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Publication numberUS2308010 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1943
Filing dateAug 2, 1940
Priority dateAug 2, 1940
Publication numberUS 2308010 A, US 2308010A, US-A-2308010, US2308010 A, US2308010A
InventorsEphraim G Horowitz
Original AssigneeEphraim G Horowitz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for folding and closing cartons
US 2308010 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 12, 1943. E, G, HoRQwlTz 2,308,010

APPARATUS FOR FOLDING AND CLOSING CARTONS Filed Aug. 2, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet l e unl" AT RNEY Filed Aug. 2, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Epf/RA/MYd/PoW/fl BY ff/ /p/ A ORNEY Filed Aug. 2, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR FO/wA/M/'lax o w /rz I A ORNEYy Patented Jan. 12, 1943 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS FOR FOLDING AND CLOSING CARTONS 'Ephraim G. Horowitz, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Application August 2, 1940, Serial No. 350,008

16 Claims. (Ci. 93-6) This invention relates to an apparatusfor folding and closing cartons by the selective and automaticfolding of carton iiaps in overlapping and interlocking relationA A further object of my invention is to prov-ide v such apparatus adapted to automatically spread thel slit opening in one flap and insert the tab of the other iiap therein A further object of my invention is to provide fan apparatus for the hygienic packaging of articles in cartons in a rapid, efficient and economical manner. Y

A further object of my invention is to provide an apparatus o this character having novel means for guiding and directing the carton side aps in the operation of the folding and interlocking the same to close the carton.

These and other advantageous objects which in Fig. 1, the'cartons being eliminated in Fig. 3

for thel sake of clarity,

Fig. 4 is'a side elevational view thereof,

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of the carton passing through my apparatus, taken on lines 5-5 of Fig. 6,

Figs. 5a and 5b are fragmentary sectional views showing .the manner of folding the carton an flaps pursuant'to my invention,

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view taken on line 6--6 of Fig. 1 in the direction of the.'

arrows,

Fig. 'I is an enlarged perspective view of a rotatable vane member adapted for luse in my apparatus for folding the end flaps of the carton,

Fig. 8 is an enlarged perspective view ora plate member adapted for use in my apparatus for guiding and directing the carton side naps in the operation oi!l folding and interlocking the same,

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary top plan view taken on lines y9---0 of Fig. 1 in the direction of the Fig. 3 in the direction 'of flaps as the carton is fed through the apparatus for folding and interlocking the same, and

Fig. 15 is a plan view of the carton blank in the form in which it is originally received in the apparatus of my invention.

My apparatus comprises a frame I which is provided with spaced parallel wall members 2 defining a channel C (Figs. 6 and 9) ,for the reception of endless chain or belt members 3 provided with equidistantly spaced carton carrying members 4 having upstanding anges 5 againstI which the end flaps 6-1 of carton 8 abut and provided with projecting fingers I5 on which the carton is positioned as indicated in Fig. 6. The carrying members 4 progressively move the carton through lthe apparatus in the direction indicated by the arrows D in Figs. 1, 3, 6, and 10. The carton 8 is originally inserted in the apparatus of my invention in the form of the blank shown in Fig. 15. which is subjected to an initial operation in one station of the apparatus (not shown) to fold the side flaps 9, I0 and end flanges 6, 'l upwardly as indicated in Fig. 6, positioning the carton in this open position on the ngers I5 and between flanges 5 of a pair of carrying members` 4. The carrying members 4 are secured to the chains 3 and move therewith, carrying the carton to another station (not shown) wherein the upper edge of the side flap 9 and tab I'I of the side flap Ill are respectively received within the inverted channels II, i2 of the channel members I3, I4, respectively,

4 the latter being maintained in spaced relation CARTON CLOSING AND FOLDING MEOHANISM The apparatus for closing and folding the carton is particularly shown in Figs. 1, 3, and 10-14. The channel member i4 is provided with an open end I8, which is directed inwardly toward the channel member I3, the latter having an open end I9 directed outwardly away from the channel member I4 and terminating short of the open end I8 Of the latter. A

