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Publication numberUS2305500 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1942
Filing dateJan 22, 1940
Priority dateJan 22, 1940
Publication numberUS 2305500 A, US 2305500A, US-A-2305500, US2305500 A, US2305500A
InventorsGames Slayter
Original AssigneeSlayter Electronic Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for electrically generating pressures
US 2305500 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15, 1942. e. SLAYTER APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICALLY GENERATING PRESSURES 3 Sheets-Sheet l I Filed Jan. 22, 1940 E i E W f y/v J} v V 0 6 v J 0 Y a gum/o cs fonaxvu,

- Azzmany Dec. 15, 1942.

G. SLAYTER 2,305,500 APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICALLY GENERATING PRESSURES 7 Filed Jan. 22, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Dec. 15, 1942. G. SLAYTER 2,305,500

. APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICALLY GENERATING PRESSURES Filed Jan. '22, 1940- 3 Sheets-Sheet s 30 IIE 5 c figo I 07 m Patented Dec. 15, 1942 APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICALLY GENERAT- ING PRESSURES Games Slayter, Newark, Ohio, assignor to Slayter Electronic Corporation, a corporation of Ohio Application January 22, 1940, Serial No. 315,085 a 12 Claims. -My invention relates broadly to an apparatus for electrically generating pressures and more particularly to an improved method and apparatus for electrically developing relatively high velocities at relatively high emciencies.

One of the objects of my invention is to provide an improved method-and apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a, substantially confined casing and delivering the generated pressures at relatively high velocityand efliciency at the outlet end of the apparatus.

Another object of my invention is. to provide a cylindrical arrangement of high potential discharge electrodes coacting with correspondingly arranged target electrodes disposed within a chamber substantially conforming in contour to the arrangement of the electrodes and operating to receive fluid at one end of the chamber and deliver the fluid at relatively high velocity and efliciency at the other end of the chamber.

A further object of my invention is to provide a cylindrical arrangement of discharge electrodes and coacting targets disposed in' a chamber having means at opposite ends thereof for the admission and discharge of fluid whereby the fluid is injected into the chamber in arotating path and converted from a rotating path into a substantially straight line path at the discharge end of the chamber at relatively high efllciency.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a construction of pressure generating apparatus comprising a chamben having electric discharge and coacting target electrodes therein in tational velocities of air, introducing air in a' path coincident with the rotational path of the air at one end of the chamber and delivering the air at relatively high efllciency in a substantially straight line direction at the opposite end of the chamber.

Still another object of. my invention is to provide an improved construction of electronic -fan comprising a chamber having. electric discharge and coacting target electrodes therein for developing continuous rotational motion in air at high velocity with means at the inlet end of the chamber for introducing air in a direction coincident with the direction of rotational motion generated within the chamber and means at the delivery end" of the chamber for reconverting therota- 'tional motion of the air to straight line motion for discharge at high efliciency A still further object of my invention is to provide a system for generating movement of air I in a substantially confined space at a velocity in excess of the desired usable velocities and employing a portion of the generated velocity in the open atmosphere.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a system for electrically establishing an air flow at high velocity in a substantially confined space and discharging the air at lower velocity into the open atmosphere.

A further object of my invention is to provide a system of electrically producing a whirling mass of air in a substantially confined space at relatively high velocity and discharging a portion of the air at lower velocity to the open atmosphere .at relatively high efilciency.

A still further object of my invention is to provide an arrangement of shaped orifices at the intake and discharge ends of a chamber in which a high velocity rotating mass of air is generated by which the velocity of the air may be regulated and controlled at boththe intake and discharge ends of the chamber.

Other and further objects of my invention reside in an apparatus for electrically producing mass movement of air at high velocities as set forth more fully in the following specification by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a theoretical diagram explaining the principles of my invention; Fig. 2 is a schematic view showing the electrical circuit arrangement employed in the apparatus of my invention; Fig. 3 is a side elevation, partially broken away at each end and illustrating parts in section and elevation; Fig. 4 is a view of the inlet end of the apparatus of my invention; Fig. 5 is a view of the outlet end of the apparatus embodying my invention; Fig. 6 is an enlarged transverse sectional view taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 3; F '7 is a fragmentary and foreshortened sectional view taken on line I-l of Fig. 3, illustrating one of the emitting electrodes and the manner of mounting the electrode with respect to the intake and discharge ends of the apparatus; Fig. 8 is a foreshortened transverse longitudinal section through the apparatus of my invention taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 4; Fig. 9 is a fragmentary foreshortened longitudinal sectional view taken on line 99 of Fig. 6; and Fig. 10 illustrates in cross section one form of emitting electrode which may be employed in the apparatus of my invention.

