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Publication numberUS2320708 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1943
Filing dateNov 22, 1940
Priority dateNov 22, 1940
Publication numberUS 2320708 A, US 2320708A, US-A-2320708, US2320708 A, US2320708A
InventorsLloyd Yost
Original AssigneeSmith Corp A O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Submersible electrically driven pump
US 2320708 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 1, 1943. L. YOST SUBHERSIBLE ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN PUMP Filed NOV. 22, 1940 C INVENTOR.

' ATTORNEY Patented 16m, 1943 2,320,708 smmmsmm ELECTRICALLY maven PUMP Lloyd Yost, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor to A. 0.

Smith Corporation, Milwaukee, Wis., a corporation orNew York Application November 22, 1940, Serial No. 366,691

6 Claims.

This invention relates to a submersible electrically driven pump of the centrifugal, relatively low pressure type such as are used in the pumping out of holds in ships and various relatively shallow compartment spaces. For this purpose it is desirable to provide less costly pumps than those used for deep submersion.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a' pump of the class described with a more efiicient seal for preventing fluid being pumped from seeping into the motor chamber and into the bearings for the motor shaft.

Another object is to provide a simple construction for such a pump to facilitate assembly and disassembly for inspection.

A further object of the invention is to provide a cylindrically shaped pump of relatively small diameter and which is capable of being suspended through small openings by means of a discharge hose connected to one end of the D p.

Other objects will appear in connection with the following description of an embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:

Elgure 1 is a longitudinal central section through a pump; and

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the pump.

The outer casing for the motor comprises a double wall cylindrical shell I having a relatively large annular chamber 2 and passages 3 for the flow of pumped fluid upwardly therethrough as a cooling medium around the motor.

The shell I has an inner web 4 dividing the inside into two chambers, the upper chamber being for the electric motor 5 and the lower chamber being for the pump and seal.

The motor 5 drops into the shell I from the top and the motor shaft 6 extends through a ball bearing 1 in web 4 into the lower pump chamber.

The upper end of the shell is closed by the upper head 8 which provides a central ball bearing 9 for the upper end of the shaft 6, and also the outlet pipe I0 connected by passages to chamber 2 for transmitting the pumped fluid. The upper head 8 is provided with a connection for the electrical cable II with suitable rubber or .neoprene seals I2 and electric terminals arated by a plate I 6 threaded into the shell I and through which the shaft 6 extends.

A lower head I! is bolted onto the lower end of shell I and provides a central inlet opening I8 for fluid being pumped. The inlet I8 is defined by a cylindrical flange I9 on the lower end of which is threaded a screen 20 or suitable valve washer and cap screw on the lower end of the shaft.

The runner 2I has blades 24 for impelling the fluid outwardly by centrifugal action when the runner is rotated and which discharge into the passages 3 in shell I.

The hub 22 of the runner fits reasonably close to a flange 25 on the plate I6, and the outer edges of the'runner 2I fit close to the shell I so as to substantially prevent leakage of fluid from' the high pressure side back toward the motor shaft 6.

The hub 22 has large passages 26 therethrough for connecting the space immediately surrounding the shaft 5 between the pump and seal chambers with the low pressure or intake side of the pump, thereby continuously tending to withdraw fluid from this space.

The sealing device comprises an accurately machined collar 21 mounted on a tapered'section of shaft 6 and held in place by a sleeve 23 pressed against it by hub 22 of the pump. The collar 21 is made of non-corrosive hard bearing metal or coated with the same.

An externally threaded nut 29 secures a wash- 5 er 30 to plate I B, the washer 30 having a cylin- I3. The upper head 8 is secured to shell I by a drical bellows expansion member 3| extending upwardly therefrom around sleeve 28. I

A sealing ring 32 is mounted on the upper end of member 3i and has an accurately machined face bearing against the lower side of collar 21. An outer flange 33 on ring 32-receives a coil spring 34 which also bears against washer 30 and holds the sealing surfaces of ring 32 and collar 21 in engagement under substantially constant pressure.

