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Publication numberUS2304925 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1942
Filing dateNov 15, 1940
Priority dateNov 15, 1940
Publication numberUS 2304925 A, US 2304925A, US-A-2304925, US2304925 A, US2304925A
InventorsJelley Edwin E
Original AssigneeEastman Kodak Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Photographic developer
US 2304925 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Dec. 15, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE PHQIDGRAPHIC DEVELOPER No Drawing. Application November 15, 1940,

Serial No. 305,737

6 Claims.

This invention relates to photographic developers and particularly to developers for producing colored photographic images.

The methods for forming colored photographic images by coupling development are divided into two classes, namely those in which the color forming or coupling component is incorporated in the emulsion layer prior to exposure and those in which it is dissolved in developing solution. Among the methods in which the coupler is incorporated in the emulsion layer, one type was described in Mannes and Godowsky U. S. application Serial No. 314,689, flied January 19, 1940. According to the process of that application, a coupler is mixed with a cellulosic material and the mixture is dispersed in gelatin in the form of minute particles. Sensitive silver halide grains may be incorporated either in the particles of cellulosic material in coupler or in gelatin in the form of the usual silver halide emulsions.

It has beeniound that when couplers are incorporated in gelatin layers in this manner in certain cases a very weak color or no color at all is produced when the emulsion is exposed in the usual manner and developed with the customary type of color producing developer.

It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a coupling developer suitable for the development of emulsion layers in which the coupler is rendered non-dimming by admixture with celluloslc or other particles. iect is to provide a novel coupling developer for the development oi colored photographic images. Other objects will appear from the following description 01' my invention.

These objects are accomplished by adding to the developing solution of an aromatic alcohol having a relatively low solubility in water, in which thearomatic nucleus is separated by one or more methylene groups lrom the hydrous-7i radical. Such alcohols are powerful solvents for ionized molecules such as the reaction products resulting from the action of exposed silver halide on a color developer. They are also eilicient plasticizers for cellulose esters such as celluloc nitrate and ior natural gums.

Benzyl alcohol Oomph A further 01%- V fl-Dhenyl ethyl alcohol 7-phenyl-n-propyl alcohol Ocmomcmoa The concentration of the aromatic alcohol should not exceed about 50% of its solubility in the developer used. Benzyl alcohol is soluble in water to the extent of about 40 grams per liter and ,s-phenylethyl alcohol is soluble in water to the extent oi about 16 grams per liter. The amounts used in the developing solution should, accordingly, be kept within the solubility limits.

Suitable developers ior use with the photographic elements described in Marines and Godowsky application Serial No. 314,689 are the following:

It has been found that aromatic alcohols according to my invention are of value for incorporation in coupler developers in which the coupler is incorporated in the developing solutlon. When used with developers of this type,

there is a great increase to dye density particulerly in the denser regions of the scale. This ection may be due to the client of the phenyl aliryl alcohols in aiding penetration of the developer and white developers.

and coupler through the shell of the dye which forms around the silver halide crystals as they develop, although I do not wish to be limited to this explanation of the action of the agents used according to my invention, I have found that the addition of about 1% of benzyl alcohol, 0.-"

of p-phenylethyl alcohol or 0.2% of -phenyl-npropyl alcohol to coupler developers containing dissolved couplers produce this beneficial result. The following example illustrates a developer of this type.

Example 4 Solution A: pAminodimethylaniline sulfate grams 1 Sodium sulfite do 2 Sodium carbonate d 30 Potassium thiocyanate do 0.5 Benzyl alcohol do Water to; cc. 900

Solution B:

i-nitroacetoacetanilide grams 2.5 Isopropylalcohol cc 100 (In use, B is added to A.)

amples 1, 2 and 3 will produce black and white images in the absence of a coupler in the emulsion layer.

It will be understood that the couplers or color formers used to produce the dye images .to which this invention principally relates are asoaoas of the well known type contair 1g phenolic hydroxyl or reactive methylene g1 oup which produce dye images in the presence of the oxidation product of primary aromatic amino coupling developing agents.

My invention is to he considered as limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A photographic developer comprising a sliver halide developing agent and an aromatic alcohol having the following formula:

Gammon where :c is a positive integer of from 1 to 3.

2. A photographic color developer comprising a primary aromatic amino developing agentand an aromatic alcohol having the following formula:

( DSO where m is a positive integer of from 1 to 3.

3. A photographic color developer comprising a primary aromatic amino developing agent and. an appreciable amount, not in excess of of its solubility in the developer, of an aromatic alcohol having the following formula:

where z is a positive integer of from 1 to 3.

a. A photographic color developer comprising a primary aromatic amino developing agent and a small amount of benzyl alcohol.

5. A photographic color developer comprising a primary aromatic amino developing agent and a small amount of 5-pheriyl ethyl alcohol.

6. A photographic color. developer comprising a primary aromatic amino developing agent and a small amount of -phenyl-n-propyl alcohol.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2603659 *Jun 16, 1950Jul 15, 1952Du PontPhotographic developers
US2612500 *Mar 29, 1950Sep 30, 1952Du PontN (p-aminophenyl) hexamethylenimines
US4030920 *Apr 12, 1976Jun 21, 1977Eastman Kodak CompanyProcessing compositions containing glycols for color transfer processes comprising direct positive silver halide developement
US4414307 *Feb 24, 1982Nov 8, 1983Eastman Kodak CompanyMethod and composition for preparation of photographic color developing solutions
US5004676 *Feb 14, 1990Apr 2, 1991Agfa-Gevaert AktiengesellschaftProcess for the production of color photographic images comprising replenishing the developing solution
DE1285312B *Oct 26, 1963Dec 12, 1968Agfa AgVerfahren zur Entwicklungsbeschleunigung eines mehrschichtigen farbphotographischen Materials
DE2845907A1 *Oct 21, 1978Apr 24, 1980Agfa Gevaert AgFarbphotographische materialien und farbphotographische verfahren
U.S. Classification430/467, 430/493
International ClassificationG03C7/413
Cooperative ClassificationG03C7/413
European ClassificationG03C7/413