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Publication numberUS2313839 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1943
Filing dateJan 13, 1940
Priority dateJan 13, 1940
Publication numberUS 2313839 A, US 2313839A, US-A-2313839, US2313839 A, US2313839A
InventorsOlsen Anders C
Original AssigneeOlsen Anders C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 2313839 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 16, 1943. A" OLSEN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 13, 1940 5 Sheets-Sheet l March 16, 1943. A. c. OLSEN 2,313,839

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 13, 1940 5 sheets-sheet 2 March is, 1943. A, c. OLSEN 2,313,839

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION l Filed Jan. 13, 1940 5 sheets-sheet s 1 /Of 4 .4. 5 'l k9J 'Q'/ /50 /0/ Y MJ March 16, 1943.` A. c. OLSEN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION` 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Jan. l5, 1940 March 16, 1943. A c. oLsEN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 13, 1940 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented Mar. 16, `1943 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE vmnmoziszsaauc'rron Anders C. Olsen, Gwynedd,`Pa. Application January 13, 1940, Serial No. 313,778


This invention relates to an improved method and means for forming a wall construction. particularly with respect to partition systems, which is adapted for use in buildings such as oillces and the like, wherein there is a denlte need for partition systems which may `be readily erected or disassembled for changing oflice conditions.

'Ihis invention is concerned primarily with an improved method and meanstof installing and retaining wall slabs composed of materials possessing such qualities as reproofness, soundproofness. These slabs are applied to the spaced stud members in the partition construction and are ailxed to adjacent studs, being retained in place in the wall or partition, byvarious alternative but non-equivalent methods and means which do not impair the physical or structural characteristics lof the slabs or of the `wall or partition as a whole.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a novel partition system wherein the erection of the partitionor the like wall construction is simplied.

The principal features of the invention are that any two adjacent panels can be readily removed to place a `door without disturbing any of the partition members; borrowed lights or transoms may be readily-placed in or removed from the partition system, and the partition may be erected with pre-painted panels so that omce partitions andthe likemay be erected over night for occupancy on the following day.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel partition system adaptedfor interchanging oflice space from larger to smaller. units and vice versa, and incorporating certain features such as ease in laying conduits, flexible cables,`

and telephone connections.

A further object of the invention is to provide a novel partition system suitable for -any height oi a partition and particularly adapted either for a dwarf type of partition,` or for a `ceiling height type of partitionor incorporating such features as having `the paneling readily removable` and having such characteristics as being reproof, thermal insulating, and sound-proof.

Another object vof the invention is to provide a novel partition system which will withstand the vibration incident to tall building structures such as is inherent to the modern oillce building.

Another` object of the invention is to provide a novel partition system incorporating as a prinpanel and also adapted for the leveling of the door jambs, borrowed light frames, and the like.

Further objects, features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailedV description oi the preferred embodiment'of the invention and of the medincations thereof. as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein likereference characters will indicate similar parts and where:

Figure 1 is an elevational view illustrating the novel'partition system which includes the doors, borrowed lights, transoms, and other known features incorporated in the usual partitions;

Figure 2 is a typical vertical section through the `iiush type partition illustrating the head section and bar section of `a transom, a sill section. and a base section;

Figure 3 is a sectional view of a top of a partition finished at standard height, illustrating a typical door transom;

Figure 4 illustrates a sectional view through a ceiling height type of partition and also illustrates a typical window sashconstruction having a novel structure for glazing of the window;

Figure 5 is a sectional view illustrating a typical window Jamb involving the novel features 4 of the invention; l

Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view through a typical door jamb;

Figure 7 is a modification of the typicaldoor lamb illustrated in Figure 6:

Figure 8 is a partial elevation of a door opening with the paneling removed from one side of the partition;

Figure 9 is a partial sectional view through a typical door head;

cipal feature adjustable studs for leveling purposes, wherein the studs may be readily leveled for applying a flush type removable partition Figure 10 is a horizontal view of a typical corner of the partition system; Figure 11 is a horizontal sectional view of a typical partition intersection t Figure 12 is a vertical sectional view illustrating a typical window head for standardpartition and a section through the picture molding;

Figure 13 is a frames Figure 14 is a vertical elevation partially in section along lines IL-II of Figure 13, illustrating the supporting bracket for the door buck:

Figure 15 is a longitudinal section view along lines llc-I5 of Figure 13 illustrating the'supporting bracket for the door buck;

Figure 16 is a vertical sectional view of a modiiled partition system illustrating the wall slabs applied horizontally;

plan view oi' a typical channel `fastener for door bucks and borrowed light Figure 17 is a vertical elevation of a metal clip for applying the wall slabs horizontally as illustrated in Figure 16;

Figure 18 is a plan view of Figure 17;

Figure 19 is a vertical section of the molding for applying the wall slabs horizontally in a. :Bush type system;

Figure 20 is a perspective view of a typical stud;

Figure 21 is a perspective view illustrating an adjustable stud for leveling purposes;

Figure 22 is a stud illustrated in Figure 2l;

Figure 23 is a horizontal sectional view of an extension stud modied over that illustrated in Figure 22;

Figure 24 is a vertical sectional view of a base clip;

Figure 25 is a plan view of the base clip illustrated in section in Figure 24;

Figure 26 is a front elevation of the illustrated in Figure 24; i

Figure 27 is a perspective view of a clip used above door and window transoms in the partition system; A

Figure 28 isa horizontal sectional view of a 'modiiled borrowed light and door jamb construction illustrating the ornamental details;

Figure 29 is a vertical sectional view of a base clip modiiied partition construction illustrating a typical window sash construction;

Figure 30 is a perspective view illustrating a horizontal sectional view of the detail of the oor channel, stud, and wall slab taken at the floor;

Figure 31 is a partition illustrating a detail at the iioor of the method of shimmlng the floor channel; Y

Figure 32 is a vertical sectional view of the partition at the oor illustrating the base clip;

Figure 33 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of a'portion of the partition illustrated in Figure 32; Y

Figure 34 is a side elevation illustrating a detail of the base boards and wall slabs attached to the base clip illustrated in section in Figure 32;

Figure 35 is a perspective view illustrating a detail at the ceiling of a stud and an extension stud therefor; Y

Figure 36 is a detailed sectional view of the stud construction shown in Figure 35;

Figure 37 is a horizontal sectional view of an extension stud detail; Y

Fig. 38 is an isometric view partially in section illustrating details at the door and ceiling;

Figure 39 is a horizontal sectional view illustrating a corner detail;

Figure 40 is a ver-tical sectional view illustrating a modied form of baseboard;

Figure 41 is an enlarged vertical sectional view illustrating in detail the modiiied form of baseboard shown in Figure 40; Figure 42 is an enlarged stud prongs;

Fig. 43 is an enlarged detail, partially in section, illustrating the slotted portion of a wall slab mounted on a stud prong;

Figure 44 is a rear sectional detail of the kerfed portion erecting the slab on a stud;

Figure 45 is a sectional view .looking in the direction of the arrows on line 45-45 of Figure 44 illustrating the kerf in a wall slab; and,

Figure 46 is a sectional' view illustrating a joint detail between wall slabs.