A similar sealing construction is provided above collar 21 by the sealing ring 35, bellows 36,

washer 31, and nut 38 threaded into the web 4 adjacent ball hearing I. A coil spring 39 holds the ring 35 against collar 21. J

The sealing device described closes the sealing quarters filled with oil and in case water or salt water is being pumped any leakage of the latter by the sealing ring 32 into the chamber will result in a mixing of it with the oil. The resultant emulsion will have a high viscosity and will not be likely to leak by the sealing ring 35 and into the motor chamber.

A plurality of threaded plugs 4| through the wall of shell I provide access to the chamber ill for cleaning and refilling as well as inspection purposes.

The motor is effectively cooled by the pumped fluid passing upwardly through chamber 2, the inner wall of which is in direct contact with the motor stator. The motor may be of any suitable construction, that shown being a two pole type induction motor.

Various embodiments of the invention may be employed within the scope of the claims.

The invention is claimed as follows:

1. In a device of the class described, a housing providing a motor chamber and a pump chamber separated by a sealing chamber sealed against communication with said first two chambers, a motor in said motor chamber and having its shaft extending through said sealing chamber into said pump chamber, said motor shaft having a section in said sealing chamber tapered to a smaller diameter toward the pump chamber, a collar having a tapered bore complemental to the taper on said shaft and mounted thereon in said sealing chamber, means biasing said collar on said shaft to make tight contact therewith and prevent leakage of fluid therebetween, and a sealing ring pressed against the side of said collar facing the pump chamber'and secured by a sealed expansion member to the wall of the housing between the sealing chamber and pump chamber to prevent leakage of fluid from the pump chamber into said sealing chamber, said sealing chamber being partially filled with a liquid lubricant for the sealing ring and collar and which tends to raise the viscosity of liquid leaking into the sealing chamber to thereby prevent its further leaking into the motor chamber.

2. In a device of the class described, a housing providing a motor chamber and a pump chamber separated by-a sealing chamber sealed against communicationwith said first two chambers, a motor in said motor chamber and having its shaft extending through said sealing chamber into said pump chamber, said motor shaft having a section in said sealing chamber tapered to a smaller diameter toward the pump chamber, a collar having a tapered bore complementalto the taper on said shaft and mounted thereon in said sealing chamber, means biasing said collar on said shaft to make tight contact therewith and prevent leakage of fluid therebetween, and a sealing ring pressed against the side of said collar facing the pump chamber and secured by a sealed expansion member to the wall of the housing between the sealing chamber and pump chamber to prevent leakage of fluid from the ump chamber into said sealing chamber.

3. In a device of the class described, a chamber in which liquid is present under pressure tending to effect leakage therefrom, a rotary shaft extending through the wall of said chamber, a tapered enlargement in diameter of said shaft outside and adjacent the wall of said chamber with the taper facing said chamber wall, a collar mounted on said 'shaft and having a tapered bore complemental to the enlargement on said shaft, means biasing said collar against said enlargement to provide a seal against leakage of fluid between the shaft and collar, said means including the pressure of fluid in said chamber, and a sealing ring secured by a sealed expansible member between said collar and the wall of the chamber and disposed to efl'ect a frictional seal between the rotary collar and said chamber wall.

4. In a device of the class described, a chamber in which liquid is present under pressure tending to effect leakage therefrom, a rotary shaft extending through the wall of said chamber, a tapered enlargement in diameter of said shaft outside and adjacent the wall of said chamber with the taper facing said chamber wall, a collar mounted on said shaft and having a tapered bore cbmplemental to the enlargement on said shaft, means biasing said collar against said enlargement to provide a seal against leakage of fluid between the shaft and collar, said means including the pressure of fluid in said chamber, and a sealing ring secured by a sealed expansible member between said collar and the wall of the chamher and disposed to effect a frictional seal between the rotary collar and said chamber wall, said sealing ring and collar operating in a liquid lubricant which tends to raise the viscosity of any liquid leaking past said sealing ring.