An arch member 20 is secured to the frame I l by spacing means 2 I, said arch member spanning the channel wall members 2. Plate 22 is fixed to and suspended from the arch member 20 by any desired or convenient means 23 passing through the plate and arch member. The lower end of the plate 22 has fixed thereto in spaced parallel relation elongated bars 24, having tapered ends and bifurcated ends 26 (see Fig. 8). The open end I8 of channel I4, which is directed inwardly toward the channel member I3, terminates at the arch member 20 (see Fig. l) a rod 21 is fixed at one end 28 (see Fig. 9) to the arch member 20, the rod projecting inwardly in spaced relation `to the end I8 of the channel I4 (see Fig. 1) in the same general plane as end I8. The rod 21 is also downwardly directed (see Figs. 2 and 4) and is provided, intermediate its length, with offset protuberance 29, the free end of the rod being offset downwardly for a purpose presently explained, and terminating at ay point past the medial line of the channel C. The protuberance 29 of rod 21 is offset from rod 21 for engagement with the side flap I0 at a point adjacent the rod proper to further aidl the curling action and preclude buckling of the flap, presently explained. Blade 3I at one end 32 is secured to arch member 20 (see Fig. 9) the blade being inwardly directed toward the rod 21, the free end 33 of the blade terminating short of the medial line of the channel C at a higher plane than and spaced from the rod 21, said end 33 being angularly directed toward the end 30 of the rod 21. A unitary member 34 is keyed to a shaft 35 journalled in suitable bearings and keyed to a sprocket 36 adapted to be rotated by an endless chain or beltl 31. Member 34 is provided with an intermediate Vane 38 and with spaced outer varies 39, the latter having peripheral ribs 40 adapted to freely rotate in the bifurcated ends 26 of bars 24, the juxtaposition of the parts being clearly shown in Fig. 3.

Modus operandi form of a blank as shown in Fig. 15, having end naps 6 and 1 adapted to be folded inwardly by the vanes 38 and 39 respectively of member 34 and 1 side iiaps 9 and I0, having the slit 9 and the tab I1 respectively. The carton 8 is moved through the apparatus in the direction indicated by the arrow D in Figs. 1, 3, 6, and 10, by means of the endless chains 3 to which carrying members 4 are secured, the endless chains 3 being moved by power driven sprockets (not shown) in continuous path through the channel C on frame I. On the initial station (not shown) the carton aps are folded upwardly and the central panel 5l) of the carton is positioned on the projecting lingers I5 of a pair of carrying members 4, the end flaps 5 and 1 of the carton abutting the upstanding` flanges 5 of said carrying members. The carton is carried on the carrying members 4 with the upper edges of side iiaps 9 and of tab I1 0f side ilap I0 respectively received within the channel members I3 and I4. The articles of merchandise to be enclosed in the cartons are positioned therein and the carton is carried along to the station at which the same is foldedand closed pursuant to my invention. I have found, in practice, that the intermittent rather than continuous actuating of the chains 3 is advantageous in permitting independent but simultaneous action to take place at the various stations in the apparatus. This is a matter of convenience to which the invention is obviously not limited. The station indicated in Fig. 6 is that at which the carton has received the merchandise M to be enclosed therein; the carton is folded and closed at the next two stations (from A to B and B to F, Fig. 3) as follows:

First the carton is actuated from position A, Fig. 3 to position B, thus folding the end flaps 6 and 1 (position B of Fig. 3 corresponding to that shown in Fig. 10) and initially bringing the side flaps 9 and I0 into abutment with blade 33 and rod 21.