Referring to Figure 1,

detail illustrating the view illustrating a of a wall slab for there is illustrated the vertical sectional view of the' novel partition or wail construction 50 primarily adapted for interior partition systems but which obviously may be used for exterior wall constructions. The partition 50 comprises the usual door 5I which may be of various constructions, as illustrated at 52, having a transom 53. The partition also comprises the usual borrowed lights 54, baseboard construction 55, and crown molding 5B. The partition may also comprise an extension portion 51 when a dwarf type partition is extended to a' ceilingA height type of partition. As the hardware comprising the doors, borrowed lights and transoms are of standard construction these will not be described in detail as it is obvious that the usual glazed or metal doors may be used and that standard borrowed light sashes and transom frames may be used with this novel construction.

Wall slabs 58 used in of standard width and height preferably 24" in width and 8' in height, thus being adapted for standard dwarf type partition and with the extension stud and sections therefor for ceiling height type of partition. Wall slabs 59 for full ceiling height -type of construction may be also used in combination with the standard slabs 5B for dwarf type of 'partition in conjunction with extension slabs 6U.- The slabs are preferably supported from studs 6i, and the slabsA and studs are so complementally formed as to provide that the wall slabs may be readily erected on or detached from the studs Awhen the partitions are rearranged for changing oflice conditions or when the partitions are being taken down, -thus providing that the entire partition system may be salvaged. The further details of the construction of the novel partition system will be described by reference to the remaining gures in the drawings.

In erecting the partition, referring to Figure 2, there is first laid a floor channel 62, the details lof which are best illustrated in connection with Figures 30, 38 and 40. A furring strip 63, Figure 2, is secured tothe ceiling construction 64 in the usual manner such as by the use of lag screws or toggle bolts. The oor channel is preferably secured to the floor construction in the usual manner such as by the use of lag screws'or expansion bolts. 'A ceiling channel E5, Figures 2, 35 and 38, may then be secured to the furring strip 63 by any of the well-known methods. The studs 6 I, Figure 38, may then be erected between the floor and ceiling channels" 62 and 65 respectively.

After the floor and ceiling channel and studs. have been properly erected, aligned and leveled, the wall slabs 58 are then applied. With standard partition construction, the oor and ceiling channels may have suitable projections thereon between which the studs are positioned or, as is indicated in Figure 30, the channels may have slots 56 at standard intervals, whereby the studs may be secured to the oor channel by suitable metal screws or bolts in a well known manne Referring to Figures 30 and 38, the studs 6I have thereon struck out portions or prongs 61 for the erection thereon of the slabs 58. The prongsV 61 are spaced vertically on the studs 6I at uniform distances, the number being governed by the weight of the slab to be supported. This is best illustrated in Figure 1. The stud 6I is preferably formed from channel-like members $8 having inwardly-turned :Ganges 69 for s'tiffening the stud as (it is preferred that) the channel members 68 are preferably formed from thin gauge this wall construction are` f sheet steel. In fabricating the stud 6l, it is preferred that the channel members 88 thereof shall be spot-welded together, although it is obvious that they may be bolted or otherwise secured. i

With studs constructed as described. it is'necessary in erecting the partition that the studs shall be leveled and aligned by the use of shims placed between the floor channel and the studs. This alignment is necessary in order that the panels shall be aligned vertically and that they maybe readily erected on the supporting prongs 51 of the studs. This is particularly necessary as the respective parts ofthe stud are not adjustable one with respect to the other.. It is however, a particular feature of the invention and one which will be described in detail later member wherein portions of the stud are vertically adjustable relative with respect to each other so that the necessity of leveling of the studs with shims. so that all df the prongs are in alignment.iwill be unnecessary.` In otherwords, each panel portion may be leveled by itself without being in horizontal alignment-with respect to the succeeding panel section. l. 1

The wall slabs 58 which in the particular embodiment of the invention are asbestos-cement type of wall slabs have formed therein kerfs 10 for erecting the slabs on their respective studs, as illustrated in Figures 2, 30, 43 and 44. The slabs 58 are very dense and are preferably made and cured under pressure; and, the kerfs 18 are preferably formed therein by sawing, although it is obviousI that they may be formed therein by any suitable method. The kerfs or slots, 10 as `illustrated in Figures 43 and 544, are preferably cut at an angle of 45 and of suflicient depth to support the slab but not such depth that it will fracture thesurface of the slab. The transverse length of the kerf 10 shall be suiiicient to take the width of the prong 61, allowing the slab when erected `to center on the stud. 'I'he kerf should also be of sufficient transverse length, as shown in Figure 30, to allow for lateral adjustment of the slab 58.

In order that an ornamental type of joint shall be formed where the slabs meet at a stud, a shiplap type of joint 1|, as illustrated in Figures 38 and 46, may be used.` The contiguous edges of to provide a stud `rowed light frames and door jambs.

members which are preferably spot-welded together forming a rigid construction. The borrowed light frame comprises a channel shaped frame 16 to which is secured lan ornamental frame 11. The ornamentali'rame 11 is preferably formed as at 18 to constitute a support for a window light 19.- The window' light 19 is suitably aiiixed' in place by a detachable molding 80. It isobvious that, with the described constructionl a simple method is hady for glazing a borrowed light frame.

A transom bar section 8| is adapted to be supported by the studs 6| between the borrowed light frame 15 and a transom frame 82. The transom bar section comprises the channel fastener 14 which is similar in construction to that illustrated 1n Figures 13. 14 and 15 forsupporting born It is supported in a similar manner by the clips 13 from thestuds 6I. Aiflxed to the channel fastener 14 of the transom bar section 8| are ornamental strips 83. 'I'he construction of the transom frame 82 is similar to that of borrowed light frame",

light construction 54, nevertheless, for the sake of simplicity, like reference characters will .indicate similar parts. Having described the borrowed light frame construction 15 in detail, further description of the transom construction is believed unnecessary, 4

After the borrowed light frames and transom t frames, as has been described, have been erected between their supporting studs, as illustrated in the slabs may be suitably beveled as at 12. r

Figure 46 illustrates the preferred type of joint construction although a butt type of joint as illustrated in Figures 30 and 35 may be used.

