolded chair i2 as a whole, so that it makes no difference whether the chair i2 faces forwardly or rearwardly, the same small gap is left in either event between the two chairs in their unfolded condition, as should be evident from comparison of Figs. 2 and 3.

The cushions 29 and 30 are preferably of single seat width so that the generally rectangular frame 66 of a stretcher 85 will fit down over the sides of the cot defined by the two chairs in unfolded condition, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 10, the canvas webbing $5 of the stretcher under these conditions resting on top of the cushions 2d, 30, 29' and 36' for support of the stretcher. in emergency cases where every saving in time is of the utmost importance and where any unnecessary handling of the patient should be avoided, it is of considerable advantage for the attendants to be able to place the stretcher directly on the cot in the manner described, and, of course, it is manifest that there is'no likelihood of the stretcher slipping 03 the cot sidewise or lengthwise once it has been placed thereon, with the frame 6% surrounding the cot as described.

The stretcher 55 is preferably of a knock-down construction so that it can be stored in a small space, but on the other hand can be put together quickly and easily for use. The frame 66 consists of straight tubular side members at and u-shaped tubular end members 58, the two arms of which are arranged to have their ends enteredin the ends of the side members in abutment with rubber bumpers 69 set in the side members and supported by cross-pins l8 against inward displacement. The side members 5? fit in tubular side portions ll of the webbing 56, and the crossportions of the U-shaped end members at fit in loops 12 formed on the end extensions .73 of the webbing, the end extensions being folded over the end members 68 and fastened by snap fasteners it. The webbing 66 can be removed from the carrying frame 65 by unfastening the end portions 13 from the end members be, after which the end members 68, can be slipped out from the side members 61 and the side members 51 can he sli ed out of the tubular side portions ll of the webbing. The knocked down frame will obviously fit in a much smaller space than the assembled stretcher.

While the invention has been described as applied to chairs for use in ambulances, it should, of course, be understood that the same might instability herein disclosed would be advantagenus.

- a good understanding of the objects and advan- It is believed the foregoing description conveys tages of my invention. The appendedclaims have been drawn to cover all legitimate modiiications and adaptations.

Iclaim:

1. An adjustablechair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing an operating connection between the rear portion of the seat bottom and the other end'of said bell-crank member, and means for detachably rigidly connecting the seat back with the bell-crank member to hold the seat back in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom.

2. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at ad- Joining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing a support for the hingedly connected portions of said seat bottom and seat back on the other end of said bell-crank member in their unfolded coplanar relationship, and means for detachably rigidly connecting the seat back with the bell-crank member to hold the seat back in upright position substantially at, right angles to the seat bottom.

3. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at acijoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a

support, means on said support for pivotally suphorizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means pivotally connected to the other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at its other end to the rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves. upwardly toward be used elsewhere, wherever the features of ad- 7 a dead center line drawn from the pivot at the other end of the link means to the supporting pivot of said bell-crank member when the seat back is unfolded toward coplanar relationship with the seat bottom, and means for detachably rigidly connecting the seat back with the bellcrank member to hold the seat back in upright. position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom.

4. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges i'or pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a'horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back,

'means providing an operating connection between the rear portion of the seat bottom and the other end of said bell-crank member, and means for detachably securing the. bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright joining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bot-tom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing a support for the hingedly connected portions of said seat bottom and seat back on the other end of said bell-crank member in their unfolded coplanar relationship, and means for detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom.

6. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adpivot of said bell-crank member when the seat back is unfolded toward coplanar relationship with the seat bottom, and means for detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom.

7.,An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottomand a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the -lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing an operating connection between the rear portion of the seat bottom and the other end of said bell-crank member, and means for selectively detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom, or supporting the seat back in an intermediate position between the two extreme folded and unfolded positions.

8. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottorn and a seat backhingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means pivotally connected to'the other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at it other end to the rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves upwardly toward a dead center line drawn from the pivot at the other end of the link means to the supporting joining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis.

parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing a support for the hingedly connected portions of said seat bottom and seat back on the other end of said bell-crank member in their unfolded coplanar relationship, and means for selectively detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom, or supporting the seat back in an intermediate position between the two extreme folded and unfolded positions.

9. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another'from substantially right angle relationship I to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means pivotally connected to the. other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at its other end to the rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves upwardly toward a dead center line drawn from the pivot at the other end of the link means to the supporting pivot of said bell-crank member when the seat back is unfolded toward coplaner relationship with the seat bottom, and means for selectively detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom, or supporting the seat back in an intermediate position between the two extreme folded and unfolded positions.

l0..An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means pivotally connected to the other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at its other end to'th'e rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves upwardly toward a dead center line drawn from the pivot at the other end of the link means to the supporting pivot of said bell-crank member when the seat back is unfolded toward coplanar relationship with the seat bottom, resilient bumper'means between the seat bottom and the link means to limit movement of the link means in the unfolding of the chair and cushion and silence the unfolding operation, and means for detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom.

11. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means, pivotally connected to the other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at its other end to the rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves upwardly toward a dead center line drawn from the pivot at the other end of the link means to the supporting pivot of said bell-crank member when the seat back is unfolded toward coplanar relationship with the seat bottom, resilient bumper means between the seat bottom and the link means to limit movement of the link means in the unfolding of the chair. and cushion and silence the unfolding operation, another resilient bumper means between the support and bell-crank memher for limiting the return movement when the seat back is folded and to silence and cushion the folding operation, and means for detachably securing the bell-crank member in a, position holding the seat back in an upright position, substantially in right angle relation to the seat bottom.

12. An adjustable chair of the character de- I scribed, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hingeconnection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable,substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means pivotally connected to the other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at its other end to the rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves upwardly toward a dead center line drawn from the pivot at the other end of the link means to the supporting pivot of said bell-crank member when the seat back is unfolded toward coplanar relationship with the seat bottom, resilient bumper means for limiting the unfolding movement, comprising a rubber bumper on the seat bottom arranged to engage the link means at the limit of movement thereof, and another rubber bumper on the bell-crank member arranged simultaneously to engage the floor under the chair at the limit of unfolding movement, and means for detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright po-' scribed, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantiallycoplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said. support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, link means pivotally connected to the other end of the bell-crank member at one end and pivotally connected at its other end to the rear portion of the seat bottom so that the pivot at the first end of the link means moves upwardly toward a limiting the folding movement, comprising a rubber bumper onthe support arranged to be engaged by a portion of the bell-crank member at the limit of folding movement, and means for detachably securing the bell-crank member in a position holding the seat back in an upright po sition, substantially in rightanglerelation to the seat bottom.

14. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing a support for the hingedly connected portions of said seat bottom and seat back on the other end of said bell-crank member in their unfolded coplanar relationship, means for detachably rigidly connecting the seat back with the bell-crank member to hold the seat back in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom, and another means on said support for detachably securing the bell-crank member in another position when the last mentioned means is released, whereby to hold the seat back in an intermediate position between the extreme folded and unfolded positions.

15. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing a. support for the hingedly connected portions of said seat bottom and seat back on the other end of said bell-crank member in their unfolded coplanar relationship, and means on the support for releasably locking the bellcrank member in a predetermined position of angular adjustment with respect to said support.

16. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, and a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, one end of said bell-crank member having supporting engagement with the seat back and the other end of said bell-crank member having supporting engagement with the seat bottom.

17. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, and a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, one end of said bell-crank member having supporting engagement with the seat back and the other-end of said bell-crank member having a thrust link connection with the seat bottom, said thrust link being movable from one side of a dead-center position to the other side in the movement of the bell-crank member from one extreme position to the other, whereby when the bell-crank member is disposed in one extreme position supporting the seat back in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom, the seat bottom under load exerts thrust through the link on the bell crank member tending to turn it toward the seat back, but when the bell-crank member is disposed in the opposite extreme position supporting the seat bottom and seat back in substantially coplanar relationship, the seat bottom under load exerts thrust through the link on the bell-crank member tending to turn it in the opposite direction away from the seat back.

18. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, one end of said bell-crank member having supporting engagement with the seat back and the other end of said bell-crank member having a thrust link connection with the seat bottom, said thrust link being movable from one side of a dead-center position to the other side in the movement of the bell-crank member from one extreme position to the other, whereby when the bell-crank member is disposed in one extreme position supporting the seat back in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom, the seat bottom under load exerts thrust through the link on the bell-crank member tending to turn it toward the seat back, but when the bell-crank member is disposed in the opposite extreme position supporting the seat bottom and seat back in substantially coplanar relationship, the seat bottom under load exerts thrust through the link on the bell-crank member tending to turn it in the opposite direction away from the seat back, and means for releasably securing said bell-crank member in a position intermediate the aforesaid extreme positions.

