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Publication numberUS2312422 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 2, 1943
Filing dateAug 20, 1941
Priority dateAug 20, 1941
Publication numberUS 2312422 A, US 2312422A, US-A-2312422, US2312422 A, US2312422A
InventorsKumlin George C, Meckenstock John W
Original AssigneeMeckum Engineering Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dredge pump
US 2312422 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 2, 1943. v G. c. KUMLIN ET Al.

DREDGE PUMP Filed Aug. 20, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 1/ lll/lll] March 2, 1943. G. c. KUMLIN ETAL 2,312,422

Patented Mar. 2, 1943 y DREDGE PUMP George C. Kllmlin and John W. Meckenstock, Chilll., assignors to Meckum Engineering,

Inc., Chicago, Ill., a. corporation of Illinois Y Application August 20, 1941, Serial No. 407,570 Y 13 Claims.` (Cl. 103-114) The invention relates generally to pumps and more particularly to commercial centrifugal pumps for dredges and the like.

The invention has among its objects the production of a pump structure which may be readily assembled, is relatively inexpensive to manufacture and very eillcient for the purposes intended.'

Another object of the invention is the production of a pump utilizing a fabricated casing or housing in combination with removable liners adjacent the periphery of the impeller which liners may be readily removed or replaced.

Another object of the invention is the production of such a pump wherein the pump casing may be constructed of structural steel and the removable liners from suitable alloys, both the casing and liners having an involute or volute curvature.

Another object of the invention is the production of such a pump having novel means for maintaining the liner members in position.

A further object of the invention is the production of novel means whereby the wear of the liners may be readily ascertained.

Many other objects and advantages of the con-y struction herein shown and .described Willbe obvious to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein given. v

In the drawings wherein like reference characters indicate like or corresponding parts,

Fig. l is a sectional View of the assembled pump .taken approximately on the line I--I of Fig. 2;

Fig. 2 is a front elevational view of the pump casing with a portion thereof shown in section to disclose the lining construction;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a portion of the resilient means for maintaining the liners in position; and

Fig. 4 is a sectional view through a' portion of a modied construction.

Referring to the drawings, I indicates generally the pump casing orv housing of substantially U-shape in cross section and divided horizontally into an upper half 2 and lower half 3 in which are positioned a plurality of liner segments 4. Side or end plates indicated generally by the numerals 5 and 6,'respectively, complete the shell structure, the bearing hub 1 being carried by the side plate 5. The impeller 8 is secured to a drive shaft 9 journaled in the hub 1, the latter being provided with a suitable stuffing box II and gland I2 to prevent the passage of uid through the hub 1. The side member 6 is provided with a suction opening I3' through which the iluid enters to be expelled through the exhaust opening I4 in the lower half 3 of the housing I. e

'I'he upper half 2 of the pump shell comprises a pair of longitudinally spaced at semiannularly shaped plates I5 connected by rectangular shaped semi-cylindrical members I6, the curve of the members being substantially the same as that of the outer edges of the plates I5 and secured thereto as shown at I1 to form a shell of substantially U-shape in cross section, as clearly shown in Fig.I l. Engaged with the plates I5 and members I6 are a plurality of radially extending substantially U-shaped reinforcing members I8, the legs I9 of the latter being secured by welding or other suitable means to the respective side plates I5, while the connecting portions 2i of the members are similarly connected to the members I6, thereby reinforcing plates I5 and members I6 and assuring proper alignment of plates I5 with respect to one another.

The lower half 3 of the shell, constructed in a similar manner, comprises side plates 23 and semi-cylindrically curved members 24 and 25, the plates 23, however, having horizontally'extending portions 26 connected by a tangentially extending portion 21 of the member 24, thereby forming the exhaust opening I4, which 'is bounded bya coupling ring 38 providing means for connecting exhaust piping to the housing. The adjacent ends of the plates and members aresecured to respective anges 28 and 29 which are similar in shape to the reinforcing members I8 and secured to the respective halves by welding or other suitable means. The iianges 28 and 29 are reinforced by triangular shaped members 3l vand are bolted together by bolts I32 which thereby secure the halves 2. and 3 to one .another. Legs 33 and 34 secured to the lower half 3 of the shell support the pump structure.

