|Publication number||US2321938 A|
|Publication date||Jun 15, 1943|
|Filing date||Jun 19, 1940|
|Priority date||Jun 19, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2321938 A, US 2321938A, US-A-2321938, US2321938 A, US2321938A|
|Inventors||Robert G Quinn|
|Original Assignee||Johns Manville|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (26), Classifications (20)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 15, 1943.. R. G. QUINN 2,321,938
' I I v COATING PROCESS r Filed June 19, 1940 Q INVENTOR Kass/P7: g QUINN ATTORNEY Patented June 15, 1943 I amass COATING PROCESS Robert G. Quinn, Bridgewater Township. Somerset County, N. 1., alaignor to Johns-Maurine Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application June 19, 1940, Serial No. 341,263
2 Claim!- (CI. 117-65) The invention relates to a process for coating a sheet product either in web or board form. r
In the manufacture of board or sheet products, and especially such products as fibre board, it is desirable to coat the product on both surfaces simultaneously to more uniformly dry the surfaces and to minimize any tendency of the board to warp. When such products are coated either in the web stage of manufacture or in board form,
'it is difficult to support the sheet -in the conventional drier for thelength of space required to dry a coating on the under surface of the web or board.
The invention now provides a method of coating a board product on both surfaces simultaneously through the use of an improved drier whereby the coating of the under surface of the web or board is dried in such a short length of space that no supports for the sheet are required. The improved drier is one which dries the coating primarily by radiation, as by the use of infra-red or near infra-red rays.
An object of the invention is to provide an improved method of coating a board product on the under surface.
A more specific object of the invention is to provide a method'of coating a board product on both surfaces simultaneously through the use of an improved drier.
Other objects and advantages will appear from the following description and drawing appended thereto.
In the drawing, which illustrates an embodiment of the invention and wherein like reference characters designate like parts:
Fig. I is adiagrammatic side elevation view of an apparatus for carrying out the process of the invention; and
Fig. 11 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of a product embodying the invention.
The process, in detail, is carried out by forming a fibrous web i in any conventional manner,
as by felting on a board making machine from the usual pulp slurry. Any agents that are desired to be incorporated into the boardmay be added to the pulp mixture, or may be added later to the board itself. Such agents may be for the Purpose of rendering the finished board waterproof, insect-proof, fungus-proof, fireproof or combinations of these and other purposes. Furthermore, other agents, as synthetic resins may be added at this time to render the finished board harder and denser.
The fibres are preferably wood fibres, although any vegetable fibre, such as bagasse, corn, and
the like, may be used. Where wood is used, it is disintegrated into fibres in any one of several usual ways: by being broken down by means of a slasher-grinder; by being saturated with steam and water under pressure and then exploded by releasing the pressure; or by use of ordinary chemical processes of separation.
After-the fibres are felted into a web of usual thickness, the web is pressed, rolled, and dried into finished uncoated fibre board. Referring now to Fig. I, in the preferred embodiment of this invention the uncoated fibre board is conveyed from the forming operations by conveyor rolls I. The board i may be passed between one or more pairs of revolving brushes 4, which are preferably turning in a direction opposite to the movement 'of the board i, and the dust and loose fibres removed from the board.
The board may then be passed between moisteners 5 which apply a small amount of water to both surfaces of the board. Preferably, the moisteners 5 are sprays, although any conventional means may be used. The board, slightly moistened, passes between one or, more pairs of hot ironing rolls 8 and 1 which'smooth and density the surfaces as they are dried.
The board is now ready for the coating which is applied by any of the usual means, such as sprays, applicator rolls, brushes and the likes Preferably, the coating is applied to the upper surface of the board by' coating sprayer 9, which is fed by pipe 8. The coating is deposited on the board i evenly so as to form the coating layer 2 (see Fig. II). The smooth and somewhat densified'upper surface oi. the board i absorbs the coating slowly and to a sumcient extent to bond the coating 2 to the fibre board i.
