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Publication numberUS2315824 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 6, 1943
Filing dateNov 6, 1941
Priority dateNov 6, 1941
Publication numberUS 2315824 A, US 2315824A, US-A-2315824, US2315824 A, US2315824A
InventorsArthur O Sweeny
Original AssigneeArthur O Sweeny
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet
US 2315824 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 6, 1943. A. o. S WEENY COMBINED PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC WATER CLOSET 3 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Npv. 6, 1941 awe/rm 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Apnl 6, 1943. A. o. SWEENY COMBINED PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC WATER CLOSET Filed Nov. 6, 1941 April 6, 1943. A. o. SWEENY 2,315,824

COMBINED PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC WATER CLOSET 7 Filed Nov. 6, 1941 s Sheets-Sheet s 1 V W i mw da Aw k W 2 m 4 W O a W Z 4 M .llb 4 m m 6 m w 1 6 a 8 2 J v E Patented Apr. 6, 1943 cor/rema PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC WATER CLOSET Arthur 0. Swecny, Kittery, Maine Application November 6, 1941, Serial No. 418,070

7 Claims.

The invention aims to provide a new and improved water closet of the general type used in submarines, subway stations and the like, in which the discharge from the closet must be forced out against resisting pressure, and the construction of the invention is such that compressed air is used to position the waste in readiness for discharge, and water under pressure is then used to effect the discharge, insuring that there shall be no escape of compressed air with the waste, which is particularly desirable when the closet is used on submarines, as it precludes air bubbling to the surface and possibly giving the location of the vessel to the enemy.

With the foregoing in view, the invention resides in the novel subject matter hereinafter described and claimed, description being accomplished by reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig. l is a side elevation partly broken away and in section, showing not only the hopper and the chambers associated therewith but illustrating the water tank, the flush valve, the blow valve and all necessary piping.

Fig. 2 is a front elevation partly broken away and in section showing the hopper, the chambers associated therewith and the valve-actuating mechanism in one of these chambers.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view on line 3--3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the hopper and chambers.

Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional view'on line 5-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged vertical sectional view through the'compressed air valve casing and the portion of the chamber with which it is associated, illustrating the compressed air valve in elevation in said casing and showing a fragment of the operating lever of said valve.

Fig. 7 is an elevation partly in section showing .a modification in which a solenoid is employed in operating the compressed air valve.

Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional view through the "compressed air valve shown in Fig. 7.

suitable dump valve I2 is provided for the hopper outlet I3. At I4, I have illustrated a suitable flush valve for directing water from a water tank I5 through pipes I6 and I! to flush the contents of the hopper l0 into the casing II when the dump valve I2 is opened, a suitable operating lever l3 being employed for this valve. An appropriate rocker I9 is illustrated for. operating the flush valve l4 when moved in one direction and for operating a suitable blow valve when moved in the other direction.

The casing ll includes an upper receiving chamber 2! and a lower discharge chamber 22, the lower end of 2! being in restricted communication with the upper end of 22, as indicated at 23. The discharge chamber 22 is provided with a horizontally directed waste outlet 24 communieating with a waste discharge line 25 having a check valve 26. When the closet is used in a submarine, the line discharges through the hull 21 of the ship and is of course provided with an appropriate sea valve 28. A water nozzle 29 extends through the side wall of the casing H substantially in alinement with the outlet 24 for hydraulically scavenging the waste from the chamber 22, and a water conducting line 30 leads to said nozzle from the lower end of the water tank 15, said line 30 being provided with an appropriate spring-seated valve 3| to prevent syphonic action.

An additional vertical casing 32 is provided abreast of the casing II, and said casing 32 is placed in communication with the upper and lower portions of said casing II, by means of appropriate passages 33 which insure the same liquid level in both casings l I and 32. Both passages 33 are suitably screened at 34 to prevent any appreciable amount of solid matter from flowing through them into the casing 32, but as it will be advisable from time to time to clean any collecting sediment from said casing 32, it is provided with a suitable clean-out passage 35 for which a valve 33 is employed.

