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Publication numberUS2308240 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1943
Filing dateApr 19, 1941
Priority dateApr 19, 1941
Publication numberUS 2308240 A, US 2308240A, US-A-2308240, US2308240 A, US2308240A
InventorsEdward S Goodridge
Original AssigneeInduction Heating Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Induction heating device
US 2308240 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

7 E. scoonmnss 2308240 n muc'nou HEATING DEVICE Filed April 19, 1941 INyENTbR EDWARD S. GOODRIDGE Patented Jan. 12, 1943 mnu'orron HEATING DEVICE Edward S. Goodridgc. Port Washington, N. Y., as-

signor to Induction Heating Corporation, New York, N. Y., .acorporation of New York Application April 19, 1941, Serial No. 389,296

8 Claims. (Cl. 219-47) This invention relates to heating arrangements and more particularly to furnaces of the high frequency induction type.

A principal object is to provide an improved induction furnace of the conveyor type.

Another object is to provide an improved construction and shape of field coil for induction furnaces generally.

Another feature relates to an induction furnace having a conveyor or movable platform for carrying'a series of articles through a magnetic induction field, the field being produced by a novel form of field coil whereby the articles can enter and exit from the field without employing a movable coil or flexible connections thereto.

A further feature relates to an improved form of field coil for high frequency induction heaters wherein the end sections of the coil are deflected out of the plane of the coil proper, to produce a predetermined initial and final "soak" or gradation at the beginning and ending of the heat treatment.

of the high frequency induction type wherein the articles are in a direction at an angle to the axis of the coil convolutions while allowing the articles to be surrounded by the convolutions without the necessity of employing a movable coil.

- A still further feature relates to the novel organziation, arrangement and relative disposition of parts which constitute an improved induction conveyor type furnace and an improved field'coil therefor.

Other features and advantages not specifically enumerated will be apparent after a consideration of the following detailed descriptions and the appended claims.

While the drawing is concerned primarily with the field coil in conjunction with theconveyor of a progressive heat treating furnace, only those parts are shown in detail which are necessary to an understanding of the. invention. Furthermore, while the drawing illustrates one particular uration of the articles to be treated and to" suit the distribution of the magnetic fiux desired at various points during the progress of the article through the coil. Accordingly, in the drawing which represents one of many forms which the invention may assume,

Fig. l is a top plan view of the field coil and conveyor unit embodying features of the invention.

Fig. 2 isa front elevational view of Fig. i.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of Fig. 2, taken along the line 3-4 thereof and viewed in the direction of thearrows.

Fig. 4 shows a modification of Figs. 1-3.

Fig. 5 shows another modification of Figs. 1-3.

High frequency induction furnaces may be roughly grouped into two categories, those wherein the article or charge moves along a line which is substantially parallel to the axis of the convolutions of the field coil, and those wherein the article or charge moves at an angle to the axis of the field coil. The firsttype'is open to the objection that the conveyor as well as the charge must pass through the field coil, and if the conveyor or other support contains any conductive parts which are susceptible to the magnetic fiux, this reduces the heating efilciency while unnecessarily heating such parts. The second type enables the field coil to be located in inductive relation to the charge while exerting negligible heating effect on the conveyor support. I-Iowever, since in this second type of furnace the charge 'must be surrounded by the convolutions of the field c oiI,- it is' necessary to provide means to raise and lower the coil in order to make sure that the turns thereof enclose or surround the charge. Heretofore, this has necessitated mechanical arrangements for raising and lowering the coil and also the presence of flexible connections between the high frequency source of supply. and the ends of the coil. These mechanical connections are a source of difficulty and the flexible connections also tend to deteriorate and eventually break, particularly where the coil must be moved to any considerable distance. In ac-' cordance with this invention, it is possible to heat-treat articles by surrounding them with the convolutions of an inductive field coil while maintaining the coil stationary.

Referring to Fig. 1, there is shown a suitable support or track I preferably of non-magnetic material or material which is .not appreciably affected by the high frequency heating field. Supported on the track I in any convenient manner, is a platform or belt 2, which is adapted to be moved in the direction of thearrow either in a step-by-step or in a' continuous manner by any suitable motive source. It will be understood of course that the platform 2 may take the form of any well-known type of belt or endless conveyor.

