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Publication numberUS2305299 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1942
Filing dateJun 11, 1940
Priority dateJun 16, 1939
Publication numberUS 2305299 A, US 2305299A, US-A-2305299, US2305299 A, US2305299A
InventorsLuigi Lombardini
Original AssigneeLuigi Lombardini
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vertical file drawer
US 2305299 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15, 1942. LOMBARDlNl 2,305,299

VERTICAL FILE DRAWER Filed June 11, 1940 Patented Dec. 15, 1942 VERTICAL FILE DRAWER Luigi Lombardinl, Turin, Italy; vested in the Alien Property Custodian Application June 11, 1940, Serial No. 339,994

- --mne1 {line 15, 1939 Claims.

The present invention has for its object some improvements in file drawers of a vertical type, particularly those provided with spacers or spacing elements adapted to keep the partitions of the file drawer at constantly parallel distances when handling the file drawer. i

According to some previousUnited States and Italian patents of the same applicantfthe said spacers are formed by appropriate elements running on guides applied to the top part of the sides of the file drawer and supporting the partition, as in U. S. Patent 2,169,562, or by small wings or projections provided with little wheels or other appropriate rotating means borne by the partitions themselves, as in U. S. application 274,174, filed December 22, 1938, and in Italian Patent No. 362,200 of August 17, 1938.

The improvements which form the object of this invention concern a new form and arrange ment of the spacers which are constituted substantially of elements placed vertically in the immediate proximity of the sides of the file drawer having each an end pivoted or mounted so as to oscillate on the bottom of the drawer, while the opposite end is made in such a manner as to receive one of the small wings or projections of the partition, while offering analogous scopes for use, that is always with the object to ensure the keeping of the partitions of the file drawer at constantly parallel distances in the various positions which they may take up during their handling.

The invention will be now particularly described in reference to the annexed drawing in which are illustrated some preferred forms of embodiment which are given only as examples and without limitation.

In said drawing:

Fig. 1 is a view in perspective of a file drawer supplied with partitions and spacers in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 shows in perspective a partition adapted to co-operate with the spacers in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 3 is a side view of a file drawer complete with spacers shown in an inclined position;

Fig. 4 shows some of th spacers referred to in Fig. 3 in a vertical position; in this form of embodiment of the spacers there is no strict and constant parallelism of the partitions as in the case of spacers shown in Figs. 11-13 Figs. 5 and 6 show in a lateral view, the side having been removed, the position taken up by removable spacersin'accordance with an example of embodiment of the invention in which it is possible to alter within certain limits the angle of aperture;

Figs. 7 to 10 illustrate, respectively in front and side views, two forms of embodiment of the spac ers, fixed or movable, according to the invention, preferably of light substance (wood, Bakelite, etc.) which may be also suitably shaped;

Figs. 11, 12 and 13 show, respectively in front and perspective views, ariather form of embodiment of the spacers preferably of metal;

Fig. 14 is a side view of a file drawer provided with spacers as per Figs. 11-13, by means 1 which it is possible to obtain a strict and constan 1- lelism between the various partitions inde dently of the position taken up by the said tions in the file drawer.

As appears from the said drawing in which th same reference numbers are applied to the same parts, the spacer forming the object of this invention is essentially formed according to the forms of embodiment illustrated in Figures 2 to 10, by an element I in the shape of a small block or vertical rod, preferably of a light material such as for instance wood, Bakelite, metal sheet, etc., of appropriate width, height and thickness.

In the embodiment shown in Figures 7 and 8, the top end of the said spacer has a cut 2 which extends vertically for a certain length, while the rounded lower end is provided with an aperture 3. Inside the file drawer 4 are inserted. in the number required, the said vertical spacers I which will then be fixed in position, for instance, by pivoting laterally to the bottom 5 of the said drawer, (Figures 3 and 4). Thus fixed, the vertical spacers will appear placed in counterposed position along the two sides. According to an embodiment shown in Figures 1 and 2, there is also provided an intervening space formed by the internal space of a. double side 6, 6', of the drawer, to receive spacers I which will thus have a greater freedom of motion by not being in any way in contact with the files inserted into the drawer.

Partitions I will then be inserted at the desired location in file drawer I, care being taken that the two side projections I thereof fit respectively into the corresponding cuts 2 of two counterposed spacers, thus obtaining that all the partitions shall keep always their parallelism in the various phases of use or handling of the file drawer, which parallelism is most useful and desirable for a proper operation of the file drawer.