Again referring to Figure 2 which illustrated a typical section through a borrowed light and transom and the partition, the details of the sash construction for the `borrowed light and transom will be described. The sash may be of any standard construction, suitably modified as illustrated herein and adapted forthis novel type of partition construction. Supporting clips 18 are afilxed to studs 6| between which the borrowed light construction is to be erected and for attaching thereto achannel fastener 14 serving to support a borrowed light frame 15. The channel fastener 14 is best illustrated in Figures 13, 14, and 15 and is also adapted for fastening door bucks `within the partition system. This construction will be described in detail later on. The channel fastener 14 in connection with the adjustable supporting` clips 13 are adapted for different widths of borrowed light frames and door bucksand are readily secured in their adjusted position by any of the well known methods.

The borrowed light frame 15 comprises, as best Figure 1, it may be necessary to erect ,an intermediate stud 84, Figure 1, to additionally support the weight of theborrowed light and also the intermediate panels 85. As the construction ofstud 84 and the panels 85 are similar tothe main studs 6| and wall slabs 58, a detailed description is not necessary as the various elements` i of the respective parts are similar.

Mounted over channel shaped frame 16, Figure 2, to support the slabs 86, there is a clip member 81 having prongs 6,1 struck therefrom adapted to engage slots 10, for supporting the slabs 86. A sufficient number of these as illustrated in Figure 1 may be used over the door jambs and borrowed light` or transom constructions. to support the `panels which may be erected above the doors and the like constructions. The clip member 81 may be similar in construction to a base clip member 88 which is best illustrated in Figures 2, 24; 25 and 26. However, the member 81 is preferably formed from a single piece of sheet metal rather than `built up as the base clip member 88, and may take the form shown in Figure 27.

Referring to Figures 2, 24, 25 and 26, the base clip member 88 is preferably formed of channel sections 89 having struck out portions 61 engaging the slots 10 inthe baseboard slabs 55, illustrated in Figures 1 and 2. The channel members 89 are also notched at 9i) to provide a recess, Figure 2, to receive the intermediate slabs 85. or the main wall slabs 58 at the bottom to provide together with the baseboa'rd sections 55 a completely sealed joint between the contiguous panels 55 erected on the clips 88. The channel sections and lower spacing bars 9|. The spacing bars 9| so space the channels 89 that the clip 88 is illustrated in Figure 2, the several preformed adapted to be placed outside of the legs of the cor channel 62 by notching the channel'memi bers 89 as-at 92. the construction of It is, therefore, obvious'from the baseboard clip 88 and the associated baseboard panels 55 that the panels 55 may be readily detached and attached whenever it is necessary to add telephone lines erfurther electric wiring in the various rooms and oiiices which this novel partition construction may form.

In order to complete the erection of the panels, as illustratedin Figure 2, a molding 93 may be placed on the top edges of the wall slabs 59 and small panels such as 88, Figures 1 and 2, in order that the extension slabs 60 may be erected bef tween the top of thedwarf partition andthe cealing. This construction is also illustrated in Figures 35 and- 36 wherein the construction of extension studs 94 is shown in detail.' ,The extension slabs 60 or extension portions (i1V are erected in grooves 95, Figure 2, 'formeds'iil the molding 93. The molding 93 is preferably'rorined so that it resiliently grips the slabs ltoretain them in place and also is symmetricallyjformed so that a similar groove 93 resiliently grips the top edges of the slabs forming the dwarf partition construction. The upper' edges of the slabs 60 and 51 are held against the depending flanges of the ceiling member 65. The panels are then secured in place by a crown molding construc` tion 96.

So that the partition may be readily erected or dismantled, the crown molding is adapted to be easily attached and detached by having the construction of ornamental molding strip 91 which is formed, as illustrated in Figure 2, so as to snap over securing members 98 which may be in strip form or in short pieces spaced apartto form the equivalent of a continuous strip for attaching the ornamental strip 91. The securing members 98 are preferablysecured on opposite edges of the furring strip 63 to which the ceiling channel 95 is erected. It is, therefore, obvious that an ornamental construction or crown molding is provided which nnishes the joint between the partition and the ceiling. Figure 35 illustrates a modified construction wherein a crown molding 56 secures the panels 51 in position and also finishes the joint between the partition and the ceiling.

A crown molding construction 99 'as also' shown in Figure 4 is a modied form of the crown molding construction 96 shown in Figure 2. In this construction shown in Figure 4, an ornamental molding strip snaps over an angular securing member |01. `It is apparent that any one of the crown molding constructions is the full equivalent of each of the others, the various types having been described to show that the partition system of this invention is applicable to various forms of crown molding construction. A further modified form comprising a wood molding construction is shown in the molding 56, Figure 36. It is preferred, however, to use the metal form of crown molding where reproof construction is found necessary, and also as it is adapted to be used over again many times in case the partition is dismantled and erected elsewhere.

In erecting the molding constructions 99 and 99, it is preferred to rst position a lip |02 over its complementally formed lip |03 formed on the resilient portions of the molding strips also serv- 2 9' securing member 98 and then to snap the strip 91 into position over a lip |04 complemental to a from that shown in Figure 2, nevertheless the.

principles of construction are similar and therefore like reference characters indicate the similip |95 formed on the ornamental strip 91. Al

lar constructional features of the ornamental strips |00-and of securing members I0| for securing the ornamental strip in position.

A metal clip |00, Figure 2, preferably having a leg, Figure 2, formed thereon for increasing theV rigidity of the clip, is formed at its outer ends at apart and stiEen the upper portion oi the partition'at standard height and also to provide a.

rigid construction when the extension partition members are added to iinish the partition from standard height to ceiling height. In securing the molding strips 93, referring to Figure 2, it is preferred to'enter the T-shaped portions |0901 the clip 108 at right angles to the position now shown and then turn through an angle of the ing to secure the clips in' their erected positions.

A modied molding construction |09 diering somewhat from that illustrated in Figure 2 is shown in Figure 4, wherein the details of its cooperating metal securing clip 0 and the section through the molding |09 are shown in Figures 17 and 18, and 19, respectively. The clip H0 is formed with a stiifening member |01 similar to that of the clip |06 previously described. In-

stead of the T-shaped securing means |09, there is, however, an equivalent formed means I i 'con'- forming to the section of the molding |09 so that the moldings |09, Figure 4, are secured in spaced apart relation on opposite faces of the partition assembly. With the molding construction described with reference to Figure 4, the face of the partition is flush and does not have the molding 93 extending from the face of the partition as illustrated in Figure 2.