The articles to be treated are placed upon the platform 2 so as to be carried thereby through the high frequency field. This field is produced by a convoluted coil the main body section 3 of which is substantially elongated and the end sections 4 and 5 of which are bent out of the plane of the body section 3 as shown more clearly in Figs. 2 and 3. By thus bending the end sections of each convolution, it is possible to allow the article or charge 6 to be moved in the direction of the arrow and the inclined character of the end sections enables the charge to enter the coil so that throughout the entire length of the body section 3, it is completely surrounded by one or more complete turns of the coil. If the end sections of the coil were in the same plane as the body section 3, it would be necessary to raise the coil in order to allow the article 6 to enter the field, and thereafter it would be necessary to lower the coil so as to bring the convolutions in the proper coupling with respect to the charge 6. Likewise, at the exit end of the coil, the end turns 5 are bent upwardly at a suflicient angle to enable the article or charge 8 to emerge from the field without changing the position of the coil, Preferably, the coil is made from metal tubing such as copper or the like which is adapted to be connected to a source of cooling medium such as cool air or water which can continually circulate through the coil as is well-known in the art. It will be understood of course that the terminals of the coil are connected by conductors 1 and 8 to any suitable source of high frequency current.

The deflected ends of the coil convolutions in addition to enabling the charge to enter and leave the field while maintaining the coil stationary, also have the advantage that a graduated heating effect is produced at both the entrance and exit ends of the device. Thus as shown in Fig. 2 at the entrance end, the coupling between the charge 6 and the field of the coil is much less than the coupling existing therebetween when the charge is within the body section 3 and enveloped thereby. By proportioning the off-setting or inclination of the end sections, it is possible therefore to graduate the heating effect between any desired limits prior to subjecting the charge 6 to the maximum heating effect of the main or body section 3. Likewise, at the exit end by providing a predetermined ofiset to the end sections 5, it is possible to graduate induction in the heating effect as the charge leaves the coil. It will be understood of course that the individual poles or convolutions of the coil are spaced apart from each other so as to prevent short-circuiting therebetween.

While Figs. 1 to 3 show a field coil wherein all the convolutions are in the same vertical plane, it will be understood that one or more of the convolutions may be offset inwardly or outwardly with respect to the remaining convolu tions so as to form to the general shape of particular articles to be heat-treated. Thus, as shown schematically in Fig. 4, the coil is shown in section with six separate convolutions, it being understood of course that the ends of each convolution are offset or bent upwardly in the manner illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. However. in this embodiment, the convolutions 9 and II are offset inwardly with respect to the remaining convolutions so as to be in approximately the same coupling ratio with respect to the reduced or neck section II of the charge I! as the coupling which exists between the remaining convolutions and the corresponding larger portions of the said charge. From the foregoing, it will be clear therefore, that the cross-sectional configuration of the coil throughout the main or body portion}, may be given any desired shape in conformity with the shape of the article being treated. It will be understood of course, that while Figs. 1 and 2 show the coil disposed so that the axis of the convolutions is vertical, the coil may be located so that the said axis is horizontal or in any other angular position providing the end sections of each convolution are offset sufiiciently to enable the charge or any projecting portion thereof to enter the coil while the latter is stationary.

Instead of employing a longitudinal conveyor and a straight-sided field coil, it will be understood that the invention can also be applied to rotating platform conveyors in which event the field coil instead of being straight-sided will be arcuate in shape. 'Such an arrangement is shown in Fig. 5 which represents a top-plan view of a platform I! the shaft I l of which is rotated by any suitable means, and this platform carries at spaced intervals around its periphery a series of articles ii to be subjected to the high frequency field. The field coil I6 is elongated and is similar to the coil of Fig. l with the exception that the main or body section of the convolutions is arcuate to correspond with the circumferential path travelled by the articles l5 as the platform rotates. In this embodiment of course, the ends of the coil I6 are offset vertically to enable the articles to enter and leave the field coil while the latter is stationary.