-19. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a

support, means on said support forpivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, and means providing support for the rear portion of the seat bottom on the other end of said bell-crank member.

20. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship tov substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said .hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank'member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, and means including a thrust link providing support for the rear portion of the seat bottom on the other end of said bell-crank member, said thrust link being movable from one side of a dead-center position to the other side in the movement of the bell-crank member from one extreme position to the other, whereby when the bell-crank member is disposed in one extreme position supporting the seat back in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom, the seat bottom under load exerts thrust through the link on the bell-crank member tending to turn it toward the seat back, but when the bell-crank member is disposed in the opposite extreme position supporting the seat bottom and seat back in substantially coplanar relationship, the seat bottom under load exerts thrust through the link onthe bell-crank member tending to turn it in the opposite direction away from the seat back.

21. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, means providing a slidable, substantially horizontal, pivotal connection between one end of said bell-crank member and the seat back, means providing an operating connection between the rear portion of the seat bottom at the tionship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, said bell-crank member having a I long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, and means providing a link connection between the outer end of the l short arm and the rear portion of the seat hotother end of said bell-crank member, and means for releasably securing said bell-crank member in a position intermediate the aforesaid extreme positions.

22. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seatback hingedly connected at adjoining edges, for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relatom.

23. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with. the lastnamed axis, said bell-crank member having a long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, and means providing a link connection between the outer end of the short arm and the rear portion of the seat bottom, said link being movable from one side of a dead-center position to the other side in the movement of the bell-crank member from one extreme position to the other, whereby when the bell-crank member-is disposed in one extreme position supporting the seat bottom in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom, the seat bottom under load exerts a force a on the bell-crank member tending to turn it tomember is disposed in the opposite extreme position supporting the seat bottom andseat back in substantially coplanar relationship, the seat bottom under load exerts a force on the bell-crank member tending to turn it in the opposite direction away from the seat back.

24. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to oneanother from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted onsaid support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, said bell-crank member having a long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, and means providing a link connection between the outer end of the short arm and the rear portion of the seatbottom, and means for releasably securing said bellcrank member in a position intermediate the aforesaid extreme positions.

25. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a

support, means on said support for pivotally'supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, said bell-crank member having a long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, means providing alink connection between the outer end of the short arm and the rear portion of the seat bottom, and means for releasably rigidly securing the long arm of the bell-crank member to the seat back holding the seat back in upright position substantially at right angles to the seat bottom.

26. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the last-named axis, said bell-crank member having a long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, means providing a link connection between the outer end of the short arm and the rear portion of the seat bottom, and resilient bumper means between the support and the short arm of the bell-crank member for limiting the return movement of said bell-crank member when the seat back is folded and to silence and cushion the folding operation.

27. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at ad- Joining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the front thereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, said bell-crank member having a long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, means providing a link connection between the outer end of the short arm and the rear portion of the seat bottom, and resilient bumper means between the seat bottom and said link means to limit movement of the link means in the unfolding of the chair and to cushion and silence the unfolding operation.

28. An adjustable chair of the character described, comprising, in combination, a seat bottom and a seat back hingedly connected at adjoining edges for pivotal movement relative to one another from substantially right angle relationship to substantially coplanar relationship, a support, means on said support for pivotally supporting the seat bottom on a horizontal axis parallel with the axis of said hinge connection adjacent the frontthereof, a bell-crank member pivotally mounted on said support on a horizontal axis substantially parallel with the lastnamed axis, said bell-crank member having a long arm and a short arm in angular relationship to one another, means providing a sliding pivotal connection between the outer end of the long arm and the seat back, means providing a link connection between the outer end of the short arm and the rear portion of the seat bottom, and resilient bumper means on the long arm of the bell-crank member for engagement with the floor adjacent the support to limit movement of the bell-crank member in the unfolding of the chair and to cushion and silence the unfolding operation.

NORMAN F. PINNOW.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification297/316, 297/62, 248/372.1, 5/618, 297/64
International ClassificationA61G3/00, A61G5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G5/006, A61G3/00
European ClassificationA61G3/00, A61G5/00C