The member 34 is rotated in the direction indicated by the arrow R, (Figs. l, 4, and 10) the rotation of member 34 being so synchronized relative to the movement of chains 3 that the end flap 6 will intercept the path of rotation of the rotating Vane 38 (see Fig. 5a) when the flap is moved under member 34. As member 34 rotates, the ilap 6 is folded downwardly thereby as shown in Fig. 5a between vanes 38 and 39 and thence to flatly fold same under ends 2E of bars 24. The carton continues its movement under member 34 and when the flap 1 registers with the rotating member 34, the vanes 39 of the latter will have been rotated into position for contacting flap 1 (Fig. 5b). The vanes 39 continuing to rotate, fold nap 1 downwardly as indicated in Fig. 5. The carton is now in the position indicated at B, Figs. 3 and 10. During its movement from position A to position B, not only have the end iiaps 6 and 1 been folded downwardly, but the side flaps 9 and I0 will at the same time have been moved into position shown in Fig. 10 at which they are subjected to their initial curling folding operation. The flap 9, in being moved from the position A, will have been carried out of the open end I9 of the channel I3, and continuing in the direction D to position B, will have been brought into abutment with the blade 3l and therebyl curled toward the ilap IIJ as indicated in Fig. 10. At the same time, the flap I8 will have moved out of the end I8 of the channel I4; end I8 being directed inwardly toward the channel member I3, will have imparted an inwardly curling movement to the flap I0. On abutment with rod 21, the iiap I0 is further curled inwardly and brought into initial overlapping relation with the iiap 9. It will be noted (see Fig. 10) that the tab I1 of flap I0 at .this position abuts the plate 22.

Movement of the carton to the next station (F) from the position B is illustrated in Figs. 11-14, inclusive. It will be noted (see Fig. 1l) that as the flap 9 is carried into further abutment with the blade 3I, th latter depresses the area of the ap adjacent the slit 9 therein; at the saine time the flap I8 continues to overlap the flap 9 and the tab I1 of flap I0 initially overlaps the angularly directed end 33 of the blade 38. The flaps 9 and I0 also fulcrum over the bars 24 of plate 22 as shown in Figs. 10-14.

Continuing the movement of the carton as indicated in Fig. 12, th tab I1 snaps past the end 33 of blade 3I and is contacted by the angularly downturned end 30 of the rod 2'I, which being at a lower plane than the end 33 of blade 3| depresses the tab I1 into initial entry into the slit 9 of the iiap 9.

Continuing the movement of the carton to the position shown in Fig. 13, the tab I1 fully enters the slit 9 and interlocks the naps, the end 30 of the rod 21 holds the naps downwardly in position, and, in collaboration with the angularly 'directed end 33 of the blade 3I, depresses the The carton in the final position of the station 'F is passed under the cam plates 53 and spring fingers I, the latter being normally urged downwardly and having upwardly curled free ends 52 with which the flaps 9 and Il! have abutting relation to further depress and close the naps in their folded position as in Fig. 14, the other ends of said spring ngers 5 I being secured to the frame I by any suitable means to space the same in the channel C at the desired position.

Station F is shown in Figs. 3 and 10. As one carton reaches station F the succeeding carton will be at station B, the relative position of the parts being clearly shown in Fig. 10.

From station F the cartons, which now are lled, closed and sealed, may be ejected from the apparatus in any desired or convenient manner.

In rsum, it will be noted that the movemeni ofthe cartons through my apparatus is in the direction D, the side flaps 9 and I0 being held in their open position by their engagement with the channel members I3 and I4 until the merchandise M has been positioned in the carton. Then the carton is moved to a position at which its end flaps 6 and 1 are folded by member 34 and side flaps 9 and I0 pass beyond the channel members. The blade 3l is interposed in the path of movement of the carton ap 9 and the rod 21 is interposed in the path of movement of the carton flap'l so that on the continued movement of said carton the blade and rod will cause the flap I0 to overlap nap 9, the end 33 of blade 3| depressing the slit area 9 while the end 30 of rod 2l causes the tab I1 of ilap I0 to enter `said slit and interlock the naps. `The invention is intended for the interlocking of members and is adapted for use not only with cartons of the blank form shown in Fig. but also for other cartons and devices to which the apparatus may be adapted.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. An apparatus for folding the upright spaced naps of a carton, comprising a frame provided with means for moving the carton thereon, and a blade and rod secured to said frame and'directed toward each other with their free ends spaced apart in different planes and interposed in the path of movement of said carton for selective engagement by the carton flaps to curl and fold them into overlapping relation as the carton is moved into engagement therewith.

