Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS232420 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 21, 1880
Filing dateSep 8, 1879
Publication numberUS 232420 A, US 232420A, US-A-232420, US232420 A, US232420A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 232420 A
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I E. E. SMITH. Means for Laoing Garments. No. 232,420.

Patented Sept. 2i, 18180.

in. wAshnkm'ou n c UNITED STATES Enron.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 232,420, dated September 21, 1880. Application filed September 8, 1879. Patented in England December 11, 1878.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ERNEST HARMER SMITH, of Winchmore Hill, in the county of Middlesex and Kingdom of Great Britain, have invented certain Improvements in the Means of Fastening WearingApparel and other articles which require to be laced, of which the following is a specification.

The nature of my invention consists, essentially, in forming the edges of the article to be laced with a leaf or flap by sewing or otherwise attaching thereto a strip of suitable material of proper width, and between these two parts placing, at more or less frequent intervals, a small friction-roller rotating upon a shaft, the ends of the shaft passing through the two parts, and, upset or riveted, bind the said edges together; A cord or cords passing around the rollers from side to side moves over the rollers almost without friction and admits of the edges of the garment being brought closely. together by a single pull upon either end.

In the drawings, Figures 1 and 2 show sections of a garment provided with a double flap edge, N and 0, between which is a series of friction-rollers.

The rollers consist of a small pulley rotating upon a solid or hollow shaft,

A washer may be placed around the shaft or not, as may be thought necessary. Holes are punched in the flaps, the ends of the shaft passed through, and the extremities, being upset or riveted, bind the two edges together.

7 My improvement applied to shoes and gloves is shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 5.

It will be seen that besides forming a very strong and durable fastening my arrangement permits the edges of the garment to be brought closely together, and the lacing is entirely out of sight, and is protected from the wear and chafing to which a lacing passing through the common eyelets is necessarily subjected.

The strips or leaves with the rollers between may be manufactured in lengths, as shown at Figs. 5 and 6, and afterward attached to the garment by stitchingor any other convenient means, or a second strip may be applied directly to the edge of the garment as-ordinarily constructed.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

As an improved means for lacing articles of wearing-apparel, a double flap, between which flaps rollers are placed at suitable intervals, the shafts of said rollers passed through both the flaps to hold the two edges together, substantially as described.



Stoke Newington Common.


Gibson Square, Islz'ngton.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6517502Jan 17, 2001Feb 11, 2003Biocybernetics InternationalOrthotic device an methods for limiting expansion of a patient's chest
US6602214Oct 19, 1999Aug 5, 2003Bio Cybernetics InternationalOrthotic trauma device
US6609642Dec 14, 2001Aug 26, 2003Bio Cybernetics InternationalMechanical advantage backpack
US6676620Dec 5, 2000Jan 13, 2004Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US7186229Jan 12, 2004Mar 6, 2007Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US7201727Aug 17, 2005Apr 10, 2007Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular orthosis closure system and method
US7306571Apr 9, 2007Dec 11, 2007Orthomerica Products, Inc.Modular compressive orthosis system with a mechanical advantage closure
US7473235Aug 26, 2005Jan 6, 2009Orthomerica Products, Inc.Lightweight modular adjustable prophylactic hip orthosis
US8172779Feb 26, 2010May 8, 2012Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treatment of the back
US8303528Sep 30, 2011Nov 6, 2012Ossur HfOrthopedic device for treatment of the back
US8409122Dec 1, 2009Apr 2, 2013Dean CropperBack orthosis and orthotic method
US8657769Nov 3, 2010Feb 25, 2014Ossur HfThoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
Cooperative ClassificationA43C3/02