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Publication numberUS2307820 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1943
Filing dateFeb 20, 1940
Priority dateFeb 20, 1940
Publication numberUS 2307820 A, US 2307820A, US-A-2307820, US2307820 A, US2307820A
InventorsButters Charles M
Original AssigneeButters Charles M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shadow-line indicator for trimming saws
US 2307820 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

lap. 12, 1943. c. M. BUTTERS 2,307,820

SHADOW-LINE INDICATOR FOR TRIMMING SAWS I Filed Feb. 20 1940 Q 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR wry ATTORNEYS Jan. 12,1943. c. M. BUTTERS SHADOW-LINE INDICATOR, FOR TRIMMING SAWS Filed Feb. 20, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTO RN EYS Patented Jan. 12, 1943 SHADOW-LINE mproa'roa FOR 'mnmvmve saws Charles M Butters, Arlington, Wash. Application February 20, 1940, Serial No. 319,395

Claims. (Cl. 143-468) My present invention relates to the general art of saw mill equipment and more particularly to a shadow-line indicator for trimming saws.

My invention consists of providing means whereby a shadow line can be projected so as to indicate the kerf to be cut by a circular trimming saw of the type commonly used in shingle mills and the like. My equipment uses a flat filament light source and a shadow producing blade which is capable oi adjustment so that it may at all times take care of changes in saws. as to thickness, diameter, and the like. To accomplish this the shadow producing blade is placed between the light source and the work table and is arranged so that it can be adjusted in step with the varying angles that may be assumed by the work table under varying conditions to the end that it will produce a shadow-line that will be exactly the same in position as the kerf of the saw when a cut is made. Then, too, my blade is rotatlve upon its longitudinal axis so that varying widths of shadows can also be provided to take care of conditions as they are encountered. By this means one margin of the saw kerf can be sharply del fined or, by proper adjustment of the blade, the

entire ,extent of the saw keri' can be shown.

The principal object of my present, invention is to provide a shadow-line indicator, for saws and nection with the wherein ll Figure'l is a perspective view showing my device as mounted upon a shingle trimming saw.

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along:

the line 2-2 of Figure 4.

Figure 3 is a bracketed, exploded view showing the various parts used in my shadow producing blade mount.

Figure 4 is aside elevation showing a portion .of a trimming saw together with the pivoted,

holding work table and showing my light source and shadow blade in'proper relationship to the saw and the work table. t 1

Figure 5 is a top plan view of the left handiend' of Figure 4. 1 Y

Figure 6 is a fragmentary elevation taken from the left hand end of Figure 4.

Referring to the drawings, throughout which like reference characters indicatedesignates a circular saw of the type generally used in trimming shingles, and it is with this type of saw equipment that my device is particularly adaptable. However, it is desired to point out that this form of shadow-line equipment mayhave many uses other than trimming shingles.

the like, which is capable of being adjusted so as I to produce a shadow that will give the sawyer'an accurate index to the position of the saw which is temporarily-obscured by the shingle or material that is to be sawed. v

A further object of myinvention is to provide a mounting for my shadow producing blade which will be capable of a sufllcient range of adjustment -so that,.-as the saws are changed or become smallerin diameter throu h use. thus necessitating a change in the angle of the .pivoted work table, my shadow blade can be similarlyadjusted sothat accurate marking of the saw'kerf can be obtained.

Another object of my present invention is to provide means whereby a saw kerf indicating Normally, when it is used in trimming shlngles,.a shingle supporting table, or work table, III is provided, hinged as at l2 to a pivot that is fixed with respect to the sawsupporting frame. l The platform of table Ill is held in the desired position by the tension spring ll, one end of which, as I5, is fixedly secured to a portion of the saw guard or frame and, through post l6 which is secured to the frame, the frame is held in its upper position substantially as indicated in Figure 4. As the saw wears, however, it will be apparent that its position will have to be changed so that the space between the under side of the platform, as viewed in Figure 4, and the outer tips of the teeth will be just enough to assure positive clearance. Table III is provided with slots as I8 so that adjustment may be obtained for table with respect to'the pivot member 20, when proper adjustment has been obtained the securing screws are tightened so as to hold the adjusted position. The upward swing of the table, under urgence-of spring M, is arrested by a tension member as thong I! which may be adjusted and tied as to a washer I 9 which in Win is limited in its movement by ananchor pin Ha. In handling shingles it is normally desired to have. a stop at 2| provided so that each shingle S can be easily placed in an exact position.

