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Publication numberUS2315160 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 30, 1943
Filing dateJun 12, 1942
Priority dateJun 12, 1942
Publication numberUS 2315160 A, US 2315160A, US-A-2315160, US2315160 A, US2315160A
InventorsMillet John Bradford, Newstedt John Roger
Original AssigneeMillet John Bradford, Newstedt John Roger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Neurological unit
US 2315160 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. R. NEWSTEDT ETAL 2,315,160

March 30, 1943;

NEUROLOGICAL um T Filed June 12, 1942 INVENTCR. Ja/m l2 l ewszedz Jo n Millet Patented Mar. 30, 1943 NEUROLOGICAL UNIT John Roger N ewstedt, Cincinnati, Ohio, and John Bradford Millet, Boston, Mass.

Application June 12, 1942, Serial No. 446,732

6 Claims.

The present invention relates to neurological instruments and is particularly directed to the novel arrangement of a plurality of said instruments in a compact and convenient unit.

In the practice of neurology and related professions a number of basic instruments are used to make sensory and reflex tests and observations of persons with nervous ailments or for patients about to undergo certain surgical operations. All of these instruments are relatively small in proportion and are easily mislaid or lost, especially when a neurologist has a number of professional calls to make in private homes. It is therefore an object of this invention to combine all of the basic neurological instruments in a single, compact unit so that said instruments can be conveniently carried about on ones person and which will present all of said instruments at one time to the person requiring them.

Another object of the invention is to provide a composite neurological unit which permits one or more of said instruments to serve as a necessary functional element for other instruments in the unit, thus greatly simplifying the resulting structural features of said unit.

Other objects will be apparent from the following specification and drawing, in which:

Fig. l is a front elevational view of our neurological unit, a part thereof being shown in longitudinal cross-section.

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of said unit.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the instrument case, taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of an esthesiometer for our unit illustrated in open position.

Fig. 5 is a general view illustrating the instrument in an operative position.

The neurological unit of our invention consists of a tuning fork 6 having a pair of spaced, parallel prongs I and 8 which are joined together at their upper common ends by means of an integral and elongated neck portion 9 disposed in the common plane of the prongs 1 and 8. The lower free ends of the prongs may be provided with conventional pitch regulators H).

A percussion head II is mounted on the upper free end of the neck portion 9 and is formed of a uniform thickness throughout its transverse area and is triangularly shaped in side elevation, the upper side l2 and the lower side l3 converging from a blunt end M of the head to a reduced impact end I5. The head is mounted endwise on the neck 9 in the common plane of the prongs and said neck, so that the tuning fork forms a handle for the head, by a means comprising a ring-like mounting member 16 which encircles and is in continuous engagement with the transverse, intermediate surface of the head ll. As

, shown in Fig. 2, the mounting member is elliptical in transverse elevation and is provided with an elognated opening I! for snugly receiving said head, a threaded lug l8 depending from said mounting member for engagement with a threaded hole 13 formed in the upper end of the neck prongs of the tuning fork, the ends of said case being provided with interior threads 23 and 24 for receiving exteriorly threaded portions on the caps 25 and 26, respectively. As most clearly illustrated in Fig. 4, the cap 25 is split longitudinally into equal sections 21 and 28 which are rotatably fastened together by means of a trans verse pivot pin 29. This cap forms the pivot portion for the esthesiometer, said sections being provided with needles 30 and 3| whichextend from the interior surface of said cap sections, respectively. As shown in Fig. 4, the sections are provided with reduced threaded parts which, when the esthesiometer is in closed position, form a single screw thread for engagement with the interior threads 23 on the case. The cap 26 is provided with a brush 32 extending inwardly from its interior face.

It will therefore be understood that in our neurological unit the tuning fork functions as a convenient handle for the percussion head when the unit is used to elicit reflexes, such as the patellar reflex obtained by striking the patients knee with the reduced impact end l5 of the head. The unit is also used in other neurological tests and for the purposes of these tests, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the tuning fork 6, the percussion head H and the instrument case 22 cooperate in transmitting vibrations to certain bony prominences of a patient. In this circumstance the physician Will hold the upper end 25 of the case 22 against a bony prominence such as ankle 33 of a patient by holding said unit with his hand 34 around the percussion head I I. It will be noted that the percussion head ll serves as a hand gripping element which is easily and naturally grasped and securely held by the physician while the case 22 acts as a body contact member for the unit. For the purposes of these tests, vibrations are set up in the tuning fork and are transmitted from the neck 9 of the tuning fork through the rubber percussion head H to the case 22 and thence to the bony prominence 33. Said vibrations would not be dampened by the fingers of the physician as he holds the instrument by the rubber percussion head, as illustrated in Fig. 5.