Secured to and vextending laterally outward from the inner edges of the plates I5' and 23 are arcuately curved rings 35 and 36, respectively, and carried by the ring members 35 and 36 are slotted flanges 31, the latterextending substantially parallel to the plates I5 and 23, respectively, with the side or end members 5 and 6 secured to the members 31 by means of bolts 38 passing throughanges 39 and 4I on the respective end members and the slots 42 of the flanges. The bearing hub 1 and the member 44 having the suction opening I3 therein, in the construction illustrated, are secured by bolts 45 to the remainder of their respective end members 5 and 6. I

The liner segments 4, with the exception o'f one, 4a, are all similar in` shape and size, the segment 4a being constructed to conform to the shape of the housing adjacent the exhaust opening I4, and are seated as shown at 46 upon the respective members I6, 24 and 25. .The liners are laterally aligned in the shell I by screws 41 threaded into the respective plates I5 and 23, lock nuts 48 securely maintaining the bolts 41 in adjusted position.

in combination with the structural steel housing permits the use of relativelyl expensive alloys, whereby very durable and wear resisting liners maybeemployed. y

To provide means for determining the amount of wear on the liners, an opening is provided in the top of the shell 2 and covered by a cap plate curved shell and liners. However, with the present construction the plates I and 23 may be readily and accurately cut, by flame or otherwise, on an involute curve. Likewise the relatively' small liner castings can readily be cast suiliciently accurate to require no machining.

Positioned adjacent the inner faces of the side members 5 and -6 are liner members 49v and 5I',

respectively, the liner members being secured to their respective side members by studs ,52 extending from the liners through the 'respective side members and secured thereto by washers 53 and nuts 54. v

Interposed between adjoining edges of the liner -segments 4 and the liner members 49 and -5I vare ring-like strips 55 of rubber or other resilient material. In the construction illustratedV the strips 55 are substantially triangular shaped in cross section and are interposed -between the members 49 and 5I and the. liner segments 4,

with the apex 56 of the strips adjacent the inner f faces of the members and segments. In the construction illustrated in F'ig. 1, the strips 55 are backed by compression rings 51 adapted to be urged toward the stripsby compression screws 55 in the respective side members 5 and 5, whereby the strips are wedged between the adjoining edges of the liner members 48 and 5I and the respective edges of the liner segments 4. It will be apparent that as the strips 55 are forced inwardly the liner segments 4 will be urged radially outward into engagement with the members I8, 24 and 25 and maintained in such engagement. Thus'the liner segments 4 may be accurately aligned with the impeller 8 and securely held in position. The stri-ps 5 also compensate for slight inaccuracies in the liner castings. It might be mentioned that the strips 55 do not prevent the entry of fine particles of the pumped material between the segments 4 and the shell or housing I, as such fine particles might pass through the cracks between adjoining segments. In' fact in some respects this action is desirable, as such,`

particles may fill up the spaces between the segments and the housing and act as a cushion between the'two to -absorb shocks and the like.

Illustrated in Fig. 4 is a slightly modified form of construction wherein the compression rings 51 and the bolts-58 are omitted. The side member 6' bears directly against the strip 55, so that when the bolts 38 are drawn down the member 5' will urge the strip 55 inwardly in a manner similar to the compression rings 51. The resulting action is substantially the same as that illustrated in Fig. 1, with the exception that the means o'f adjustment is not incorporated in the structure. Y

It will be apparent that the construction just described permits both the housing and the liner segments to be constructed from materials most suitable for theirrspective functions. Thus the housing may be constructed of structural steel, while the liners may be constructed from suitable cast alloys. 'I'he use of structure steel results in a housing capable of withstanding heavy shock loads which might break the housing in an ordinary cast pump, while the use of the cast liners 6I secured by bolts 62 to flange plates 63 welded to the Vside plates I5. Secured to the cap plate 5I is asmall liner' section 64, the latter being bolted to the cap by bolts 65. If desired a priming opening`66 may also be provided in the cap 6I. Y