In the construction illustrated in Figure 4, panel members 60' and 86 are similar to the panels 60 and 88, Figure 2, lwith the exception, however, that the lower edges and upper edges respectivelyvof the panels 60' and 86' are beveled to conform to the shape of the metal molding |09. With this construction, the face of the partition across the panels 60' and 86' is iush with the exposed surface of the molding |09, providing a surface and molding construction wherein the dust does not collect and which is much easier to clean and decorate the surfaces of the partition.

A clip |2 formed similar to the clip 81 and having prongs 61 struck therefrom for supporting the panels 86' is mounted on a channel shaped frame ||3 `forming the supporting construction for a modified window sash construction IM. The channel shaped window frame IIB is secured to the stud construction 0| by the usual clips 13, previously described with reference to Figures 13 and 14. An extension stud |I5 is secured to the clip ||2 by means of securing means placed in holes H9.

The modiiiedl window sash construction IH has a U-shaped slot |11 about the inner periphery of the frame in which is mounted a rubber strip ||8 for securing the glazing I|9 of the wn- :,siaase .and that the constructions may bel used interchangeably.

Figure 8 illustrates a novel. partition construction adapted to borrowed light constructions wherein the sash is adapted to be pivoted. As

this construction is standard, only a brief description of the sash' construction will be given.

Asashframe construction |20 is adapted to be supported from' the stud construction bythe usual construction as described with reference toFigure 13 and has mounted in the sash frame apivoted sash |2I. The sash frame |20 is adapted to be mounted in the partition construction through the means of a cross frame construction |22 secured between the `studs of the partition and the sash is locked in place by means of a clip construction |23 and the` ornamental moldvious, therefore, with this construction that, in

dismantling the partition, the clips I 35 are removed, and then the window sash, after the panels |32 have been removed, may be taken down from the partition construction in order perhaps to replace the window sash by a door or to place additional panels where the window jamb construction ing m is then applied to finish the space between the sash frame and the lower sup- 'porting frame |22. y

In order to secure the panels 86 above the window sash |26, a clip |26 having the usual struckout `portion 61 for engaging the kerfs or slots 10 oi' the panels is mounted above the frame and is substantially U-shaped in section as shown in Figure 3, having a transverse portion |26 which is further stiil'ened by another U-shaped member |21 welded or otherwise secured thereto. In

order to ilnish oil.' the partition at standard height, moldings 93 are applied at the upper end of the panels 86 and are in turn secured in posi` tion by a metal clip similar in form to the clip |06 illustrated in Figure 2, but having a depending-leg member |28 which is adapted to be secured to the transverse portion |26 of the clip |25. The clip |28 has the portions adapted for securing the moldings Ain place similarly formed as the T-shaped end members of the clip |06, and therefore like reference characters have `been used to indicate similar parts.

It is apparent that the usual extension slab 60 may be erected in the recesses or grooves 95 provided by the moldings, but in Figure 3 there has been illustrated a crown molding construction |29 for closing over the top of the partition ending at standard height, and the crown molding may be held in place preferably by wedges |30. `With this replaceable form` of crown molding, it is obvious that if at any time the partition is to be extended to the ceiling, the wedges and crown molding may be removed and the usual extension panels may be added to the partition bringing the partition construction to ceiling height as has been described with reference to Figure 2.

Figure5 illustratesan horizontal sectional view through a typical window jamb construction. 'I'he type of window jamb |3| is a modified form of the sash construction illustrated in Figure l2; and, as it is of a form well known in the art, a detailed description oi the sash construction |3| is unnecessary, and therefore only those details will be described which serve to adapt this form of sash tothe partition construction of this invention. The `stud 6| which isshown-in section has mounted thereon and supported by the clips 61 the usual panels 58. Smaller panels |32 for finishing the space between the main panels 58 and the sash are then applied in the usual manner and supported by the usual clips 61 struck out from the stud 6|.` The panels |32 are preferably beveled as at |33 to form an ornamental joint between the panel |32 and the `window sash construction |3|. The panel |32 is so formed as to be (usually) mounted on the stud 6| and between had been previously.

Figures 6. '1, 8, and 9 illustrate a typical door jamb construction and modiiications thereof and alsol a sectional view through a typicaldoor head. Referring to Figures 6 and 8, a door jamb |39 is preferably mounted and secured to a stud member |40 similarlyy formed as one of the channel-like members 68 of the usual stud construction 6| as illustrated` in Figure 38. 'I'he stud |40 may be welded or otherwise secured to the door jamb |39, but the stud is preferably so mounted as to be detachablel from the door ,1amb,|39. The stud |40 `has the usual `prongs 61 forsupporting the `panels on the studs. The door jamb |39, Figure 8, is secured in place by a channel member 14 at the upper end thereof as illustrated in Figure 9 in detail. This channel construction 14 is similar to that described with `reference to the construction described in Figure 2 and illustrated in detail in Figures 13, 14, and 15. Theclip 13 secures the channel 14 to the studs 6| and the upper part of the door jamb construction may be suitably secured to theichannel construction 14.

Figure 6 illustrates in section a modified stud construction |4| which is illustrated in detail in the perspective view, struction illustrated in Figure 2O has complemental groove portions |42 struck on each channel-shaped member |43 forming the stud |4I. Suitable means may be provided such as slots. which are not shown but which are illustrated in Figure 36 as slots 2|6 with associated securing bolts, to allow for these members |43 of the stud to slide with respect to each other. struction, it is possible that only the stud members supporting their own panels such as panels |44, Figure 6, may have their usual struck-out portion 61 aligned by shimming up the members |43 so that the prongs 61 of this stud member will be in alignment with the prongs 61 of its contiguous stud |40 to provide support for the panel |44. Therefore, with this form of construction, it is not necessary that the prongs 61 across the entire panel construction be in alignment and it is only required that the prongs which support their own particular panel shall be in alignment. The usual panels 53 may then be mounted on the prongs 61 which are adapted toV support this panel, as illustrated in Figure 6. 'I'he panels |44 may have the edge beveled as at |45, Figure 7,

Figure 20. This stud conv With this con'- 6 aaiaeso 1 and 2, trie studs si, or the moamedstua construction as illustrated at |4 I Figure 9, are preferably erected between the door channel 92 andthe lceiling channel 95 if a ceiling type of partition is required as illustrated in Figure 2; otherwise, panels may be erected such as 99 to form a dwarf type of partitionconstruction as illustrated in Figure 3. The panels |41 may be left square where they meet at the top of the door head or beveled at the edges as illustrated at |45, Figure 7. It is to be understood that the usual reenforcing members |48 may be constructed in the door jamb |39 and in the modied construction |49, Figure '1, for attaching the hinges and other hardware necessary to finish the door construction. It is obvious that the usual door constructions or modifications thereof, as illustrated by the door constructions 5| and 52, Figure 1, may -be used to complete the partition construction, or if it is desired, modiiled arch constructions and doorways maybeutilized. .i h

Figure 'l illustrates in cross-section a `modified stud construction |50, illustrated in detail inFi'gf ures 21' and 22, and also the modifieddoor jambconstruction |49. The stud construction |50, Figures 1, 21 and 22, is preferably formed as a `closed rectangular stud having complementally formed shall be so formed that they readily slide one with respect to the other to allow the members not only to be assembled but also to be shimmed up when erected in position.