2. An apparatus for inserting the tab of a carton flap into the slit of a complementary carton nap, comprising a frame provided with means for moving the carton thereon, a blade secured to said frame and interposed in the path of movement of the slitted flap, said blade having an angularly directed free endl adapted to depress and open the slit area as the carton is moved into engagement with said blade end, and a rod secured to said frame opposite the blade in the path of movement of the tab flap, said rod being provided with a free, downturned end spaced from the blade and projecting therebeyond and therebelow adapted to depress the tab of the flap' into the slit as the tab is moved into engagement with said rod.

3. An apparatus for folding the upright spaced aps of a carton, comprising a frame, an arch member secured thereto,` a plate medially suspended from said arch member, a blade and rod secured to and projecting from the arch member at opposite sides of the plate, said blade and rod being angularly directed toward each other, and means for moving a carton on the frame and through the arch with the carton flaps passing at opposite sides of the plate, the iiaps being guided, by their engagement with said plate, into selective engagement with the blade and rod to curl and fold the flaps into overlapping relation as the carton is moved past the said plate. blade and rod.

4. In an apparatus for inserting the tab of a carton flap into the slit of a complementary flap, means secured to said apparatus for depressing the slit area, and a rodsecured to said apparatus and provided with a downwardlyv directed end spaced from and terminating at a lower plane than said means, adapted to be engaged by the carton tab flap, to depress the tab into said slit to interlock the flaps as th'e carton tab is moved into engagement with said rod.

5. In an apparatus for inserting the tab of a carton flap into the slit of a complementary flap, means secured Ato said apparatus for depressing the slit area, and a rod secured to said apparatus and provided with a downwardly directed end spaced from said means, adapted to be engaged by the carton tab ap, to depress the tab into said slit to' interlock the aps as the carton tab is moved into engagement With said rod, said rod being further provided with a protuberance offset from the rod adapted for engagement by the flap at a point adjacent the rod proper to preclude buckiling of the tab ap and facilitate the interlocking of the naps.

6. In an apparatus for inserting the tab of a carton flap into the slit of a complementary ap, means secured to said apparatus for depressing the slit area, and a rod secured to saidapparatus l and provided with a downwardly directed end spaced from said means adapted to be engaged by the carton tab ap to depress the tab into said slit to interlock the flaps as the carton tab is moved into engagement with said rod, and cam plates carried by the apparatus and spaced from the said means and rod adapted for longitudinal engagement by the flaps to facilitate the interlocking of th'e flaps.

7. In an apparatus for folding upright spaced flaps of a carton in overlapping relation, a frame,

an arch member secured thereto, a plate se` cured to and suspended from said arch member, bars fixed to the plate in spaced relation to the frame, a pair of members secured to said arch member and directed toward each other above said bars, and means for moving the carton on the frame through the arch member with the flaps of th carton at opposite sides of the plate over the elongated bars thereof adapted to have fulcruming engagement with the bars and to be engaged by said pair of members, to curl and fold them into overlapping relation.

8. In apparatus for folding upright spaced flaps of a carton in overlapping relation, a frame, an arch member secured thereto, a plate secured to and suspended from said arch member, bars ixed to the plate in spaced relation to the frame,

a pair of members secured to said arch member and directed toward each other above said bars, and means for'moving the carton on the frame through the arch member with the iiaps of the carton at opposite sides of the plate over the elongated bars thereof and in engagement with' said pair of members, to curl and fold the naps into overlapping relation, and cam means secured to said frame beyond the arch member and spaced from the elongated bars for complementary action therewith in the folding of the carton aps.

9. An apparatus for folding two pair of flaps of a carton comprising a frame provided with means for moving the carton on the frame in a predetermined path, a rotatable member provided With vanes adapted to selectively engage one pair of naps during the movement of vthe carton on the frame, and a pair of members secured to the frame and directed toward each other and interposed in the path of movement of the carton beyond the rotatable member adapted to be selectively engaged by the other pair of aps to fold the same in overlapping relation.

