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Publication numberUS2305062 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1942
Filing dateMay 9, 1940
Priority dateMay 9, 1940
Publication numberUS 2305062 A, US 2305062A, US-A-2305062, US2305062 A, US2305062A
InventorsChurch Walter L, Crone Roy R
Original AssigneeC M P Fishing Tool Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cementing plug
US 2305062 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15,1942. w. L. CHURCH ETAL CEMENTING PLUG Filed May 9, 1940 MLTEE L CHURCH for B Geo/v5 Patented Dec. 15, 1942 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE CEMENTING PLUG Application May 9, 1940, Serial No. 334,126

10 Claims.

This invention relates to a cementing plug.

An object of the invention is to provide a cementing plug, or bridge plug, that may be set in a well so that cement, forced downwardly therethrough may be forced into the formation for the purpose of cutting off water encroachment, reducing the excessive gas, oil ratio and which is constructed of few parts so that it may be readily set and expanded and engaged with the surrounding well casing.

It is another object of the invention to provide a cementing plug having casing engaging slips thereon with a slip expanded and a packer beneath the slips with novel means for holding the slips against upward movement and in position to be expanded upon upward movement of the'operating string.

It is another object of the invention to provide a cementing plug of the character described having a seal or packer with novel means for maintaining the packer collapsed and for expanding the packer when desired, said plug having a back pressure valve with novel means on the operating string for maintaining the valve open or for releasing the valve to permit it to close as desired, said string and valve controlling means being detachable to permit the removal thereof from the well bore upon completion of the cementing operation.

With the above and other objects in view the invention has particular relation to certain novel features of construction, operation and arrangement of parts, an example of which is given in this specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 shows a side elevation of the plug, partly in section, in inactive position as bein run into the Well.

Figure 2 shows a vertical, sectional view showing the plug expanded or in active position, and

Figure 3 shows a vertical, sectional view of the plug, in expanded, or active, position with the operating string in the process of being detached.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing wherein like'numerals of reference desi nate the same parts in each of the figures, the numeral I designates a tubular mandrel whose lower end is provided with an inside, downwardly facing seat 2 and screwed onto said lower end there is a guide plug 3 having a lower end opening i. Within the seat 2 there is a downwardly opening back pressure valve 2a arranged to cooperate with, and close, the seat 2 andnormally, held closed by a strong coil spring 2b on which the valve is seated. The upper end ofthe mandrel is provided with internal, coarse, left hand threads 5 to receive the corresponding, external, coarse, left hand threads 6 on the lower end of the operating string 7. Around the mandrel above the guide plug 3 there is an expansible sleeve-like packer 8.

Mounted on the mandrel above the packer iere is an expander 9 which tapers upwardly, externally. The ends of the plug 3 and the expander 9, overlap the adjacent ends of the packer 8 as shown so as to retain the packer in place about the mandrel.

e upper end of the mandrel I has an external, annular flange l0 and beneath said flange has the external, coarse, right hand threads ll adapted to be screwed into corresponding internal threads 12 in the upper end of the slip supporting coupling I3 which is fitted around said mandrel. When the plug is in inactive position the threads H are screwed downwardly into the threads l2. Screwed onto the upper end of the coupling H is an external clamp ring l4. In order to permit only a loose connection of the threads II, I2 so that they may be readily unscrewed the flange III and the clamp ring M are provided with interengaging stops [5, l5 which interlock, when said threads are screwed home, as shown in Figure 1.

Anupwardly flared, upwardly opening cup ring H is mounted on the coupling I3. The lower end of the cup ring I! is inwardly thickened, as shown. The upper end of the coupling I3 is reduced in external diameter forming an external, annular, upwardly facing shoulder I8 against which the lower end of said cup ring abuts and the clamp ring [4 is screwed against the upper end of said inwardly thickened position so as to firmly clamp the cup ring I! in place. The lower end of the coupling 13 has the downwardly opening T-slots I9 into which are fitted cap screws 2:) which are connected to the upper ends of the, grapples or, slips 2|. These slips are thereby swung from the coupling l3. Their inner sides are downwardly flared to correspond to the external taper of the slip expander 9 and their outer surfaces are toothed to engage the well casing 22. The slips, or grappling means, are maintained in assembled relation in any preferred manner preferably by a coiled pull spring 23 which is located in a circular bore 24 in the slip, or grapple, assembly. A cage 25 is screwed into the lower end of the string 1 whose lower end tapers downwardly and is provided with the slits 26 and terminates in an internally threaded collar 21 into which the upper end of the valve control rod 28 is' ration of the casing, the stratum does not produce it is then desirable to close the perforations of the casing by cementing.

The complete assembly as shown in Figure l is lowered into the casing to a point just above the perforations to be closed as illustrated in Figures 2 and 3. It is to be understood that the well is filled with drilling fluid, or drilling mud. The operating string may then be slightly elevated and the pressure of th drilling fluid above will cause the cup I! to expand into frictional engagement with the casing 22. The operating string may then be turned to the left to disengage the threads H from the threads I 2,

the friction of the expansible cup I! against the 22 all the way around.

A load of cement may be placed in the string at the ground surface followed by a plug, or plunger, and upon application of fluid, under pressure, to said plunger the load of cement will be forced inwardly through the operating string and through the mandrel and out through the seat 2 and the lower end opening 4 into the casing and through the perforations of said casme, said cement surrounding the perforated portion of the casing and penetrating into the surrounding formation. This cement is forced downwardly while the operating string is under tension and the packer 8 expanded so as to confine the cement within the casing beneath and to cause it to be forced outwardly through the casing perforations and to completely surround the casing at that point.

