|Publication number||US2309279 A|
|Publication date||Jan 26, 1943|
|Filing date||Aug 2, 1940|
|Priority date||Aug 2, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2309279 A, US 2309279A, US-A-2309279, US2309279 A, US2309279A|
|Inventors||Robert L Smythe|
|Original Assignee||Line Material Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jam 26, 1943. R. L. SMYTHE HINGE AND LATCH DEVICE 7 Fi led Aug. 2. 1940 ATTORNEY.
Patented Jan. 26, 1943 HINGE AND LATCH DEVICE Robert L. Smythe, Milwaukee, Wis., assignor to Line Material Company, Milwaukee, Wis., a corporation of Delaware Application August 2, 1940, Serial No. 349,909
4 Claims. (Cl. 16-179) This invention relates to improvements in hinge and latch devices.
Luminaires, especially closed type street lighting luminaires, commonly comprise a hood which houses an electric lamp socket, a reflector mounted in any convenient manner in the hood, and a glass globe secured to the reflector.
When the lamps are damaged they are replaced by moving the globe to unlatched position. Such work is performed at times by the workman standing on the ground, at a distance from the luminaire greater than arms length. When the globes are damaged or require cleaning the damaged globes are replaced or the tarnished globes are cleaned.
To facilitate this work it is necessary to provide a proper attaching device by which the globe is easily moved by means of an operating stick to a position where the damaged lamp may be replaced. damage by the globe to the reflector gasket during the globe closing operation. It is further desirable to secure uniform pressure at all points between the globe and the gasket both during and after the globe latching operation.
Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide for a street lighting luminaire, hinge and latch devices each pivotally mounted on the reflector for movement in a direction approximately parallel to the vertical axis of the unit,
which movement is adapted to compensate for dimensional variations between the cooperating parts of the luminaire, thereby insuring proper alignment between the reflector and the globe in its closed position and prevent damaging stresses and strains on the luminaire parts.
Another object is to provide biased hinge and latch devices adapted to allow automatic adjustment between the globe and reflector and insure uniform contact of the parts and positive sealing of the unit.
Still another object is to provide a latching device biased into locking position and acting in an approximately parallel direction relative to the vertical axis of the luminaire to insure proper sealing relationship between the globe and re flector.
A further object is to provide a hinge device which is cammed in a direction parallel to the vertical axis of the luminaire during the last few degrees of the globe closing operation, thereby moving the globe into position without tearing or crimping the gasket.
A still further object is to provide a hinge device comprising a pair of separable elements.
It i also desirable to eliminate any which may be readily manipulated to facilitate removal of the globe from the unit in an easy and quick manner.
Yet another object is to provide an automatic latch device having a combined camming and latching portion so arranged as to provide a con tact between the globe and reflector, which is progressively increased as the latch moves to locked position, thereby insuring positive sealing action between the parts and facilitate replacement of parts at a distance from the luminaire greater than arm's length.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary view, partly in section, of a closed type street luminaire embodying the improved hinge and latch devices.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged side view, partly in section, showing the hinge device.
Fig. 3 is a view taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged side view, partly in section, showing the latch device.
Fig. 5 is a view taken on the line 5 -5 of Fig. 4.
Like parts are designated by the same refer.
ence numerals throughout the several views.
Fig. 1 shows. fragmentarily, a closed type street luminaire comprising a hood (not shown) to which a reflector I is attached (attachment not being shown) in any convenient manner. A glass globe 2 is secured to the reflector l by means of a hinge device designated generally by the numeral 3, a latch device designated generally by the numeral 4, and the globe band 5.
The reflector l is provided at its lower end with a flange 6. A reinforcing angle ring I, having a horizontal portion 8 and a vertical portion 9, is mounted within the flange and held therein by spinning the lower end of the flange over the ring at III. A cork gasket H is secured in any convenient manner, as by glue, to the under side of the ring portion 8.
The globe band 5 comprises a single length of suitable thin gauge, flat metal provided with a latching prong l 2 secured to the band in any convenientmanner, as by counter-sunk rivets not shown.
The prong I2 is provided with a camming surface l3 having a series of arcuate portions M which provide a plurality of locking notches IS, the function of which will be described hereinafter.
The free ends of the band are each provided with a cam-like pivot l6 integral with a supporting structure I! secured to the band ends by any convenient means as by countersunk rivets (not shown).