Figure 23 illustrates a modified form of stud construction |9| wherein the stud is modied from that illustrated in Figures 21 and y22 by forming the complementally formed flanges |92 |94 and |95 slide with respect to eachother in order that they may be readily assembled either at the time when the partition is erected ory at `,the factory, and also so that they may be easily shimmed one with respect to the other.

v Referring to Figure 10, there is illustrated a preferred form of corner construction which was illustrated in conjunction with window sash constructions |3| of general application and which were previously described with reference to Figure..5. A preferred corner construction |99 is flanges |5| and |52 to .permit relativemovement of the members |53 and |54 ofthe stud |50A with respect to each other in order that the"-prongs 91 may be aligned withthe respective prongs on the studs which support the same panel. -It is obvious that the stud construction |50 .may be used interchangeably with the studs 9| and |4l, previously described,'and that it is preferred to shim one or the other of the stud members |53 and |54 depending upon which one is to be aligned so that the supporting prongs on the stud members for supporting thesame panel may be in alignment.

The door :lamb construction |49, Figure 7, is also so formed that a stud member |55 is adapted to be adjusted relatively with respect to a member |59 forming the .principal vertical member of the door damb |49. 'I'he members |55 and |59 also have formed thereon complementally formed' flanges |5| and |52 so that the door jam-b |49 may be interchanged with the members forming the stud construction |50. The usual panels 58 and |44 may then be erected in place as has been previously described with reference to Figures 6 and 8.

Referring to Figures 21 and 22,A the stud construction which has been previously described in detail is the preferred form of stud construction. It is preferred to form this stud at the base with holes |51 to permit conduits and other electrical connections to be fished through the partition. The .stud is preferably punched as at |58 in'order to secure the clamps 13 for'the channel fasteners 14 for door jambs and window transoms. Additional holes |59 may be also punched in the members |53 and |54 for attaching the extension studs thereto or any other prongs which may be necessary to further secure the studs in position. Slots o r Aholes |90 may also be formed in the studs for attaching the studs to the extension studs or to the ceiling channels. It is preferred that the complementally formed langes |5| and |52 may be so formed that the said members |53 and |54 may be shipped knocked down and then assembled in position at the time when the partition is erected or they may also be assembled at the factory in the finished form of the stud, but it is preferred that these anges formed from stud members 99, such as described with reference to Figures 2, 35, and 38, and members |91 which may be considered substantially as portions of a stud member 98. A corner structurall member |98 is formed to have flanges |99 complementally formed with respect to flanges |10 formed on the members |91. The construction of these flanges |99 and |10 is similar to the construction of the flanges |5| and |52 previously described with reference to the extension stud having members-which are adjustable one with respect to the other. The members |91 and |99 which have been so complementally formed are also formed for the same purpose as the adjustable stud |50, that is, so the prongs 91 which have been formed on the Various stud members 98, |91, and |98 forming the completed corner stud |99 may be aligned so that the panels |1| and |12 may be readily mounted thereon.

Corner panels |12 and |13 are of opposite hands and are beveled as at |14 so that a corner -bead |15 may be mounted at the corner of the cornerstructural member |98 of the corner stud |99 to complete the corner and prevent breakage of the edge of the panels, and also to provide a rounded corner for ornamentation. The inner corner of the stud |99 also has a corner bead |19 which is preferably welded to the members 98 to complete and strengthen the stud construction. It is also preferred to spot weldor otherwise secure the members |91 to their respective stud members 99. It is therefore obvious that, with this corner construction, the panels |12 and |13 may be easily erected on the prongs for mounting` the panels, and that the corner partition construction may be completed by adding a panel |1| and the inner panel members |11 and |18 which are also of opposite hands by erecting these panels on their respective supporting prongs 91. 'I'he corner partition may then be completed by adding the panel |1| opposite to the panel |18.

The window sash constructions |3| are also preferably supported from stud members 98 and `these also have the usual prongs 91 formed thereon for supporting their contiguous panels..

spective supporting studs 88. It is then obvious that the panels |1I, |11, and |18 which have e been previously described may be mounted to be supported from theE stud members 88 for the sash constructions and also by the stud members 88 forming part of the completed corner stud |68. The panels |11 and |18 are beveled as at |18 to becomplementally formed with respect to the corner bead |18.

Figure 11 illustrates in a horizontal sectional view a typical partition intersection. This intersection construction is formed by preferably having the intersection occurat a stud so that the intersecting partition may be rigidly secured thereto. In the intersection illustrated, the preferred stud construction |50 has mounted thereon the usual panel members 88`which have the" ship-lap joints 1|, and the joint construction is preferably constructed `as has been `previously described in detail with reference to Figure 46. It is obvious that the panels may be formed either with a ship-lap joint as indicated at 1|,

, or with a butt joint as indicated by panels 58.

As the stud |50 has been described in detail with reference to Figures 7, 21, and 22, further description of the stud is believed to be unnecessary. To form an intersection construction of one partition with the partition erected on the` stud |50, a stud member |53 is firmly secured to the stud |50 by screws or other suitable securing means. 'I'he panels 5|!` may then be erected on the opposite faces of the stud member |53 in the usual manner. It is therefore apparent that with the novel studs, as illustrated, and members of the studs, that a partition intersection may be readily erected; and it is preferred that this partition intersectiony shall be erected at a stud, or if necessary, that a stud shall be placed at this intersection in order to add rigidity to the partition construction.

Figure 12 illustrates a typical window head construction for a standard height partition and also illustratesa particular form of crown molding construction which may serve for picture molding. The window head construction is similar to that disclosed in detail with reference to Figure 2 and has been denoted by the reference character 16. A metal clip |80 preferably formed of sheet `metal is formed of substantially the same lstock as the member 68 of` the usual stud construction 6|. in perspective in Figure 27. The clip |80 has a `notched portion 8| adapted to overlie a deformedportion |82 which is rolled in the section` which serves to stiffen the window sash construction 16. The metal clip |80 has formedon the legs of the clip, as illustrated `in Figure 27, prongs 61 which are adapted to support panels 86 which are similar to those described with reference to the constructiondisclosed in Figure 3.