The under surface is preferably coated by means of an applicator roll it which rotates in reservoir ii.- The applicator roll iii not only 'applies the coating to the under surface but also serves as a support to the board immediately prior to the entry of the board into the drier. Reservoir ii is kept to the proper level by conventional controlling devices, the coating material being supplied to the reservoir by feed pipe ii.
The coating material may be any type paint suitable for a fibrous product coated in the above manner, and which would be dried in the conventional .drier. However, certain coatings have been found to be. advantageous for fibre board and the like. Preferably, the coating is a water vehicle paint comprising a bind filler, extender, pigment, plasticizer and wate The binder is preferably urea formaldehyde used either alone or with an alpha protein. The pigment is any one or. more of the usual types, such as cadmium sulphide, iron oxides, and the like. The extender may comprise lithopone, talc or diatomaceous earth. The filler is preferably clay. The plasticizer may be China-wood oil, urea or the like. A coating that has been used effectively is as follows:
Pounds Alpha protein 200 Paraformaldehyde 12 Urea China-wood nil 12 Whiting 450 Clay 450 Water 2000 Caustic so Due to the peculiar action of infra-red rays in setting up and hardening certain resins, it is advantageous to include such resins in the coating. When, for example, urea and .paraiormaldehyde are present in the coating they will be set up by the infra-red rays. Thus, the infra-red rays will have the added function of setting up resins in the coating sensitive to such rays while, at the same time, drying the coating in the conventional sense.
It should be understood that the coatings contemplated in this process are those which'are most economical and effective for use on fibrous products.
The board I with the upper surface coating 2 and under surface coating 2a is conveyed into infra-red ray drier IS. The drier comprises two banks of infra-red ray lamps I: and Ila, located respectively above and beneath board I, and adjacent thereto. By way of example, there may be used 24 banks of lamps, 6 lamps to the bank, with approximately 75% of them in use when the board i is moving at the rate of lineal feet I per minute.
As the infra-red drier solidifies the coating in a length of space in which the sheet is self-sustaining, the coating may beappliedto the sheet and solidified without contact with conveyor rolls. e
While it is preferred that the coating be only partialiy dried or solidified by the infra-red or near infra-red rays, yet the process may be modifled so that the coating is substantially dried or solidified when it leaves the drier. Substantial solidification is used to denote the degree of dryness or solidification of the coating which permits handling of the sheet without injury to the coating.
In the preferred operation of the process the coating is dried or solidified by the drier only to a plastic state and the coatedsheet then passed between ironing rolls l4 and I5, which are heated in any conventional manner.
Roll l4 further dries the coating and, at the same time, smooths and hardens it. The degree of plasticity to which the coating is dried or solidified in the drier I8 is that which will permit the coating, to be smoothed and densiiied without being doctored off by the heated press rolls it and II. Such a plasticity is attained by drying the above-mentioned coating to approximately 60% dryness.
.It will be understood that certain changes may be made with respect to one or more of such factors as the speed of the board, the amount of heat applied to the board prior to the coating, the
type and amount of coating applied, the number and intensity of the infra-red ray lamps, the distance of the lamps from the board. the length of the drier, and the like, if corresponding changes are made with respect to the remaining factors.
The drying of both coated surfaces of the board at the same time is believed to be assisted by the penetrating characteristics of the infra-red rays, thus making the drying operation more eflicient than if the surfaces were dried in separate operations. To facilitate the drying of the coating of the under surface of the board, heated rolls may be placed on either or both sides of rolls 0 and I so as to contact the lower surface of the board. In this way, the coating of the under surface dries more quickly and permits the length of the lower infra-red ray drier to be shortened so that the board need not be unsupported for the distance otherwise necessary. As shown in Fig. I, one or more heated rolls to may be placed between roll 8 and applicator i0.
' The invention may be used for coating and drying various fibrous sheets, the sheet being preferably in the form of a continuous web, although obviously a succession of separate sheets could be treated. However, best results are obtained when using a fibrous sheet of the nature of fibreboard where the thickness of the sheet aids the sheet to sustain itself when passing over the lower drier.