While certain specific embodiments have been disclosed and described herein, it will be understood that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, while the coil has been illustrated with both ends inclined or offset with respect to the main body section, it will be understood that certain advantages of the invention may be obtained where only one end of the coil is offset. Thus the entrance end of the coil may be offset and the rest of the coil may be substantially fiat in which event the articles may be dropped off the conveyor before they engage the non-offset end of the coil. Likewise, while the drawing shows the coil provided with the ends inclined at one particular angle, it will be understood that this inclination may be any angle desired consistent with the desired graduated heating effect and with the necessary clearance at the entrance or exit ends as above described.

What I claim is:

1. A unitary field coil for induction heating comprising a conductor shaped to form at least one substantially complete convolution to receive and inductively surround an article to be heated while the article is passing therethrough, the end sections of the convolution being bent out of the plane of the convolution so as to enable the article to enter and leave the coil at opposite ends in a uni-directional motion while completely surrounding the article durlng its motion and without moving said coil.

2. A field coil for induction heating compris ing at least one complete convolution having only the end sections bent at an angle to provide a graduated induction effect at said end sections on a charge moving at an angle to the convolution axis, and to provide at opposite ends a clear entrance and exit for the charge while the coil is maintained stationary.

3. A field coil for induction heating comprising a plurality of superposed helically wound convolutions having an elongated main body section terminating in end sections, said end secthe axis 01 the convolutions to enter the coil ireely at one end, to exit freely from thecoil'at the opposite end while being enveloped by said convolutions without moving the coil, said end sections surrounding the charge in substantially the same inductive sense as said main section.

4. A field coil ior induction heating devices comprising a plurality of superposed helically wound elongated convolutions, the turns of the convolutions at one end being inclined with respect to the main body portion thereof and one or more turns oi the main body section being oliset inwardly to conform to the contour of an' article to be passed through said coil for heating.

-5. An induction heating device comprising a platform for supporting articles to be heated, an induction fleld coil having at least one convolution with its magnetic axis extending toward the platform, said coil being stationary with respect to said platform, said platform being arranged to carry said articles in succession through the turns 01' said coil to be enveloped thereby, the

end sections of said coil being oflset to extend away from said platformto provide at oneend of the coil a clear entrance path for the entrance of the articles into the coil and at the opposite end a clear exit path for the articles while the coil is stationary.

6. A field coil for induction heating comprising a conductor having parallel elongated sides and inclined ends, said sides and ends constituting at least one continuous inductive loop with the ends adapted to surround an article in the same inductive sense as the sides, the said inclined ends proving for the article clear entrance and exit paths respectively at opposite ends of the coil while the coil is maintained stationary.

'7. .A unitary field coil for induction heating comprising a helically wound coil with the convolutions elongated in the direction of movement of a charge therethrough, the end sections being

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2439517 *Nov 10, 1945Apr 13, 1948Western Electric CoInduction heating apparatus
US2459971 *Aug 30, 1945Jan 25, 1949Induction Heating CorpInductor for high-frequency induction heating apparatus
US2467201 *Jun 18, 1945Apr 12, 1949Gen ElectricHigh-frequency induction heating coil
US2482734 *Mar 3, 1945Sep 20, 1949Sylvania Electric ProdApparatus for annealing composite glass articles
US2495193 *Jun 15, 1946Jan 17, 1950Westinghouse Electric CorpInduction heating apparatus
US2620432 *Nov 30, 1949Dec 2, 1952Republic Steel CorpInduction heating
US2937017 *Nov 8, 1957May 17, 1960Westinghouse Electric CorpApparatus for heating metal articles of irregular shape
US3251976 *Dec 6, 1963May 17, 1966Ohio Crankshaft CoApparatus and method for heating reduced portions of adjacent workpieces
US3846609 *Nov 29, 1973Nov 5, 1974Park Ohio Industries IncInductor for inductively heating elongated rotating workpiece
US4859823 *Sep 16, 1988Aug 22, 1989Ajax Magnethermic CorporationElectric induction heater
US6940056 *Oct 9, 2003Sep 6, 2005Visteon Global Technologies, Inc.Induction heat treatment method and coil and article treated thereby
US20050077289 *Oct 9, 2003Apr 14, 2005Mark ChristofisInduction heat treatment method and coil and article treated thereby
U.S. Classification219/653, 219/674, 65/DIG.400
International ClassificationH05B6/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S65/04, H05B6/103
European ClassificationH05B6/10A2