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Publication numberUS2324161 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 13, 1943
Filing dateMar 31, 1941
Priority dateMar 31, 1941
Publication numberUS 2324161 A, US 2324161A, US-A-2324161, US2324161 A, US2324161A
InventorsHolmes Gifford I
Original AssigneeHoneywell Regulator Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Control means
US 2324161 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July-1 3, 1943. L HOLM S 2,324,161

CONTROL MEANS.

Fild March 31, 1941 INVENTOR did-fora. IJ-[oImzs' BY ATTORNEY Patented July 13, 1943 CONTROL MEANS Gifford I. Holmes, Minneapolis, Minn., assignor to Minneapolis-Honeywell Regulator Company, I Minneapolis,-\3Minn., a corporatlon of Delaware Application March 31, 1941, Serial No. 386.006

14 Claims.

amount of electricity when operating under overloaded conditions. The control means isadapted to perform its protective function in every simplified manner, and comprises but very few relatively simple and inexpensive parts.

A difliculty which has heretofore given great trouble in plural try overload responsive devices has beenthe failure of the devices to always give a plurality of cutout tries before finally rendering the controlled device inoperative. Many devices which provide a plurality of cutout tries merely notch around a tripping member. This member usually has no' returning means so that if the device is made to give three tries, and two have been given on some previous overload condition, only one will remain for a later overload. Such devices obviously do not give satisfactory results in many applications such as a refrigerant compressor, wherein due to cold lubricant, sticky bearings or cylinder, the intial load is often very, high and an overload cutout try will follow. However, after a brief loosening up period such conditions usually disappear and it is desirable to have the motor remain in operation after aninitial cutout and a short elapse of time to permit the motor windings to cool. Other time devices give a clock-workrtimed cutout period. Such devices are satisfactory in their operation and solve the above difilculty, but all such comprise many intricate parts needing careful construction and assembly, thus raising the cost of production to a high level.

An object of the present invention is to provide a simplified overload cutout for always giving a predetermined number of overload cutout tries before shutting down the controlled device per-. manently.

Another object is to combine such an overload cutout with a manual switch which cooperates with an operating part of the cutout' mechanism. A further object is to provide a thermally re sponsive overload cutout with a thermaltimer which will provide a plurality of overload cutout tries for said cutout before the controlled device is finally positively shut down by said timer.

The above and other objects will be in part apparent or pointed out in the accompanying specification and claims when read with consideration of the accompanying drawing, in. which the single figure of the drawing is partly in detail and partly diagrammatic, and shows the overload cutout incorporated into a. motor circuit.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, a motor I0 is supplied with electrical energy from line conductors it and i2. The motor it may be used to operate any desired device, such as, for example, a refrigeration compressor, a burner motor, or some other device.

The motor H? is controlled by an overload cutout device generally indicated by the reference character IS. The overload cutout device 55 comprises a casing Hi and a switch mounting ledge ll therein suitably secured to the casing 56. The casing 65 is provided with suitable electrical lead in connections it. Mounted upon the insulating ledge H are two overload cutout housings l9 and 20 respectively constructed of some suitable insulating material, such as a ceramic which may be molded. Within the housings i9 and Zll are the thermostatic discs 2i and 22 re-.

spectively.- The thermostatic disc 2! is designed to be more sensitive than the thermostatic disc 22 for reasons to be hereinafter morefully disclosed. Associated with the thermostatic discs 2i and 22 area pair of heaters 23 and 24, respectively. The heater 23 is adapted to heat the disc 2i which will actuate a double throw switch generally indicated by the reference character 25. The switch 25 comprises a pair of fixed switch arms 26 and 27 carrying stationary contacts 28 and 29, respectively. A flexible switch arm 30 carries at its end a contact 3| which is adapted to cooperate with the stationary contacts 28 and 29. The thermostat 2| acts upon the flexible switch arm 30 through a rod 35. The thermostatic element 22 is adapted to act upon a rod 36 to move a flexible switch arm 3? having a contact 38 carried at the upper end thereof. A stationary contact 39 is carried upon a relatively rigid contact arm 40. The contact arms 26, 30, 21, 40 and 36 are all secured to the insulating shelf H by means of brackets 45, 46, 41, 48 and 49. I

