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Publication numberUS2314087 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1943
Filing dateNov 10, 1941
Priority dateNov 10, 1941
Publication numberUS 2314087 A, US 2314087A, US-A-2314087, US2314087 A, US2314087A
InventorsGeorge Heller
Original AssigneeHenry M Herbener
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for producing magazines
US 2314087 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 16, 1943. c5..|-|FL| ER v METHOD FOR PRODUCING MAGZINES Filed Nov.

rye Heller y Geo Patented Mar. 16, 1943 METHOD FOR PRODUCING MAGAZINES George Heller, Englewood, N. J., assignor of onehalf to Henry M. Herbener, Thomasville, Ga.

Applieaeon November 1o, 1941, serial No. 418,617

(o1. 27o-av) 10 Claims.

My invention is a method of reinforcing the printed sheets or covers of magazines or the like, at their engagement with the staples, which hold the same together, and the product produced by the method.

The ordinary magazine includes a cover and a number of superposed leaves. Both the cover and the leaves are usually printed on both sides. Both the cover and the leaves are formed of continuous paper sheets which are folded transversely upon themselves and are secured together adjacent to the folding line by staples.

It not infrequently happens that the cover is torn from the body of the magazine, or individual sheets are torn from the magazine, by the lifting of the magazine by the cover or the individual sheets, or by other manipulation.

In accordance with my method a reinforcing coating is applied or printed upon the cover sheet and the leaf sheet or sheets, at proper positions thereon. The coating provides coated reinforced area or areas, at the folding lines of the sheets which areas are stronger and tougher than the sheets alone, and the staples pass through these reinforced coated areas. The result is that the cover sheet or leaf sheet or sheets are more securely held in place by staples. The coating material used is one which may be applied to the sheet or sheets by a printing process during the printing of the magazine and therefore must set rapidly. It is preferred to use a. thermoplastic material as a coating, although a rapidly drying volatile plastic material may be used. The thermoplastic material will set instantly upon the removal of heat. As illustrations of thermoplastic materials, I may employ uncured rubber which is compounded with curing ingredients and anti-oxidants or uncured rubber treated with an anti-oxidant. As a highly volatile coating material I may use celloidin dissolved in an alcohol ether mixture or collodion dissolved in the same mixture. The coating material used, whether thermoplastic or rapidly volatile, should preferably be of such a character that it will produce a coating which is flexible, tough, and possesses substantial tensile strength.

In the accompanying drawing forming a part of this application and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,

Figure l is an inner or front elevation of the sheet constituting the cover of the magazine, showing the coated reinforced areas formed thereon,

Figure 2 is an elevation of the back or outer" face of the sheet from which two of the leaves of the magazine are formed, showing the coated reinforced areas formed thereon,

Figure 3 is a perspective View of the magazine, embodying the assembled cover and leaf sheets.

Figure 4 is an enlarged transverse section taken on line 4-4 of Figure 3,

` Figure 4EL is a vertical section similar to Figure 4, showing a modified form of the invention, and,

Figure 5 is a diagrammatic View illustrating the method of printing the coating upon the sheets during the printing of individual pairs of connected leaves.

The product claims are presented in a divisional application for Magazine or the like, filed June 13, 1942, Serial Number 446.925, allowed September 10, 1942.

In the drawing, wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, the numeral I0 designates the cover sheet of the magazine, which cover sheet is foldable upon a transverse line II, providing cover leaves I2. This cover sheet has a reinforcing coating I3 applied to its front or inner face, adjacent to the folding line II. The coating I3 is preferably in the form of elongated or elliptical areas, providing with the sheet reinforced coated areas I3 of the same shape and size as the coating. These reinforced coated areas I3 straddle the folding line II and staples I4 pass through the reinforced coating areas I3. The coating I3 is also applied to the leaf sheet I5. 'Ihe coating is applied to the outer or back face of each leaf sheet, at the folding line II and straddles this folding line. This is preferred so that the coating will not be visible upon the inner face of the center leaf sheet, which is usually employed to carry a full-page advertisement." The coating I3 upon the leaf sheet I5 provides reinforced coating areas I3', corresponding in shape and size with the coating I3. The leaf sheet when folded upon its transverse line I I produces the leaves I5'. The reinforced coated areas of the leaf sheet I5 straddle the folding II', as shown. As clearly shown in Figure 4, the reinforced coating areas I3 are arranged in spaced groups, and the areas in each group are in substantial alignment, and the staples I4 pass through the reinforced coated areas and the ends of the staples are bent down over the center leaf, as shown.