Thus the Wear cn the liners may be determined merely by removing the plate 5I and with it the liner section 64, which can readily be examined and the approximate wear ascertained. It will be apparent that this construction permits an examination of the liners without taking the pump down. 4 The novel construction illustratedl also permits y replacement of liners'witha minimum amount of effort and time. as the upper half 2 of the housing and impeller assembly may be readily removed without disturbing the lower half 3, after which the arcuate liner segments may be replaced.

It will be apparent from the above description `that we have provided a pump housing of novel construction offering numerous advantages and.

having novel means for maintaining a plurality of liner segments in operative position. ,y

Having thus described our invention, it is' obl vious that various immaterial modifications `may be made in the same without departing from the spirit of our invention; hence we do not wish to be understood as limiting ourselves to the exact form, construction, arrangement and combination of 'parts herein shown and described, or -usfs mentioned.

What we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: f

1. In a shell housing, the combination of a pair of laterally spaced annular-'shaped plates, al cylindrical shaped member connectlngsaid plates 'adjacent their outer edges, and a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially extending U-shaped reenforcing elements secured to said plates and member, and ring members secured to the respective inner edges of said plates and extending laterally outward from'the faces thereof, the ring members o'n one side of the housing being concentrically positioned with respect to those on the opposite side.

adjacent their outer edges, said member having substantially an involute curve, and a plurality of circumferentially: spaced radially extending U-shaped reenforcing elements secured to said plates and member, and ring members secured to the respective inner edges of said plates and extending laterally outward from the faces thereof, the ring members on one side of the housing being concentrically positioned with respect to 'those on the opposite side.

3. In a shell housing. the` combination of a pair of laterally spaced annular shaped plates. lying in parallel planes', a cylindrical shaped member connectingsaid yplates adjacent their outer edges, a plurality' of circumferentially spaced radially extending U-shaped reenforclng elements secured to said plates and member, and ring members secured to the respective inner` edges of said plates and extending laterally outward from the faces thereof.

4. In a pump structure, the combination of a cylindrical shaped housing, a plurality of liner segments positioned in said housing, said housing having shoulders oppositely disposed with respect to the inner edges of said liner segments, and a pair of resilient rings interposed between the inner edges of said segments and said housing shoulders, and laterally adjustable means for forcing the resilient rings between the inner edges of said segments and said housing shoulders to form a seal and to urge the segments radially outward into engagement with the circumferential portion of the housing.

5. In a pump structure, the combination of a cylindrical shaped housing, a plurality of liner segments peripherally positioned within said housing and including radially inwardly extending side wall portions, and means engageable. with the inner edges of said side wall portions for urging said liner segments radially outward into abutting engagement with the circumferential portion of the housing.

6. In a pump structure, the combination of a circumferential housing having a substantially involute curve, side members closing the ends of said housing, a plurality of liner segments positioned against said housing, the inner surface of said liners having an involute curve, disk like liner members carried by the housing and having their outer edges oppositely disposed with respect to the inner edges. of said liner segments, and operably movable means disposed between said disc and liner edges and adapted for urging said liner segments radially outward into engagement with the circumferential housing.

7. In a pump structure, the combination of a cylindrical shaped housing, side members closing the ends of said housing, a plurality of liner `segments positioned in said housing, disk like liner members carried by the housing and having their outer edges oppositely disposed with respect to the inner edges of said liner segments, and a pair of resilient rings interposed between the adjacent inner edges of said liner members and segments adapted to urge said liner segments radially outward into engagement with the circumferential portion of the housing.

8. In a pump structure, the combination of a ring-like shell, side members at opposite sides of said shell, a plurality of liner segments peripherally positioned within said shell, said side members having shoulders oppositely disposed with respect to the inner edges of said liner segments, the respective edges and shoulders being substantially uniformly spaced from one another, and a pair of resilient rings of substantially V-shaped cross section interposed between the inner vedges of said liner segments and said shoulders with the apexes of said rings adjacent the inner faces of said liners, said rings being adapted to urge said liner segments radially outward into tight engagement with the circumferential portion of the shell.

