|Publication number||US2308840 A|
|Publication date||Jan 19, 1943|
|Filing date||Aug 2, 1940|
|Priority date||Aug 2, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2308840 A, US 2308840A, US-A-2308840, US2308840 A, US2308840A|
|Inventors||Engel John B, Krueger Albert G, Slye Norman J, Vaughan Frank P|
|Original Assignee||Bay West Paper Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 19, 1943. F. P. VAUGHAN EIAL WEB DISPENSER Filed Aug. 2, 1940 ZSheets-S'neet l ATTORNEY;
Jan. 19, 1943. F. F VAUGHAN ETAL 2,308,840
WEB DI SPENSER Filed Aug. 2, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 A4 6 4, AM
Patented Jan. 19, 1943 UNITED STATES PATENT @FFICE.
WEB DISPENSER Frank P. Vaughan, Albert G. Krueger, Norman J.
Slye, and John B. Engel, Green Bay, Wis., assignors to Bay West Paper Company, Green Bay, Wis, a corporation of Wisconsin Application August 2, 1940, Serial No. 349,866 6 Claims. (o1. 242 -552) This invention relates to improvements in web dispensers, having particular application to dis pensers for paper toweling.
An important object of the invention is the provision of a novel and improved dispenser back construction in which, regardless of specific details of the dispenser mechanism, the roll from which the web is dispensed is guided in a pivotally movable mount and lowered progressively as the dispensing progresses, there being an arrangement whereby the lowering of the mount in accordance with the consumption of the web automatically gives an indication of the extent towhich the cabinet is full or empty.
A further very important object of the invention is to provide means for frictionally opposing the rotation of a roll from which a web is dispensed whereby to prevent overrun, while at the same time providing novel and improved means for locking the end cap of the roll core to the irictionally retarded mount to prevent accidental displacement under the tension resulting from the application of friction during the dispensing of the web.
A further object of the invention resides in the provision of a novel and improved mount for facilitating the replacement of used rolls with new rolls and using that portion of the cabinet in which the dispensing mechanism proper is housed as a means of holding the roll mount in operative engagement with the roll during the dispensing operation.
Other objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the following disclosure of the invention.
In the drawings:
Fig. i is a View partially in side elevation and partially in section showing a dispensing cabinet embodying this invention as it appears in its open position with the cabinet proper swung dovmwardly upon its pivotal connection with the back.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary detail view in side elevat-ion showing the cabinet closed in position for use.
3 is a fragmentary detail View in front elevation of the cabinet back as it appears when the cabinet proper is swung downwardly to the position shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section through the back and ax "y through a roll core mounted therein.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary detail view in perspective on an enlarged scale showing separated the opposing complementary faces of the end of a roll and the mount with which the end cap is adapted for association.
Fig. 6 shows in opposite side elevation the complementary faces of the roll mount and end cap.
Like parts are identified by the same. reference characters throughout the several views.
The back member '5 is screwed or otherwise fastened to the wall or suitable support to sustain the weight of the apparatus. It is provided with narrow sides 8 and 9 and a shallow bottom wall at H) to which at H is pivoted the case l2. The case may be swung downwardly about its pivot to the position shown in Fig. 'l to permit the replacement of a roll of material to be dispensed. Alternatively the case l2 may be swung upwardly into connection with the back T in the position in which it appears in Fig. 2.
The mechanism which actually dispenses the web from the roll hereinafter to be described, is mounted in the case l2 and need not be referred to in detail. It include a dispensing roll I4 which may be manually operated by crank l5. In the particular device disclosed an intermediate roll It is carried by bracket arm I! from the back structure I in a position such as to be engaged by the dispensing roll l4 when the case I! is swung to its closed position shown in Fig. 2. The intermediate roll at l5 may be omitted if de sired. If used, it provides direct support for the rolled web 28 of material which is to be dispensed.
If roll 16 is omitted the roll of web material 29',
will rest directly upon the dispensing roll M.
