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Publication numberUS2306317 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1942
Filing dateJul 22, 1938
Priority dateJul 22, 1938
Publication numberUS 2306317 A, US 2306317A, US-A-2306317, US2306317 A, US2306317A
InventorsMorrow Earle L
Original AssigneeFrank Morrow Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bracelet
US 2306317 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22, 1942. E. l.. MoRRow 2,305,317

y BRACELET Filed July 22, 1938 2 sheets-sheet' 1 Dec; 22, 11942. E. L. MoRRow 2,305,317

BRACELET Y Filed July 22, 193B 2 sheets-sheet 2 fd Qms:

wal-@WWW Patented Dec. 22, 1942 BRACELET Earle L. Morrow,

Frank Morrow Johnston, R. I., assigner to Co., Inc.,

Providence, R. I., a

corporation ofv Rhode Island Application July 22, 1938, 'Serial No..220,728

(Cl. (i3- 7) 6 Claims.

My invention relates to improvements in bracelets and other articles for personal use. In its entirety it yincludes an arcuate section and a novel type of open resilient inwardly convexed lining for said section and a novel type of holding means including. both hinge means for joining two of said sections together to make up a bracelet and a novel type of separable clasp means for the free ends of said bracelet sections, said hinge means and a portion of said clasp means being similarly secured to the respective ends of said sections with the ends of said lining by rolling over the end portions of the inwardly projectingv ends of the side anges oi said sections to clamp said lining sections to their respective arcuate sections at each end portion thereof and to simultaneously clamp the respective portions of said hinge or clasp means to the ends of said sections. If desired, however, my improved bracelet may be constructed without the lining or other types of hinge or clasp means may be employed which are not simultaneously secured to said arcuate sections with the lining or, if desired, the so lined arcuate sections may be employed for other articles of personal use than bracelets.

A further object of my invention is to provide a novel type of arcuate section for use in bracelets or other articles for personal use having a novel type of resilient lining which will rest comfortably on the Wrist or other portion of the wearer Where employed. As the lining is somewhat resilient it willV rest with less pressure against the flesh and as it is preferably open it Will not only make a cooler type of device but due to the Circulation of air trough the interstices thereof will not tarnish as quickly as a solid band, as sweat or other moisture is dissipated before it has a chance to collect thereon.

A further object of my invention is to provide a bracelet having a lining of a more attractive and nished appearance than any hitherto provided.

A further object of my invention is to provide an arcuate section simulating ornamental tubing but which may be much more easily manufactured.

If my improved lining be omitted it is apparent that I have provided a still different combination of means for retaining a holding member whether it comprises a hinge means plate or a clasp means plate within the channels of an arcuate section having downwardly extending anges at each edge thereof terminating in inwardly directed'. channel forming ends, which means comprisesv a rolling over or collapsingk the entire side anges including the inwardly projecting ends thereof over the edges` of said holding means plate means to force metal from said sections onto the edges of said plate means, the edges of said plate means being preferably provided with depressions which may consist of serrated edges, or knurled upper or lower surfaces whereby metal from said sections may be forced within said depressions to rigidly secure the plates. of said. holding meansto the respective ends of said sections, and it is thus apparent that said plate means may be attached to ya.. bracelet without the simultaneous attachment of the lining thereto, and it is also apparent that I have provided a structure wherein such a holding means plate means may be securely attached to the arcuate section simultaneously with the. lining.

A further object of my invention therefore is to provide a novel means for attaching a plate means of a holding means to the, ends of an arcuate bracelet or other type of section having the neatness and finished even appearance of being soldered with the possibility of solder spots being entirely eliminated. v

A` further object of my invention is to provide such a means of holding such a holding plate to an arcuate bracelet section, particularly where the edges ofv said holding plate areI provided with depressions adjacent the edges thereof, of greater holding ability than any type of means hitherto provided for this purpose.

Further objects of my .invention whether or not the lining sections or the specic type of holding plates be employed as la portion of the hinge means or clasp means, singly or together, are to provide structures for use in bracelets or other articles of personal use consisting of a relatively small number of simple parts which may be readily manufactured in quantity at great a considerably less cost than analogous types of articles whether or not requiring solder.

These and such other objects of my invention as may hereinafter appear will be best understood of the accompanying drawings which illustrate embodiments thereo Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a bracelet constructed in accordance with the preferred embodiment of my invention in closed position.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view thereof with the sections pivoted to open position.

Fig. 3 is a reverse plan View of the portions 2 of the two bracelet sections in closed position adjacent to the clasp means thereof, a portion of the lining on one of said sections being broken away to show how the plate means is retained in position.

Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken through the embodiment of my bracelet shown in Figs. 1 to 3.

Fig. 5 is a disassembled perspective View of the parts of my improved bracelet shown in Figs. 1 to 4 with the lining in position in the sections and with my improved hinge means and clasp means about to be inserted in the respective ends of said sections prior to rolling over the ends of said sections to secure the parts together in assembled position.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of my invention with my improved lining omitted and wherein the depressions adjacent the edges of the plate means for the hinge means and the similar type of plate means for the clasp means comprise both serrated edges of said plate means and continuously knurled portions on the upper and lower surfaces of said plate means 'adjacent the edges thereof.

Fig. 7 is an'enlarged fragmentary plan view of portions of such a bracelet shown in Fig. 6 adjacent the connecting hinge means thereof with portions of the rolled over end portions of said flanges broken away to illustrate how the metal is forced from said sections within the depressions of said plate means to rigidly secure said plate means to the ends of said sections, the holding power being the result of the multiple interlocking of the depressions with the stock forced into them.'

Fig. 8 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken along the line 8-8 of Fig. 7. v

Fig. 9 is a longitudinal sectional view taken along the line 9-9 of Fig. '7. i

Fig. 10 is a plan view of the improved type of plate hinge means employed in said embodiment shown in Figs. 6-9.

'v Fig. l1 is a reverse plan view of the improved type of plate hinge means employed in said embodiment shown in Figs. 6 9.

Figi; 12 is a plan view of the improved type of clasp means employedin said embodiment shown in Figs. 6-9.

Fig.l 13 is a reverse plan view of the improved type of clasp plate means employed in said embodiment shown in Figs. 6-9.

In the drawings, wherein like characters of reference generally indicate like parts throughout, 40 generally indicates a bracelet constructed in accordance with the preferred embodiment of my invention comprising arcuate sections 42 having linings 44 attached thereto in accordance with the principles of my invention, plate hinge connecting means 46 and plate separable clasp means 48 connected to the respective ends of said sections simultaneously with the ends of said lining sections 44 in accordance with the principles of my invention. Said arcuate `sections 42 are formed from flat stock and have downwardly extending flanges 50 at each edge thereof terminating in inwardly directed ends 52 forming channels 54 between said ends and sections. namental arcuate resilient lining 44 for each of said sections 42 is provided with the flat edges 56 contained within said channels 54 and with an inwardly conveXed-center portion 58 transversely slitted as at 60 at closely spaced longitudinal intervals. Hinge means 46 are provided' for pivotally joining said sections 42 together, said hinge The ormeans comprising hingedly connected plates 51 of substantially the width of said sections having edges 62 fitting within said channels 54 between the end portions of said linings 44 and said sections 42 and having depressions 10 therein adjacent said edges 62. In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1-5, said depressions 10 comprise the serrations 10 in said edges themselves. In said embodiment the separable clasp for the free ends of said sections comprises a clasp plate 48 having an inner end 66 of substantially the width of said section 42 and lining section 44, said plate also having depressions 10 therein adjacent the edges thereof in the embodiment shown said depressions comprising serrations -10 in said edges themselves. Said plate 48 is provided with an outer end 12 projecting from the clasp plate carrying section of the bracelet and having a separable snap connection with the free end of the other bracelet section. In my preferred embodiment shown in Figs.v 1-5, said separable snap connection comprises a resilient tongue 14 projecting from the free end carrying a male notch '16 projecting outwardly therefrom adapted to r engage within a female depression 418 projecting adjacent arcuate section,

outwardly from the said tongue carrying a manipulating finger at the end thereof `adapted to project outwardly between said sections when in closed position. It is thus obvio-us that on inward depression of said Jringer-said tongue 14 may be depressed so as to bring the male notch 16 out of registration with the female depression 18 so as to permit said sections to be pivoted apart. It is again apparent 1nowever that when said sections are brought to a closed position the tongue will be automatically depressed to permit the male notch 16 to resiliently spring within the female depression 16 to secure said sections together. While I have described my preferred type of snap connection it is apparent that any other type of connection may be employed.

