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Publication numberUS2318219 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 4, 1943
Filing dateAug 7, 1940
Priority dateAug 7, 1940
Publication numberUS 2318219 A, US 2318219A, US-A-2318219, US2318219 A, US2318219A
InventorsHarris Leonard T
Original AssigneeAmerican Brake Shoe & Foundry
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Renewable tip pulverizer hammer
US 2318219 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

'May 4, 1943.4 l T, HARRlS 2,318,219

RENEWABLE'TIP PuLvERIzER HAMMER i Filed Aug. 7, 1940. 2 sheets-sheet 1 I l I I I I l n I I 1 T; HARRIS RENEWABLE TIP PULVERIZER HAMMER May 4, 1943.

2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR I. v leonard THar/aa m' if@ v Filed Aug. 7, 1940 Patented May 4, 1943 RENEWABLE TH PULVERIZER HAMMER Leonard T, Harris, Chicago Heights, Ill., assignor to The American Brake Shoe and Foundry Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application August 7, 1940, Serial No. 351,740

9 Claims.

The present invention relates to hammers for centrifugal devices, and more in particular to pulverizing hammers of multi-part construction having renewable tips or heads for use in such instrumentalities or mechanisms as mills and crushing or pulverizing machines of the centrifugal or rotary beater type.

Among the objects of the present invention is to provide a novel pulverizer hammer of multipart construction having one or more replaceable tips or heads which are particularly subjected to heavy duty and considerable wear, thus requiring frequent renewal or replacement.

Another object contemplated by the present invention is to provide a novel pulverizer hammer having one or more tips or heads renewable-or replaceable as the same become so worn as to require such replacement in order to secure maximum performance and efficiency of the said device to which the same is attached.

As a further desideratum within the purview of the present invention, the novel pulverizer hammer characterizing the present contribution in the art embodies one or more tips or heads of box or shell-like construction which can be readily and easily replaced as becomes necessary due to wear at a relatively low cost, the said structure also embodying as novel features means for eiecting this removal of a worn tip or head and replacement by a new tip or head with ease and facility and at a low cost, thus eliminating expensive labor charges and loss of production when such renewal becomes necessary.

The invention also contemplates a novel pulverizer hammer construction embodying novel means for assembling one or more replaceable tips or heads with the operating armthereof whereby the tip or head is urged into proper seating relation with its associated part of the hammer structure to prevent loosening thereofV with respect to said associated part of the hammer construction, which would cause ine'icient operation of the device and possible damage thereto should this looseness result in structural failure of the said tip or head.

More particularly, the invention comprehends a pulverizer hammer construction embodying a replaceable tip or head which, because of the excessive Wear` and heavy duty to which the same is subjected, must be replaced or renewed from time to time in order to secure maximum performance of the centrifugal device of .which the same is a component part, such renewable tip or head being relativelyy small and of box or shelllike construction which permits of its'fabrica- As a further objectof the present inventiom novel means is contemplated for use in combination with the dovetailed interlock mechanism of the tip and arm which provides for easy assembly and disassembly of the tip with respect to the arm, the said attaching means, according to one embodiment disclosed herein, taking the form of a pliable lip or lug integral with the tip and bendable into interlocking engagementfwith a shoulder formed as a part of an open-faced recess provided in the arm With which said tipis associated.

The present invention also contemplates a novel multi-part pulverizer hammer embodying a separate renewable tip having dovetailed interlock relation with the said arm and angularlydisposed with respect to the axis of the arm so as to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm, as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in a direction to force the tip to its seat in abutting relation .to the said arm, thus providing at all times for tight cooperative relation between the two parts to decrease the wear and increasing the efciency of the rdevice and preventing-possible damage to the machine withlwhich the same is associated, which might occur when looseness prevails between a removable tip or head and the arm.

The invention in its more specific application involves the use of a box or shell-like tip or head removably associ-ated with a relatively large weighted end of an operating arm and in slidable embracing and interlocking. relation therewith to form an impactvelement having the part thereof subjected to the greatest wear replaceable at will without necessitating removal of the entire arm, thus decreasing the cost ofmaintaining such a device in operation, as well as maintenance expenses due to shut down in operation when such repairs become necessary. The above-defined structure, as part of theinventive concept herein disclosed, may lembrace structure providing the interlock between the replaceable tip and arm so disposed as to assure proper seating relation between the tip and said arm due to centrifugal force during operation, as well as a novel attaching means constituted by a bendable lug provided on the renewable tip and engageable with the head to facilitate assembly and disassembly of the elements of the composite structure.