5. In a device of the class described, a chamber in which liquid is present under pressure tending to effect leakage therefrom, a rotary shaft extend ing through the wall of said chamber, a tapered enlargement in diameter of said shaft outside and adjacent the wall of said chamber with the taper facing said chamber wall, a collar mounted on said shaft and having a tapered bore complemental to the enlargement on said shaft, means biasing said collar against said enlargement to provide a seal against leakage of fluid between the shaft and collar, said means including the pressure of fluid in said chamber, and a spring pressed sealing ring secured by a sealed expansion member to the wall of the chamber surrounding the shaft and frictionally engaging the side of the collar toward the chamber tending to tighten the collar on said shaft.

6. In a device of the class described, a sealing ring assembly for a rotating shaft extendin through a relatively fixed wall, comprising a sealing ring disposed to be pressed longitudinally against an enlargement on the shaft, a corrugated bellows sleeve encircling the shaft and secured and sealed at one end to the sealing ring and at the other end to a washer, said wall having a recess for receiving said washer, an externally threaded hollow nut securing said washer in said recess and sealing the same to the wall, and a coil spring encircling the bellows in the bore of said nut and engaging the washer at one end and the sealing ring at the other to bias the latter against the enlargement on said shaft.

LLOYD YOST.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2430509 *Nov 6, 1943Nov 11, 1947Electrical Engineering And MfgShaft seal for submersible pumps
US2467960 *Jul 13, 1944Apr 19, 1949Brady Jr Francis ESealing unit
US2478701 *Feb 24, 1947Aug 9, 1949Maginniss Hamilton JElectric motor operated actuator unit
US2492141 *Mar 26, 1945Dec 27, 1949Byron Jackson CoSubmersible motor
US2526443 *Nov 23, 1945Oct 17, 1950Gen ElectricElectric motor-driven pump
US2624286 *Oct 12, 1948Jan 6, 1953Thompson Prod IncSubmerged pump and motor assembly
US2646001 *Sep 3, 1946Jul 21, 1953Gen Controls CoCirculator pump structure
US2648286 *Jul 28, 1950Aug 11, 1953Dayton Pump & Mfg CoSubmersible pump
US2670686 *Oct 3, 1951Mar 2, 1954Dayton Pump & Mfg CompanySubmersible pump
US2677328 *Dec 30, 1949May 4, 1954Gen ElectricCentrifugal pump for high temperature liquids
US2689529 *Apr 30, 1952Sep 21, 1954Gen ElectricSubmersible pump-motor
US2701529 *Apr 8, 1952Feb 8, 1955Weil Pump CoSubmersible sump pump
US2720841 *Aug 4, 1954Oct 18, 1955Weil Pump CoSubmersible sump pump
US2857849 *Nov 13, 1953Oct 28, 1958Joseph R SmylieMotor driven pumping units
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US2956731 *Apr 29, 1957Oct 18, 1960Borg WarnerAxial flow fans
US3000322 *Jun 30, 1959Sep 19, 1961Fostoria CorpMotor driven pump
US3079605 *May 14, 1959Feb 26, 1963Waterous CoCentrifugal pump with double mechanical seal
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US3272136 *Apr 7, 1964Sep 13, 1966Flygts Pumpar AbRotary pump unit
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US5145337 *Aug 10, 1990Sep 8, 1992Wayne/Scott Fetzer CompanySewage pump
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US5715568 *Dec 12, 1995Feb 10, 1998Shop Vac CorporationVacuum apparatus having a pump for discharging liquid therefrom
US6409485Jun 6, 2000Jun 25, 2002Camco International, Inc.System and method for sealing an electrical connection between a power cable and a submersible device
US7584785 *Aug 3, 2007Sep 8, 2009Concurrent Technologies International, LlcGroundwater sampling device
US7665975 *Dec 20, 2005Feb 23, 2010Baker Hughes IncorporatedSeal section oil seal for submersible pump assembly
US7699579 *Feb 17, 2006Apr 20, 2010Yandle Ii S ElwoodMechanical pump seal
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Classifications
U.S. Classification417/423.11, 415/231, 415/58.2, 415/168.2, 277/408, 417/422, 277/369
International ClassificationF04D13/06, F04D13/08
Cooperative ClassificationF04D13/08
European ClassificationF04D13/08