US 2313807 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 16, 1943.
G. P. CURRY FINGER PRINTING Filled Feb, 3. 1941.
Patented Mar. 16, 1943 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FINGERPRINTING Gladys Ronny, Boston, Mass. Application February 3, 1941, Serial No. 377,171
(o1. li -24) 3 Claims.
- This invention relates to making finger print records for the purpose of identifying persons.
In making finger prints, it is common practice to ink the surface of the markings upon a finger by rolling the finger over an inked surface and then rolling the inked finger upon the surface of a record sheet thereby obtaining'an. ink print showing the characteristic markings on the finger. It is common knowledge that any person can be identified by finger prints because the finger :prints' of any person made at different times can be identified by an expert as the prints of that person.
It often is necessary or desirable to make finger prints of a deceased person or a person whose fingers are temporarily crippled due to rheumatism or arthritis. In the case of the latter person, it is obvious that the making of finger prints by the method above described either would be impossible or could not be accomplished without causing that person great pain. Prior to the present invention, it has been very difficult to make finger prints of a deceased person and often the prints obtained have been unsatisfactory, these difiiculties and unsatisfactory results being caused by the flabby abnormal condition of the flesh.
The present invention provides a method of finger printing which may be used for making finger prints of normal healthy living persons but is especially suitable for making finger prints of deceased persons or persons whose fingers are crippled. In accordance with the present invention, a hollow body is produced having in the surface of its wall an impression representative of the markings on the finger being printed. This hollow body is shaped to correspond substantially to the surface layer of the finger being printed. One satisfactory method for producing this hollow body comprises coating the end portion of the finger with a solution of a plastic composition capable of drying or solidifying by more exposure to air. to the surrounding air for a short period of time, a solid flexible coat is produced having accurately molded in its inner surface an impression representation of the markings upon the finger. The coat then is removed from the finger and turned inside out so that the impression of the markings on the finger now is located in the outer surface of the coat. A finger-like form such as the finger of the finger print expert is inserted in the coat and the impression in the latter is inked and a print produced in accordance with common finger print making practice.
By exposing the coating.
The invention will be more clearly understood from the following description on conjunction with the accompanying drawing; in which:
Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are perspective views illustrating successive steps in producing a hollow body having an impression of the markings upon a finger to be printed;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective View of a partitioned receptacle used in the practice cfthe invention;
Figs. 5, Band 7 are perspective views illustrating additional steps of the method of the invention; and
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary plan view of a finger print record card produced by the practice of the invention.
Referring to the accompanying drawing, in accordance with the preferred practice of the invention the end portion of the finger of a deceased person, ior example, is immersed in a :colloidal solution of latex It contained in a receptacle H as illustrated in Fig. 1. The finger is withdrawn from the solution and held upright as shown in Fig. 2 until the coating [2 has solidified. The operations are repeated until the coating l 2 has been built up to the desired thickness. The back of the coating [2 is slit as indicated at l 3 in Fig. 3 to facilitate its removal from the finger. After the coating has been removed from the finger, it is turned inside out so that the impression I4 Fig. 5 formed on its inner surface now is on its outer surface. The coating l2 now is fitted over a finger-like form or the finger E5 of the finger print expert as shown in Fig. 5.
Finger print ink I6 is spread upon the surface of a support H and the finger I 5 together with the coating I2 is rolled over the ink l6 as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 6 thereby depositing ink upon the projections of the impression [4. A print I8 is formed upon a record sheet l9 Fig. 7 by rolling the finger l5 together with the inked coating 12 over the record sheet l9 as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 7. Preferably, the record sheet I9 is a transparent sheet of cellulose acetate having one surface frosted and is held upon a support 20 by a clamp 2! with the frosted surface exposed. Thus, in accordance with preferred practice of the invention, the print I8 is formed upon the frosted surface of the record sheet.
If all the fingers of both hands of a person are to be finger printed, it has been found more convenient to produce a coat l2 on each finger successively and deposit each coat as produced in a predetermined identifying compartment in a re ceptacle 22. After all the coats have been produced, they are each inked as previously described successively and a print l8 corresponding to each is formed on a predetermined identifying section on the frosted surface of the record sheet I9. When the prints corresponding to all the fingers have been completed, the record sheet I9 is secured by a binding 23 to a record card 24 with the frosted surface of the record sheet adjacent the surface of the record card asindi cated in Fig.8.
The solution of plastic composition used in the preferred practice of the invention is a colloidal solution of rubber or latex in a volatile solvent containing sufficient ammonia to prevent coagulation of the latex when not directly exposed to the air but insufficient to prevent coagulation when a thin film of the solution is exposed to the air. Consequently, a coating on a finger quickly solidifies to form a coat which is sufficiently fiexible and resilient so that it may be removed from the finger without becoming permanently distorted. It will be understood that the invention is not limited to this specific solution as various other plastic compositions may be employed.
1. The method of making finger print records which comprises forming a flexible coating over the end portion of a finger having an impression in its inner surface representative of the markings on said finger by applying thereto a solution of a plastic composition capable of solidifying merely by exposure to air, removing the coating and turning it inside out so that said impression is on its outer surface, placing the coating inside out over a finger-like form, inking the projections in said impression, and forming in a record sheet a print of said impression.
2. The method of making finger print records which comprises forming a flexible coating over the end portion of a finger having an impression in its inner surface representative of the markings on said finger by applying thereto a solution of a plastic composition capable of solidifying merely by exposure to air, removing the coating and turning it inside out so that said impression is on its outer surface, placing the coating inside out over a finger-like form, inking the projections in said impression, forming on a transparent sheet a print of said impression, and secura ing said transparent sheet upon a record card-