|Publication number||US2305261 A|
|Publication date||Dec 15, 1942|
|Filing date||Nov 23, 1940|
|Priority date||Nov 23, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2305261 A, US 2305261A, US-A-2305261, US2305261 A, US2305261A|
|Inventors||Myron M Kinley|
|Original Assignee||Myron M Kinley|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (34), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
M. M. KlNLEY 2,305,261
METHOD OF REMOVING PIPE FROM WELLS Dec. 15, 1942.
Filed Nov. 23, 1940 WT TL MYRUN M K/NLE) INVENTOR.
Patented Dec. 15, '1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE t mzrnon or REMOVING rm: mom WELLS Myron M. Kinley, Houston, 'lex. Application November 23, 1940, Serial No. 366,822
" 2 Claims. (01. ass-1.8)
This invention relates to a method of releasing threaded sections of a string of pipe stuck within a well bore sothat a portion of the string of pipe may be retrieved from the well bore'ior reuse.
In the drillin of wells by means of the rotary method it frequently happens that the drill string or pipe becomes stuck in the hole as by caving, heaving, sedimentation, etc. In such event it is desirable to recover as much of the drill string as possible; 'Itis "also frequently desirable to disconnect a threaded connection between sections of a tubing string or casing which or impact by'discharging an explosive proximate the connection to be unthreaded. I r 1 Still another object is to utilize an explosive jar to initiate unthreading of a desired connection or coupling, such jar being so constructed and containing such an explosive charge that none of the fibers in the material of the pipe string will be stressed beyond their elastic limit.
The foregoing objects together with other ob- .jects will be more fully apparent from the following description taken in connection with the stuck and can not be withdrawn as an entire string by lifting thereon at the mouth of the'well' bore.
It has been proposed to rotate a stud; string in a direction to efiect unthreading of a joint in such string. Such procedure isvery unsatisfactory inasmuch as the location 01 the disconnect is indefinite and may release, it at all, only a level within the bore and to thereafter withdraw that portion of the string which has been so sev-' ered from the lower or stuck portion or the string. Such procedure, however, requires the use of complicated cutting tools which are expensive and which introduce certain difiiculties in their use.
It is the primary object of the present invention to provide a novel method of disconnecting, at a predetermined level in the well bore, a threaded connection between sections oi'a string of pipe stuck in the bore.
More specifically the present invention contemplates unthreading a connection in a string oi. pipe by applying a torque to such string tending to unthread a connection and subjecting a predetermined connection to a sudden jar whereby such particular connection is released.
' Another object is to unthread a connection after such connection is relieved of part or all of the weight oi. the superposed portion of the pipe string.
A further object is to provide the desired iar accompanying drawing in which: V r
Fig. 1 is a sectional view through a drill pipe connection, an explosive jar being shown in position within such'connection;
Fig.2 is a'se'ctional view showing an alternative embodiment of the explosive jar, such jar being shown in position within a coupling in a tubing string.
.Fig. 3 is an assembly view showing the manner or app y torque to'a drill string or other string of tubing to be disconnected within the well.
In Fig. 1 there is shown the usual type of connection A between successive sections I and 2 or a drill string or drill pipe B used in the rotary method of drilling wells. The construction shown comprises the pipe sections I and 2 which are connected to pin and box members 3 and 4 by means of pipe threads 5 and 6.
The pin on the pin member 3 is provided with tapered threads which are complementary to those provided in the box 8 of the box member 4 as is well known in the art. As is also well known each of the threaded connections just described is made up very tightly in order that there will be no possibility of a disconnect or leak in the drill stem during normal drilling operations. I
Positioned within the connection between the members I and 2 is an explosive jar generally referred to as III which is lowered within the tubing string by means or a conductor cable II. The unit l0 comprises the housing I2 having cap members I3 and M. The conductor cable II enters the cap member I 3 and is provided with conventional means for discharging an explosive contained within the unit when a current is passed through the conductors I5 from the battery I6 by closure of the contact switch H. The exact construction of the unit I0 is unimportant in the disclosure of the invention as the principal requirement is that the impact produced by the discharge thereof shall be sufficient to mitiate unthreading of the connection A but insufllcient to stress fibers or the section's I and 2 or the pin and box members 3 and 4 beyond the elastic limit. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2 the string of pipe B comprises the pipe sections I5 and I6 which are interconnected by means of the coupling member I1 having its opposite ends threaded at [8 and I9 to engage complementary threads on the sections l5 and I6.
The explosive unit l0 shown in this figure is lowered upon a steel cable and such unit is provided with a firing pin 2| to be engaged by an annular sinker or weight member 22 which is dropped within the tubing string after the unit Ill has been lowered to the' desired position and the'desired torque tending to unscrew the connection has been applied at the mouth of the well bore.
Fig. 3 schematically shows the equipment utilized for producing a disconnect of a connection in the drill or pipe string B within the well bore 25 which is provided with a casing 26 within which the drill stem is stuck. The string B extends upwardly through the floor of the derrick 21 and through the rotary table 28 mounted thereon.
The cable 20 passes upwardly from within the drill stem B and over a sheave 29 and thence to a suitable drum (not shown). When the explosive charge is to be discharged as illustrated in Fig. 2 the weight 22 is retained at the mouth of the well bore until the desire-d time for producing the releasing impact within the well. When, however, the explosive charge is to be electrically discharged as indicated in Fig. 1, the conductor cable H is used. As already pointed out this cable includes the conductors l5 and current is supplied to these conductors as by means of a conventional slip ring connection at the reeling drum from which the cable is unwound when lowering the unit In into the well. It is to be understood that, if desired, a grounded electric circuit may be used and in such event it is necessary to provide but a single insulated conductor in the cable I I.