The invention further includes as an object the provision of a pulverizer hammer construction having opposed replaceable tips of box or shelllike construction embracing the novel structural features hereinabove set forth, and which structure may be incorporated in centrifugal devices where such opposed replaceable tips are desirable to provide for reversibility of the pulverizer hammers.

Other objects, features, capabilities and advantages are comprehended by the invention, as will later appear and as are inherently possessed thereby.

Referring to the drawings:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in side elevation of a pulverizer hammer embodying novel features of construction in accordance with the present invention;

Figure 2 is an end plan view of the hammer shown in Figure 1 of the drawings;

Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken in the plane represented by line 3 3 of Figure l of the drawings;

Figure 4 is a fragmentary view in perspective of the end of the operating larrn of the pulverizer hammer, with the renewable tip removed to disclose the construction thereof more in detail;

Figure 5 is a view in perspective of a renewable tip-made in accordance with the present invention; s

vFigure 6 is a fragmentary view partly in elevation andpartly in section disclosing a modified form for a pulverizer hammer embodying the novel features according to the Ipresent invention;

Figure 7 is an end plan view of the pulverizer hammer shown in Figure 6 of the drawings,

Figure 8 is a vfragmentary View in end elevation of the arm of the pulverizer hammer shown in Figure 6, with the renewable tips removed to disclose the construction thereof more in detail;

Figure 9 is a fragmentary view in cross-section taken in the plane represented by line 9 9 of Figure 6 of the drawings;

Figure 10 is a fragmentary view in perspective of the arm shown in Figure 8 of the drawings; and

Figure 11 is a View in perspective of a renewable tip used in the assembled embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 6 of the drawings. g

Referring now more in detail to the drawings, a pulverizer hammer made in accordance with the present invention is disclosed in Figures 1 to 5, inclusive, as including an operating arm 2 formed at one end with an opening 4 to receive av bolt or pivot rod whereby the said arm maybe secured to a rotor structure: or the like for rotary movement within a housing of a mill or crushing machine for pulverizing material introduced into the same, all as well understood inthe art. This arm is formed adjacent its other end with a relatively large weighted portion li to which is secured on one face thereof a renewable tip 8 of novel construction and assembled therewith in accordance with the present invention.

As disclosed in this embodiment, the end portion 6 is formed with a tongue I0 extending laterally from adjacent the longitudinal axis I2 and toward one face of the arm 2, the same being inclined with respect to the axis of the said arm for a purpose to be hereinafter more particularly identified. The said tongue Ill has its marginal surfaces oifset inwardly with respect to the faces of the enlarged end portion 6 and is provided with the opposed longitudinal grooves I4 and IB which are likewise angularly disposed with respect of the axis I2 of the arm and substantially in longitudinal parallel relation with the general disposition of the tongue.

The renewable tip 8 is of relatively light construction from the standpoint of its weight, and is characterized as being of box or shell-like construction -of suicient rigidity and having sufficient wear-resistingY properties to provide an e1"- fective impact member for pulverizing material with which the same comes in contact, but being readily replaceable when the same has become so worn as to be ineffective in its normal operation to cause disintegration of the said material and t0 properly protect the arm 2 and to provide for m-aximum efficiency of the device. This renewable tip 8 is formed with a facing wall I8, a rear end wall 20, an opposed open front end and the opposed side walls 22 and 24 formed with the inwardly presented flanges 26 and 28, respectively, which said flanges are adapted to slidably engage within the grooves I 4 and I6, respectively, into dovetailed interlock with the tongue I9 as the tip is slid laterally in embracing relation thereover. As will be apparent from the drawings, the facing wall I8 provides in part the end surface of the pulverizing hammer, while the walls 22 and 24, because of the offset relation of the tongue I with respect to the associ-ated wall surfaces of the enlarged part 6, forms a continuation of said surfaces, while the end wall 20 is disposed in abutting relation to the tongue I0 to provide .an effective impact element for pulverizing the material with which the same comes in contact.

To assure proper seating of the tip with the tongue IIJ at all times and to prevent any tendency for the tip to move outwardly with respect of the arm 2, the dovetailed interlock established between the tongue lil and the box-like renewable tip 8 is inclined outwardly at an angle to the aXis I2 of the arm sucient to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm, as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in `a direction to force the tip 8 to its seat in abutting relation with the tongue I 0.

This assembled relation between the tip and the arm 2 is maintained by the provision of a pliable lug or tongue 30 formed integral with the Ifacing wall l-8 and bendable, after the tip 8 has been assembled with respect to the arm 2, into interlocking relation with a ridge or shoulder 32 formed as a part of an open-face recess 34 formed in the end of the enlarged part 6 of the pulverizing hammer.