9. In a pump structure, the combination of a cylindrical shaped housing, a plurality of liner segments peripherally positioned within said housing, said housing having an opening therein for said opening removably secured to said housing, and a partial liner segment forming a contiguous portion of 'said plurality of liner segments and removable therefrom, said partial liner segment having dimensions less than that of said opening and being secured to said cover and removable therewith for wear inspection without the removal of any of said plurality of pump liner segments.

10. In a pump structure, the combination of an annular housing forming the peripheral portion of said pump,liner segments in said annuadjacent a portion of said liner segments, a cover lar housing, side plates including lining members forming the balance of the pump enclosure, cooperative iiange elements connected with said annular housing and said side plates respectively for fastening the latter to the housing and in radial spaced relation thereto, and seal means disposed between the liner segments and said lining members to prevent fluid leakage from within the pump and between the housing and said side plates.

11. In a pump structure, the combination of an annular housing forming the peripheral portion of said pump, liner segments in said annular housing, side plates including lining members forming the balance of the pump enclosure, cooperative flange elements connected with said annular housing and said side plates respectively for fastening the latter to the housing and in radial spaced relation thereto, and axially adjustable seal'means operative between the liner segments and said lining members to prevent fluid leakage from within the pump and between the housing and said side plates.

l2. In a pump structure, the combination of an annular housing forming the peripheral portion of said pump, liner segments in said annular housing, side plates including lining members forming the balance of the pump enclosure, cooperative flange elements connected with said annular housing and said side plates respectively for fastening the latter to the housing and in radial spaced relation thereto, and wedge shaped seal means adapted tobe forced between said liner segments and said lining members, and adjustable means connected with certain of said flange elements. and engageable with said seal means to force the latter into sealing position.:

13. In a pump structure, the combination of an annular housing forming the peripheral portion of said pump, liner segments in said annular housing, side plates including lining members forming the balance of the pump enclosure, cooperative flange elements connected with said annularrhousing and said side plates respectively for fastening the latter to the housing and in radial spaced relation thereto, and Wedge shaped seal means adapted for axial engagement between said liner segments and said lining members, and adjustable means disposed between said housing and said side plates and connected with either for axially abutting said seal means toforcefthe latter into sealing position and to exert radial pressure upon said liner segments to hold the latter tightly' against said annular housing.

GEORGE C. KUMLIN. JOHN W; MECK'ENSTOCK,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2865300 *Feb 6, 1957Dec 23, 1958Georgia Iron Works CoSealing system for centrifugal pumps
US3090319 *Jun 30, 1961May 21, 1963Helmick Foundry Machines CompaPump liner
US4153387 *Feb 28, 1977May 8, 1979Mtu Munchen GmbhCover arrangement for radial rotors of turbo machines such as gas turbine engines
US4373860 *Dec 24, 1980Feb 15, 1983Sloan Albert HSubmersible hydraulic pump of the axially directed inlet and tangential outlet type
US4496281 *Aug 25, 1983Jan 29, 1985Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AgCentrifugal pump
US4681508 *Nov 28, 1986Jul 21, 1987Kim Choong WSupercavitation centrifugal pump
US4802818 *Sep 28, 1987Feb 7, 1989Daniel WigginsSlurry pump suction side liner with replaceable components
US4917571 *Jul 5, 1988Apr 17, 1990John HyllFlow-stabilizing volute pump and liner
US5127800 *Apr 12, 1990Jul 7, 1992Baker Hughes IncorporatedFlow-stabilizing volute pump and liner
US6953321Dec 31, 2002Oct 11, 2005Weir Slurry Group, Inc.Centrifugal pump with configured volute
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/196, 415/204, 415/214.1, 415/206
International ClassificationF04D29/42
Cooperative ClassificationF04D29/4286
European ClassificationF04D29/42P4