What is claimed is:

1. A neurological unit comprising a tuning fork having a neck portion extending from one end thereof, a hand gripping element fastened in' termediate its ends to the free end of the neck portion and a reduced body contact member mounted on and extending from the element.

2. A neurological unit comprising a tuning fork having a neck portion extending longitudinally therefrom, an elongated hand gripping element disposed transversely of the neck portion, means engaging an intermediate portion of the element and adapted to fasten said element to the free end of the neck, and a reduced body contact member mounted on the element and extending longitudinally from the side of said elementopposed to the side at which the neck is fastened to the element.

3. A neurological unit comprising a tuning fork having a neck portion extending longitudinally therefrom, an elongated hand gripping element disposed transversely of the neck portion, means engaging an intermediate portion of the element and adapted to fasten said element to the free end of the neck, and 'a reduced body contact member mounted on the element adjacent the fastening means and extending longitudinally from the side of said element opposed to the side at which the neck is fastened to the element.

4. A neurological unit comprising a tuning r fork having a pair of spaced, parallel prongs, and a straight neck portion connected to common ends of said prongs and extending longitudinally therefrom, a triangularly shaped hand gripping element fastened endwise to the free end of the neck portion, a bore formed through the blunt end of the element in parallelism with the prongs, and an elongated body contact member held intermediate its ends in the bore with a substantial portion of its body extending from both sides of the element.

5. A neurological unit comprising a tuning fork having a pair of spaced, parallel prongs, and a neck portion connected to common ends of the prongs, a triangularly shaped hand gripping element disposed in endwise position at the free end of the neck portion, a ring-like mounting member continuously engaging the transverse, intermediate surface of the element and having an integral threaded lug extending therefrom, a threaded hole in the upper end of the neck portion for receiving the lug, and a body contact member held intermediate its ends on the blunt end of the element.

6. A neurological unit comprising a tuning fork having a pair of spaced, parallel prongs, and a neck portion connected to common ends of the prongs, a triangularly shaped hand gripping element disposed in endwise position at the free end of the neck portion, a ring-like mounting member continuously engaging the transverse, intermediate surface of the element, a pin run transversely through the element and fastened at its ends to the opposed sides of the mounting member, an integral threaded lug extending from said member, a threaded hole in the upper end of the neck portion for receiving the lug, and a body contact member held intermediate its ends on the blunt end of the element.

JOHN ROGER NEWS'IEDT. JOHN BRADFORD MILLET.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2422520 *Sep 17, 1946Jun 17, 1947Bartley Samuel HowardInstrument for measuring cutaneous sensitivity
US2908268 *Sep 21, 1956Oct 13, 1959Maurice C GuestNeurological diagnostic instrument
US3344781 *Oct 23, 1964Oct 3, 1967Allen Medical Instr CorpMulti-purpose neurological diagnostic instrument
US3515125 *Jun 9, 1967Jun 2, 1970Asa P RuskinNeurological diagnostic tool
US4250891 *Jun 7, 1979Feb 17, 1981The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education & WelfareDepth-sense perception and two-point discrimination aesthesiometers
US4324261 *Apr 3, 1980Apr 13, 1982Mark Vernon HReflex hammer
US4643195 *Sep 10, 1984Feb 17, 1987Friedman Robert HAttachment for determining human reflex reactions and method for determining same
US5233988 *Jan 28, 1991Aug 10, 1993Raghuprasad Puthalath KNeuro-aid
US5279309 *Jul 27, 1992Jan 18, 1994International Business Machines CorporationSignaling device and method for monitoring positions in a surgical operation
US5402801 *Apr 28, 1994Apr 4, 1995International Business Machines CorporationSystem and method for augmentation of surgery
US5445166 *Apr 6, 1994Aug 29, 1995International Business Machines CorporationSystem for advising a surgeon
US5630431 *Oct 11, 1994May 20, 1997International Business Machines CorporationSystem and method for augmentation of surgery
US5695500 *Apr 6, 1994Dec 9, 1997International Business Machines CorporationSystem for manipulating movement of a surgical instrument with computer controlled brake
US5950629 *Apr 28, 1994Sep 14, 1999International Business Machines CorporationSystem for assisting a surgeon during surgery
US6231526Dec 8, 1999May 15, 2001International Business Machines CorporationSystem and method for augmentation of surgery
US6547782Aug 11, 2000Apr 15, 2003International Business Machines, Corp.System and method for augmentation of surgery
US7938784Feb 2, 2007May 10, 2011J & R Enterprises, Inc.Compact diagnostic neurological tool
US8043214Mar 5, 2009Oct 25, 2011Puthalath Koroth RaghuprasadNeuro-aid
Classifications
U.S. Classification600/552, 600/553, 600/557
International ClassificationA61B5/11, A61B5/103
Cooperative ClassificationA61B9/00
European ClassificationA61B9/00