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Publication numberUS2307898 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1943
Filing dateJul 24, 1941
Priority dateJul 24, 1941
Publication numberUS 2307898 A, US 2307898A, US-A-2307898, US2307898 A, US2307898A
InventorsOlsen Anders C
Original AssigneeOlsen Anders C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building structure
US 2307898 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. c. OLSEN 2,307,898 BUILDING STRUCTURE Jan. 12,1943.

Filed July 24, 1941 Patented Jan. 12, 1943 UNETED STATES ATENT GFFICE 11 Claims.

This invention relates to building structures and particularly to wall and ceiling constructions.

In the interior constructions of modern buildings, the use of both wooden laths and metal lathing of various types is being rapidly superseded by the employment of panelling,--such as panelling composed of plaster board known as gypsum lath and of relatively soft and porous fiberboard, known as insulating lath,--as a base for the application of the plaster to the wall and ceiling surfaces of the rooms. Such panelling lath has been found superior to the old wood lathing in case of installation, in the elimination of excess plaster, and in permanence anddurability. Although panelling lath may obviously be used in connection with metallic supporting structures or rramework,and the novel features of the invention are adapted thereto,-the invention is illustrated and described herein as applied toan interior construction comprising wooden framing.

Because it is readily available, adaptable, and economical, wood has been and will probably long remain the most common material for the framing of dwelling houses, such framing, of course, including the studs, joists, rafters, and other supporting members. Advantage may thus be taken of the wooden frames and a more fireretarding dwelling also ensured, by the application of gypsum lath or panelling, before applying the plaster to the interior walls and ceilings of such structures. Similarly, where the panelling consists of fiberboard of the character described, a desired degree of heat insulation is obtained.

In order to make the use of this panelling or lathing more convenient, economical, and permanent, the present invention contemplates the provision of certain novel and improved joints and connections between the panels or laths of the surfaces of the interior structure which meet at an angle, especially at the corners of a room between intersecting walls or partitions, or at the line of intersection of a Wall with the ceiling of the room. More particularly, it is an object or" the invention to provide a novel clip or securing element which is adapted to engage the adjacent margins of the panelling or lathing elements at such corners, and to firmly but resiliently hold them in proper position without the necessity of providing any rigid connection, such as driven fasteners, between the lathing and the studs at these particular points. The corner clips or connections are full-floating and resilient, and the elimination of nailing of the lath to the studs at the room corners tends to reduce cracking of the applied plaster. By thus eliminating rigid securing means,,the joists or stud is free to shrink, warp, or twist without setting up any strains in the lathing which would cause the plaster to crack. e

Other objects and features of novelty will be apparent from the following specification when read in connection with the accompanying drawing in which one embodiment of the invention is illustrated by way of example.

In the-drawing:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in perspective of an interior corner of a room, during the application of the lath panelling to the framework;

Figure 2 is a view in horizontal cross-section taken substantially on lin 2-2 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a view in side elevationlookingat right angles toward the plane of the left hand wall shown in Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a view in end elevation of the same wall, looking from right to left as viewed in Figure 3 Figure 5 is a vertical sectional View through the same wall showing the application of a ceiling panel; and

Figure dis a view showing a modified form of clip embodying the invention.

The view in Figure 1 of the drawing shows the corner of an interior construction in which the walls A and B meet at right angles, these walls being represented here by the panels or lathing to which the plaster or other finishing material is later applied. Adjacent the point of intersection of the panelling are position-ed the studs It! and I2, the short faces l4 and I5 of these studs being disposed substantially at right angles and serving to brace the rear surfaces of the panels which respectively make up the walls A and B at the corner. In the illustrated embodiment, ,the several constructional units of the wall A are designated [6 and ll, and the two adjacent units of wall B are marked 58 and Hi. Generically, these units may be of any desired flat stiff materials, but for the specific purposes of disclosure herein they may be considered as panels of gypsum lath which form the base or reinforcing structure of the walls, to which the plaster is applied.