My invention is directed to a system and apparatus for securing relatively high degrees of ef ficiency in the mass movement of air and gases by electric discharge. Heretofore, increase in air velocity has been obtained in electric discharge systems by employing cascaded arrangements of electrodes. There are, however, certain limitations encountered in increasing velocity by cascading. Accordingly, I have departed radically from prior methods by arranging sets of emitting and target electrodes in a confined chamber and electrically connecting the emitting and target electrodes in selected phase relation with respect to a power source for setting up a rotating electric field. A mass movement of air at high velocity is obtained in a confined rotating path. This rotating mass of air obtains velocities which are substantially in excess of velocities required to perform the usual functions of cooling of air circulation. Into this rotating mass of air I direct air from a position outside of the confined chamber into the rotating mass of air in a direction substantially coincident with the path of rotation of the air. At the outlet end of the confined chamber I provide an arrangement of stationary blades so mounted as to turn the air from the rotational motion into a direct axial delivery. The perma nent velocity head which is established by the rotating mass of air insures delivery of air at re1-- atively high efiiciency. As an example of the increased efiiciency which is obtainable in employing the method and apparatus of my invention, consider that a rotational speed oiv air within the chamber is established at approximately 12,000

feet per minute, and suppose it is desired to have the fan deliver air at 1000 feet per minute. In this case, the aperture between blades at the entrance of the fan would be fifth the delivery aperture. At the entry end of the fan a like set of blades can be mounted. but in reverse direction,

so as to receive the intake air, turn the direction of motion of the intake air into the rotational motion, and accelerate the air from the intake speed of 1000 feet per minute to approximately 12,000 feet per minute. The Bernoullian reduction of pressure caused by the increase of speed at entrance is exactly compensated by the Bernoullian increase in pressure at delivery, and energy is conserved by the system.

Referring to the drawings in more detail, reference character I indicates the cylindrical housing within which the rotating mass of air is recirculated for building up relatively high velocities under the action of electric discharge. At the inlet and outlet ends of the chamber I I have indicated centrally arranged members 2 and 3 which shape the path along which the air enters and discharges from the cylindrical casing. The arrows at 4 indicate the paths along which the air enters the confined chamber I. It will be observed, that the annular orifice through which the air enters is streamlined for the reduction of head resistance. It is through this annular zone that the air is directed by means of shaped radially extending blades into a direction coincident with the direction of the rotating field within the chamber I. At the discharge end of the chamber, I

the directional lines 5 indicate the path of the air winding I0 through condenser I4.

between radially extending blades by which the direction of movement of the air is changed from the rotating field to a direction projecting from the end of the chamber along an axis which is substantially coincident with the longitudinal axis of the chamber.

In Fig. 2' I have illustrated the manner of arranging and electrically connecting the electrodes for establishing the rotating field. It will be observed that the emitters extend longitudinally of the cylindrical chamber I as designated generally at 6. The emitters 6 are disposed intermediate pairs of target electrodes 1 arranged in annular rows on opposite sides of the emitters 6. The target electrodes I are shaped to conform in curvature with the curvature of confined chamber I. The high potential source for energizing the electrodes is obtained through transformer system 8 having primary winding 9 connected with the power source and secondary winding III having the opposite ends II and I2 thereof connected to alternately disposed emitters 6. The sets of targetelectrodes I which coact with an adjacent emitter 6 are connected to that end of secondary winding l0 which for any selected instance is at opposite potential to the potential of the emitter, the connection being completed through a condenser indicated at I4. Considering any set of electrodes in the circular arrangement of electrodes, the emitters 6 of one set of electrodes is connected, for example, to the end I I of secondary winding III, while the coacting' target electrodes 1 are connected with the terminal I2 of secondary Thus, discharge takes place between the emitters Sand the coacting target electrodes I establishing a flow of air which is recirculated within the confined chamber and augmented and increased by the successively acting coacting sets of electrodes arranged in the annular path, thereby setting up a rotating field of relatively high velocity. My-invention contemplates the use of ,polyphase supply systems by which successive and repeated impulses are imparted to the mass of air for setting up a rotating field of relatively high velocities.