It may be noted that each cam-like pivot I6 is formed to provide two pivot bearing surfaces 18 and It. The forward pivot bearing surface I8 has a greater radius of curvature than the pivot bearling-surface l9 immediately to the rear thereof. Apertures 20 extend through the pivots l adjacent the bearing surface l8 in axial alignment with each other and receive .therethrough a bolt 2| adapted to hold the band 5 in place about the globe 2 by drawing the free ends of the globe band toward each other and at the same time adapted to facilitate mounting of the cam-like pivots in the pivot housing 22.
The pivot housing 22 comprises the lower part of the hinge casting 23. The housing 2.2 is provided with a cam-like opening 24 extending therethrough and adapted to provide a bearing surface 25 upon which the cam-like pivots l6 may rotate.
The upper portion of the hinge casting 23 is provided with a spring housing 26 having a downwardly curved upper member 21, side members 25 provided with apertures 29 elongated in a direction parallel to the vertical axis of the luminaire and in axial alignment to each other, and :a fiat,
smooth-surfaced front member 30 extending downwardly into the pivot housing 22.
A U-shaped hinge-supporting member 3| having spaced parallel legs 32 extending outwardly from a base member 33 is secured to the flange 6 of the reflector l by means of bolts 34 extending through the base member 33 into the vertical portion 9 of th ring 1. A guide means 35 extends upwardly centrally of the base member 33 and operates as a guiding surface over which the smooth surface of the front member 30 moves laterally. Each leg 32 is provided with an aperture 35 in axial alignment with the other and receives therein a pivot pin 3lupon whichis mounted the casting 23 and a double conical spring 38, which spring is protected against direct weathering by the spring housing 26. The pin 3'! is held against removal by means ,of cotter keys 39.
It will be noted that the double conical spring 38 is wound for a few turns intermediate its ends, in close proximity 'to the pin 31, and then spirals conically toward each end. By providing the spring in this manner it is possible to bias the lateral movement of the casting 23 on the pin .31 about the elongated openings 29 in a comparatively simple, efiective, and eflicient manner.
Figs. 4 and .5 show the'latching device 4 which comprises a casting 40 having a pair of spaced parallel legs 4|, provided with apertures 42 elongated in a direction parallel to the vertical axis of the luminaire and in axial alignment with each other, and an accurately shaped cross member 43 joining each leg and extending upward into a stop means 44 adapted tolimit the outward rotational movement of the latch.
The legs 4 l converge downwardly toward a narrow spacing and then diverge downwardly and rea-rwardly to form a pair of guide ribs 45.
Intermediate the ribs 45 an inclined guide-way 6 3 is provided, which extends upwardly between the ribs .to the narrow spacing and terminates in a lockingsurfaceor bar 41.
A U-shaped supporting member comprising a pair of spaced parallel legs 49 extending outwardly from a base member and providedwith axially aligned apertures 5| is mounted on the flange 6 diametrically opposite thehinge member 3 by means of bolts 52.
The casing 45 .is pivotally mounted on a pin 53 extending through the apertures 5| and elongated apertures 42, all in axial aligmnent with each other. The pin is held in place by means of cotter keys 54.
A double conical spring 55, formed in a manner described with referenceto the spring 38, is mounted on the pin 53 between the legs H with one end 56 of the spring being biased against the base member 50 and the other end 51 of the spring being biased against the cross member 43.
It may be noted that the latch member 4!] is provided with a rotational movement about the pin 53 and a lateral movement relative to the pin 53, both movements being biased by the conical spring 55.
The band 5 is mounted adjacent the upper edge of the globe 2 and the two cam-like pivots iii are brought together within the pivot housing 22 and. secured therein by means of the bolt 2|. It may be noted that the globe pivots about the pivot bearing surface IE on the pivots E6 in its open position as shown in Fig. 2 by the broken lines. As the globe is moved toward latching position the pivot bearing I9 moves arcuately downward to the lower portion of the bearing surface 25 of the pivot housing 22. At this point in the closing operation the edge of the globe adjacent the hinge 3 has moved to a point a short distance below the gasket H. From this point the movement of the globe is about the pivot bearing l9 and further movement causes the hinge and globe to rapidly rise in a direction approximately parallel to the vertical axis of the luminaire into closed position, thereby preventing tearing or crimping of the gasket by the edge of the globe, which would otherwise happen if the globe were pivoted about a single axis throughout its closing operation.