When the cement has sufiiciently set the operating string '1 may be turned to the right to disengage the threads 6 from the threads 5. These threads are shown in the process of being disengaged in Figure 3. As'this operation is being carried out the rod 28 will be correspondingly retracted, or moved upwardly, thus releasing the valve 2a and permitting it to close and the pressure exerted against the lower end of the plug will maintain the packer 8 expanded. Upon complete disengagement of the threads 6 from the threads the operating string, with the rod 28 attached, may be withdrawn from the well leaving the plug set in the well.

Should it be desired later to deepen the well the plug and the bridge of cement may be drilled out and drilling operations carried on beneath.

The drawing. and description are illustrative merely, while the broad principle of the invention will be defined by the appended claims.

What we claim is: 7

LA cementing plug for well casing having a passageway for fluid therethrough and comprising a mandrel, a packer and grapple assembly on the mandrel and including means on the plug, around and releasably connected to the mandrel and arranged to be held against movement by the liquid in the well, upon release therefrom and longitudinal movement relative thereto of the mandrel, said means being effective to actuate and cause fixed engagement of the grapple with the casing and cooperate with the mandrel to expand the packer upon such movement.

2. A cementing plug for well casing having a passageway for fluid therethrough and comprising a mandrel, a packer and grapple assembly on the mandrel and including means around the mandrel and releasably connected thereto and arranged to be held against movement by the liquid in the well, upon release therefrom and longitudinal movement relative thereto of the mandrel, said means being effective to actuate and cause fixed engagement of the grapple with the casing and cooperate with the mandrel to expand the packer upon such movement and a downwardly opening, back pressure valve controlling the passageway.

3. A cementing plug comprising a tubular mandrel, casing grappling means on the mandrel, and including means around the mandrel and releasably connected thereto and arranged to be actuated by the well liquid, upon release therefrom and longitudinal movement relative thereto of the mandrel, said means being efiective to actuate the grappling means into engagement with the casing; a packer on the mandrel confined between the mandrel and grappling means and arranged to be expanded upon such movement of the mandrel.

4. A cementing plug comprising a tubular mandrel, an expansible packer around the mandrel, a slip expander mounted .on the packer, a slip support releasably connected to the mandrel, slips on the support, an upwardly opening expansible cup ring .on the support, said mandrel upon release from said support being longitudinally movable relative to the slips and effective to cause the expansion of the packer and slips into engagement with a surrounding well casing.

5. A cementing plug comprising a tubular mandrel, an expansible packer around the mandrel, a slip expander mounted on the packer, a slip support releasably connected to the mandrel, slips on the support, an upwardly opening expansible cup ring on the support, said mandrel upon release from said support being longitudinally movable relative to the slips and efiective to cause the expansion of the packer and slips into engagement with a surrounding well casing and a back pressure valve for controlling the passageway through the mandrel.

6. A device for cementing a well having a casing therein comprising a tubular operatingstring, a packerassembly releasably connected to the string and having a longitudinal passageway therethrough; said assembly comprising a packer and means for expanding the packer upon an appropriate manipulation of the string, said expanding means including a grapple and upwardly p n n cupring ar nged to be held substantially stationary by the liquid in the well upon said manipulation of the string and effective to actuate and cause'fixed engagement of the grapple with the casing, said expanding means including other movable means operatively con;- nected to the string and cooperable with the stationary meansupon manipulation of the string to expandthe packer. a

the liquid in the well upon said manipulation 5:

and upward movement of the string and effective to actuate and cause fixed engagement of the grapple with the casing, said expanding means including other movable means operatively connected to the string and cooperable with the 1 stationary means upon manipulation of the string to expand the packer, and a downwardly opening back pressure valve for controlling the flow of liquid through said passageway.

8. A device for cementing a well having a casing therein comprising a tubular operating string, a mandrel having a fluid passageway therethrough and having a releasable threaded connection with the string, an expansible packer around the mandrel, an expander on the packer around the mandrel, a grapple support above the expander having a releasable threaded connection with the mandrel, casing grappling means suspended from said support, means on the support arranged to be expanded by the liquid in a;

the well into frictional contact with the casing and efiective to hold the support and grappling means substantially stationary to permit the release of the mandrel from, and its longitudinal movement relative to, the grapple support whereby to actuate the grappling means into engagement with the casing and to expand the packer, upon such longitudinal movement of the mandrel.

9. A device for cementing a well having a casing therein comprising a tubular operating string, a mandrel having a fluid passageway therethrough and having a releasable threaded connection with the string, an expansible packer around the mandrel, an expander on the packer around the mandrel, a grapple support above the expander having a releasable threaded connection with the mandrel, casing grappling means suspended from said support, means on the support arranged to be expanded by the liquid in the well into frictional contact with the casing and efiective to hold the support and grappling means substantially stationary to permit the release of the mandrel from, and its longitudinal movement relative to, the grapple support whereby to actuate the grappling means into engagement with the casing and to expand the packer, upon such longitudinal movement of the mandrel and a downwardly opening valve controlling said passageway.

0. A cementing plug shaped to be lowered into a well casing and comprising a body having a passageway for liquid therethrough, valve means controlling the passageway, sealing means expansible to form a seal between the body and easing, means cooperable with said body for causing the expansion of the seal ring upon longitudinal upward movement of the body and including a device shaped to engage the liquid in the casing and arranged to be held approximately stationary by the liquid in the casing upon such longitudinal movement.

WALTER L. CHURCH. ROY R. CRONE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2508286 *Dec 15, 1945May 16, 1950Otis Eng CoRetrieving tool
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US2600468 *Jul 16, 1948Jun 17, 1952Breaux Neil TPacker for wells
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Classifications
U.S. Classification166/119, 166/124, 166/121, 166/128
International ClassificationE21B33/13, E21B33/134
Cooperative ClassificationE21B33/134
European ClassificationE21B33/134