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Publication numberUS2314281 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1943
Filing dateMar 28, 1941
Priority dateMar 28, 1941
Publication numberUS 2314281 A, US 2314281A, US-A-2314281, US2314281 A, US2314281A
InventorsKnott Emmet K
Original AssigneeKnott Emmet K
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pumping apparatus
US 2314281 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 16, 1943. E. K. KNOTT PUMPING APPARATUS Filed March 28. 1941 INVENTOR Emmef If. Knofz" ":Patent edMar. '16, 19 43- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PUMPING APPARATUS Ema K. Knott, Seattle, Wash. Application March 28, 1941, Serial No. 385,727 4 claims. (Cl.103-149) My invention relates generally to pumps for causing a fluid to be forced through a conduit at a uniform rate without permitting the actuating members of the pumping apparatus to come in contact with the fluid and is particularly directed to a so-called blood transfusion pump. To this end, said pumping apparatus comprises a casing in which a length of collapsible but elastic tubing is arranged in a circular course and a rotor is mounted centrally of said circular course with eccentrically arranged tubing engaging'elements adapted progressively to move about with said ,rotor to compress the side walls and to expel the contents of said section of tubing progressively thru said course.

One of the specific objects of my invention is to provide a device of this character in which the force applied by said rollers to compress the walls of said tubing and to thus expel the fluid from said course can be regulated so closely that sufiicient force will then be applied to the walls of said tubing to completely collapse them but no greater force will be applied which might injure said tubing walls. I

A further specific object of my invention is to provide pumping apparatus of this character in which there is no pulsating of the fluid thru the pumping apparatus. A further object of my invention is to provide a simple and inexpensive apparatus which can be easily and quickly assembled and dismounted so that the parts thereof may be removed for sterilizing and reassembled without destroying the accuracy of the operative relationship of said parts.

A further specific object of my invention is to provide a pump of this character in which the tubing can be easily and quickly inserted and withdrawn and yet said tubing will not be permitted to creep within the casing under the action of the rotor elements in compressing the away to disclose details of the construction which would otherwise be obscured;

Fig.4 is a detailed sectional view taken on the line 44 in Fig. 1, illustrating the manner in which the rollers, pivotal arms and manipulating devicestherefor are mounted;

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the rotor for said pumping apparatus with a portion of the disc element therein shown broken away to disclose the short. shaft or trunnion mounting therefor;

and

Fig. 61s a fragmentary assembly view illustrating how the pumping mechanism is arranged walls of the tubing and expressing the contents thereof. Further and other details of my invention are hereinafter described with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a sectional view thru the casing and tubing of said pumping apparatus showing the manner in which the rotatable operating mechanism is mounted, said section being taken on the I the outside diameter of the tubing and of a, length slightly greater than its width. The portions 1-111 of said tubing immediately adjacent the annular course 5 cross insaid lateral per foration and are releasably held by C-shaped clips 8-8a. Said clips are integral with or firm 1y secured .to the casing and each has an inside diameter closely approximating the outside di- I ameter of the tubing. As a matter of fact, said inside diameter of the clip should be slightl smaller than the tubing so as to grip said tubing, in the manner illustrated in Fig. 1. Saidtubing'.

preferably is high grade pure rubber tubing, such for example as is used in blood transfusion work v and is highly compressible and resilient. Into each of said clips 8--8a is a notch 8b thru which said tubing can beforced laterally to seat the tubing in said clips or thru which said tubing can be removed laterally to disengage the tubing from the clips. Said notch is substantially nar rower than the outside diameter of the tubing and-thus the tubing cannot inadvertently bedetached from the clips thru said notch. The tubing is formed into an annular course and is ad-.

justed in the circular groove so as to completely fill the groove circumferentially. The tubing can then be'" anchored by having the portions '!-1a placed in the clips. I

A rotor [0a, including a disc 9, is journalledin the casing being supported by a stepped or otherwise split shaft 10. On one face of said disc is a pair of arms H-I la. each pivotally mounted at one end to the face of said disc 9. The pivotal mounting of said arms and the securing of said arms to the disc is accomplished thru pins i2--|2a. respectively. Each of said pins is secured to its arm and the disc by a threaded nut and bolt structure l3-l3a as is illustrated in Fig. 4. The upper end of each of said pins is slotted, respectively, as at l4--l4a and one end of a coiled spring I5I5a, respectively on said pins, is secured in said slot. The other end of each of said springs, respectively, is hooked about a screw |6 |6a, respectively, tapped into the arm. Each spring is Wound so as to press arm I ll la and roller I1l1a, carried upon the free end of each of said arms, outwardly. The pins are rotated so as to put substantial tension in the springs to which they are secured and said pins are then locked into position by setting the nuts i3-I3a, respectively, down tightly against the outside face of disc 9. Sufficient tension is applied to the springs so that the rollers will be forced outwardly with sufficient force to compress the walls of tubing 4 and to express the contents of the tubing when said rotor is actuated.