Disposed along the side of table l0 andlust accompanying drawings,

like parts, 8

. clear from a study of the various views.

s'ufiiciently far removed from it so that there will be no contact with the same, is the means employed to support one end .of the shadow producing blade 22. In order to provide adequate adjustment for blade 22 my supporting means is provided with the pivot arm 24 and pivot 24a, which normally is reasonably close to pivot i2 so that as the angle of table in is changed, the entire supporting means for blade 22 may also be pivoted so that blade 22 will at all times be substantially parallel to table l when the latter is in its upper position, substantially as shown in Figure 4. Mounted on the pivot member is an upright hinge member 25; this I provide with a longitudinally extending slot 21 to which bracket 28 is secured, preferably by two bolts, so as to assure alignment as well as clamping action. This adjustment permits the operator to have a reasonable vertical adjustment of bracket 28. From a study of bracket 28, it will be noted that it, it-'- self is provided with two parallel slots as 30 and 3| and a transverse slot as 32. The assembly including pivot arm 24, hinged member 26 pivoted thereto, and the bracket 28, comprises a pivoted .bracketsupport unit for fixed attachment to the end of the blade 22.. The parallel slots.38 and 3| provide adjustment for the guard securing member 34 in a manner that it is believed will be Secured to a guard mounting member 34 is the guard backing 36; this in turn is provided with an adjustment slot as 38. The guard proper 48 is secured to backing 36 and, due to the adjustment provided by slots 38, 3| and 38, considerable range or adjustment is possible for guard '48 so that it may at all-times be suiiiciently close to the saw to give adequate security to the operator as he reaches over the saw and, at the same time, definitely to provide, as adjustment takes place, a reasonable clearance from the teeth of saw 8. Adjustably-secured in slot 32 is: the upright support member 42. This member in turn has pivotally secured to it a blade attaching member 44. This latter member is provided with a hole as 45 which accommodates bolt 46 which also passes through opening 41 of the shadow blade 22. With this arrangement it is believed it will be apparent that the blade, at the left hand end as viewed,

may be adjusted laterally and may be rotated about the bolt passing through openings in memto be properly adjusted at all times for varying positions of table ID. This adjustability I obtain by providing a blade attaching member 58 which is pivotally secured as by bolt to blade 22 and in turn member 58 is pivotally secured to the upright pivot member 53. This pivot member is itself in turn hingedly secured to the hinge plate 54. Hinge plate 54 is provided with a longitudinally disposed slot 55 which is adapted to be secured by a suitable bolt as 56 to support bracket 58; Bolt 56 passes through a transversely disposed slot "59 in bracket 58 so that, at this point, it will be seen that the right hand end of blade 22 maybe revolved about its longitudinal axis or may hinge about hinge pin 60 which passes through members 53 and 54 and it is also capable of lateral and longitudinal adjustment by virtue of the right angularly disposed slots 55 and 58. Bracket 58 is in turn secured to the frame bracket 62. This bracket is also provided with a vertically disposed slot at 63 so that bolts 64 may secure members 58 and 62 in adjusted clamped position. the range of which adjustment is a function of the length of slot 63. Bracket 62 is secured as by bolt 65 to frame member 66. The assembly including frame bracket 62, support bracket 58 and hinge plate 54, comprises a fixed bracket support unit for the pivotal attachment for the end of the blade 22, opposite that supported by the pivoted bracket unit.

It has been found desirable to guard the sawyer against the possibility of a shingle being carried around by saw 8 and thrown up in the direction of the operator, or against the possibility of a v shingle, after being sawn and removed by the operator, falling upon the ascending teeth of the saw. This protection has been provided in the guard flange Ill and guard bracket I2. Guard bracket 12 is secured to bracket 58 by means of bolt 13, passing through slot I5 and bolt hole 16. This provides for a transverse adjustment of guard bracket 12 which has the guard shoe portion 11. The other guard flange 10 is adjustably secured to member 12 by means of bolt 88 which passes through the vertically disposed slot 8| of member 12 and the horizontally disposed slot 82 of member 18. It has been found most convenlent to employ, as a clamping means, the wing nut as 84 so that frequent adjustments can be easily made of guard 10.

It is particularly recommended, with this form of equipment, that an electric light 86 of the type employing a filament which lies in a single plane.

be used. Many forms of this type of light are available, such as that illustrated in Figures 1 and 4it being particularly desirable that, the plane of the filament be in the plane of the light beam producing the shadow.

In using my equipment it is normally adjusted in a manner deemed most convenient to the operator using the same. Ordinarily it has been found that if the light is slightly back of the vertical plane of the saw it will be most useful. When so arranged the best lighting is obtained for the sawyer, it being understood, of course, that for best use there should be only one light source around the saw. This form of installation is illustrated in the fragmentary view of Figure 2 in which the light is shown as coming from a point to the left of the saws plane, and this requires the intricate adjusting means for bar 22 so that the bar can be moved bodily and twisted upon its longitudinal axis so as to place the shadow, indicated at 88, exactly where the sawyer wants it, and of a width determined by the amount the blade 22 is tilted from the plane parallel to the light beam. For effecting slight adjustments of light 86, I provide the pivoted support member 81 which is disposed for partial revolution about bolt 88.

It will be understood, it is believed, that for the shadow to be most usable to the operator or sawyer, it should be uniform throughout its length. This, then, requires that the light source be substantially in a vertical plane through the axis of the rotation of the saw, and that blade 22 be parallel to table Ill when the same is in its upper position. It therefore follows, as the saw is regummed or another'saw of different size is used, that after table I8 is adjusted it is then necessary to adjust blade 22 by the means previously described, and whose adjustable features are best illustrated in Figure 3. It is for this reason that it is very important that the two ends of blade 22 be supported on means capable of limited rotation and lateral, transverse, and vertical adjustment, v which my present equipment, as illustrated, fully shows.

