US 2305445 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 15, 1942. J. H. POOR ETAL VENTILATINGWINDOW UNIT Filed July 5. 1941 INVENTORJ .fo/vw H. Paw?.
Patented Dec. 15, 1942 UNITEDSTATI-:s PATENT oFFicEf VENTILATING WINDOW UNIT JohxrH, Poor and Charles H. Logan, l La Fayette, Ind.
Application July 5, 1941, Serial No. 401,086
This invention relates'to a building opening receivable unit including a combination ventilator and window arrangement.
The ventilator portion permits of abundant ventilation to the room but at the same time excludes rain and snow from entering the room. It also prohibits vision into the room from any angle.
The chief object of this invention is to provide a unit that may be received by a single opening and permit of vision through a window andalso permit of ventilation of and without permitting access to a room.
The chief feature of the invention resides in the combination unit and its construction and arrangement whereby the aforesaid object is accomplished.
Other objects and features of the invention will be set forth more fully hereinafter.
The full nature of the invention will be understood from the accompanying drawing and the following specification and claims:
In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a perspective of the unit looking toward the exterior thereof.
Fig. 2 is a similar view looking toward the interior thereof, one ventilator closure being fully opened and the other being -partially opened.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional View of the unit and associated building structure.
Fig. 4 is a vertical section through one form of ventilator. Y i Y Fig. 5 is a similar view through another form of ventilator. v
Fig. 6 is a similar view through another form of ventilator.
In Fig. 3 of the drawing, I0 indicates the inside plaster, II the outsidelining and I2 weatherboarding, or the like, of a structure provided with an opening dened by the frame indicated at I3 and this frame receives the unit shown more particularly in Figs. 1 and 2. This unit includes the sill I4, the two outside frame elements I5 and head jamb I6. I'l indicates the outside trim and I8 indicates the outside casing.
Y Since the present embodiment of the invention is by way of illustration only, the same is of the single window opening type, although if desired, of course, double windows may be included in a unit of this character.
The window openingsee Fig. 3--is designated by the numeral I9 and is dened by the side members 20 and these may be trimmed as at I1, if desired. The two intermediate or partition members 20, accordingly, form a window opening and the same are reduced as at 22-see Fig.
3to receive and seat a single window, such as barn sash. This may be suitably secured in the opening I9 by anchors, such as are commonly employed in combination screen and storm doors, wherein the glass and screen units are interchangeable. Y
In a single window of this type, a minimum of four of such anchors are provided. Usually, however, three on each side and one in the middle of the top of the window and one in the middle of the bottom of the window would be sufficient to firmly anchor the window in position. yThese anchors constitute nothing more than tongues seated in the window and projectable from the side thereof into a groove in the adjacent casing or frame. Since such structures are conventional, common and well known, no further description need be given and no illustration thereof is included.
20. v Sullice to say, screw driver application to extensions of these locking tongues from the interior of the room will upon rotation of the tongues into nested relation relative to the Window sash permit the window to be removed for cleaning purposes. If desired, of course, the opening I9 may be provided with sliding or French windows.
As shown clearly in Fig. l, at each side of the opening I9 there is provided-and See more particularly Fig. 3-the openings 30. In each of l these openings is a vertical series of horizontally These louvers are of such arranged louvers. character that regardless of the angle, vision through the opening 30 is prohibited but ventilation therethrough is not. f
As shown in Fig. 4, the horizontally arranged louvers are inclined from their outer edges upwardly and rearwardly and this portion of the louvers is indicated by the numeral 3 I. The louvers are then continued substantially horizontally and to the rear as at Sha. The lower end SIb of one louver is so positioned relative to the portion 3Ia of the adjacent louver that vision through the louvers is prevented as aforesaid. This louver arrangement is not only of selfi draining character but prevents the passage of rain and snow through the ventilator arrangement.