Projecting outwardly from the upper portion of the casing 32, is a compressed air valve casing 31 having (see Figs. 6 and 8) a compressed air inlet 38 and two compressed air outlets 39 and 40. A compressed air conducting line 4| leads to the inlet 38 from the blow valve 20, which valve is operatively connected by a line 42 with a compressed air main 43. The compressed air outlet 39 communicates directly with the upper end of the casing 32, and an air line 44 extends from the outlet to the top of the water tank I5.

Slidable within the compressed air valve casing 31 is a dual compressed air valve 45. Whenthis valve is shifted to the right from the position shown in Figs. (Sand 8, it places the compressed '53, allowing valve 45 closet, the rocker l air inlet line 4| in communication only with the outlet 39 for conducting compressed air into the chamber within the casing 32 and (thru uppermost passage 33) into the chamber 2| of the casing H. When the valve 45, however, is shifted to the left as seen in Figs. 6 and 8, it places the compressed air inlet 38 in communication only with the compressed air line 44 extending to the top of the water tank I5. Provision is made, controlled by the liquid level in the chamber 2|, for effecting proper operation of the valve 45. In the present disclosure, this valve is urged to the left by a suitable coil spring 46 but this spring is overcome by the operating means which is controlled by the liquid level, when the valve should be moved to the right, and said spring is permitted to act by said operating means, when the valve should be shifted to the left.

In most views of the drawings, a mechanical means is shown for operating the valve 45, but in Figs. '1 and 8, electrical means is shown for obtaining the same result. Referring more particularly to Figs. 2 and 3, it will be seen that a float 41 is provided in the casing 32, said float having an appropriate stem 48 passing slidably through a suitable guide 43 and operatively connected with a bell crank 53. When the float 41 rises, the bell crank 53 pushes the valve 45 to the right against the action of the spring 43, and when said float again lowers, said spring 46 again shifts said valve 45 to the left. The rise and fall of liquid in the casing 32 which causes operation of the float 41, occurs between more or less fixed limits, and the high and low levels are indicated by the broken lines 5| and 52 respectively.

In Figs. '1 and 8, a solenoid 53 is employed for shifting the valve 45 to the right. Current for operating this solenoid is supplied through an appropriate relay 54, and two contacts 55 to be bridged by the liquid in casing 32 are instrumental in aiding to complete the circuit of said solenoid. A switch 55, however, is controlled by the rocker |9 to completely close the circuit only when this rocker is operated to actuate the blow valve 20. Whenever this blow valve is operated, the liquid is substantially at the high level 5| and consequently the circuit of the relay 44 will be completed through the switch 56 and the liquid bridging the contacts 55. Whenever the liquid is driven down to the low level 52, it clears the contacts 55, breaking the circuit of the relay 55 which in turn breaks the circuit of the solenoid to return to the left.

A filling line 51 is provided for the water tank l5, and in the present showing, said line 51 is equipped with a control valve 58 and with a sea valve 59. Also associated with the tank I5 is an appropriate gauge glass 60.

The element 6| extending from the blow valve 20 is simply a vent line through which the com-.

pressed air escapes from the chambers of the closet after it has performed its duty.