An on and off switch mechanism is generally indicated by the reference character 50. The switch mechanism comprises a link 5| suitably secured to a pivot 52-. The link Si is connected at its lower end to an'on button 53 which is connected to the link by a pin 541 An ofi button 55 is connected by a pin 56 to the upper end 01' the link 5|. The thermostatic disc 22 is c?- device after it has been tripped upon nected to the link by he pivot 57 and ;a connecting rod 58.- The ,pins' 52, E and El are secured to thelink 5| bymeans of clip washers 60, BI and G2. The purpose of using the clip washers is so that the various parts of the switch may be removed to cause the on andofl switch to be rendered merely a manual reset switch, or to remove the entire-switch mechanism to-render the device entirely automatic andrequiring opening of the switch housing in orderto reset the the occurrence of an'overload condition.

' Opera tion When the motor i0 is operating normally, current is supplied thereto from the line conductor l2 by the conductor .10, contact blade31, contacts 38 and 39, switch arm 80, conductor II,

contact blade 30,'contacts 3| and 29, switch arm 21, conductor 12, the heater 23 for the thermoamount of heat to the thermostat cdisc 2| thus causing it to snap toward the left. When the disc snaps to the left. the contacts 3i and '29- will be opened and the contacts 28 and 3| will be closed. With the contacts in this position the following circuit may be traced; from the line conductor 52 through ,the conductor ill, the switch arm 31, contacts 38 and 39 switch arm 30, conductor ll, switch arm 30. contacts 3| and aces,

disc 22 might require three or four or more successive heatings before it will snap to its cutout position. v r

With the thermostatic disc 22 in its cutout position the contacts 38 and 29 will be broken. These contacts control the main circuit and therefore the motor I and the overload switch itself will be entirely deenergized until the overload cutout is manually reset by means of the "manual switch 50.

It will be noted from theabove disclosure that the thermostatic disc 2| is of the self-returning type when cooled, whereas the thermostatic disc '22 is of the type which must be'manually reset after it has snapped because of being overheated.

' In other words, the .thermostatic disc 22 is not of the self-return type. v

After the thermostatic disc 22 is snapped to its right hand position because-of av continued overload condition, the ofi button 55 will extend through the casing so that ,the word 0 i may be read. To reset the overload cutout device 15 the operator need onlypress the ofi 28, switch arm 26, conductor 16. the heater 24 for the thermal element 22, conductor 11, and conductor 15 back to the other line wire II. It be noted that when the above circuit is closed the motor I0 is deener ized. At this t me the.

motor l0 may cool off. It will also be noted that in the above traced circuit the heater 24 for the thermal element 22 is energized. However, the electric circuit for the thermal element 23 will be opened at this t me. Under such conditions the thermostatic element 2| will be cooling and the thermostatic element 22 will be heated by the heater 24.

The thermostatic .discs 2| and 22 are so sebutton bracket in the-casing which will force the rod 58 toward the left and thus cause the thermostat disc 22 to be snapped back to the position shown. Also if the motor l0 is'operating nor-' mally and an operator desires to shut the motor.

off, the "on button may be pressed into the case which will force the bimetallic disc 22 toward the right in which position the contacts 38 and 39 will be opened. Therefore it is seen that an on and off" type switch button mechanism is incorporated with an overload cutout in a novel manner.

If'it is desired that the overload cutout be not actuable as an on and o switch, the on button thereof can be removed by merely removin the clip washer SI and withdrawing the pin 54.. With such an arrangement, the fofi button under normal operating conditions will be pressed into the casing in the position shown and will only extend out of the. casing when the device has been shut down because of the occurrence of a continued overload condition. Likewise, if it is desired that the device be not resettable by an ordinary operator but require attention from a skilled mechanic who will at the same time service the entire system to discover'the cause of the overload, the ofif button maybe removed. To remove the "ofi button the clip lected that the time of cooling to cause the thermostatic' disc 2| to snap back to the position shown in the drawing will be less than the time required forthe thermostatic element 22 to heat up sufficiently to snap from the position shown to its right hand position. However, a certain amount of heat will be supplied to the thermostatic-disc 22 which will be stored in the closed chamber defined by the thermostatic'disc 22 and the interior portion of the housing member 20.