The inside face of all louvers has secured thereto preferably a bronze screen. This effectually excludes the passage of bugs, paper, and the like, through the Ventilating arrangement. It is to be understood the louvers are permanently secured at opposite ends to the adjacent members I5 and 20 and constitute a permanent construction. The members I5 and 20 at their inner ends, which members are part of the unit frame, are recessed as at lia and 20a, respectively, to form a seat. The head jam-b is slightly recessed as at Ita and thus there is provided a face against which may bear a door structure.
This door structure may be of single panel character or may be of plural panel character.
A dual panel door is illustrated in Fig. 2. ItV
includes one leaf 4B and another leaf 4l hingedly connected together on the adjacent edges as at 42. The leaf 4B is hingedly mounted as at 43 upon the member I5 by means preferably of concealed hinges. Likewise, the hinges 42 are mounted so as to be normally concealed. The
door panel 4I may be provided with a handle 44 and also may be provided with a latch 45, said latch being arranged to be turned so as to enter and lock in a socket, not shown, but indicated as being formed or provided in the face 20a as at 46.
When the window is of stationary character, it will be quite evident that no access through the unit may be had at any time by any one from the exterior of the room and yet ventilation may be continuous, just so long as the doors are in the open position. The amount of ventilation can to a certain extent be regulated by the position of the doors as shown in the left hand portion of Fig. 2.
For ornamentation purposes and so as to not occupy too much Wall space, the doors, as stat'- ed, may be of dual panel type.
The foregoing unit as a unit, can be millfabricated according to specified overall dimensionsv and readily included in a building opening and secured therein in the customary manner that comparable. Window structures are mounted in building openings.
The individual closure or door structures. can be insulated in a conventional manner and/or Weather-stripped, if, as and Whenl desired. This being common building practice, an illustration thereof is not believed necessary.
It Will be observed that 'the unit. structure in effect has an appearance similar to a Window .g
with a shutter arrangement at, each side andv ac cordingly, is highly attractive.
The louversmay be of. metal orl of Wood. Since the louvers have a dual inclination so far as cross section is concerned, if of metal,v the metal naturally may be bent and a single piece or strip form a louver. In the case of a. wood louver, the louver would be fabricatedl of two strips suitably connected together at: their adjacent ends so as to have the proper inclination therebetween.
In Figs. 5 and 6, numerals of the 100 and 200 series' similar to the primary ser-ies of numerals applied to parts shown in Fig. 4, designate in said Figs. 5 and 6 similar to comparable parts.
While the invention has been illustrated and described in great detail in the drawing and foregoing description, the same is to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive in character.
The several modications described herein as Well as others which will readily suggest themselves to persons skilled in this art, all are considered to be within the broad scope of the invention, reference being had to the appended claims.
The invention claimed is:
1. A singular Ventilating window unit adapted for bodily inclusion in a building structure opening, including a frame receivable by a Wall opening of such structure and for closing same, said frame including a vertical partition member forming with the frame two openings therein and side by side, a window structure for one opening, a louvered structure for the other opening, the latter structure including a plurality of angularly cross-sectioned horizontally directed louvers in spaced relation permitting air and light passage therebetween and preventing direct and indirect visibility through the louvered structure, and an interior closure for the louvered provided opening and vertically hinged to 4said frame opposite the partition member.
2. A unit as dened by claim 1, characterized by said interior closure being of plural panel type, the panels being successively hinged together.
3. A singular Ventilating window unit adapted for bodily inclusion in a building structure opening, including a frame receivable by a Wall opening of such structure and for closing same, said frame including a pai'r of spaced substantially parallel vertical partition members forming with the frame three -openings therein and side by side, a Window structure for the central opening, a lou-veredstructure for eachy of the end openings, each louvered structure including a plurality of angularly cross-sectioned horizontally directed louvers in spaced relation permitting airv and light passage therebetweenA and preventing direct and indirect visibility through the said louvered structure, and an interior closure for thereof being successivelyr