In Fig. 3 I have shown the arrangement of cylindrical chamber I mounted on a suitable support I5. The support I5 may be hollow and may be extended to a position adjacent the discharge end of the cylindrical chamber I and may connect with an annular channel, connected through apertures with the dischargeend of the cylindrical chamber I to function as a dust collector to receive dust and dirt which is thrown out by the air by centrifugal action. the chamber I is illustrated as provided with stream-lined annular members IG- and I1 which define an annular orifice I8 through which the air is drawn. The transversely disposed insulated frame 20 extends across the intake end of the chamber I and provides the framing which supports the longitudinally extending emitters 6 and target electrodes 1. At the discharge end of the chamber I, I provide asimilar transversely disposed frame of insulated material indicated at 2I and providing'supporting means for the ends rest into a path substantially coincident with The inlet end of form of electrodes and the assembly thereof may the rotating field of air within the chamber, I arrange in the annular zone 3 a multiplicity of radially extending blades 25. The blades 25 are shown more particularly in Fig. 7 and illustrate the manner in which the direction of the air is changed to correspond-with the direction of rotation of the air within the chamber. vCertain of the radially extending blades 25 are interiorly recessed as indicated at 26 to provide a support for the end of the emitters 6. The emitters 6 have been shown generally as comprising semiconductive streamlined body structure 21 supporting the strip 28 in which emitting points 29 are mounted. It will be understood that the form of emitter illustrated is merely shown by way of example and that various constructions of emitters may be employed in the system of my invention. For the purpose of preventing streamers or spark-over adjacent the ends of the emitters, I provide potential equalizers adjacent each end of the emitter in the form of tubular members 30 having conductive strip-like portions connected therewith as indicated at 3|.

The target electrodes 1 are supported in opposite aligned recesses 20b and 2|b in the transverse frames 20 and 2|, respectively. The racesses 20b and 2|b are curved in a direction coincident with the contour of the chamber and enable the target electrodes to be compactly mounted and maintained in position between the transverse frames 20 and 2|.

vary in structure and arrangement in order to secure in various ways the required high velocity rotation force Permitting a portion of such rotational force to be utilized in the development of usable velocities at the discharge end of the apparatus.

.' The fundamental system employed in my invention is that of establishing a whirling field by successive electric. discharges in a circular path in a confined chamber, thereby developing a high .velocity head. Through the inlet end of this air. The air thus admitted to the whirling mass It will be observed that the blades 25 are so shaped that airinjected into the chamber is rotating in a direction coincident with the direction of movement of the air secured by the diselectrodes. Similarly, the blades 32 at the discharge end of the chamber are shaped to turn the air from the rotational motion into a direct axial delivery. Referring to Fig. 7, the aperture between the blades 32 at the interior of the chamber has been indicated by distance a, whereas the delivery aperture at the discharge ends of the blades 32 has been indicated by distance D.

In an apparatus where the rotation of the air within the chamber acquires a speed of 12,000

vfeet per minute and it is desired that the air The central closure discs 23 and 24 are readily at the intake .35 charge of the cylindrical arrangement of the removable and replaceable by means of securing screws 23a and 24a which extend into the up- I wardly extending flange portions 20a and 2|a of the-transverse frames 20 and 2|, respectively.

With the end closures 23 and -24 removed, it is readily possible to arrange the emitting and target electrodes in position or to remove and replace an electrode. Electrical connections are made to the target electrodes and to the emitting electrodescby means of conductors which occupy minimum space against theinterior 'facesof' the transverse frames 20 and 2|.

I have not attempted to show the parts of the apparatus in actual proportions, but have merely ,illustrated the principles of my invention by which high efiiciencies are obtainable by the development of velocities in excess of the velocity at which the air is ultimately discharged. The

of air is accelerated to the velocity of the whirling mass of air and the velocity sustained for a period of time during which a substantial velocity head is built up. At the discharge end of the chamber, the velocity of the air is decreased and the air delivered at a velocity which is less than the velocity of the whirling mass of air within the confined chamber.

While I have described my invention in one of its preferred embodiments, I' desire that it be understood that modifications may be made and that no limitations upon my invention are intended other than may be imposed by the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is as folthe direction of movement of the discharge within said casing, and means for converting the rotating motion of the stream of fluid to substantially straight. line motion and delivering the fluid in a substantially straight line direction through the outlet opening in said casing.

2. Apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium comprising in combination a casing having intake and outlet openings, electric discharge and coacting target electrodes extending longitudinally through said casing in positions substantially tangent to transverse cir-' cular sections through said casing, said electric discharge and coacting target electrodes being electrically connected and energized to establish a discharge in a circular path, and means adjacent the intake and outlet openings in said casing for controlling the admission and discharge of fluid with respect to said casing.

3. Apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium comprising in combination a casing having intake and outlet openings, electric discharge and coacting target electrodes disposed in said casing and electrically connected to eflect an electrical discharge in a circular path and thereby establishing a rotating velocity head in the casing, and means adjacent the intake and outlet openings in said casing for controlling and regulating the admission and discharge of the fluid medium to and from said casing.

4. Apparatus for electrically generating pres-I sures in a fluid medium comprising in combination a casing, electric discharge and coacting target electrodes disposed in said casing and electrically connected and energized for establishing a rotating velocity head, and preformed blade devices at each end of said casing forming admission and delivery orifices for said casing for controlling and regulating the admission and discharge of the fluid medium to and from said casing.

5. Apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium comprising in combination a casing, electric discharge and coacting target electrodes disposed in said casing and electrically connected and energized for establishing a rotating velocity head, and radially disposed blade members at each end of said casing forming preshaped admission and delivery orifices for said casing for controlling the admission and discharge of the fluid medium.

6. Apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium comprising in combination a casing, electric discharge and coacting target electrodes disposed in said casing and electrically connected and energized for establishing a rotating velocity head, and annular zones of radially disposed blade members at each end of said casing forming preshaped admission and delivery orifices with respect to said casing for controlling and regulating the admission and discharge of the fluid medium.

7. Apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium comprising in combina tion a casing, electric discharge and coacting target electrodes disposed in said casing and electrically connected and energized for establishing a rotating velocity head, a multiplicity of radially disposed blade members at each end of said casing, said blade members being preformed to provide'means for delivering fluid medium through one end of said casing in a direction substantially coincident with the direction in which said rotating velocity head is established, and radially disposed blade members at the discharge end of said casing shaped to receive the fluid medium from the path in which the rotating velocity head is established for discharging the fluid medium in a direction substantially coincident with the longitudinal axis of the discharge end of said casing.

8. In apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium, a cylindrical casing, means for introducing fluid medium into the cylindrical casing in a direction substantially tangentially to the cylindrical side wall of the casing, means for moving the fluid medium in a circular path in the casing including pointed electric discharge and coacting target electrodes arranged in the casing to establish electric dis- 9. In apparatus for electrically generating ressures in a fluid medium, a casing having an intake opening for receiving a fluid'medium and having an outlet opening directly opposite the intake opening, and means located in the casing between said openings for creating successive electric discharges in a circular path to impart a whirling motion to the fluid medium as the latter passes through the casing from the intake opening to the outlet opening.

10. In apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium, a casing having an intake opening for receiving a fluid medium and having an outlet opening through which the fluid medium is discharged, means located in the casing between said openings for imparting a whirlcharges in a circular path in the casing, and

means remotefrom the first named means for discharging fluid medium from the casing.

ing motion to the fluid medium in the casing, said means comprising a plurality of electric discharge electrodes streamlined in the direction of the whirling motion 'of the fluid media and having relatively sharp emitting points, target electrodes coacting with the emitting points of the discharge electrodes to provide an electric discharge from the points to the target electrodes, said coacting discharge and target electrodes be- .ing arranged in the casing to provide electric discharges in a circ'ular'path in the casing. V

11. In apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium, a casing having an intake opening for receiving a fluid medium, means located in the casing for imparting a whirling motion to the fluid medium in the casing; said means comprising a plurality of electric discharge and coacting target electrodes mounted in a circular path in the casing in am-anner to establish electric discharges in a circular path in the casing, and means for discharging the fluid medium from the casing in a direction substantially parallel to the general axis of the whirling fluid medium in the casing.

12. In apparatus for electrically generating pressures in a fluid medium, a casing having an intake opening for receiving a fluid medium, means located in the casing for imparting a whirling motion to the fluid medium entering said casing through the intake opening, said means comprising a plurality of electric discharge electrodes having pointed emitting portions, a plurality of target electrodes positioned to coact with the emitting portions of the discharge electrodes to establish electric discharges from the said pointed portions to the target electrodes, said electrodes being arranged in a circular path in the casing to provide a whirling electric field in said casing and means for discharging fluid medium from the fleld at a relatively lower velocity and high pressure than the fluid medium in said whirling fleld.

GAMES SLAYTER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2658452 *Jun 3, 1948Nov 10, 1953Donelian Khatchik OElectromagnetic pump
US2789754 *Mar 30, 1953Apr 23, 1957Hansen Thorwald HThermal pump for gases
US2992406 *Aug 22, 1957Jul 11, 1961Gen ElectricPump
US3018394 *Jul 3, 1957Jan 23, 1962Whitehall Rand IncElectrokinetic transducer
US3418500 *May 18, 1965Dec 24, 1968Bahnson CoRotating field electrostatic apparatus
US3571631 *Oct 30, 1967Mar 23, 1971Gen ElectricElectrical discharge stabilizer
US3917470 *Sep 19, 1973Nov 4, 1975Franco Nicholas BElectrostatic precipitator
US4212592 *Oct 31, 1978Jul 15, 1980General Electric CompanyElectromagnetic pump for molten metals
US6492784Mar 3, 2000Dec 10, 2002Gravitec, Inc.Propulsion device and method employing electric fields for producing thrust
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/231.1, 417/48
International ClassificationF04D23/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04D23/00
European ClassificationF04D23/00