After the thermostatic disc 2! has cooled and snapped back, the contacts 29 and 3! will be again closed and the circuit to the heater 24 will be opened. At this time the motor IE will be reenergized. If the overload condition at the motor ill still exists the thermostatic disc 2! will be heated up. and again snapped to its left hand position. When this occurs the heater 2% for the thermostatic disc 22 will again be energized and the motor ill will again be deenergized; The thermostatic disc may be so selected that upon this second successive reheating the disc will snap from the position shown in' the drawing to its washers 6B and 62 are removed and the pins 52 and 51 slipped out of the lever 5i. Whe'nthe pins 52 and 51 are removed the off" button and link 5| may be removed from the actuating rod 58.

In many instances it is desired to have the overload cutout adjacent the windings of the motor. The present device is adapted to such mounting by placing the thermostatic hous ng 89 and the thermostatic disc 2| retained therein adjacent the lefthand wall of the casing l6. With such a location of the cutout device the heater 23 may beeliminated and the heat of the motor winding itself be adapted to effectthe thermostatic disc 22. In this case the conductors 12 and i3 would merely be connected together. Such installations with the overload cutout mounted adjacent the motor winding are conventional and well-known and hence have not been illustrated.

It is anticipated that many difierent structures and different arrangements of parts may occur to those skilled in the art. One obvious change would be to have the heaters respond to voltage right-hand position. By proper, selection the changes rather than to the actual existence an overload. For the above reasons it is desired that applicant be not limited to that form shown and described but by the scope of the appended claims and the prior art.

I claim as my invention:

i. In combination, a-device capable oi using electrical energy, an electrical supply therefor, first and second cooperable switch means for controlling said supply, first and second timed actuators respectively for said switch means, and electrical circuit means; connecting said switch means and said device, said first and second switch means being cooperable simultaneously to energize said device and said first actuator, and cooperable to energize said second actuator while deenergizing said device and said first actuator.

2. In combination, a motor, a circuit therefor, a plurality of switch means in said circuit, a load responsive means for actuating one of said switch means to control said motor responsive to an overload condition therein, and a thermal timer also controlled by said load responsive means, said thermal timer opening said other of said switch means so as to provide a predetermined number of overload cutout attempts by said load responsive means, said thermal timer being inoperative to reclose said other switch means automatically. V

3.'An overload cutout control switch for an electric motor supplied with electricity by a plurality of conductors, comprising in combination, a

first. double pole switch, a first heat actuated means responsive to the quantity of current used by said motor for moving said first switch, said first switch being in circuit with said motor when in one of its positions, a second single pole switch,

a time delayed second heat actuated means for moving said second switch, and a heater for said second heat actuated means, said heater being in circuit when said first switch is in the other of its positions because 01' the occurrence of an overload condition in said motor, said second switch being in circuit with said first switch for either of its positions andv adapted to deenergize it to render said motor inoperative when the overload condition exists vtor a predetermined period oi time.

4'. An overload cutout electric motor supplied with electricity by a plurality oi conductors, comprising in combination, a first doublepole switch, a first heat actuated means responsive to the quantity of current used by said motor for moving said first switch, said first switch being in circuit with said motor when in one of its positions, a second single pole switch,

control switch for an by said motor for moving said first switch, said first switch being in circuit with said motor when in one of its positions, a second single pole switch, a time delayed second heat actuated means tor moving said second switch, a heater for said second heat actuated means,- said heater being in circuit when said first switch is in the other of its positions because of the occurrence of an overload condition in said motor, said second switch being in circuit with said first switch for either of its positions and adapted to deenergize it to render said motor inoperative when the overload condition exists for a predetermined period of time, and on and cit manual switch actuating means also associated with said switch for rendering said motor operative and inoperative.