This form of connection has been found very effective in holding the renewable tip 8 in proper operativeassociation in seating relation to the tongue I0 and has the further advantage of providing a readily detachable connection when removal of the tip 8 becomes necessary because of wear to make way for a new tip. When the worn tip has been removed and the new tip inserted in place in embracing relation with the tongue I 0, the lug 30 may be readily and easily bent into engaging interlocking relation with the ridge or shoulder 32 to secure said new tip in place. The attaching means therefore provides an eifective readily manipulable operative connection for the renewable tips, thus greatly decreasing the time required to renew the operating eiciency of the entire structure and greatly decreasing the time and expense and the lost production which is incidental to such renewals.

Figures 8 to 11, inclusive, disclose a further embodiment of the invention, the same incorporating opposed replaceable tips or heads having dovetailed interlock relation with the arm of the hammer, and which embodiment, in a good many of its aspects, conforms to the embodiment shown in Figures 1 to 5, inclusive, and accordingly the same reference numerals are applied to like structure. The embodiment of Figures 8 to 11, inclusive, however, varies in certain details to accommodate the opposed renewable tips at the end of the operating arm 2. In this modification, the relatively large weighted end 6 of the operating arm 2 is formed with the opposed and laterally extending tongues 36 and 38, each of which is provided with the longitudinally extending grooves !4 and I6 adapted to cooperate with the inturned flanges 26 and 28 of the renewable tip which, in the present embodiment, has its facing wall i8 of somewhat different construction than that shown in Figure 5 of the drawings, in that the tabs, such as 40, are oiset in respect of the longitudinal axis of the said tip and adjacent which tabs in a recess 42 to permit the tab of the opposing tip to be bent into interlocking engagement with a shoulder of a facing recess formed at the end of the operating arm 2. In the illustrative embodiment, each of the renewable tips is provided with a tongue 40 laterally of which are the recesses 44 and 46 adapted to receive the lug of the opposed tip whereby the same can be bent inwardly to engage the shoulders 48 or 5l).

As in the previous illustrated example of the invention, the angular or inclined disposition of the tongues with respect of the longitudinal axis I2 of the operating arm provides a structure assuring proper seating of the tips in respect to the tongues under operating conditions. The pulverizer hammer according to the embodiment shown in Figures 6 to 11, inclusive, can be reversed in respect of its mounting whereby the same may be continued in use even after wear has taken place on one of the tips which would otherwise necessitate its replacement. With this reversible type of structure, Athe pulverizer hammer may be reversed in its mounting to present the opposed tip to impact or pulverizing blows until such time as it becomes necessary to renew both tips. This embodiment of the invention also incorporates the advantages of the embodiment of Figures 1 to 5, inclusive, in that the replaceable tips of box or shell-like construction are relatively small and light in weight and accordingly 4inexpensive as compared to the entire arm, and which can be readily replaced without loss of time or any great additional expense in placing the hammer in condition for maximum performance.

While I have herein described and upon the drawings shown illustrative embodiments of the invention, itis to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto but may comprehend other constructions, arrangements of parts, details and features without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

1. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm member having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end a tongue laterally disposed with respect to the longitudinal axis of said arm, a renewable tip having a facing wall and connected side and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facingY and end walls forming a member of box-like construction embracing said tongue with its end wall in abutting relation to the end of said tongue and having means providing a dovetailed interlock therewith, one of said members of said hammer having a shoulder, and the other of the members of said hammer having a lug normally disengaged from said shoulder during assembly but bendable into engagement therewith to prevent displacement of said tip with respect to said arm.

2. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end a tongue laterally disposed with respect to the longitudinal axis of said arm, a renewable tip `having a facing wall and connected side and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facing and end walls forming a member of box-like construction embracing said tongue and having a dovetailed interlock therewith, said tip slidably fitting said tongue and having end abutting relation therewith, said arm having a facing recess provided with a shoulder, and said tip having a pliable locking lug bendable into engagement with said shoulder to prevent relative displacement of said tip and arm. A

3. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end a tongue laterally disposed with respect to the longitudinal axis of said arm, a renewable tip having a facing wall and connected side and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facing and end walls forming a member of box-like construction embracing said tongue and having a dovetailed interlock therewith, said tip slidably fitting said tongue and having end abutting relation therewith, said dovetailed interlock being inclined outwardly at an angle to the axis of said arm suicient to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm, as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in a direction to force the tip to its seat in abutting relation tosaid tongue, and means for attaching said tip to said arm.

4. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end a tongue laterally disposed with respect to the longitudinal axis of said arm, a renewable tip having a facing wall and connected side and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facing and endv walls forming a member of box-like construction embracing said tongue and having a dovetailed interlock therewith, said tip slidably fitting said tongue and having end abutting relation therewith, said dovetailed interlock being inclined outwardly at an anglerto the axis of said arm suicient to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm, as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in a direction to force the tip to its seat in abutting relation to said tongue, said arm having a facing recess provided with a shoulder, and said tip havingl a pliable locking lug bendable into engagement with said shoulder to prevent relative displacement of said tip and arm.

5. A hammer for a centrifugal device,y comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end a relatively large weighted part provided with a tongue laterally disposed with respect to the longitudinal axis of sad arm, said tongue being provided with opposed grooves, a renewable tip of box-like construction having a rear end wall and an open front end adapted to receivev said tongue and opposed side walls formed with inwardly presented flanges slidable into dovetailed interlock relation into said grooves, said dovetailed interlock being inclined outwardly at an angle to the axis of said arm su'icient to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm, as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in a direction to force the tip to its seat with its rear end wall in abutting relation to said tongue, said arm having a facing recess provided with a shoulder, and said tip having a pliable lug bendable into engagement with said shoulder to attach said tip to said arm.

6. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end oppositely disposed tongues extending laterally from substantially the central portion of said other end inthe plane of rotation of said arm, opposed renewable tips each having a facing wall and connected side and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facing and end walls forming members of box-like construction each slidably embracing one of said tongues in dovetailed interlock relation thereto Withthe end wall thereof in lateral seating relation with the end of the tongue whereby said tips form a substantially complete covering for said other end of said arm, said other end of said arm having opposed shoulders, and said tips having pliable lugs bendable into interlocking engagement with said shoulders for attaching said tips to said arms to prevent relative displacement thereof, each of said tips having a recess offset laterally with respect tothe lug thereof whereby the lug of the opposed tip can be bent into engagement with a shoulder.

'7. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end oppositely disposed tongues extending laterally from substantially the central portion of said other end in the plane of rotation of sad arm, opposed renewable tips each having a facing wall and ccnnected side' and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facing and end walls forming members of box-like construction each slidably embracing one of said tongues in dovetailed interlock relation thereto with the end wall thereof in lateral seating relation with the end of the tongue whereby said tips form a substantially complete covering for said other end of said arm, said dovetailed interlock for said tips and tongues being inclined outwardly from and at an angle to the axis of said arm sufiicient to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm, as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in a; direction to force the tips to their seats in abutting relation to said tongues, and means for attaching said tips to said arm to prevent relative displacement thereof.

8. A hammer for a centrifugal device, comprising an arm having means adjacent one end thereof for connecting the same to operating mechanism and having at its other end oppositely disposed tongues extending laterally from substantially the central portion of said other end in the plane of rotation of said arm, opposed renewable tips each having a facing wall and connected side and end walls to provide open faces in opposed relation to said facing and end walls forming members of box-like construction each slidably embracing one of said tongues in dovetailed interlock relation thereto with the end wall thereof in lateral seating relation with the end of the tongue whereby said tips form a substantially complete covering for said other end of said arm, said dovetailed interlock for said tips and tongues being inclined outwardly from and at an angle to the axis of said arm sufficient to cause centrifugal force in the orbital movement of the arm,k as also in the reaction from hammer blows, to be exerted in a direction to force the tips to their seats in abutting relation to said tongues, said arm having opposed shoulders, and said tips having pliable lugs bendable into interlocking engagement with said shoulders for attaching said tips to said arms to prevent relative displacement thereof, each of said tips having a recess offset laterally with respect to the lug thereof whereby the lug of the opposed tip can be bent into engagement with a shoulder.

9. A renewable tip for pulverizing hammers comprising a box-like structure formed with a facing wall, a rear end wall and an open opposed face in opposed relation to said rear end wall, and side walls having inturned attaching flanges, said facing wall having a pliable lug bendable into engagement with a shoulder upon an operating arm on which said tip is mounted to prevent relative displacement thereof.

LEONARD T. HARRIS.

Referenced by
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US2534301 *Jul 29, 1948Dec 19, 1950Sennholtz Charles EImpact hammer with attached wear member
US2558107 *Feb 15, 1946Jun 26, 1951Smith Forrest EHammer for impact pulverizers
US2631504 *Jul 7, 1948Mar 17, 1953ArpinRotary refiner
US2927739 *Mar 13, 1957Mar 8, 1960Sennholtz Charles EImpact hammer with removable wear member
US3262646 *Dec 26, 1962Jul 26, 1966Iowa Mfg Company Of Cedar RapiHammer for hammermill
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Classifications
U.S. Classification241/197
International ClassificationB02C13/00, B02C13/28
Cooperative ClassificationB02C13/28
European ClassificationB02C13/28