The roll 2!! is provided with a tubular core 2| (Fig. 4). The end of the core 2! at the right hand side of Fig. 4 is open to receive a boss 22 formed at the free end of the hinged portion 23 of an arm 24 which is fulcrumed at 25 to the back structure '5. The short side 3 of the back structure is so reduced in extent at 26 that when the arm 24 is swung upwardly about pivot 25 into registry with portion 26, the end portion 23 of such arm will swing outwardly upon its hinged connection to the position shown in Fig. 3. The arm is preferably provided with a leaf spring 29 biasing the end portion 23 of the arm toward its outward position.
At the opposite side of the end structure in pivotal connection at 30 with the side 9 thereof, is another arm 3| upon the free end of which is a shallow cup 32 rotatable upon the rivet 33 and pressed by spring washer 34 into frictional engagement with the arm 3! in opposition to such rotation. The shallow cup-shaped member 32 constitutes a mount for the reception of the end dispensed therefrom. In order that the roll as the arms provides openings into the beads 44 to receive the somewhat longer prongs ll of the mount 328. Mount 32||is pivoted on a rivet 333 under pressure of a spring washer 340 in the same manner as mount 32' shown'in Figs. 4 and-5.
Motion is transmitted to mount 320 from end cap 358 in the "same way, and frictional resistance developed by friction between'the mount. andits supporting arm is imparted to the core in the V same manner.
'vent the overrun of the roll as'the web is a whole may benefit by the frictional braking ac-.
tion above described, it is necessary to provide some positive driving connection betweenthe roll, the P s (IO-Operate ec lycore 2| and thecup-shaped mount 32. 'Thisis done in the following manner.
The, end cap generically designatedby reference character 35 comprisesan annulus 31 vabuti ting the outer face of roll 28 as best shown in Figs. 4 an'd'5. In the inner periphery of annulus 31 is a bead 38 of which the outer diameter corresponds to the inner diameter of the cup-shaped portion of the rotatable mount 32 so that these parts nest telescopically as shown in Fig. 4. At suitable intervals about the inner periphery of bead 38 are arms 39 projecting into the interior of the core 2| to maintain theend cap in connection with the core and the roll. As shown in Fig. 5, each of the arms 39 is provided with a beveled cut at 48 to provide openings into which the prongs 4| carried by the mount 32 are receivable.
prongs 4H) and 4| are in each case carried by the'mount rather than the end cap, this being important for several reasons. In the first place,
In the second place, there isless danger of injury to the operator than would be the case if the prongs projected from the end cap. .Finally, from the standpoint of economy it is much less expensive 5 to form the prongs once for each cabinet than it WOllldjbE to. provide separate forming opera;
tions on every end cap to be used therein, the
7 end caps usuallybeing discarded with the'cor'es These prongs may be struckup integrally from friction developed between the mount and the arm upon which itis pivoted. i
Not only are the parts so interlocked as to re- 7 quire the mount to'partake of the movement of the core. but, in addition, the inclination of the prongs 4| is such that so long as the parts are subjectto the pressure developed in=the dispensing ofthe web they'will also resist separation in an axial direction. But for this arrangement there might be some tendency'for the parts to cam upon each other in a direction tending to separate them axially under the tension produced when the roll of'web thereon is exhausted.
"Connectedwith'the-hinged portion 23 of the roll mountlngjarm ,24-is an end plate upon which there is formed a diagonal rib at 46. In
the side of case I2 is a. slot'4llthrough which the rib 46 is visible in the various positions of arm portion 23 as the web is consumed from roll 20," 7
Thus the movement of the'rib across the slot from front to rear indicates the progressive use of the web between the full 'roll and the empty core. To facilitatethe use of thisfeature in an indicator one end of the slot .41 bears the desig-i nation full and the otherend bears the deslge nation empty.