In Figures 5, 6, 9 and 10 (in these latter two figures the spacer is suitably shaped so as to give it a greater lightness), there has been represent preceding embodiment. In Fig. 5 are made visible the end pivots [3 without their respective spacers which have been removed in order particularly to secure a greater and more convenient angle of aperture in relation to the angle originally planned. In fact, by inserting ah0ther spacer I on an end pivot l3, as ill trated in Fig. 6, one will have a smaiier ansle of aperturewhich will be still reduced to the angle of apertur in tended even when another spacer will-be inserted on the remaining end pivot I3. It should be further noted that in this embodiment the top end of the spacer I, bearing cut 2, may be also provided with a small block 8 conveniently fixed to vertical element I; as illustrated in Figure 10.

In the forms of embodiment previously described it is possible to obtain only a relative parallelism between the various partitions (see, for example, Fig. 4), because it is not strictly constant for all the different positions that the said spacers take up in the file drawer; in this connection reference is made to the indications contamed in the previous Italian Patent No. 362,200 ir d y mentioned of the same applicant.

T ,e compensation of the said differences of ffillelism and the latters maintenance in a s ictly constant manner is provided for in the form of embodiment of spacer illustrated in Figv ures 11 to 14. As appears in the said figures, the

spacer" I 0 is formed preferably from a small piece of metal sheet conveniently bent, and, at the top, has also the form of a small shaped vertical block provided with a cut 2; and in its lower part,

the said spacer is provided with a hole 3, which eventually may be substituted by a cut or slot like to render the spacer removable.

tin order to compensate the parallelism and der it strictly constant in all the positions of e partitions, each spacer is provided in its top part with a projection having a double inclined plane II, as well as a roller or wheel l2 aptly placed on the opposite side; the saidzroller or wheel l2 having particularly the task of reducing to a minimum value the friction originating from the various displacements of the spacer, transforming it from sliding into a rolling bne.

In accordance; therefore, with 'what is indicated in Italian Patent No. 362,200 above mentioned and as schematically illustrated in Fig.

14, one will have also obtained with such a disposition a strict and constant parallelism amongst the various partitions as well as a reduction to a minimum of the friction caused by their various displacements.

It is obvious that the form of embodiments i1- lustrated and described only by way of example and without limitation are furthermore susceptible of such variations and modifications as come tions.

within the aim of this invention as shown in the following claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. An improved file drawer of the vertical type, said drawer being provided with a plurality of spacers and a plurality-of co-operat'ing partitions afiorded parallelism by said spacers, said.

ed to engage a holder element carried-by said drawer, near its bottom, to retain the lower ends of said rods against forward and rearward motion, while allowing forward and rearward movement of the upper ends of said rods and parti- 2.'Irnprovements in file drawer suitable for holding documents in a vertical position, in which are prbvided partitions cooperating with spacing elemen ts, said p ftitions and elements being capabie of an oscillating movement, forward and backward,'whereby to form in any desired point of the file drawer a V-shaped opening while the documents remain parallel to each other, characterized by the fact that said spacing elements are constituted by a double set-one for each side of the drawer-of rod-like elements connected in oscillating manner at their lower ends to holders rigidly positioned in the bottom sides of the drawer and said rod-like elements each bearing at its upper part a slot adapted to receive and to guide a corresponding upper lateral projection of a partition, said rod-like elements being so constructed and formed, in such a. manner that by pushing one another-in order to form a V- shaped opening in the desired point of the drawerthey are able to maintain the adjacent partitions carried by them always parallel in respect to each other.

3. Spacing elements as per claim 2, characterized by the fact that they are provided at their neighbor, with rotating means in order to reduce the friction between one spacer and its neighbor, in their passage from one inclined position to the opposed inclined position, and being further provided onthe parts opposite said rotating means, with a rampmember in order to ensure a strict and constant parallelism between the partitions,

in their various displacements.

4. Spacing elements-as per claim 2, characterized by the 'factthat the lower end of the spacer which is connected with the bottom of the drawer is formed with a hole for pivoted connection with the drawer.

5. Spacing elements as per claim 2, characterized by the fact that the lower end of the spacer which is connected with the bottom of the drawer is formed with a slot for disengageable pivotal connection with the drawer.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2865621 *Jan 10, 1956Dec 23, 1958Austin Hoy & Co LtdTool-carrying chains
US5209386 *Nov 25, 1991May 11, 1993Allison John CFiling and organizing device for motor vehicles
U.S. Classification220/529, 220/531
International ClassificationB42F17/00, B42F17/02
Cooperative ClassificationB42F17/02
European ClassificationB42F17/02