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Publication numberUS231588 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1880
Filing dateMar 30, 1880
Publication numberUS 231588 A, US 231588A, US-A-231588, US231588 A, US231588A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Screw and bolt lock
US 231588 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(Nomaden J. A. KE-RNOOHAN.

Screw and Bolt Look.

No. 281,588. Patented Aug. 24,1880.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 231,588, dated August 24, 1880. Application tiled March 30, 1880 (No model.)

Stute of Massachusetts, have invented certain i new and useful Improvements in Screw and Bolt Locks, ot which the following is a speci-A fication. A

The object oi' my invention is to provide a Y means whereby screws Iand bolts which are used without nuts, such as tap-bolts, may be locked to the parts or articles through which i they project, so as to prevent their unscrewapplied thereto.V

ing. The invention may, however, be applied to bolts which are furnished with nuts.

To this end my invention consists in the coniibination, with a screw or bolt having a nicked head, cfa locking wire or bar which is of a thickness to be received within the said nick, and which, when bent or curved, is short enough to be received within the nick in the screw or bolt, but which, on being straightened, or partly straightened, is of a-length to project beyond the nick in the screw or bolt and engage with the article or part through which the screw or bolt projects.

Where the screw or bolt is to be used for securing parts or articles of metal the hole or socket through which it passes is provided with an annular circumferential groove, or is internally enlarged or recessed below or wit-hin the mouth, so as to receive the ends ot' the lookin g piece or bar when straightened or partly straightened; but where the screw or bolt passes through wood or other material which is comparatively soft the ends ot' the locking piece or bar will penetrate into the wood or other material sufficiently to hold the screw or bolt against turning.

The wire or bar is always of a thickness to be received within the nick in the crew-head and revolves with the screw.

The screw or bolt may, if desirable, vided with a cavity or recess extending be youd or below. the nick to permit a hook to be inserted below the lookin g piece or bar to bend the latter and drawit outof the nick, so as to unlock the screw or bolt,

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents a perspective view of a screw and a detached view ot a locking piece or bar to be Fig. 2 represents a sectional be proview of' two pieces or parts to be secured by the screw. Fig. 3 represents a similar' view to Fig. 4, showing the manner ot' inserting a hook to draw out the locking piece or bar. Fig. 4t represents a plan of the screw and a portion of the part through which it passes. Fig. 5 is a sectional view of two pieces orparts secured together by a tap-bolt having my invention applied to it, and Fig. 6 represents a perspective view of such tap-bolt.

Similar letters ot' reference designate corresponding parts in all the iigures.

A designates a metal screw, such as is commonly used for securing together different articles, and B B designate the parts or portions through which the screw passes, and which it secures together, it being screwed into the part B. The parts or portions B B may be Hang-es or pieces constituting parts ot' a machine or anyother articles ot' wood, metal, or other material. The screw A has in its head or upper end a nick, u., which may, indeed, be the niek into which a screw-driver is inserted for turning the screw, but which is preferably sli ghtl y deeper than. the nicks in ordinary screws.

C designates a locking piece or bar of'a thickness to fit loosely in the nick a, and of a length, when curved as represented in Fig. 1.

l to tit within the nick ct and have its ends covered and concealed by the nick.

After the screw has been screwed home, so that the nick a is below the surfaceof the part B, the locking piece or bar U is inserted and straightened, or partly straightened, so that its ends project slightly beyond the nick, as clearly shown in Figs.2 and 3. When the part B is of wood or other material comparatively soft or yielding the ends of' the locking piece or bar C will penetrate or indent themselves sufeiently into the part B to hold the screw against turning, and it' desirable the ends of the locking piece or bar might be pointed or sharpened, so as to penetrate the wood easily. When the part B is of metal or other material so hard that the ends of the lookin g piece or bar could not penetrate it the socket which receives the screw should be provided with a circumferential groove, b, or should be widened or enlarged below or 'within the mont-h of the socket, as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3, into IOO which the ends of the locking piece or bar G may project. While the screw in this case might be turned a small fraction of a single turn it could not be unscrewed to any extent, as the outward movement ofthe screw would press the locking piece or bar upward against the side ofthe groove or recess b and prevent further unscrewino.

The locking piece or bar C may be made of some material, such as iron, so that it will retain its curved shape, as shown clearlyin Fig. l, to be straightened by a blow; or it Inay be made of steel and tempered, so thatits normal state is straight, and be bent to permit of its insertion in the nick a.

In order to provide for the ready unlocking ot' the screw to permit it to be withdrawn, I

may furnish the screw with a cavity, c, extending below or beyond the nick a.. This construction permits of a hook, D, being readily inserted below the locking pieceA or bar, as clearly shown in Fig. 3, so as to engage with said piece or bar and withdraw it.

The bolt shown in Figs, 5 and 6 differs from the screw already described in that it has a head, A', which has a nick, a, and a cavity, b, like the screw A. The bolt is provided with a cylindrical portion` d, below the head,which is larger than the body or threaded portion of the bolt; but this is not essential.

The groove or recess bin the part B and the locking piece or barCare like those previously described, and the method ot' lockingl the bolt precisely the same.

By my invention I provide in a simple and inexpensive manner for locking screws or bolts which are not provided with nuts-such as tapbolts-to the parts through which they pass, and while the invention is useful for various purposes, it is particularly adapted for railway purposes, such as for {ish-plates and the like; also, for bolting together railway-structures.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

l. rEhe combination, with a screw or bolt having a nicked head, of a locking wire or bar of a thickness to be received within the said nick, and which when bent or curved is short enough to be received and concealed within the nick,but which when straightened or partly straightened, is of a length to project beyond the nick, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2. The combination of a screw or bolt hav ing a nicked head, a plate or piece provided with a hole or socket for said screw or bolt, and having such hole or socket circumferentially grooved or enlarged below or within its mouth,and a locking piece or barinserted into `the nick of the screw or bolt, capable of re,-

volving with it and of projecting from said nick into said circumferential groove or enlargement, substantally as speciiied.

3. The combination of the nicked screw or bolt A, having a cavity, c, below the nick, the plate B, having the groove or recess b, land the locking piece or bar C, all substantially as specified, and to be applied in the manner set forth.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2538912 *Jan 2, 1948Jan 23, 1951Duncan Electric Mfg CoAdjustable jaw unit for meter sockets
US2707508 *Jul 6, 1951May 3, 1955Goodrich Co B FBolt lock and retainer
US2795261 *Jun 2, 1955Jun 11, 1957Kustusch Paul WDeformable locking strip in combination with conventional conical headed screw
US3011234 *Sep 2, 1958Dec 5, 1961Theodore E FiddlerSpring biased attaching clip
US3497906 *Jul 10, 1968Mar 3, 1970Byron Jackson IncHinge pin retainer
US5478342 *Jun 30, 1994Dec 26, 1995Spinetech, Inc.Reversible bone screw lock
US9387029 *Dec 17, 2010Jul 12, 2016Asilo Medix, Inc.Spring screw apparatuses and methods of using same
US20120158069 *Jun 21, 2012Abrahams John MSpring Screw Apparatuses and Methods of Using Same
Cooperative ClassificationF16B39/24, Y10S411/969