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Publication numberUS2314751 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 23, 1943
Filing dateNov 23, 1940
Priority dateNov 23, 1940
Publication numberUS 2314751 A, US 2314751A, US-A-2314751, US2314751 A, US2314751A
InventorsWoodward Clement A
Original AssigneeUnited Carr Fastener Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical connection
US 2314751 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 23,1943. A WOODWARD 2,314,751

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION Filed Nov. 23, 1940 y I wenibr: G'Ze men? flvlzv adwmd Patented Mar. 23, 1943 UNITED stars PATENT OFFICE ELECTRICAL CONNECTION Clement A. Woodward, Dedham, Mass, assignor to United-Carr Fastener Corporation, Cambridge, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application November 23, 1940, Serial No. 366,851

3 Claims.

This invention relates to electrical connections comprising stud and socket members adapted to be detachably secured in electrical engagement and is directed particularly to an improved socket member forming one unit of the connector assembly. I

The chief object of my invention is the provision of an improved socket member of the socalled quick break type providing a split spring ring adapted to embrace a stud member of the connection so as to connect electrically the parts with the spring being formed in a way to exert constant spring tension on the casing of the socket member so as to assure a good electrical connection between the stud and casing.

Other uses and objects of my invention will be apparent from inspection of the drawing and specification hereinbelow set forth.

Referring to the drawing, in which I have l1- lustrated a preferred embodiment of my invention:

Fig. '1 is a side elevation showing stud and socket members of my connection in position to be attached;

Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of my improved socket member;

Fig. 3 is a section taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a section taken along the line 44 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a transverse section through the stud and socket members shown in Fig. 1, the members being shown in attached relation;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the spring ring forming a part of the socket member; and

Fig. '7 is an edge view of the spring ring show ing the ends of the ring in ofiset relation.

Referring in detail to the drawing, I have shown parts of a single circuit electrical connection including a socket member I and a plug or stud member 2 which are adapted to be detachably connected to effect a good electrical connection. The stud member 2 comprises a head 3 having a central depressed portion 4, a neck 5 and a base 6. A soldering terminal 1 is secured in electrical connection to the stud by means of a rivet 8 having a head 9 and a shank Ill projecting through the terminal and an opening H (Fig. 5) in the depression 4 of the head and collapsed against the depressed portion thereby securing the soldering terminal I between the base 6 and the rivet head 9 in positive engagement with the base 6. The soldering terminal is preferably in the form of an elongated metal strip having ears l2 integral with opposed edges and adapted to be clamped over the insulating covering of a lead wire (not shown) to id in securing the lead in assembly with the terminal. The bare wire of the lead is preferably secured in electrical engagement with the terminal by solder.

The socket member I of the connection comprises a metal casing having a base i3 and an annular rim It. The base l3 has an aperture 25 (Fig. 3). The rim l4 has a shoulder is and an annular groove l1 above the shoulder, viewing Fig. 3. The free edge [8 of the rim forms a margin around an opening I9 which is of greater diameter than the stud head 3 and receives the same during connection of the parts.

A spring ring 26 is confined within the groove ii and split to provide free ends 2!. The ring is normally of smaller diameter than the head 3 of the stud and is contractible and expansible so as to embrace resiliently the neck 5 of the stud when the stud is passed therethrough, as most clearly shown in Fig. 5. A soldering terminal '32, which is similar in form to the terminal I1, is secured in electrical engagement with the socket casing by means of a rivet 23 having a head 24 and a shank 25 extending through the terminal 22 and the opening I5 of the base l3 and collapsed on the other side of the base from the terminal so as to secure the terminal in positive electrical engagement with the socket casing between the rivet head and base.

The chief feature of my invention lies in the construction of the spring ring 29 wherein the ends 2! are offset laterally, as most clearly shown in Fig. 7, so that parallel planes transverse to the axis of the ring in tangential relation to the outer corners of the ends 2| are spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the groove l'l. As a result the ends 2i resiliently engage the edge l8 and shoulder l6 of the rim under constant spring tension thereby assuring a positive electrical connection between the ring and the socket casing when the stud and socket members are in connection. Thus, with the present construction there is no chance of looseness between the ring and socket casing and as a result the device is particularly advantageous where the members serve to connect the leads of head phones and the like as it prevents intermittent contact, a failing which would result in an increased noise level.

Although I have illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of my invention, I do not wish to be limited thereby because the scope of my invention is best defined by the following claims.

I claim:

1. A socket member for an electrical connection, said socket member comprising a metal casing having a base and a rim, said rim having an annular groove nd the free edge of said rim con stituting the margin of an opening for receiving a stud comprising a part of a cooperating member of the connection, a conducting means electrically connected to said casing, a ring-shaped spring confined in said groove, said spring being adapted to embrace tightly said stud by a snap action whereby said parts are secured in connection, and said spring having casing-engaging portions contacting said rim under constant spring tension at all times so as to effect a positive electrical connection between said stud and said socket casing while permitting said spring to expand and contract for snap action between the stud and socket.

2. A socket member for an electrical connection, said socket member comprising a metal casing having a base and a rim, said rim having an annular groove and the free edge of said rim constituting the margin of an opening for receiving a stud comprising a part of a cooperating member of the connection, a lead terminal electrically connected to said casing, a ringshaped spring confined in said groove, said spring being expansible and contractible to embrace tightly said stud whereby said parts are secured in connection, and said spring having bent free ends engaging said rim under constant spring tension at all times so as to effect a positive electrical connection between said stud and said socket casing while permitting said spring to expand and contract for snap action between the stud and socket.

3. A socket member for an electrical connection, said socket member comprising a metal casing having a base and a rim, said rim having an annular shoulder and annular groove above said shoulder, the free edge of said rim constituting the margin of an opening for receiving a stud comprising a part of a cooperating member of the connection, a conducting means electrically connected to said casing, a ring-shaped spring confined in said groove, said spring being contractible and expansible to embrace tightly said stud whereby said parts are secured in connection, and said spring having free ends ofiset in different directions to engage said shoulder and said free edge under constant spring tension so as to effect a positive electrical connection between said stud and said socket casing while permitting said spring to expand and contract for snap action between the stud and socket.

CLEMENT A. NOODWARD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2668281 *Jan 8, 1952Feb 2, 1954Essex Wire CorpBulb socket assembly embodying means for fastening the same in a perforated panel
US2786189 *Jan 4, 1954Mar 19, 1957Albert SargisSnap-in electric plug and socket
US4374598 *May 19, 1980Feb 22, 1983Scott Edwin CSecurity bars
US4890364 *Jan 17, 1989Jan 2, 1990Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Split ring springs for snap fasteners and method of manufacturing the same
US5642558 *Jun 23, 1995Jul 1, 1997Bodkin, Sr.; Lawrence EdwardJewelry clasp
US5743754 *Jul 10, 1995Apr 28, 1998Cristich; Cristi L.Electrical multi-pin snap connector
US7644476Dec 8, 2006Jan 12, 2010Ykk CorporationCap for button, fixing member and button
US20060043039 *Aug 26, 2005Mar 2, 2006Custom Hardware Mfg. Inc.Integrated posts/ferrule
EP0390400A1 *Mar 20, 1990Oct 3, 1990LecTec CorporationBiomedical electrode and connector
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/846, 24/674
International ClassificationH01R11/11, H01R11/22
Cooperative ClassificationH01R11/22
European ClassificationH01R11/22