During the closing operation the prong l2 on the band 5 is brought in contact against the lower portion of the inclined guide-way 46 between the ribs 45'and forces the casting 40 to pivot outwardly until the end of the prong l2 clears the locking 'bar 41.
As the camming surface of the prong clears the bar 4'! the latch is biased by the spring 55 into locked engagement with one of the notches [5.
It may now be noted that the upper edge of the globe is automatically adjusted into proper sealing relationship with the gasket H by the lateral movement of the hinge 3 and latch 5 about the pins 3'! and 53 respectively. The lateral movement is biased by reason of the spiral formation of the springs 38 and 55.
'It may also be noted that an operator, located a considerable distance from the luminaire, may disengage the globe from the reflector by moving the latch casting 45 outwardly by means of an operating stick placed against the lower edge of the guide-way 45. After the globe has moved by gravity into open position the damaged lamp may be replaced, using well known means for this operation, and then moving the globe into locked position again by pressing arcuately upwardly against the under side of the prong l2 adjacent the globe.
From the foregoing description it is apparent that the objects of this invention have been accomplished by providing hinge and latch devices for a luminaire, each including a member pivotally mounted on -a pivot means carried by said luminaire and a biasing means mounted on said pivot means adapted to provide lateral movement of said hinge and latch devices relative to said pivot means, thereby providing automatic adjustment between the reflector and globe; and
by providing said hinge and latch devices with a camming means adapted to prevent tearing and crimping of the gasket and secure positive contact between the parts.
1. Attaching means for drawing a first and a second member towards each other in sealing relation, said means comprising a pin carried by said first member, hood means relatively movable with respect to said pin, a helical spring surrounding said pin and having one portion in closely coiled relation to said pin and having another portion contacting said hood means and spaced from said pin, and cam means for moving said hood means to stress said spring by moving said other portion of said spring transversely of said pin.
2. Attaching means for drawing a first and a second member towards each other in sealing relation, said means comprising a pin carried by said first member, hood means relatively movable with respect to said pin, a helical spring surrounding said pin and having one portion in closely coiled relation to said pin and having another portion contacting said hood means and spaced from said pin, and cam means for moving said hood means to stress said spring by moving said vother portion of said spring transversely of said pin, said cam means having two portions, one portion of said cam means being on said hood and the other portion of said cam means being carried by said second member.
with a wall of said triangulated opening to yieldingly force said first and second members towards each other when said second member is rocked in one direction.
4. Attaching means for drawing a first and a second member towards each other in sealing relation, said means comprising a pin carried by said first member, a rocking and sliding member rockably and slidably carried by said pin, spring means between said pin and said rocking and sliding member, said spring means comprising a spiral spring having one portion in closely coiled relation to said pin and another portion spaced from said pin and contacting said rocking and sliding member, and cam means one portion of which is carried by said second member and the other portion of which is carried by said rocking and sliding member.
ROBERT L. SMYTHE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2431607 *||May 25, 1944||Nov 25, 1947||Fed Electric Prod Co||Hinge construction|
|US2434241 *||Sep 29, 1944||Jan 13, 1948||Gen Railway Signal Co||Means for mounting covers on mechanism cases|
|US2644076 *||May 19, 1950||Jun 30, 1953||Pyle National Co||Retaining mechanism for sealed beam lamp type locomotive headlight assemblies|
|US2727984 *||Sep 11, 1950||Dec 20, 1955||Mcgraw Electric Co||Latch device for closed type luminaire|
|US2836709 *||May 3, 1955||May 27, 1958||Mc Graw Edison Co||Luminaires|
|US2958091 *||Apr 22, 1957||Nov 1, 1960||Nottingham Ralph Kenneth||Self-operating door and hinge|
|US3251988 *||Dec 3, 1963||May 17, 1966||Mc Graw Edison Co||Luminaire|
|US4377019 *||Jun 25, 1981||Mar 22, 1983||Nhk Spring Co., Ltd.||Resilient hinge with coil spring on pintle|
|US4691942 *||Aug 13, 1986||Sep 8, 1987||Ford Michael B||Hose quick coupling apparatus|
|US5191678 *||Jun 10, 1991||Mar 9, 1993||T.J. Firari Enterprises||Wind resistant door hardware|
|U.S. Classification||16/297, 403/120, 403/325, 403/316, 285/312, 16/303, 292/241, 16/307|
|International Classification||F21V17/00, F21V17/20|
|Cooperative Classification||F21V17/20, F21V17/00|
|European Classification||F21V17/20, F21V17/00|