Assuming that one roll has been consumed, the case|2 isswung downwardly upon its pivotal,
403 connection at l' withthe back structure I, thus I wall 8 as shown in Fig. 1.
exposing the empty core and the core. guiding arms 3| and 24,23. Notwithstanding the withdrawal of the case the pivoted portion 23 of arm 24 cannot swing outwardly, being held by the side However, if the core is 3|, 24 are swung upwardly to register the hinge 28 with the cut away portion.26 of the side 8 of the back structure 1, the leaf spring 29 will force 0: open the hinged portion 23 0f arm24, therebywithdrawing the boss 22 from ing the core for removal. I V
A core carrying a full roll 28 and provided with an end cap '35 or 358 is now brought into posithe core and freetion in registry with the frictional mount on arm by the withdrawal of the web and the retarding friction of the mount. Due to the inclination of theprongs and the bevel of the notches 48 in' the end cap, the greater, the stress which must be transmitted from the core to the mount the greater is the interlocking engagement against axial separation. 1
In the construction shown in Fig. 4 and Fig.5 the portion3lof the end cap is a complete annulus and the arms 39 provide a discontinuous'surface within the core. In the construction shown in Fig. 6 the end cap 350 is so devised that the sleeve portion 42 receivable within the core is the.
only portion of the device which constitutes a complete annulus. i
Fromsleeve 42 project arms 43; corresponding portions 4410f which provide a bead engageable within the shallow cup-shaped form of the mount here shownat 320. The ends of the several arms 43 abutthe'face of the roll and the space between;
3|, such arm being held up by the fact that the other hingedly movable armportion 23' is overlyingthe side wall 8 of the back structure.
The cut away portions of the end cap are ma- 1 r G nipulated into the cup-shaped mount 32 or 328 in such manner that :the. prongs of the mount enter the relieved portions of the end cap in inbias of spring 29, and the mounted roll is then lowered to a position where it rests either on the idler IE or the dispenserroller l4. Ineither case the swinging arm portion 23 will now be engaged within the side 8 of the back structure I. Consequently the roll will be held in proper dispensing position. The swinging of the case l2 upwardly to the position shown in Fig. 2 encloses the parts and brings the dispensing scale represented by the length of slot 41 into operative relation to the i It is characteristic of both devices that the grasped and the arms 7.
dispensing indicator as represented by the rib 46.
As successive portions of the web are dispensed by the rotation of the feed roller l4, the size of roll will decrease and the weight of the roll will cause it to swing downwardly about the pivots provided at and for the respective arms. The weight of the roll is borne at all times by the dispensing feed roller M (or the interposed idler l6). Consequently, as the size of roll 20 decreases the arms will pivot downwardly, thus moving rib 46 across the dispensing scale rep-resented by the length of slot 41 toward the indication showing that the case is empty.
1. In a web dispenser, the combination of a housing having a relatively fixed back wall, a support for rolls of paper webbing comprising arms pivoted to the back wall and provided with core engaging members, a roll supporting core normally engaged by said members, one of said arms being intermediately hinged to permit withdrawal of its associated member from the core, a flange on the back wall normally preventing core releasing movement of the hinged section and having a reduced portion permitting such movement when the arms are in one position of swinging adjustment, complementary housing walls movable away from the back wall to open the cabinet and provided with a manually operable dispensing roller adapted to support the roll of paper webbing when said movable housing walls are closed upon the back wall.
2. In a web dispenser, the combination of a housing having a relatively fixed back wall, a support for rolls of paper webbing comprising arms pivoted to the back wall and provided with core engaging members, a roll supporting core normally engaged by said members, one of said arms being intermediately hinged to permit withdrawal of its associated member from the core, a flange on the back wall normally preventing core releasing movement of the hinged section and having a reduced portion permitting such movement when the arms are in one position of swinging adjustment, complementary housing walls movable away from the back wall to open the cabinet and provided with a manually operable dispensing roller adapted to support the roll of paper webbing when said movable housing walls are closed upon the back wall, one of said movable housing walls being slotted to expose one of the core supporting arms, and said arm having an indicating device visible through the slot for indicating the degree of paper web withdrawal.
3. In a dispenser cabinet for rolled paper webs having relatively fixed and movable walls, roll supporting arms pivotally connected with the relatively fixed wall, one of said arms being provided with a hinged section and a spring urging said section toward roll releasing position, and a flange on said relatively fixed wall normally holding said hinged section in roll supporting position, said fiange having a narrow portion of less width than the distance between the arm pivot and its hinge, said narrow portion being in a position for registry of the arm therewith when the arm is in its extreme raised position, whereby the spring may automatically swing the hinged portion of the arm outwardly when in registry with said narrow portion of the flange.