6. A control switch comprising, in combination, a casing adapted to be mounted adjacent a motor or other utilizer of electrical current and responsive to the temperature thereof, a thermostat housing mounted against an inside wall of said casing so as to respond to the heat of said motor, a snap acting first thermostat within said housing adapted to move responsivelyto temperature variations of said motor, said'first thermostat moving in one direction when heated to a predetermined degree and returning in the opposite direction when cooled, a movable contact moved by said first thermostat, a pair nifstationary contacts cooperably arranged therewith for opening andclcsing a pair of electrical circuits, one of said circuits beingto said,mo.tor, a snap acting second thermostat, an electric heater in said second circuitand located adjacent said second thermostat, said second thermostat moving in one direction when heated but being incapable of returning in the opposite direction when cooled and a pair of cooperating contacts held closed by said second thermostat when cool, said last contacts being in control of said pair of circuits.

7. A control switch comprising, in combination, a casing adapted to be mounted adjacent amotor or other utilizer of electrical current and responsive to the temperature thereof, a thermostat housing mounted against an inside wall of said casing so as to respond to the heat of said motor, a snap acting first thermostat within said housing adapted to move responsively to temperature variations oi said motor, said first thermostat moving in one direction when heated to a predetermined degree and returning in the opposite direction when cooled, a movable contact moved by said first thermostat, a pair of stationary contacts cooperably arranged therewith for opening and closing a pair of electrical circhzits, one of a time delayed second'heat actuated means for moving said second switch, a heater for said second heat actuated means, said heater being in circuit when said first switch is in the other of i its positions because of the occurrence of an overload condition in said motor, said second switch' being in circuit with said first switch for either or its pos tions and adapted to deenergize it to rality of conductors, comprising in combination,

a first double pole-switch, a first heat actuated means responsive to the quantity of current need saidcircuits being to said motor, a snap acting second thermostat, an electric heater in said sec-.

' ond circuit and located adjacent said second thermostat, said second thermostat moving in one direction when heated but being incapable of returning in the opposite direction when .cooled, a pair-oi. cooperating contacts held closed by said second thermostat when cool, said last contacts being in control of said pair of circuits, a rod connected to said second thermostat, a

rockable lever pivotally connected to said rod,

and a manual reset button connected to said lever for forcing said second thermostat from its heated position to its cooled position.

8. ,A control switch comprising, in combination, a casing adapted to be mounted adjacent a motor or other utilizer of electrical current and responsive to the temperature thereof, a thermostat housing mounted against an inside wall 01 saidcasing so as to respond to the heat of said motor, a snap .actin'g first thermostat within said housing adapted to move responsively to temperature variations of said motor,

said first thermostat moving in one direction.

when heated to a predetermined degree and returning in the opposite direction when cooled, a

movable contact moved by said first thermostat, a pair of stationary contacts cooperably arranged therewith for opening and closing a pair of electrical circuits, one of said circuits being'to said motor, a snap acting second thermostat, an electric heater in said second circuit and located adjacent said second thermostat, said second thermostat moving in one direction when heated but being incapable of returning'in the opposite direction when cooled, a pair of cooperating con- 'means connected to' said lever for moving said second thermostat between its heated and its cooled positions.

9, A control switch comprising, in combina tion, a snap acting first thermostat, an electric heater. adjacent thereto for heating the same to a degree corresponding to the variations in an electrical load, said first thermostatmoving in one direction when heated to a predetermined degree and returning in the opposite direction when cooled, a movable contact moved by said first thermostat, a pair of stationary contacts cooperably arranged therewith for opening and closing a pairoi' electrical circuits, one oi said circuits being to said motor, a snap acting second thermostat, an electric heater in said second circuit and located adjacent said second thermocircuit therefor, a first switch in said circuit, first stat,'said second thermostat moving in one direction when heated but being inca ble of returning in the opposite direction w en cooled,

and a pair of cooperating contacts held closed bysaid second thermostat when cool, said last contacts being in control oi said pair of circuits.