In the operational steps for carrying out the invention any suitable elevator means may be attached to the drill string B to which a lifting force is applied by means of the traveling block 30 when the cable 3| is wound upon the cable drum 33 as is well known in the art. Cabl is wound upon the drum 33 in such amount that the pipe string B is lifted to relieve the connection in the well of the weight of the superposed string. Slips 32 are then placed in the rotary table 28 to mid the pipe string in such condition.
The rotary tables 28 is then rotated, usually in a counterclockwise direction, to place a torque upon the stuck string of pipe within the well. The unit I0 has previously been lowered within the string B or may then be lowered to position as illustrated in either of Figs. 1 or 2. The switch I! is then closed it a conductor cable H is used or the weight 22 is dropped at the mouth of the well if the cable 20 is used. In this manner the explosive within the unit I0 is discharged whereby such impact is applied to the coupling proximate the unit, that a break in the interconnecting threads occurs. If the torque in the tubing string is insuflicient to completely effect the disconnect, the rotary table 28 'is rotated an additional amount until the disconnection is complete. Thereafter the sections of tubing string may be withdrawn from the well bore in the manner well known in the art.
It seems apparent that modifications of the invention above described will be apparent to those skill-ed in the art without departing from the spirit of the invent-ion. Broadly the invention comprehends a novel method of disconnecting a threaded connection between sections of a tubular string of pipe stuck within a well bore by applying torque to the tubing string at its upper end and thereafter applying an impact to the particular connection which is to be disconnected.
What is claimed is:
1. The method of disconnecting a threaded connection between sections of a string of tubing or drill pipe stuck in a well comprising the steps of, applying a lifting force upon the string to reduce the stress applied to the connection by the weight of the superposed string, imparting to the upper portion of the string a torque tending to unthread the connection, and discharging at a point proximate the connection and interiorly thereof an explosive charge to initiate unthreading of the connection.
2. The method of disconnecting a threaded connection between sections of a string of tubing or drill pipe stuck within a well bore comprising the steps of lowering within the string an explosive charge to a point proximate the connection to be released, imparting to the string above such connection a torque tending to unthread the connection, and discharging said explosive to loosen the threaded connection.
MYRON M. KINLEY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2621895 *||Dec 8, 1950||Dec 16, 1952||Mccullough Tool Company||Severable safety joint for pipe strings|
|US2686039 *||Jul 3, 1950||Aug 10, 1954||Houston Oil Field Mat Co Inc||Method of and apparatus for determining physical properties of materials|
|US2716541 *||Jan 19, 1953||Aug 30, 1955||Dia Log Tubular Survey Company||Method and apparatus for recovering drill pipe from wells|
|US2724440 *||Aug 15, 1952||Nov 22, 1955||Moore Lawrence K||Method of disassembling pipe sections in a well|
|US2745345 *||Sep 18, 1948||May 15, 1956||Sweetman William G||Apparatus for releasing threaded pipe couplings|
|US2804927 *||Feb 20, 1952||Sep 3, 1957||Hall Noble H||Apparatus for removing stuck pipe from well bores|
|US2808888 *||Dec 30, 1954||Oct 8, 1957||Gulf Research Development Co||Apparatus for stopping lost circulation|
|US2817808 *||Mar 6, 1951||Dec 24, 1957||Dia Log Tubuiar Survey Company||Method of and apparatus for locating stuck pipe in wells|
|US2839143 *||Jan 16, 1956||Jun 17, 1958||Alexander Ford I||Disconnecting of well pipe or tubing joints|
|US2842207 *||Sep 6, 1955||Jul 8, 1958||Alexander Ford I||Method and apparatus for disconnecting well pipe joints|
|US2884065 *||Nov 18, 1955||Apr 28, 1959||Houston Oil Field Mat Co Inc||Apparatus for and method of loosening a threaded connection|
|US2905437 *||Jan 19, 1953||Sep 22, 1959||Dia Log Tubular Survey Company||Method of recovering drill pipe from wells|
|US2948059 *||Jul 12, 1957||Aug 9, 1960||Bodine Jr Albert G||Sonic system for unscrewing threaded pipe joints|
|US3089230 *||Feb 4, 1960||May 14, 1963||Du Pont||Process for separating individual metallic layers of a hollow multilayered object|
|US3138215 *||Sep 13, 1960||Jun 23, 1964||Cook Fred W||Sand pump|
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|US3667547 *||Aug 26, 1970||Jun 6, 1972||Vetco Offshore Ind Inc||Method of cementing a casing string in a well bore and hanging it in a subsea wellhead|
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|US20040262004 *||Jun 26, 2003||Dec 30, 2004||John Roberts||Method and apparatus for backing off a tubular member from a wellbore|
|US20100066075 *||May 25, 2007||Mar 18, 2010||Crompton David B||Removal tool and method for push-fit fluid flow systems|
|US20100319929 *||Jun 18, 2009||Dec 23, 2010||Victor Matthew Bolze||Dual Anchoring Tubular Back-Off Tool|
|US20110046712 *||Aug 20, 2010||Feb 24, 2011||Cook Incorporated||Loading apparatus and system for expandable intraluminal medical devices|
|EP1491715A2 *||Jun 18, 2004||Dec 29, 2004||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for backing off a tubular member from a wellbore|
|EP1491715A3 *||Jun 18, 2004||Mar 16, 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for backing off a tubular member from a wellbore|
|U.S. Classification||166/299, 166/301, 29/255, 30/DIG.400, 29/426.5|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S30/04, E21B31/1075|