As stated, the plastic material is printed upon the sheet to provide the coating. When a thermoplastic material is used, such thermoplastic material is kept in a molten condition in a tank I which is suitably heated. An applicator roll I'I applies the heated molten thermoplastic material to raised type or portions I3 formed upon a printing roll I9, having a blank pressure roll arranged near and opposite the same. The rolls I'I, I3, and 2li are kept suitably heated so that the thermoplastic material is maintained in the liquid condition until printed or coated upon the sheet to produce the coating I3. The sheet is passed between the rolls I 9 and Z and the travel 0f the sheet and the travel of the roll I9 and the location of the raised portions i8 are such that the coating I3 will be formed upon the sheet adjacent to and straddling the folding line I I, when the sheet is subsequently folded transversely upon this line. The coating I3 is applied to the inner or front face of the cover sheet le, as explained, while the coating I3 is applied to the rear or outer face of the leaf sheet I5. The web of paper after having the coating I3 printed thereon, which instantly sets, is then fed between the pairs of printing rolls 2l, whereby one or both faces of the pairs of connected leaves are printed, as is Well known. The web is subsequently severed at intervals to provide the separated pairs of connected folded leaves. All leaves printed upon one web of paper contain the same subject matter, and this is true whether the leaves are cover leaves or inner leaves. When the leaves in each pair are folded, the coating I3 will be arranged to straddle the folding line, producing the reinforced coated areas. Different pairs of folded inner leaves are assembled within a pair of cover leaves to produce the magazine, and the reinforced coated areas are arranged in groups, and the coated areas in each group are in alignment, and the staple I4 is passed through all of the re inforced coated areas in each group. I contemplate applying the reinforcing coating upon all of the inner pairs of folded leaves or I may apply the same only to the center inner folded pair of leaves, with the reinforcing coating applied to the pair of folded cover leaves. As shown in Figure 4e, the coating I3 is applied to the inner face of the cover leaves I2 and to the outer or back face of the center inner leaves I 5 only. The staples iii pass through the coatings or reinforcements, as shown.

If a highly volatile coating material is used, the same may be applied to the printing roll I9 by the roll Il, but elements I5, Il, I9, and 29 would not be heated.

While I have shown the coating as embodying spaced areas, the invention is not restricted to this feature as the coated area may extend throughout the entire width of the sheet.

It is to be understood that the forms of my invention herewith shown and described are to be taken as preferred examples of the same and that various changes in the shape. size, and arrangement of parts may be resorted to, and that changes in the order of the steps of the method may be made without departing from the spirit of my invention or the scope of the subjoined claims.

I-Iaving thus described my invention, what I claim is:

l. The method of producing a magazine, comprising effecting the longitudinal travel of a web of paper, printing upon the traveling web a rapidly setting reinforcing coatirrT at intervals spaced longitudinally of the web, allowing the rapidly setting reinforcing coating to set before printing, then printing the traveling web for producing connected pairs of foldable leaves and arranging the reinforced coated areas of each pair of connected leaves adjacent to the folding line of such pair of leaves to provide a reinforced coated area, assembling different pairs of connected leaves to produce the magazine and arranging the coated areas in a group, and passing staples through the reinforced coated areas in the group.

2. The method of producing a magazine, comprising applying reinforcing coating upon the inner face of a pair of back leaves of a magazine adjacent to the folding line of the back leaves, a1- lowing the reinforcing coating to set before assembling, applying reinforcing coating upon the outer face of a pair of inner leaves adjacent to the folding line of the inner leaves and allowing such coating to set before assembling, then assembling the back leaves and inner leaves and arranging the coatings in substantial alignment so that the coatings provide reinforced coated areas, and passing a staple through the reinforced coated areas to secure the leaves together, the arrangement being such that the reinforcing coating upon the back leaves is not visible from the outer face of the back leaves and the reinforcing coating upon the inner leaves is not visible from the inner face of the inner leaves.

3. The method of producing a magazine. comprising printing reinforcing coating upon the in ner face of the back leaves of the magazine adjacent to the folding line of the leaves and at points spaced longitudinally of the folding line, printing reinforcing coating upon the outer face of the inner leaves adjacent to the foldingr line of the inner leaves and at points spaced longitudinally of such folding line, the printing of the coating being carried out during the printing of the leaves, assembling various pairs of connected leaves and arranging the corresponding coatings in overlapping relation, the coatings providing spaced groups of reinforced coated areas, and passing a staple through the reinforced coated areas of each group.

4. The method of producing a magazine or the like, comprising the steps of effecting the longitudinal travel of a paper web and printing during such longitudinal travel pairs of connected leaves thereon, the leaves in each pair to be folded upon a line between them, also applying during the longitudinal travel of the paper web upon the web and between the leaves of each connected pair and adjacent to the folding line a reinforcing coating, allowing the coating to set before assembling different pairs of connected leaves, providing a reinforcing area, then separating the pairs of connected folded leaves produced by the same web, assembling different pairs of connected folding leaves from different webs in overlapping relation so that the reinforced coated areas overlap adjacent to the foldingr lines, and passing a staple through the set coating of the reinforced coated areas to secure the leaves together.

5. The method of producing a magazine or the like, comprising the steps of effecting the longitudinal travel of a paper web, printing during such longitudinal travel of the paper web pairs of connected leaves thereon, the leaves in each pair to be folded upon a line between them. also printing during the longitudinal travel of the paper web upon the web and between the leaves of each connected pair and adjacent to the fold ing line a reinforcing coating which will rapidly set and thereby providing a reinforcing area, allowing the reinforcing coating to set before assembling the leaves, separating the pairs of connected folded leaves produced by the same web, assembling different pairs of connected foldin-g leaves from different webs in overlapping relation so that the reinforced coated areas of the set reinforcing coating overlap adjacent to the folding lines, and passing a staple through the set coating of the reinforcing overlapping coating areas.