In explaining the operation of the invention, reference will first be-made to the form of construction shown in Figs. 1 to 6. After use of the is moved to actuate the flush valve l4, and either before or simultaneouslywith the movement of said rocker, the dump valve I2 is opened by means of the lever l8. Thus the hopper contents are received in the receiving chamber 2| with the result that the liquid in this chamber and in the casing 32, rises to the high level 5|. This causes the float 41 to rise and shift the compressed air valve 45 to the right from its 1 Fig. 6 position. The rocker I3 is now tilted in the opposite direction to operate the blow valve 20, which valve conducts aid to the compressed air valve casing 31 through the pipe 4|. This air leaves the casing through the outlet 39 and enters the upper end of casing 32, flowing also through the uppermost of the passages 33 into the chamber 2|, above the liquid level, it being of course understood that the dump valve lever 18 is released to permit valve l2 to close before the blow valve 23 is operated. The admission of compressed air above the contents of the chamber 2|, drives these contents down to the low level 52 and discharges most of them into the discharge chamber 22. When the liquid level reaches the low lever 52, however, the float 41 drops and the spring 45 returns the valve 45 to the position of Fig. 6, thus discontinuing the supply of compressed air above the liquid level. This shifting of the valve also directs the compressed air through the line 44 into the upper end of the water tank I5, with the result that the air pressure discharges the water from this tank through the line 30 and nozzle 29 to hydraulically scavenge the discharge chamber 22 with no danger of any air escaping with the waste. When the water level in the tank 5 lowers to the lower end of the gauge glass 63, the rocker [9 should be released to allow return of the blow valve 23 to its normal position, in which position it vents the compressed air from the chambers into which it was previously admitted. The water tank I5 is refilled by opening the valve 53.

With reference to Figs. 7 and 8, the operation is the same as above described, except that instead of any float shifting the valve 45 to the right, the solenoid 53 accomplishes this when its circuit is completed by closing the switch 56. It will be recalled that this switch is operated by the rocker l9 when the latter is moved to actuate the blow valve 23. At this time, the liquid is at the high level 5| and consequently the contacts 55 are submerged to aid in completing the circuit of the relay 54, which relay in turn completes the circuit of the solenoid 53. When the liquid reaches the low level 52, it automatically breaks the circuit of the relay 54 and this relay breaks the circuit of the solenoid 53, allowing valve 45 to shift again to the left to direct compressed air through the line 44 to the water tank I5 to effect hydraulic scavenging of the discharge chamber 22.

From the foregoing taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, the preferred construction will be fully understood but attention is again invited to the possibility of making variations within the scope of the-invention as claimed.

I claim:

1. A combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet comprising a hopper and a dump valve normally closing the outlet of said hopper, a receiving chamber under said hopper and into which said hopper discharges when said dump valve is opened, a discharge chamber communicating with the lower portion of said receiving chamber and into which the contents of said receiving chamber may be downwardly forced, said discharge chamber having an outlet provided with a check valve, means for conducting water to said hopper to flush same when said dump valve is opened, whereby the hopper contents will enter said receiving chamber, valved means for conducting compressed air into the upper end of said receiving chamber after again closing .said dump valve, to force the contents of said receiving chamber to a low level and cause most of same to enter said discharge chamber, means controlled by said low level and operatively con nected with said valved means for actuating the latter-to discontinue the supply of compressed air to said receiving chamber when the liquid reaches said low level, thus preventing any of said compressed air from entering said discharge chamber, a water nozzle operatively related with said outlet of said discharge chamber for scavenging the latter of waste, and valve controlled means for supplying water under pressure to said water nozzle.

2. A combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet comprising a hopper and a dump valve normally closing ,the outlet of said hopper, a receiving chamber under said hopper and into which said hopper discharges when "said dump valve is opened, a discharge chamber communicating with the lower portion of said receiving chamber and into which the contents of said receiving chamber may be downwardly forced, said discharge chamber having an outlet provided with a check valve, means for conducting water to said hopper to flush same when said dump valve is opened, whereby the hopper contents will enter said receiving chamber, a third chamber abreast of said receiving chamber and communicating with the upper and lower ends thereof to insure the same liquid level in both said receiving chamber and said third chamber, valved means for conducting compressed air into the upper end of said third chamber to force the contents of said receiving chamber and said third chamber to a low level and cause most of same to enter said discharge chamber, means controlled by the low level in said third chamber and operatively connected with said valved means for actuating the latter to discontinue the supply of compressed air to said third chamber when the liquid reaches said low level, thus preventing any of said compressed air from entering said discharge chamber, a water nozzle operatively related with said outlet of said discharge chamber for scavenging the latter of waste, and valve-controlled means for supplying water under pressure to said water nozzle.