While the preferred embodiment of the invention specifically states the use of infra-red rays, it
should be understood that heat rays having a position on the spectrum adjacent to that of infra-re'd rays may be used.
The details herein set forth are only for purposes of illustration and the invention is to be limited only by the scope ,of the appended claims.
l. A process for producing coated fiber board comprising, supporting said board at horizontally spaced points while continuously advancing the board; while the board. is advancing between supporting points applying to the under surface spaced points while continuously advancing the board; while the board is advancing between sup porting points applying to the under surface thereof an aqueous paint dispersion coating containing a plasticized heat'hardenable binder comprising approximately 200 parts alpha protein, 12 Parts paraformaldehyde, 5 parts urea and 12 parts China-wood oil, and rapidly drying, setting and hardening the coating to approximately dryness while thewet board is out of contact with any solid supporting surface by exposing the coated surface to infra-red radiation; and completing the drying and hardening operation by hot ironing to smooth said coating.
ROBERT a. QUINN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2468266 *||Mar 7, 1946||Apr 26, 1949||E L Bruce Co||Apparatus for floor finishing|
|US2492166 *||Jul 12, 1944||Dec 27, 1949||Marco Frederick J||Method of condenser manufacture|
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|US2582407 *||May 29, 1946||Jan 15, 1952||Minnesota & Ontario Paper Co||Process for coating paper|
|US2620316 *||Aug 20, 1949||Dec 2, 1952||American Cyanamid Co||Soya protein paper coating containing methylated melamine formaldehyde resin|
|US2702251 *||Dec 21, 1950||Feb 15, 1955||Audio Devices Inc||Apparatus for production of magnetic sound tape|
|US2703293 *||Nov 5, 1949||Mar 1, 1955||Masonite Corp||Process of making lignocellulose hardboard|
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|US2820131 *||Aug 1, 1951||Jan 14, 1958||Sprague Electric Co||Curing oven|
|US2889806 *||Sep 26, 1955||Jun 9, 1959||Marcote Company||Apparatus for coating fibrous sheets|
|US2931750 *||Aug 30, 1954||Apr 5, 1960||Whirlpool Co||Method of making a molded overlay panel structure of low moisture absorption|
|US3166435 *||Nov 28, 1961||Jan 19, 1965||Du Pont||Drying process for hydrophilic films|
|US3220900 *||Mar 13, 1961||Nov 30, 1965||Abitibi Power & Paper Co||Process for the manufacture of hard, or semi-hard, molded bodies of wood fiber material, preferentially wood fiber boards, having a resistant, covering surface|
|US3268354 *||Mar 23, 1962||Aug 23, 1966||Champion Papers Inc||Coating process and product|
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|US4108110 *||Mar 17, 1977||Aug 22, 1978||Beloit Corporation||Apparatus for coating both sides of a travelling web|
|US4177304 *||Jan 10, 1978||Dec 4, 1979||Beloit Corporation||Method of coating both sides of a travelling web|
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|US6649262||Jul 6, 2001||Nov 18, 2003||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Wet roll having uniform composition distribution|
|US6651924||Nov 19, 2001||Nov 25, 2003||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Method and apparatus for making a rolled wet product|
|US6866220||Dec 21, 2001||Mar 15, 2005||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Continuous motion coreless roll winder|
|US7101587||Jul 6, 2001||Sep 5, 2006||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Method for wetting and winding a substrate|
|US7179502||Sep 17, 2003||Feb 20, 2007||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Wet roll having uniform composition distribution|
|US20050031779 *||Sep 17, 2003||Feb 10, 2005||Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Wet roll having uniform composition distribution|
|EP0680832A1 *||Nov 22, 1994||Nov 8, 1995||Fina Research S.A.||Process for producing colour cards|
|U.S. Classification||427/521, 427/542, 118/206, 34/266, 427/316, 427/366, 427/324, 427/211|
|International Classification||D21F5/16, D21H25/06, D06N3/00, D21J1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||D21H5/005, D21H23/70, D21H25/06, D21J1/00|
|European Classification||D21J1/00, D21H23/70, D21H5/00C16, D21H25/06|