In order to secure the ends of the ling sections 44 within said arcuate sections and to simultaneously secure the plate means of both the hinge sections 46 and separable clasp section 48 to thev respective ends of said sections between the respective ends of said sections and the respective ends of said linings, the end p0rtions 82 of the inwardlyprojecting ends 52 of the side flanges 50 of each of said arcuate sections 42 are suitably rolled over to securely clamp said lining 44 to its respective section 42 at each end portion thereof and to force metal 84 from' said sections, namely, either from the body or from the flat edges 56 of said lining sections asv at 6l and 63 respectively into said depressions 10,

in the embodiment shown in Figs. 1-5, the serof both saidhinge plates- 48 to rigidly secure saidl plates simultaneously'with the ends of said lining rations in the edges 51 and clasp plate to the respective ends of said sections, it being obvious that as a result of the multiple interlocking of the portions of thel stock forced into the depressions that the pull the plate means out.

I have shown in Figs. 6-13 embodiments of my invention having identicaly species of plate hinge means and plate separable clasp means but omitting the lining sections, being joined to the ends clasp plates to rigidly secure them to the respeta#l holding power is so in' creased as to make it substantially impossible to;

2,306,317" In the embodiments Figs. 6"v to 13 the de-l tiveends of said sections. ofmy invention shown in pressions adjacent the edges of saidl respective plates and 48 comprise not-only serrations 'I0 in the edges themselves knurlings 70" on the upper adjacent to the edges thereofyandtransverse knurlings lil on thelower surface of said plates adjacent said edges. In the embodiment of my 6-13, or in the eminvention shown in Figs.

bodiment of my invention shown in Figs. l to# 5,

said depressions may comprise serrations illE in their respective edges themselves or knurls 10' on the upper surfaces thereof adjacent said edges, or knurls l0"'on the lower surface thereof adjacent said edges or one orv more of these combined, in the embodiment shown in Figs. 6v`

to 13 all three being combined.

It is apparent, that if I desire to employ the lining sections alone and employ analternative'- type of hinge means and clasp means for joining-said lining sections together to make up aI bracelet, or if I employ said' lined arcuate sections for any other purpose for personal use than in a bracelet that the steps of inserting the plate means of the hinge means and of the clasp means may be omitted and the ends of the lining sections may be secured to their respective arcuate sections by rolling over the end portions of said inwardly projecting ends 52 of said side llanges to similarly clamp said lining sections 44 to their respective arcuate section 42 at each end portion thereof.

It is apparent I have provided a novel type of tube simulating section for use in the manufacture of bracelets and other articles for personal use having a novel type of improved open lining therefor, that I have provided a'novel type of bracelet employing such a lining and I have provided an improved novel type of attaching plate hinge means and plate clasp means which may be attached to the ends of arcuate bracelet sections simultaneously with attaching such a lining to said sections if such a lining be employed and a novel type of means for this purpose if said lining be not employed and improvements in the method of manufacturing and assembling such bracelets or tube simulating structures with the advantage explained above.

It is understood that my invention is not limited to the specific embodiments shown or methods described and that various deviations may be made therefrom without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A bracelet structure, comprising arcuate sections formed from ilat stock having downwardly extending flanges at each edge thereof terminating in inwardly directed channel forming ends, an ornamental arcuate resilient lining for each of said sections having ilat edges contained within said channels and an inwardly convexed center portion transversely slotted at closely spaced longitudinal intervals, hinge means for pivotally joining said sections together comprising hingedly connected plates of substantially the width of said sections having edges having depressions therein fitting within said channels between adjacent end portions of said arcuate sections and said lining, and separable clasp means for the free ends of said sections, comprising a clasp plate having an inner end of substantially the widthof said sections having edges having depressions therein fitting within said channels between the end portions of an arbut also 'transversey surface of said plates c'uate section and its lining and an outer end projecting fromV theclasp plate carrying` section of the bracelet and having separable snap connection` with the free end of another bracelet section, the end portions of said inwardly projectingl ends of said side anges of each of said sections.- being rolled over to securely clamp said lining to its respective section and to force metal from' said sections and lining into the depressions of said hinge andv clasp plates to rigidly secure saidv plates to the respective ends ofsaid sections.

2. A tube simulating structure, comprising an* arcuate section formed fromfflat stock having downwardly extending flanges at each edge thereof terminating in inwardly directed chan-A nel forming ends, an arcuate resilient lining for said section having flat edges contained within said channels and an inwardlyV convexed center portion transversely slotted at closely spaced longitudinal intervals, the end portions of said inwardly projecting ends of said side flanges of said section being rolled over to securely clamp said lining to said section.