The foregoing description and the accompanying drawings are believed to clearly disclose a preferred embodiment of my invention, but it will be understood that this disclosure is merely illustrative and that such changes in the invention may be made as are fairly within the scope and spirit of the following claims.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: e

l. A shadow-line indicator for trimming saws employing a pivoted spring-actuated work table for introducing the work to the saw in such a manner that the saw is concealed, said indicator including a pivoted bracket support unit comprising a hinge member, a bracket adjustably secured to said hinge member, and blade attaching means on said bracket; a fixed bracket support unit in opposed relationship to the pivoted bracket unit and comprising a support bracket, a hinge plate pivoted to said support bracket and blade-attaching means on said hinge plate, means for supporting said pivoted and fixed bracket units above the saw of the trimming mechanism and adjacent the work table, a

shadow blade having greater width than thickness attached to the pivoted and fixed bracket support unit for rotative movement about its longitudinal axis and light means above said blade cooperable therewith to produce a line shadow on an object placed between the shadow blade and the trimming saw.

2. A shadow-line indicator for trimming saws employing a pivoted spring-actuated work table for introducing the work to the saw in such a manner that the saw is concealed, said indicator including a pivoted bracket support unit comprising a hinge member, a bracket adjustably secured to said hinge member, and blade attaching means on said bracket; a fixed bracket support unit is opposed relationship to the pivoted bracket unit, means for supporting said pivoted and fixed bracket units above the saw of the trimming mechanism and adjacent the work table, a shadow blade having greater width than thickness attached to the pivoted and fixed bracket support unit for rotative movement about its longitudinal axis and light means "above said blade cooperable therewith to produce a line shadow on an object placed between the shadow blade and the trimming saw.

3. A shadow-line indicatorfor trimming saws employing a pivoted spring-actuated work table for introducing work to the saw in such a manner that the saw is concealed, said indicator including a pivoted bracket support unit, a fixed bracket support unit in opposed relationship to the pivoted bracket unit and comprising a support bracket, a hinge plate pivoted to said support bracket, and blade-attaching means on said hinge plate; means for supporting said fixed and pivoted bracket units above the saw of the trimming mechanism and adjacent the work table, a shadow blade having greater width than thickness attached to the pivoted and fixed bracket support unit for rotative movement about its longitudinal axis, and light means above said blade and cooperable therewith to produce a line shadow on an object placed between the shadow blade and the trimming saw.

4. A shadow-line indicator for trimming saws employing a pivoted spring-actuated work table for introducing work to the saw in such a manner that the saw is concealed, said indicator comprising a fixed bracket unit and a pivoted bracket support unit, means for supporting said fixed and pivoted bracket units above the saw of the trimmingmechanism and adjacent the work table, a shadow blade having greater width than thickness pivotally attached to the pivoted and fixed bracket support units for rotary adjustment about its longitudinal axis, and light meansabove said blade and cooperable therewith to produce a line shadow on an object placed between the shadow blade and the trim ming saw.

5. A shadow-line indicator for trimming saws employing a pivoted spring-actuated work table for introducing work to the saw in such a manner that the saw is concealed, said indicator comprising a pivoted bracket support unit, a fixed bracket support unit in opposed relationship to the pivoted bracket unit, means for supporting said fixed and pivoted bracket units above the saw of the trimming mechanism and adjacent the work table, a shadow blade having greater width than thickness attached to the pivoted and fixed bracket support units for rotative movement about its longitudinal axis, and light means above said blade and cooperable therewith to produce a line shadow on an object placed between the shadow bladeand the trimming saw. v

CHARLES M. BUTTERS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2515008 *Jan 26, 1946Jul 11, 1950Doughboy Ind IncCutoff saw with line-of-cut indicator
US2543546 *Jan 24, 1944Feb 27, 1951Freeman Co Louis GMachine for decorating parts
US5285708 *May 18, 1992Feb 15, 1994Porter-Cable CorporationMiter saw alignment system
US5375495 *May 18, 1993Dec 27, 1994Porter-Cable CorporationOptical alignment system for circular power saws
US5996460 *Aug 18, 1997Dec 7, 1999Waite; Lance H.Cut line indicator for power cutting material
US6397717Nov 24, 1999Jun 4, 2002Lance H. WaiteCut line indicator for power cutting material
US6578459Jun 3, 2002Jun 17, 2003Lance WaiteMethod for power saw having cut line indicator
US6786124 *Feb 20, 2003Sep 7, 2004Sung Shan Yin HuangMarking device for a table saw
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US20050217445 *Jun 17, 2005Oct 6, 2005One World Technologies LimitedMiter saw having a light beam alignment system
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Classifications
U.S. Classification83/520, 33/443, 101/474
International ClassificationB27B31/06, B27B31/00
Cooperative ClassificationB27B31/06
European ClassificationB27B31/06