4. In a dispenser for rolled strips of paper and the like, the combination of a cabinet provided with a supporting back wall having housing walls hinged thereto and adapted to swing to a position exposing the interior face of the back wall, roll carrying guide arms in pivotal connection with the back wall and adapted to engage between them a roll supporting core, a manually operable dispensing roller carried by the housing walls in a position to lift and support the roll when the housing is swung to normal closed position on the back wall, said roll and its guide arms being adapted to move downwardly by gravity as the diameter of the roll is decreased by withdrawals therefrom, one of the side walls of the housing being provided with a slot exposing one of the guide arms and said guide arm having a marker extending transversely across the area of the arm exposed through the slot in a position to move from one end of the slot to the other as the diameter of the roll decreases, whereby to indicate the extent to which the material of the roll has been dispensed, without exposing any portion of the roll to access through said slot.
5. In a dispenser cabinet for rolled strips of paper and the like, the combination of a supporting wall having its side margins provided with pivotally connected roll carrying guide arms having mountings adapted to receive between them a rotary roll supporting core, a complementary housing member pivoted to the bottom portion of said supporting wall and adapted to swing downwardly therefrom to a suspended position, a manually operable dispensing roller journaled in the housing portion and adapted to swing with it into supporting relation to a roll of paper webbing carried by the core, and means for preventing said roll carrying guide arms from spreading and releasing the core when the housing is in normal relation to the back wall, one of said guide arms being adjustable to :a core releasing position when the housing is swung downwardly on its pivotal connection with the back wall.
6. In a dispenser cabinet for rolled strips of paper and the like, the combination of a supporting wall provided with pivotally connected roll carrying guide arms having mountings adapted to receive between them a rotary roll supporting core and to swing downwardly with the roll by gravity, a second set of arms pivotally connected with the supporting wall below the roll carrying arms, a pinch roller journaled between the arms of the second set, means for resiliently urging the pinch roller in a downward direction, a complementary housing member pivoted to the bottom portion of said supporting wall and adapted to swing downwardly therefrom to a suspended position exposing the roll carrying arms and pinch roller, said housing being adapted to be manually swung upwardly against the supporting wall to conceal the roll and pinch roller, and a manually operable dispensing roller journaled in the housing and adapted to swing with it into lifting relation to the pinch roller and the roll to be dispensed.
FRANK P. VAUGHAN. ALBERT G. KRUEGER. NORMAN J. SLYE. JOHN B.'ENGEL.
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|US2576526 *||Sep 16, 1949||Nov 27, 1951||Marchand Adolph||Holder for toilet tissue rolls|
|US2601956 *||Nov 3, 1948||Jul 1, 1952||American Linen Supply Co||Towel dispensing apparatus|
|US2711860 *||Oct 3, 1952||Jun 28, 1955||Towlsaver Inc||Means for removably supporting rolls of material in dispensers|
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|US3127121 *||Oct 12, 1959||Mar 31, 1964||Babin|
|US3418029 *||Aug 12, 1966||Dec 24, 1968||Philip A Wooster||Cabinet for dispensing paper toweling in roll form|
|US5875985 *||Sep 8, 1997||Mar 2, 1999||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Indented coreless rolls and method of making the same|
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|US6092759 *||Aug 24, 1998||Jul 25, 2000||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||System for dispensing coreless rolls of product|
|US6138939 *||Jun 25, 1999||Oct 31, 2000||Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Coreless adapter for dispensers of cored rolls of material|
|US6145779 *||Sep 23, 1999||Nov 14, 2000||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Dual roll transfer dispenser|
|US6360985||Apr 23, 1999||Mar 26, 2002||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Dispenser adapter for coreless rolls of products|
|US6439502||Sep 8, 1997||Aug 27, 2002||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Dispenser for coreless rolls of products|
|US6554158||Jan 31, 2001||Apr 29, 2003||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Apparatus for dispensing rolled sheet material|
|USD428286||May 29, 1998||Jul 18, 2000||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide||Dispenser adapter for coreless rolls of products|
|U.S. Classification||242/564.4, D19/67, 242/596.3, 242/596.8|
|International Classification||A47K10/32, A47K10/24|