The panels comprising the several wall structures are secured, preferably, by floating attachment means to other studs intermediate the length of the Wall, but are free from any rigid attachment with the studs. As already explained, this permits any shrinking or warping of the studs, due to ageing or variations in conditions of temperature and humidity, to take place without straining the lathing and giving rise to cracks in the plaster. Clips adapted for such floating attachment of the panels to studs intermediate the studs at the corners are described and claimed in my co-pending application Serial No. 254,588

filed February 4, 1939.

In order to maintain the proper angular position of the panels at the intersection of the walls they are resiliently but firmly attached or secured by means of the novel corner clip designated generally by the numeral 20. The clip 20 is equally applicable to abutting panels at the corners of the room between two walls or between the panels of any of the walls and the ceiling, the latter being designated in Figure 5. As applied to the wall panels the clip is best shown in the perspective view of Figure 1. The clip 20 is made of stiff wire and each end is provided with a squared return bend portion 22 providing a leg 23 at each of the extreme ends of the clip and a substantially parallel portion 24 between which the marginal portions of the panels l6 and H are clamped or gripped. From the portions 24 extend inwardly the lengths 25 and from these lengths further extensions 26 are directed outwardly toward but not quite as far as the bends 22. The portions 25 may be curved if desired. The portions 24, 25 and 26 occupy the same plane and each of the loops or bends comprised by these portions constitutes one jaw of the terminal clamping means, to lie snugly against the outer surfaces of the panels l6 and H, the other jaw being provided by the hooked ends 23 which grip the inner surfaces of the panels. From the ends of the portions 26 a central three-sided loop portion 21 extends in a plane at substantially a right angle to the plane of the loops comprised by the portions 24, 25, and 26, and this loop 2! is adapted to press against the outer i. e., the room side, faces of the edge portions of the panels or .laths l8 and IQ of the intersecting wall B.

As seen in Figures 2 and 3, the panelling of the wall A does not extend entirely into abutting relationship with the stud [2 but is spaced therefrom for a distance substantially equal to the thickness of thewire forming the clip 20. However, the distance between the extreme end of the loop portions 22 and the plane of the loop portion 21 should not exceed, although it may be somewhat less than, the thickness of a panel so that the portion 21 may press the panels of wall B firmly against the face of the stud l2. For facilitating the engagement of the terminal clamping portions of the clip with the margins or: the

panels, the legs 23 are preferably of a length such that the free outer ends thereof lie somewhat beyond the portions 25. In Figure 3 the clip is shown applied to the pane1 H, the upper panel I6 about to be applied to the upper clamp of the clip. In Figures 1 and 3, the clip is shown applied along the intersection of walls A and Bat a position such that the loop portion 2'! straddles the horizontal joint between the vertically adjacent panels I 8, l9 thereby to exert the pressing effect on both these panels, while each of the loops comprised by the portions 24, 25 and 26 grips one corner of the adjacent panels l5, I! of the I ing the panels to the studs or other are not necessarily bent at right angles but may form obtuse-angled junctures and thereby spread over :a somewhat greater area of the panels. The bends forming the loops 22 are such that the portions 23 and 24 will become slightly stressed when they are applied to the margins of the panels so as thereby to exert the required clamping action on the panel.

It will be noted that the clip is of a full-floating character, no rigid connections being made between the panels and the studs or other supporting members, such as would be produced by nailsupporting members. This feature, together with the inherent resilience of the material of which the clip is made, produces a corner joint which possesses all of the advantages set forth above.

wall A. It will be understood, however, that if desired the clips may be applied at any position along the intersection, intermediate the joints between the panels of the intersecting wall.