In order to retain the upper ends of the panels 86 in position and to nish ofi' the partition substantially atwhat is called a standard height partition construction, a clip |88 is adapted to be positioned over the top` of the metal clip- |80. This clip |89 preferably comprises a channelshaped member having down-turned legs contiguous to the legs of the clip |80. Welded or otherwise secured to the member |88 are mem- This metal clip is illustrated bers |85 and |86 which form resilient securing so that it overlies the member |88 and then snapping the molding over a resiliently formed portion |88 which not only serves to retain the top portion oi' the panels 88 in position but also serves to resiliently secure the molding |81 in position. From Figure 12, it is obvious that the clip |88 is so formed that the moldings |81 are positioned away from the rest -of the partition construction so that the molding is adapted for mounting of picture frames with the usual picture hooks supported from the molding.

`The partition construction may be left at standard height or it may be additionally added to so that the standard partition will be brought to ceiling heig'ht. This is accomplished as illustrated in the construction of Figure 12 by securing a furring strip |89 to the clips |88 by any ofthe well known securing devices and then nishing` the partition byV erecting between the previously described in detail, further description of these iigures is believed to be unneces- `sary. Figure 16 illustrates a vertical sectional view of the modified partition system` wherein the wall slabs are applied horizontally and are particularly applied to a metal stud construction |9| which may be either` stamped in this form e orhave the web expanded into the form illustrated. In orderto retain the walls of the partition contiguous to and in abutting relation to the stud |9|, there is utilized the securing clip ||0 which has been previously described with reference to Figure 4 and in detail with reference to Figures 17 and 18. As this clip has previously been described in detail further description of the clip is `believed to be unnecessary.v Wall slabs |92 are preferably formed at their upper and lower edges with a bevel corresponding to the bevel of the molding |09 which is so formed as to be flush with the surface of the wall slabs |92;4 i

'Ihe construction of the wall slabs |92 is similar to the construction of the wall slabs V86' and 60' as described with reference to Figure 4 where a standard height partition construction is adapted to be formed into a ceiling height type of partition. `It is obvious in erecting a 'partition as described with respect to Figure 16 that the slabs |92 on opposite sides of the partition must be erected at the same time. Thus if the lower positioned slabs |92 in this figure are iirst erected, then `the clips ||0 and the moldings |09 are preferably erected, which provide a support for the slabs |92 which are to be erected thereon. In using a construction of this nature it is preferred that clips ||0 may be utilizedbetween the studs wherever necessary to further stillen and strengthen the partition construction.

Figures 20, 21, 22, 23,24, 25, 26 and 27, which illustrate various stud `constructions and clips for Verecting thereon `the panels over the sash and door constructions, have been previously described With reference to other figures describing particular partition constructions and these gures therefore need not be further discussed in detail.

Figure 28 is a horizontal sectional view of a modified borrowed light and` door jamb construction illustrating the ornamental details. A

door jamb |93 is preferably formed as illustrated in the right hand portion of the figure to receive the usual door construction |94. The door Jamb is preferably formed from special rolled members |95 and |96 which may be ornamented in any suitable manner and are preferably spaced l apart by U-shaped members |91 in order to add tary formed portions |99 of the members |95` and |96 forming the steel frame members of the door jamb construction and also part of the sash construction. It is evident that the slabs |96 may be affixed in position at the factory, but

they preferably are erected in position as the,

partition is constructed. Since the member |96 is formed complementary to the wall slab |98 as indicated at |99, the member |96 may be readily secured to the clip |91 which is preferably welded to the jamb member |93; and, as the member |96 is secured in position by means of screws or other suitable securing means 200, A

the slabs |98 are firmly affixed in their erected position.

To form thev opposite sash construction, a specially formed stud 20| is utilized. This stud. has features, particularly that of adjusting one part vertically with respect tojthe other, as has been disclosed with reference to Figures 2l, 22, and 23. Therefore, a member 202 of the stud may be considered as being similar tothe member |54 of the stud |50 and also its complementarily formed member 203 may be vconsidered as being similarly formed as the complementally formed member |53 of the stud |50, with the exception that the member 203 i's so rolled :as to provide an ornamental sash construction which 'is similar to the member |96 forming a part of the door jamb and sash construction |93. Ob-

viously then, the stud members 202-and 203 may be relatively adjusted with respect to each other by means of the complementally formed flanges |5| and |52 lwhich have been previously described in detail with reference to Figures 21 and 22.

Ornamental slabs 204 which are similar to the slabs |90 previously described are also readily erected in the dovet'ailgroove formed by the member 203 and the complementarily formed member |96. In the same manner, the member |96 secures the slabs 204 in position as the slabs 98 were secured as was described with respect to the door jamb construction |93. After the partition has been erected, it is obvious that glazing 205 for the window sashes may be secured in the sash construction in the usual manner by molding 206.

Figure 29 is a vertical sectional view of a modied partition construction illustrating-a typical window sash construction, and it may be considered as the bottom portion of the sash construction illustrated in Figure 28. A silll 201 molding is also formed with the dovetailed construction `|99 which is similar to that which has been disclosed for retaining the ornamental slabs |99 and 204 in position. The' sill construction 201 preferably comprises a deep rolled section having leg members 208 integral therewith. Contiguous stud members 0I or the' stud and sash construction members |93 and 203 may have the usual prongs 61 engaging the kerfs 1l for supporting the panels 85. The panels 86 at lche upper ends thereof adjacent the ornamental portion of the sill construction are complementally beveled to be engaged by the complementally formed sections |99 of the sill. The usual baseboard panels 65 may be erected in the same manner as disclosed with reference to Figure 2. It ispreferred in erecting the panels that they are first erected on the stud construction 6| and then the sill 201 placed in position to drop down over the panels 85.

l Figures 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34 illustrate in detail baseboard constructions and modifications thereof. Figure 30 has been previously described in detail with reference to the illustrations shown in Figure 2 and modifications thereof of the stud constructions. lof Figure 30 needs no further description. However, Figure 31 illustrates a sectional view through the partition'and particularly illustrates a stud construction having a hole 209 for the usual conduits and electrical connections, which provides for the fishing of conduits and like constructions through the partitions. The figure also illustrates the floor channel construction and method of shimming the iioor channel where it is preferred to use U-shaped metal shims 2|0 for leveling the oor channel 62. It is also preferred that the shims shall be formed to go around the anchor bolts. For securing the channel to the iioor, it is preferred that the floor channel shall be punched with 1% inch diameter holes, six inches on centers through which the anchor bolts are placed for securing the floor channel in a level position. Portlons2|| may be also formed from the floor channel 62 for spacing the stud members on standard'spacings which are preferably 24 inches or multiple or fractional multiples thereof.