10. In 4an apparatus for folding upright spaced flaps of a carton in overlapping relation, a frame, an arch member secured thereto, a plate secured to and suspended from said arch member, bars xed to the plate in spaced relation to the frame, means for moving the carton on the frame through vthe arch member with the side aps of the carton at opposite sides of the plate over\t`he elongated bars thereof, and means for engaging lation thereto for the reception of the upper edges of the flaps of the carton, one of said members being provided with an open end directed toward the other member, the latter having an open end directed outwardly away from the flrst'mentioned member, Iand terminating\ short of the open end of the first mentioned member, and means secured to said frame\beyond said open ends for interlocking said naps.

14. In an apparatus for folding upright spaced ila-ps of a carton, a frame, means for moving the carton on the frame, and a pair of inverted channels secured to the frame in spaced relation thereto for the reception of the upper edges of the flaps of the carton, one of -said channels being provided with an open end directed toward the other, the latter having an open end directed outwardly away from the first mentioned channel and a. pair of mem-bers secured to the frame and directed toward each other interposed in the path of movement of the carton beyond the open ends og e" channels, adapted to be selectively engaged by the aps passing through said open ends to the flaps to curl and fold them in overlapping relation on the bars.

11. In an -apparatus for folding vupright spaced flaps of a carton, a frame, means for moving the carton on the frame, and a pair of inverted channel members secured to the frame inspaced relation thereto for the reception of the upper edges of the flaps of the carton, one of said members being provided withA an open end directed toward the other member, the latter having an open encl directed outwardly away from the first mentioned member.

12. In an apparatus for folding upright spaced aps of a carton, a frame, means for moving the carton on the frame, and a pair of inverted channel members secured to the frame in spaced relation thereto for the reception of the upper edges of the flaps of the carton, one of said members being provided with -an open end directed toward the other member, the latter having an open end directed outwardly away from the first mentioned member, and terminating short of the open end of the first mentioned member.

13. In an apparatus for folding upright spaced aps of a carton, a frame, means for moving the carton on the frame, and a pair of inverted channel members secured to the frame in spaced refold the same in overlapping relation.

15. In an apparatus for folding upright spaced flaps of a carton, a frame, means for moving the carton on the frame, a pair of inverted channels secured to the frame in spaced relation thereto for the reception of the upper edges of the flaps of the carton, said channels being provided with open ends, a pair of members directed toward each other, and a plate positioned intermediate and spaced from said pair of members, said pair of members and plate being secured to said frame in spaced relation thereto, in the path of movement of the carton beyond the open ends of the channels, for engagement by the carton flaps ,said' pair of members, said rpair of members and lplate being secured to said frame in spaced relation thereto in the path of movement of the carton for engagement by the carton aps to fold them into overlapping relation as the carton is moved into engagement therewith.

EPHRAIM G. HOROWITZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2649676 *Dec 19, 1947Aug 25, 1953Fmc CorpApparatus for handling cartons
US2842920 *Sep 24, 1954Jul 15, 1958Diamond Gardner CorpCarton closing machine
US3417666 *Apr 6, 1966Dec 24, 1968Diamond Int CorpApparatus for setting up packaging trays
US4254692 *Apr 4, 1980Mar 10, 1981Wm. C. Staley Machinery CorporationHelical folder for paperboard blanks
US4674258 *Feb 24, 1986Jun 23, 1987Winkler + Dunnebier Maschinenfabrik Und Eisengiesserei Gmbh & Co. KgApparatus for inserting items into an enclosure
US6962558 *Feb 17, 2004Nov 8, 2005Dalrymple Bruce HMethod of forming box with gusseted corner
EP0236063A2 *Feb 25, 1987Sep 9, 1987The Mead CorporationFolding method and Apparatus for basket-style article carriers
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/377.2, 493/178, 493/177, 53/206, 53/387.2, 53/377.5
International ClassificationB31B5/36, B31B1/54, B31B1/60, B31B1/36
Cooperative ClassificationB31B1/36, B31B1/54, B31B2201/2691, B31B1/60, B31B2201/60, B31B2201/2637, B31B2203/082, B31B2201/2675, B31B2203/003
European ClassificationB31B1/54, B31B1/36, B31B1/60