As very clearly shown in Figure 3, the bends of the clip which form the loop 21 and the other loop portions comprising the parts 24, 25 and 26 The application of the clip to the juncture be tween a wall and a ceiling is clearly shown in Figure 5 of the drawing. The clamping loops 22 adjacent the ends of the clip are clearly shown in Figures 1 and 5 of the drawing, as gripping the upper marginal portion of the panel l6 of the wall A and the intermediate loop portion 27 extends at right angle to the panel adjacent the edge, so as to underlie and exert an upward pressure upon the margin of the panel 29 which forms a part of the ceiling C. If desired, however, the clips may be positioned with clamping loops 22 gripping the marginal portion of the panel 29, so that the intermediate loop portion will extend downwardly at substantially a right angle to the ceiling panel and exert pressure on the outer i. e., the room side, face of the panel I 6. The ceiling panel laths may be secured at other portions along the length thereof to the joists of the framework by means of clips of the type shown in my co-pending application above-identified.

In Figure 6, I have shown a modified form of the clip, dififering from the form shown in the other figures in that the terminal clamping loops are bent in a direction such that each of these loops, comprised by the bend 22, leg portion 23 and portion 24, will lie in a plane extending at an acute angle with respect to the adjacent loop' comprised by the portions 24,25 and 2t, and preferably so that the outer ends of the legs 23 will be aligned approximately with the center of the portions 25. This formation of the terminal clamping loops serves to permit each terminal clamping loop to exert a firm gripping action on the panel independently of the other terminal clamping loop, and also by reason of the resiliency of the loops permit them to be used with panels of varying thicknesses, within reasonable limits.

For brevity herein, the term corner as used in the claims is intended to refer to intersections between vertical walls as well as between a ceiling and a wall.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In an interior construction for buildings, in combination, supporting framework disposed adjacent a corner of a room and facing in directions at an angle to each other, panels comprising the wall structures which meet at the corner, said panels disposed in braced contact with the respective framework, and wire clips resiliently holding the said panels at said corners independently of said framework, each of said clips comprising clamping portions extending in generally parallel planes and straddling the marginal portion of the panels of one of said walls, and a portion intermediate said clamping portions extending in a plane substantially at a right angle thereto and bearing against the outer surface of the panels of the other of said walls.

2. In an interior construction for buildings, a corner arrangement comprising a pair of panels meeting at an angle, and a floating clip for resiliently holding the adjacent marginal portions of the panels, said clip having a part clamping the marginal portion of one of said panels and another part bearing against the room side of the other of said panels without clamping the latter.

3. In an interior construction for buildings, a corner arrangement comprising a pair of panels meeting at an angle, and a floating clip for resiliently holding the adjacent marginal portions of the panels, said clip having each of its ends return bent to clamp the marginal portion of one of said panels and its mid-portion provided with an extension bearing against the room side of the other of said panels without clamping the latter.

4.111 an interior structure for buildings, a corner construction comprising a pair of panels the planes of which intersect, and the edges of which are disposed adjacent each other, and a floating clip resiliently holding the adjacent marginal portions of said panels, said clip comprising a wire bent to provide spaced clamping portions at the ends thereof for straddling and gripping the marginal portion of one of the panels, and a looped middle portion bearing against the room side of the marginal portion of the other panel without clamping the latter.

5. In an interior structure for buildings, a corner construction comprising a pair of panels the planes of which intersect, and the edges of which are disposed adjacent each other, and a floating clip resiliently holding the adjacent edge portions of said panels, said clip comprising a wire bent to provide spaced clamping portions at the ends thereof straddling and gripping the marginal portion of one of the panels, said spaced clamping portions each comprising a projecting leg and an open loop portion disposed in spaced relation and receiving between them the margin of one of the panels, and a looped middle portion for bearing against the room side of the marginal portion of the other panel without clamping the latter.

6. As an article of manufacture, a clip for use in fioatingly holding panels at the corners in building structures or the like, said clip comprising a somewhat resilient wire bent to provide hooked ends, a looped central portion, and looped intermediate portions, the plane of the latter being disposed substantially at right angles to the plane of the central looped portion, and the intermediate looped portions each comprising one jaw of terminal clamping means of which the hooked end forms the other jaw.