Figures 32, 33, and 34 illustrate the preferred form of baseboard clip for securing the baseboard panels in position in the partition. An inverted U-shaped clip 2|2 is preferably formed from a narrow strip of sheet metal and .has transversely formed recesses 2|3 adapted to receive the lower portions of the main partition panels such as the panel members 58. The lower portion of the clip 2|2 has hook-shaped mem- :bers 2|4 adapted to engage the upwardly extending legs of the floor channel 62, as illustrated in Figure 32 and in the enlarged view, Figure 33. The usual prongs -61 are integrally or otherwise formed on the depending legs of the clip 2|2 for supporting the baseboard panels 55 in position. The panels 55 and 58 are formed with kerfs or grooves 10 cut at an incline complementally to the prongs 61 for mounting the panels 55 in position. It is apparent from the disclosure with reference to these figures that one may readily attach the baseboard panels 55 in position thus finishing the partition system as it is erected, or when it is necessary to change the conduits or add electrical circuits of any kind, the panels- 55 may be readily removed for changing the electrical circuits within the partition system.

Figures 35 and 36 have been previously discussed with reference to the extension stud conheight to one of ceiling height. 'Referring to Figures 35, 36, and 37, it is preferred to construct the extension stud 94 of substantially similarly formed channel sections 2|5, Figure 37, as the i channel member 88 of the stud 8|. It is preferred. however, that the extension stud members 2|5 shall slide within the members I8 as i1- lustrated in Figures 35 and 36, and this may be accomplished by deforming the lower end of the members 2|5 so that they will be complementally fonned with respect to the upper end of the stud 8|.` By so ,deforming the members, the outer face of the legs of the extension stud 94 will be ush with the face of the studs 6 I. Slots 2|l are preferably formed in the extension stud members, Figure 6, while it is preferred to have holes punched or otherwise formed in the upper ends of the studs 6| complementally formed with respect to the slots 2| 6. The extension studs may then be firmly affixed to the upper Aends of the studs 6| by the usual securing means such as bolts, nuts, and washers, as illustrated in Figure 37.

Figure 36 also illustrates a method of securing a molding 93 which has been disclosed in detail with reference to Figure 2 at the upper end of the partition which is of standard height. A modified form of securing clip 2|1 is adapted for securing the moldings 93 together and for spacing the wall slabs 58 of the partition construction. The moldings 93 are formed, as illustrated in the enlarged section in Figure 2, with recesses 95 for retaining the wall slabs 58 in position. i The clip 2|1 is also preferably formed of two members 2|8 and 2|9 which have `formed at their outer ends T-shaped members 220 and `22| which are similar to the T--shaped` members |08 of the clip |06. These T-shaped members 220 and 22| engage the T-shaped slots of the moldings 93 and as the member 2| 9 is welded or otherwise secured to the member 2|8 a unitary clip is formed which retains the wall slabs and moldings in place. It is obvious by rotating the clip 2|1 to aposition at right angles to the position illustrated in Figure 36 that the clip may be removed, `andthe moldings 93 then lifted off of thetops of the panels 58, allowing the panels to be removed one at a time.

panels 58 are erected in position by means of `the prongs 81 formed on the stud 5| and the complementally formed grooves 1|lkerfedin the slabs 58. In order to mount the metal baseboard panels 223 it is preferred to erect clips 224 on the upstanding legs of the floor channels 62 as best illustrated in the perspective view, Fig-` ure 38, and in the enlarged sectional view. Figure 41. i

'Ihe clips 224 are so formed that there is welded or otherwise secured at the upper end of the clip a member 225 adapted to receive the bottom portion of the panel 58. A recess is therefore formed for this purpose between the member 225 and the upper portion of the clip 224. The bottom of the clip 224 has an inverted U-shaped portion 225 which engages the leg portion of the channel member 62. It is preferred to first erect the panels 58 upon the stud construction of the partition system and then place the clip members 24 at intervals along the base portion of the partition system by first inserting the upper end of a clip over the bottom edge of the panel 58 and lifting the clip upwardly allowing the clip then to descend with the inverted U-shaped portion 226 over the leg of the channel 62. It is obvious then that the clip 224 is demountably secured in position and adapted to receive the base panel The base panel 2231s suitably ornamented by having rolled thereon or suitably formed ornamental beads or similar ornamentation and at the upper end there is also an inverted U-shaped portion 221 adapted to engage a resilient portion 228 of the clip 224. In securing the panel 223 in position, it is preferred to applythe inverted portion 221 over the resilient portion 228 and then snap the bottom portion and its resiliently formed member 229 under another U-shaped portionV 239 of theclip `224. It is therefore readily understood from this description that the metal baseboard panels may be readily applied to finish off the partition construction, and also that these panels may be readily moved when the occasion arises for the dismantling of the partition or for the addition to or removal of various electrical circuits which `are placed within the `baseboard To extend the partition to ceiling height, the

panels 51 may be erected between the top of the partition of standard height and the ceiling by erecting on the ceiling the usual furring strip 53 and securing thereto the ceiling channels 55 as has been disclosed with reference to Figure 2.

'I'he panels 51 may then be erected betweenv the top of the standard height partition and the ceiling by wedging in with wedges 222 the panel members 51 which may be of wall board or other similarly formed materials. The moldings 55 may then be secured in place finishing the joints 4 between the partition and the ceiling.

Figure 38 which has been partly described with reference to previous constructions, will now be described with respect to a modified form of base construction wherein it is preferred to have a metal base board construction 223 rather than the asbestos and cement form of baseboard panel construction as illustrated in Figure 2 and other figures illustrating the `same or modified constructions thereof.` Referring to Figures 38, 40 and 4l, a partition is formed utilizing the previously described floor and ceiling channels 52 and 55 and the stud construction 6|. The usual construction of the partition system.

Figure 39 illustrates a modification ofthe corner construction illustrated and described with reference to Figure l0. In the corner construction illustrated in Figure 39, it is preferred to erect the usual partition system using the stud construction 6| or modified stud construction |4I wherein the panels 58 are erected in place and secured in `position with the usual prongs 61 formed on the studs and the complementally formed kerfs 10 in the panels. Where the corner is to be formed it is preferred to use a stud member 23| which has the prongs 61 formed on the legs of the stud member and additional prongs formed on the base of the stud. Panels 232 and 233 may then be erected on the studs |4I and the corner stud 23|. It is preferred, however, before the panel 232 is erected that a corner bead 234 shall be mounted along the edge between the base portion of the stud 23| and the leg portion thereof. The finishing `corner i panel 235 may then be erected in the usual manner as are the regular panel members 58 and those previously described. The partition at right angles to the one previously described is then formed by erecting thereon and securing! to the stud 23| a stud construction |58` which is similar to that which has been described with reference to Figure lo. This stud member @d has also formed thereon the usual prongs 61 for supporting the panels forming the partition in place.