The degree of compression of said tubing and the manner in which each roller engages the walls thereof are indicated inFig. 1. Each of rollers Il-Ha is journalled upon a depressor pin ill-48a threaded in the free end of arms ll--Ila, respectively, and each has a knurled end IS-l 9a. respectively, which extends thru an elongated arcuate slot 20-4011 in disc 9. Said knurled ends are alined with each other at the sides of the disc opposed to the arm H-l la so that sa d depressor pins can be gripped between the fingers and moved longitudinally of the arcuate slot to bring the rollers ll-Ha out of engagement with the internal circular groove, in the manner illustrated in Fig. 1. This action is diagrammatically illustrated in dotted outline in with the casing. Disengagement can'be effected merelyby moving said depressor pins towards each other and then displacing the rotor laterally from the casing to disengage said parts.

Said casing and the, rotor mounted therein, preferably engages a cup-shaped base shell 2i in the manner illustrated in Fig.1. and the casing have a good sliding fit so as to prevent lateral separation and relative rotation is prevented by a pin 22 which seats in a recess in the casing in the manner illustrated in Fig. 2.

Said cup-shaped base shell is-secured to a wall Thus, said or other fixed member 23 by bolts 24. shell and said casing are held against rotation.

Journalled in said shell is a drive shaft 25 hav- Said base shell of said tubing are progressively expressed and experience has demonstrated that there is no slippage and said pumping apparatus functions as a positive displacement element when pressures are utilized within an operating range dictated by the inherent strength of the tubing walls.

When the pumping apparatus is assembled, as is illustrated in Fig. 2, and it is wished to remove the casing, all that it is necessary to do is to pull the casing laterally from the shell which coincidentally disengages the stepped shaft ID from engagement with drive shaft 25. The rotor can be disengaged from the casing merely by pulling the depressor pins |8|8a towards each other until the rollers clear the sides of the internal circular groove 3. The rotor can then be removed. If the tubing 4 is to be removed, this can quickly be done by detaching the ends from clips 8'8a and all of the separate parts can then be washed and placed in a sterilizer, separately.

When the pumping apparatus is to be reassembled, a portion of the tubing can be arranged in an annular course with the ends thereof extending thru the lateral perforation 6 and when the courseis extended to' completely fill the internal circular groove 3 circumferentially, the ends can he slipped laterally into the clips and the rotor can be mounted in place by pulling said depressor pins towards each other, moving said rotor laterally into the casing and releasing said depressor pins permitting springs l5-l5a to space the rollers apart and to seat in the internal circular groove 3. The tension of springs l5-l5a may be varied by backing off nuts i3l3a and turning pins l2-l2a to the desired position where they may be locked in place by setting the nuts l3l3a down tightly into position.

I claim:

1. Pumping apparatus comprising a casing defining an internal circular groove, a rotor element journalled in said casing, a length of collapsible elastic tubing formed into an annular course within said casing and lying in said groove,

said rotor comprising a disc, a pair of spring extended arms each pivotally mounted at one end on said disc, a roller carried by the free end of each of said arms, and depressor pins carried by said arms extending thru slotted apertures formed in said disc, said rollers normally being adapted to ride in and to engage the sides of said casing groove, said depressor pins constituting manual manipulating means for moving said rollers into and out of engagement with said casing groove.

2. Pumping apparatus comprising a casingdefining an internal. circular groove, a rotor ele- 'ment journalled in said casing, a length of collapsible elastic tubing formed into an annular course within said casing and lying in said groove, said rotor comprising a disc, a pair of spring extended arms each pivotally mounted at one end on said disc, a roller carried by the free end of each of said arms, and alined depressor pins carried by said arms extending thru slotted apertures formed in said disc, said rollers normally zyrate about the axis of rotation of stepped shaft Y in and progressively collapse the tubing 4 lying' in internal circular groove 3'. Thus the contents being adapted to ride in and to engage the sides of said casing groove, said depressor pins constituting manual manipulating means for moving said rollers into and out of engagement with said casing groove.