3. A combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet comprising a hopper and a dump valve normally closing the, outlet of said hopper, a receiving chamber under said hopper and into which said hopper discharges when said dump valve is opened, a discharge chamber communicating with the lower portion of said receiving chamber and into which the contents of said receiving chamber may be downwardly forced, said discharge chamber having an outlet provided with a check valve, means for conducting water to said hopper to flush same when said flush valve is opened, whereby the hopper contents will enter said receiving chamber, an air valve casing having a compressed air inlet and two compressed air outlets, one of these outlets being in communication with the upper end of said receiving chamber to admit compressed air to said receiving chamber to force the contents of said receiving chamber to a low level and cause most of said contents to enter said discharge chamber, a water nozzle operatively related with said outlet of said discharge chamber for scavenging the latter of waste, a closed water tank and a water conducting pipe from the lower end of said tank to said nozzle, a compressed air pipe from the other of said compressed air outlets of said valve casing to said tank to supply compressed air to forcibly discharge water from said tank and force same through said nozzle, a compressed airvalve in said valve casing, said compressed air valve being shiftable from one position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said one of said compressed air outlets, to a second position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said other of said compressed air outlets, means operatively associated with said compressed air valve and controlled by the liquid level in said receiving chamber for setting said compressed air valve in said one position when said liquid level is high and for setting said compressed air valve in said second position when said liquid level is low, and compressed air supply means leading to said compressed air inlet and including a control valve.

4, A structure as specified in claim 3; said means for conducting water to said hopper to flush the same comprising a valved pipe eXtending from said water tank to said hopper and connected with said tank between the high and low water levels thereof.

5. A combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet comprising a hopper and a dump valve normally closing the outlet of said hopper, a receiving chamber under said hopper and into which said hopper discharges when said dump valve is opened, a discharge chamber communicating with the lower portion of said receiving chamber and into which the contents of said receiving chamber may be downwardly forced, said discharge chamber having an outlet provided with a check valve, means for conducting water to said hopper to flush same when said dump valveis opened, whereby the hopper contents will enter said receiving chamber, a third chamber abreast of said receiving chamber and in restricted communication therewith at its upper and lower ends to insure the same liquid level in said third chamber as in said receiving chamber, an air valve casing having a compressed air inlet and two compressed air outlets, one of these outlets being in communication with the upper end of said third chamber to admit compressed air to said receiving chamber to force the contents of said receiving chamber to a low level and cause most of said contents to enter said. dischargechamber, awater nozzle operatively related with said outlet of said discharge chamber for scavenging the latter of waste, a closed water tank and a water-conducting pipe from the lower end of said tank to said nozzle, a compressed air pipe from the other of said compressed air outlets of said valve casing to said tank to supply compressed air to forcibly discharge water fromsaid tank through said nozzle, a compressed air valve in said valve casing, said compressed air valve being shiftable from one position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said one of said compressed air outlets, to a second position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said other of said compressed air outlets, means operatively associated with said compressed air valve and controlled by the liquid level in said third chamber for setting said compressed air valve in said one position when said liquid level is high and for setting said compressed air valve in said second position when said liquid level is low, and compressed air supply means leading to said compressed air inlet and including a control valve.

6. A combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet com-prising a hopper and a dump valve normally closing the outlet of saidhopper, a receiving chamber under said hopper and, into which said. hopper dischargeswhen said dump valve is opened, a discharge chamber communicating with the lower portion of said receivin chamber and into which the contents of said re.- ceiving chamber may be downwardly forced, said discharge chamber having an outlet provided with a check valve, means for conducting water to said hopper to flush same when said flush valve is opened, whereby the hopper contents will enter said receiving chamber, a third chamber abreast of said receiving chamber and in restricted communication therewith at its upper and lower ends to insure the same liquid level in said third chamber as in said receivin chamber, an air valve casing having a compressed air inlet and two com pressed air outlets, one of these outlets being in communication with the upper end of said third chamber to admit compressed air to said receiving chamber to force the contents of said: receiving chamber to a low level and cause most of said contents to enter said discharge chamber, a water nozzle operatively related with said outlet of said discharge chamber for scavenging the latter of waste, a, closed water tank and a waterconducting pipe from the lower end of said tank to said nozzle, a compressed air pipe from the other of said compressed air outlets of said valve casing to said tank to supply compressed air to vforcibly discharge water from said tank through said nozzle, a compressed air valve in said valve casing, said compressed air valve being shiftabl'e from one position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said one of said compressed air outlets, to a second position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said other of said compressed air outlets, operating means for said compressed air valve including a floatin said third chamber for shifting said valve to said one position when said float rises, and a spring for forcing said valve to said second position when said float lowers, and compressed air supply means leading to said compressed air outlet and having a control valve.