As illustrated in Figure 46, the `ioint between the panel 235 and its contiguous panel 236 may have a ship-lap joint construction ll or it may take the usual form of Ybutt joint construction.

In order to flnsh the remainder of the corner construction a panel 231 may be erected opposite to the panel 236 and in abutting relationship to the panel 233 so that a tight joint is had. at the intersection of the two panels meeting at right angles.

Figures 42, 43, 44, and 45 have been previously described in detail with reference to the 'various panel constructions which have been described and particularly relate to a construction of the prongs Bl and the complementally formed kerfs or grooves 'I0 in the panel construction 58 and similarly formed panel members. Although in describing the formation of the prongs 61 on the studs 6l and the like studs construction, it has been described that the prongs are formed on the studs 8|, it is obvious that this is a generic use of theterm and that by forming of the prongs on the studs 6I this term may also include the equivalent mechanical expedients such as striking the prongs from the original metal of the studs, or it may also include the formation of the prongs separately and spot-welding or otherwise securing the p'rongs to the legs of the studs.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that the -invention provides a number of related but non-equivalent methods and means of attaching-relatively thick slabs of wall materials to stud members in the walls of a vpartition construction. Each of these methods and means is particularly well adapted to use with wall slabs composed primarily of the so-called rigid 'type of heat insulating material, such as the preferred form in this instance of asbestos libre and cement panel members, or gypsum block. They may also include slabs of insulation composed of brous materials as well as other types of insulating slabs or blocks or ornamental panelling members, such as for example cast or molded materials containing ingredients of good insulating quality or a high percentage of relatively small voids or pocketsof entrapped air or inert gas wherein the panels or slaps are so formed that they have relatively high strength and may have incorporated therein the kerfs 10 or other similarly formed structures for erecting the panels onto the studs. The features of the invention are particularly desirable in connection with the use of slabs or blocks of insulating materials since the method and means of attachment provided do not materially decrease the overall eiilciency of the insulating material used and eliminate penetrating members of high heat conductivity.

However, the invention is not limited to the use of materials of good heat insulating quality for the wall slabs, since the methods and means provided for attaching 'the slabs to spaced stud members in the partition or wall construction will also prove advantageous for attaching other types of wall materials where a high degree of y insulating eillciency is not essential. Molded or pre-cast slabs of hydraulic cement, natural or synthetic resins, ceramic materials, and the like may be attached to the studs of the partition construction or oi' any type of construction in the manner and by the means herein provided.

terials well known in the art, nevertheless, if'

neecssary, these wall slabs may have plaster applied thereto as an interior finish and when necessary it may be directly applied to the wall slabs. It is to be understood that expanded metal lath, wire mesh or the like or the usual wall board formed of material known as gypsum wall board or lath may be utilized as a base when desired. Stucco and Kellastone or the like may be applied to the exterior surface of the slabs either without or preferably with a suitable reenforcing mesh. Brick or stone veneer may be applied over the slabs and wood or metal siding of any desired type as well as wood or composition shingles may be employed as an external finish although the panels suitably caulked, as originally erected, may be utilized for an exterior surface when the panels or slabs of asbestos fibre and cement have been suitably sized and painted with a weather resisting surfacing coat. When wood siding, shingles, or panels of wood, metal or composite materials are employed, suitable nailing strips may be anchored to the slabs in any desired manner, such as for example by embedding or anchoring bolts, metal clips, or the like in the yasbestos and cement panels or insulating matert win be also understood that while metal studs have been disclosed for the erection of the asbestos cement form oi. panels, particularly because of the flreproof character of the asbestos cement panels, nevertheless wood framing may be employed with equal facility in which case the stud may be either square or rectangular or any other suitable shape with the clips or prongs 6l such as has been disclosed in detail with reference to the metal studs for attaching the slabs either nailed or otherwise secured to the equivalent wood stud construction.

It will, of course, be understood that various combinations of the features of the invention, other than the combinations illustrated and described will be obvious to those skilled in the art and are therefore entirely within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. 'I'he same applies to various modifications and minor departures from the specific forms of wall vand comprising flanges to strengthen the member and forming complemental intertting tongue and groove means for adjusting the stud member longitudinally with respect to a similarly formed member to which it may be afdxed.

2. A wall construction comprising, in combination, a flooring channel and a ceiling channel, spaced stud members mounted therebetween.

panels of wall material aillxed to the stud members, a corner stud member having prongs formed thereon and the corner stud member comprising a plurality of portions connected for vertical adjustment with respect to one another, panels of wall material mounted on the corner stud member and forming inner and outer corners of the wall construction, and inner and outer corner beads mounted on the corner stud member for finishing the corner construction.

3. A wall construction comprising, in `combina-` tion, spaced stud members, a window sash construction mounted between the studs, panels of wall material mounted contiguous to and above the window sash construction, clip means for supporting the aforesaid panels of wall material, said clip means mounted on the window sash construction, a molding construction at the upper endsof the stud members, said molding construction receiving the upper ends of the panels, clip members for securing together the molding constructions on opposite faces of the wall construction and secured to the aforesaid clip means, and a crown molding construction mounted on the aforesaid wall construction.

4. A wall construction comprising, in combination. a window sash construction comprising a member having an ornamental rolled section, slabs of ornamental material mounted contiguous to the ornamental rolled section and complementally formed with respect to the ornamental rolled section, a stud member amxed to the member of the window sash construction and adapted for vertical adjustment, contiguous window sash construction secured to the stud member, said window sash construction comprising a member having a similarly formed ornamental rolled section as the first-mentioned member, and said last-mentioned member complementally formed with respect to the slabs of ornamental material, whereby, as the member of the last-mentioned window sash construction is affixed to the adjustable stud member, the slabs of ornamental material are afxed in position on the combined stud and window sash construction.

5. As an article of manufacture, a baseboard clip adapted to support baseboard panels in a wall structure comprising wall panels `and a floor channel, said baseboard clip being substantially of inverted U-shape in cross section and having recesses adapted for the reception of edges of the wall panels, prongs formed on thelegs of the U-shaped clip adapted to support contiguous mounted baseboard panels, and means formed on the clip complemental to the legs of the iloor channels for ailixing the baseboard clip to the iloor` channel whereby the base board panels are supported in the wall structure.


Referenced by
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US2796158 *Oct 22, 1947Jun 18, 1957Johns ManvilleWall assembly
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U.S. Classification52/206, 52/242, 52/481.1
International ClassificationE04B2/78, E04B2/76
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/78
European ClassificationE04B2/78