- 3. Pumping apparatus comprising a casing defining an internalcircular groove. a rotor element journalled in said casing, a length of collapsible elastic tubing formed into an annular course within said casing and lying insaid groove, said casing being perforated laterally of said groove to deflne' an opening thru which the por-' tions of said tubing adjacent the ends of said annular course may extend to the exterior of said casing, said rotor comprising a disc, a pair of spring extended arms each pivotally mounted at one end on said disc, and a roller carried by the free end of each of said arms, said rollers normally being adapted to ride in and to en age the sides of said casing groove, each of said rollers being substantially larger in diameter than said casing opening, said tubing portions extending thru said opening, crossing each other within said opening.

4. Pumping apparatus comprising a casing defining an internal circular groove, a rotor element Journalled in said casing, a length of collapsible elastic tubing formed into an annular course within said casing and lying in said groove,

said casing being perforated laterally of said groove to define an opening thru which the portions of said tubing adjacent the ends of said annular course may extend to the exterior of said casing, clips extending laterally from the exterior of said casing adapted to engage said last mentioned tube portions, said clips being proportioned to pass and release said tubing when the latter is collapsed but to retain said tubing when it is extended, said rotor comprising a disc, a pair of spring extended arms each pivotally mounted at one end on said disc, and a roller carried by the free end of each of said arms, said rollers normally being adapted to ride in and to engage the sides of said casing groove, each of said rollers being substantially larger in diameter than said casing opening, said tubing portions extending thru said opening, crossing each other within said opening.

EIMMET K. KNOTT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2596000 *Jul 20, 1946May 6, 1952Gerhart WeissFluid motor operated toy vehicle
US2606500 *Jun 24, 1946Aug 12, 1952Schmidt Benjamin FFluid actuated double-acting submersible pump
US2651264 *Feb 10, 1951Sep 8, 1953Florez Company Inc DeFluid pump
US2693766 *Dec 12, 1950Nov 9, 1954Antoine Seyler LeonRotary pump of the resilient tube type
US2826993 *Nov 23, 1953Mar 18, 1958Dunlop Tire & Rubber CorpFlexible hose fluid pump
US2885966 *Jan 24, 1956May 12, 1959Clarence Ford ReginaldRotary pumps
US2898864 *Dec 27, 1956Aug 11, 1959Nicotron Developments LtdRotary pumps
US2899904 *Apr 27, 1955Aug 18, 1959 Roller pump
US2899907 *Mar 17, 1958Aug 18, 1959 Roller pump
US2928353 *Dec 19, 1955Mar 15, 1960Murray Jerome LFluid pressure devices
US2935028 *Aug 5, 1957May 3, 1960Technicon InstrPumps
US2955543 *Jan 19, 1959Oct 11, 1960Daniels Paul JPumps for liquid dispensers
US3101675 *Apr 24, 1961Aug 27, 1963Technicon InstrPump
US3137242 *Jan 22, 1962Jun 16, 1964William Hahn GeorgeInfusion pump
US3927955 *Jul 9, 1973Dec 23, 1975East West Medical Products IncMedical cassette pump
US3960466 *Feb 10, 1975Jun 1, 1976Taylor Edward JDouche-enema pump
US4142845 *Sep 27, 1977Mar 6, 1979Lepp William ADialysis pump system having over-center cam tracks to lock rollers against tubing
US4185948 *Nov 30, 1977Jan 29, 1980Maguire Stephen BPeristaltic pump construction
US6082977 *Jul 9, 1997Jul 4, 2000Seiko Epson CorporationInk-jet recording device and pump used therein
US6106098 *May 19, 1997Aug 22, 2000Seiko Epson CorporationInk jet recording apparatus having respective capping members for plural recording heads
US6203295Apr 11, 2000Mar 20, 2001Seiko Epson CorporationInk-jet recording device and pump used therein
US20120175292 *Jan 10, 2011Jul 12, 2012Fresenius Medical Care Holdings, Inc.Peristaltic pump arrangement and pump rollers
CN1105022C *Jul 11, 1997Apr 9, 2003精工爱普生株式会社Inkjet recording device with pump and pump used therein
EP0818317A2 *Jul 10, 1997Jan 14, 1998Seiko Epson CorporationTube pump and ink-jet recording device using it
WO2002066833A1 *Feb 20, 2002Aug 29, 2002Holm Niels ErikHose pump
WO2005025642A2Aug 27, 2004Mar 24, 2005Todd John BaumeisterDevice and method for irradiating blood
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/477.7, D15/7
International ClassificationF04B43/12
Cooperative ClassificationF04B43/1276
European ClassificationF04B43/12G6