3. A bracelet structure; comprisingarcuate sections formed from flat stock hav-ing 'downwardly extending" flanges at each edge thereofv terminating in inwardly directed channel forming ends, an arcuate resilient lining for each of said sections having flat edges contained within said channels and an inwardly convexed center portion transversely slotted at closely spaced longitudinal intervals, and separable clasp means for the free ends of said sections, comprising a clasp plate having an inner end of substantially the width of said sections having edges having depressions therein fitting within said channels between the end portions of an arcuate section and its lining section and an outer end projecting from the clasp plate carrying section of the bracelet and having separable snap connection with the free end of -another bracelet section, the end portions of said inwardly projecting ends of said lianges of each of said sections being rolled over to securely clamp said lining to its respective section and to force metal from said sections and lining into the depressions of said clasp plate to rigidly secure said plate to its respective end of said section.

4. A bracelet structure, comprising arcuate sections formed from flat stock having downwardly extending anges at each edge thereof terminating in inwardly directed channel forming ends, an arcuate resilient lining for each of said sections having fiat edges contained within said channels and an inwardly convexed center portion transversely slotted at closely spaced longitudinal intervals, hinge means for pivotally joining said sections together comprising hingedly connected plates of substantially the width of said sections having edges having depressions therein fitting within said channels between the end portions of said sections and said lining, the end portions of said inwardly projecting ends of said side anges of each of said sections being rolled over to securely clamp said lining to its respective section and to force metal from said sections and lining into the depressions of said hinge plates to rigidly secure said plates to their respective ends of said sections. l

5. A bracelet structure, comprising arcuate sections formed from at stock having downwardly extending flanges at each edge thereof terminating in inwardly directed channel forming ends, hinge means for pivotally joining said sections together comprising hingedly connected plates of substantially the Width ofsaid sectionstting within said channels, said' having edges edges being serrated and at least one of the surfaces of said plates beingknurled adjacent theV at least one of they surfaces-of said plateI being knurled adjacent the edges thereof, and an outer end projecting from the clasp plate carrying section of the bracelet and having separable snap connection with the ree end of the other bracelet section, the knurls being sharply conical in cross-section, the plate carrying end portions of said inwardly projectingends of said side flanges of each of said sections being ,rolled over to force metal from ,said sections intoA the serrated edges and knurled portions of said hinge and clasp plates to rigidly secure said plates to the respective ends of said sections. .v i v 6. A bracelet structure, comprising arcuate sections formed yfrom .flat stock having downwardly extending flanges at each edge thereof a clasp terminatingin inwardly directed channel form ing ends, hinge means for pivotally joining said sections together comprising hingedly connected plates of substantially the Width of said sections having edgesr i'ltting within said channels, at least one of the surfaces of said plates being knurled adjacent the edges thereof, and separable clasp means for the free ends of said sections, comprising a clasp plate having an inner end of substantially the width of said sections having edges fitting within said channels, at least one of the surfaces of said plates being knurled adjacent the edges thereof, and an outer end projecting from the clasp plate carrying section of the bracelet and having separable snap connection with the free end of the other braceletsection, the knurls being sharply conical in cross-section, the plate carrying end portions of said inwardly projecting ends of said side flangesof each of said sections being rolled over to force metal from said sections into the knurled portions of said hinge and clasp plates to rigidly secure said plates to the respective ends of said sections.

EARLE L. MORROW.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3022648 *Aug 20, 1958Feb 27, 1962Leo ThalerVentilated finger ring
US3805548 *Nov 7, 1972Apr 23, 1974Matwijcow JBracelet having two spring-pressed halves
US4879883 *Aug 9, 1988Nov 14, 1989Bruner Mates AOpenable ring with unique locking and release means
US5611144 *May 31, 1996Mar 18, 1997Aurafin CorporationMethod of manufacturing unique jewelry and article formed therefrom
US6675612 *Mar 4, 2002Jan 13, 2004Nanasi Enterprises, Inc.Locking mechanism for bangle and bangle having same
US8905810 *Apr 23, 2010Dec 9, 2014Edward Joseph MucciniPlush writing toy
US20100273391 *Apr 23, 2010Oct 28, 2010Edward Joseph MucciniPlush writing toy
US20120318019 *Aug 5, 2011Dec 20, 2012Ok Ran ChoBracelet
CN101896655BNov 28, 2008Oct 3, 2012G亨齐克公司Temple cylinder, particularly for a weaving machine
EP2134891A2 *Nov 28, 2008Dec 23, 2009G. Hunziker AGTemple cylinder, particularly for a weaving machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification63/7, 29/896.411
International ClassificationA44C5/18, A44C5/20, A44C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA44C5/2076, A44C5/0092
European ClassificationA44C5/20R, A44C5/00D2