6. The method of producing a magazine or the like, comprising effecting the longitudinal travel of a web of paper, heating a thermoplastic reinforcing coating and printing such coating upon the traveling web at intervals spaced longitudinally of the web and removing the heat from the thermoplastic material after printing the same upon the web so that it substantially instantaneously sets before the printing of the text of the leaves and produces reinforced coated areas, then printing the traveling web for producing connected pairs of leaves, the leaves in each pair being foldable upon a line between them, arranging the reinforced coated areas of each pair of connected leaves adjacent to the folding line of such pair of leaves to provide reinforced coated areas, assembling different pairs of connected leaves to produce the magazine, arranging the coated areas in groups, and passing staples through the reinforced coated areas in each group.

7. The method of producing a magazine or the like, comprising the steps of printing different pairs of connected leaves, the leaves in each pair to be folded upon a line between them, printing upon each pair of leaves and at the folding line and at points spaced longitudinally of the folding line a thermoplastic reinforcing coating which will substantially instantaneously set upon the removal of heat and thereby providing a plurality of reinforcing areas spaced longitudinally of the folding lines, allowing the reinforcing coating to substantially instantaneously set before assembling the leaves, then assembling different pairs of connected leaves in overlapping relation so that the reinforced coating areas of the set reinforcing coating in each spaced group substantially overlap at the folding lines, and passing staples through the set coating of the reinforcing overlapping coated areas of the spaced group.

8. 'I'he method of producing a magazine or the like, comprising the steps of printing different pairs of connected leaves, the leaves in each pair to be folded upon a line between them, printing upon each pair of leaves and at the folding line and at points spaced longitudinally of the folding line a reinforcing coating which will rapidly set and thereby providing a plurality of reinforcing areas spaced longitudinally of the folding lines, allowing the reinforcing coating to set before assembling leaves, then assembling different pairs of connected leaves in overlapping relation so that the reinforced coating areas of the set reinforcing coating in each spaced group substantially overlap at the folding lines, and passing staples through the set coating of the reinforcing overlapping coating areas of the spaced group.

9. The method of producing a magazine or the like, comprising the steps of effecting the longitudinal travel of a paper web, printing during such longitudinal travel of the paper web pairs of connected leaves thereon, the leaves in each pair to be folded upon a line between them, also printing durinU the longitudinal travel of the paper web upon the web and between the leaves of each connected pair and adjacent to the folding line and at points spaced longitudinally of the folding line a reinforcing coating which will rapidly set and thereby providing a plurality of reinforcing areas spaced longitudinally of the folding line, allowing the reinforcing coating to set before assembling the leaves, then separating the p-airs of connected folding leaves produced by the same web, assembling different pairs of connected leaves from different webs in overlapping relation so that the reinforced coated areas of the set reinforcing coating in each spaced group overlap adjacent to the folding lines, and passing staples through the set coating of the reinforcing overlapping ceating areas of the spaced groups.

l0. The method of producing a magazine, comprising applying reinforcing coating upon the inner face of a pair of back leaves of a magazine adjacent to the folding line of the back leaves and allowing the coating to set before assembling, applying reinforcing coating upon the outer face of a pair of inner center leaves only adjacent to the folding line of the inner center leaves and allowing the coating to set before assembling, assembling the back leaves and inner center leaves and other inner leaves and arranging the coatings in over-lapping relation, and passing a staple through the reinforcing coatings to secure the leaves together.

GEORGE HELLER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4911475 *Oct 12, 1988Mar 27, 1990Lerman Harry HBook binding construction
US5129772 *May 7, 1990Jul 14, 1992Slautterback CorporationAdhesive extrusion method for bookbinding
US5437476 *Apr 13, 1993Aug 1, 1995Moore Business Forms, Inc.Multipage bound booklet having pressure sealed binding
US6095510 *Jun 17, 1997Aug 1, 2000Ferag AgMethod for binding a plurality of groups of sheets
US6213702 *Dec 15, 1999Apr 10, 2001Enschede Sdu B.V.Method for manufacturing a booklet, booklet manufactured according to the method and booklet
US8123254Sep 16, 2005Feb 28, 2012G.B.D. Corp.Method for mounting artwork reproductions printed on a deformable substrate and for incorporating a printed deformable substrate in a publication
DE1107640B *Feb 10, 1955May 31, 1961Matuschke WalterVerfahren zum fortlaufenden Herstellen von fertigen Heften, ausgehend von im Rotationsverfahren bedruckten Papierrollen
WO1997006960A1 *Aug 13, 1996Feb 27, 1997Douglas J BeighleBook/disc product and method of making
WO2006029531A2 *Sep 16, 2005Mar 23, 2006Helmut Horst G ConradA deformable substrate and a method of configuring the substrate to reduce the propagation of stress along a fold line thereon
Classifications
U.S. Classification270/37, 281/21.1, 493/333, 412/6
International ClassificationB42B4/00
Cooperative ClassificationB42B4/00
European ClassificationB42B4/00