'7. A combined pneumatic and hydraulic water closet comprising a hopper and a dump valve normally closing the outlet of said hopper, a receivlng chamber under said hopper and into whichv said hopper discharges when said dump valve is; opened, a discharge chamber communieating; with the lower portion of. said receiving chamber and into which the contents of said receiving chamber may be downwardly forced, said discharge chamber having an outlet provided with a check valve, means for conducting water to said hopper to flush same when said flush valve is opened, whereby the hopper contents will enter said receiving chamber, a third chamber abreast of said receiving chamber and in restricted communication therewith at its upper and lower ends to insure the same liquid level.

in said third chamber as in said receiving chamber, an air valve casing, having a compressed air inlet and two compressed air outlets, one of these outlets being, in communication with the upper end of said third chamber to admit compressed air to said receiving chamber to force the contents of said receiving chamber to a low level and cause most of said contents to enter said discharge chamber, a water nozzle operatively related with said outlet of said discharge chamber for scavenging the latter of waste, a closed water tank and a water-conducting pipe from the lower end of said tank to said nozzle, a com,- pressed air pipe from the other of said compressed air outlets of said valve casing to said tank to supply compressed air to forcibly discharge water from said tank through said nozzle, a compressed air valve in said valve casing, said compressed air valve being shiftable from one position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with. said one of said compressed air outlets, to a second position in which it places said compressed air inlet in communication only with said other of said compressed air outlets, operating means for said compressed air valve including a solenoid for shifting said valve to said one position when said liquid level rises, a spring for shifting said valve to said other position when said level lowers, and contacts in the lower end of said third chamber to be bridged by the liquid therein for controlling said solenoid; and compressed air supply means leading to said compressed air outlet and including a control valve.

ARTHUR O. SWEENY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2718012 *Oct 11, 1952Sep 20, 1955Howe Elra FrancisSelf-contained toilet unit and pump usable therewith
US3094281 *May 5, 1961Jun 18, 1963Myers Carl OBoiler top mounting arrangement for pressure relief valves
US3510885 *Nov 13, 1967May 12, 1970Murray William D JrMarine toilet construction
US3698019 *Jul 2, 1971Oct 17, 1972Culp DuanePressure discharge waste disposal apparatus
US3930755 *Aug 9, 1974Jan 6, 1976Lahr Lawrence NAir-pressure actuated slurry pump
US4232409 *Aug 21, 1978Nov 11, 1980Minh Van PhamPneumatic assisted flushing apparatus for toilets
US4286342 *Mar 12, 1979Sep 1, 1981Alain AnthonyToilet installation
US4306321 *Nov 23, 1979Dec 22, 1981Norlin Lars OlofBoat and caravan closet
US4332041 *Nov 24, 1980Jun 1, 1982The Boeing CompanyPressurized drain for toilet waste tank
US4510629 *Jun 24, 1982Apr 16, 1985Ermital AgMethod of flushing a water closet
US6804840Jun 14, 2002Oct 19, 2004Thetford CorporationPositive pressure waste transfer system
US20130000744 *Jun 29, 2012Jan 3, 2013Mark SlyeMobile cleaning device and method of use
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/433, 137/112, 417/132, 137/209, 417/135, 417/129, 4/435, 417/136, 417/121
International ClassificationB63B29/00
Cooperative ClassificationB63B2705/00, B63B29/00
European ClassificationB63B29/00