10. A control switch comprising, in combination, a snap acting first thermostat, an electric heater adjacent thereto for heating the same to a degree corresponding to the variations in an electrical load, said first thermostat moving in one direction when heated to a predetermined degree and returning in the opposite direction when cooled, a movable contact moved by said first thermostat, a pair of stationary contacts cooperably arranged therewitlrior opening and closing a pair of electrical circuits, one of said circuits being to said motor, a. snap acting second thermostat, an electric heater in said second circuit and located adjacent said second thermostat,

f said second thermostat moving in. one direction when heated but being incapable of returning in'the opposite direction when cooled, a pair of cooperating contacts held closed by saidse'cond thermostat when cool, said last contacts being in control of said pair of circuits, a rod connected to said second thermostat, a rockable lever pivotallv connected to said rod, and a manual reset button connected to said lever for forcing said second thermostat from its heated position to its cooled position.

11. Acontrol switch comprising, in combination, a snap acting first thermostat, an electric heater adjacent thereto for heating the same to a degree corresponding to the variations inan electrical load, said first thermostat moving in 5 one direction when heated to a predetermined degree and returning in the opposite direction turning in the opposite direction When cooled, a;

pair of cooperating contacts held closed by said second thermostat when cool, said last contacts being in control of: said pair of circuits, a rod connected to said second thermostat, a rockable lever pivotally connected to said rod, and on and ofi manual actuating means connected to said lever for moving said second thermostat between -its heated and its cooled positions. 12. An overload cut-out comprising in combination, an electric current consuming device, a circuit therefor, a first switch in said circuit, a timer of the self-return type for opening said switch in response to an overload in said circuit 30 and reclosing said switch a predetermined time thereafter, a'second electrically operated timer of the non-return type, said first timer including means for delivering electrical energy to said second timer each time said first switch is opened, and a second switch in said circuit opened by said second timer after said first switch has been opened a number of times.

13. An overload cut-out comprising in combination, an electric current consuming device, a

ing means for heating said second thermal means each time said first switch is opened, and means operated by said second thermal means for deenergizing said circuit after said first switch has been opened a number of times, said second thermal means being inoperative to reenergize said circuit automatically.

14. An overload cut-out comprising in combination, an electric current consuming device, a circuit therefor, a first switch in said circuit, a timer of the self-return type for opening said switch in response to an overload in said circuit and reclosing said switch a predetermined time thereafter, a second electrically operated timer of the non-return type, means for energizing said second timer including a shunt around said first switch and current consuming device, said first timer including means for closing said shunt circuit as it opens said switch and opening said cir-' cuit as it closes said switch, and means operated by said second timer for opening said first named circuit after said switch has been Opened a number of times, said second timer'being inoperative to reclose said first circuit automatically.

, GIFFORD I. HOLMES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2426906 *Jun 28, 1943Sep 2, 1947Metals & Controls CorpManual reset thermostatic switch in protective systems
US2441979 *Jul 31, 1943May 25, 1948Tung Sol Lamp Works IncProtective means and system for load circuits
US2501155 *May 4, 1944Mar 21, 1950Metals & Controls CorpThermostatic circuit breaker
US2748244 *May 16, 1951May 29, 1956Gen Motors CorpDomestic appliance
US3141996 *Jan 2, 1959Jul 21, 1964Carrier CorpThermal protector
US3441897 *Jun 7, 1966Apr 29, 1969Commissariat Energie AtomiqueDevice for transmitting electrical measurements
US4307367 *Apr 15, 1980Dec 22, 1981Magic Chef, Inc.Bi-stable relay
US4412266 *Jul 21, 1982Oct 25, 1983Yamada Electric Manufacturing Company Ltd.AC Electrical device protective thermal relay
US4481494 *Jan 31, 1983Nov 6, 1984Therm-O-Disc, IncorporatedBi-metal snap disc operated relay
US5509786 *Jun 25, 1993Apr 23, 1996Ubukata Industries Co., Ltd.Thermal protector mounting structure for hermetic refrigeration compressors
US7663467 *Sep 14, 2006Feb 16, 2010Chia-Yi HsuManually resettable thermostat
DE1254743B *Oct 25, 1957Nov 23, 1967Ellenberger & PoensgenAnlassschalter fuer Einphaseninduktionsmotoren
Classifications
U.S. Classification361/26, 337/40
International ClassificationH01H43/30, H01H43/00, H01H77/04, H01H77/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01H77/04, H01H43/304
European ClassificationH01H43/30B2C, H01H77/04