7. As an article of manufacture, a clip for use in floatingly holding panels at the corners in building structures or the like, said clip comprising a somewhat resilient wire bent to provide intermediate spaced open looped portions occupying a common plane and comprising the body portion of the device, a central open looped portion connecting said first named looped portions and occupying a plane at substantially a right angle to that of the first looped portions, the ends of the wire being bent to form hooks the planes of which are substantially at right angles to both the planes of the intermediate and central looped portions.

8. As an article of manufacture, a clip for use in fioatingly holding panels at the corners in building structures or the like, said clip comprising a somewhat resilient wire bent to provide intermediate spaced open looped portions occupying a common plane and comprising the bpdy portion of the device, a central open looped portion connecting said first named looped portions and occupying a plane at substantially a right angle to that of the first looped portions, the ends of the wire being bent to form hooks the planes of which are substantially at a right angle to the plane of the intermediate looped portions.

9. As an article of manufacture, a clip for use in fioatingly holding panels at the corners in building structures or the like, said clip comprising, a somewhat resilient wire bent to provide intermediate spaced open looped portions occupying a common plane and comprising the body portion of the device, a central open looped portion connecting said first named looped portions and occupying a plane at substantially a right angle to that of the first looped portions, the ends of the wire being bent to form hooks lying on the side of the intermediate loops opposite the central loop.

10. As an article of manufacture, a clip for use in fioatingly holding panels at the corners in building structures or the like, said clip comprising a somewhat resilient wire bent to provide intermediate spaced open looped portions occupying a common plane and comprising the body portion of the device, a central open looped portion connecting said first named loop portions and occupying a plane at substantially a right angle to that of the first looped portions, the ends of the wire being bent to form hooks, the outer ends of which extend inwardly to approximately the center of the respective intermediate loops.

11. As an article of manufacture, a clip for use in floatingly holding panels at the corners in building structures or the like, said clip compris ing a portion bent to provide a clamping portion having jaws for embracing the margin of a panel, and a portion extending laterally in a plane substantially at a right angle to the planes of said jaws, said laterally extending portion being arranged to bear against one side only of the margin of a panel meeting the first-named panel at said corner without embracing the edge of said meeting panel.

ANDERS C. OLSEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2557518 *Nov 5, 1948Jun 19, 1951Simpson John TPocket clip for hearing aids
US2711643 *Feb 24, 1951Jun 28, 1955Robinson Herbert HClip retained lath
US2913209 *Dec 2, 1954Nov 17, 1959Kimberly Clark CoDisplay support
US2945329 *Aug 23, 1955Jul 19, 1960Nat Gypsum CoLathing clips
US2959896 *Aug 15, 1958Nov 15, 1960Nat Gypsum CoLathing corner clips
US3038276 *Jul 11, 1956Jun 12, 1962Butler Charles LBuilding construction
US4569172 *Jun 16, 1982Feb 11, 1986Weinar Roger NInterior corner construction for wallboard, ceiling and partition panel assemblies, and backer clips therefor
US5575131 *Jun 6, 1995Nov 19, 1996National Gypsum CompanyMultiple use corner clip
US5644883 *Dec 15, 1995Jul 8, 1997National Gypsum CompanyMultiple use corner clip
US5724784 *Feb 8, 1995Mar 10, 1998National Gypsum CompanyShaft wall and horizontal metal stud therefor
US5740644 *Jan 28, 1997Apr 21, 1998National Gypsum CompanyWall with horizontal metal stud and reinforcement channel therefor
US5749192 *Sep 13, 1996May 12, 1998National Gypsum CompanyCorner clips for horizonal framing
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/285.3, 52/474, 52/358
International ClassificationE04B2/56
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/56
European ClassificationE04B2/56