US 2325124 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 27, 1943. W. R. GARDNER 2,325,124
WEATHER SURFACE COVERING Filed March 25, 1942 in weather surface covering adapted Patented July 2.7, 1943 WEATni-:n SURFACE covEluNG William R. Gardner, Gary, Ind. I Application March 25, 1942, Serial No. 436,185 4 Claims. (Cl. 10S- 33) The present invention relates to improvements to be used to 'provide peculiarly either for roong or siding, and aims an improved roofing or siding sheet well suited for cooperation and assemblage by means of a novel form of clip adapted to have a portion thereof bent into overlapping ship with a marginal edge of the sheet.
The above and other will be fully apparent from the following detailed disclosure, the accompanying drawing and the appended claims. y*
Referring in detail to the drawing:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a pair of overlapped sheets which maybe regarded as either a portion of a roof a building;
Figure 2 is an enlarged section on line II-II of Figure 1; y
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 but showing the improved clip prior to the bending of the foot thereof to sheet locking position;
Figure 4 is a detached detail view of the clip and the securing nail which is assembled and sold therewith as a unit. A
Referring in detail to the drawing, Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrative of either roofing or siding sheets A and B.
relation- II) and a side similar ridge' I2. At one marginal edge of each sheet there is an upstanding oblique portion I4. and a substantially at portion I6 to match the flattened top of the V-ridg'e I2 of an adjacent sheet. A plurality of notches I8 are formed in the flange I6 to permit free passage therethrough of a holdingnail to be presently referred to.
At the side edge of each sheet beyond the V- ridge l2 there is formed a flange 20 which is provided with upwardly deiiected recesses 22 to accommodate portions of the improved clip. A particular feature of the present' invention resides in the arrangement whereby the sheets are held to either roofing boards or siding sheathing boards in such a way that there are no'exposed nail holes in any of the sheets. Such anarrangement is made possible by the use of the specially designed clip to now be described which is used in combination with above referred to.
The improved clip, as best shown in Figures 2 and 4, is indicated as a whole at 24. It will be understood that a plurality of these clips are used along the region of a juncture between the overlapping portions of the two sheets such as 'indifeatures of the invention the sheets of the type Acated at A and B in Figures 1 and 2. Each clip includes a leg 26, the extremity 28 of which contactstherooilng or sheeting board 30. An upper Vnail receiving lportion 32'is apertured at 34 to receive a roong nail 36, the head 38 of which is seated firmly on the upper surface of the portion 32.v The aperture 3/4 through which the nail is driven is purposely made slightly smaller than the diameter of the nail so that when the two are assembled the nail and the clip become in effect a single unit.
or a portion of the siding of v Such sheets are gen- @Tally provided with a central channeled V-ridge Extending from the at' portion 32 of the clip there is an oblique portion 40 which is inclined at an angle to suit the inclination of the V- I ridges. Generally there will be adepressed portion 42 formed'in the oblique leg of the clip to provide an air space which is eilective to serve as a water brake andprevent seepage of the water upwardly by capillary attraction. At the'lower extremity of the oblique leg of the clip there is a at foot N which is adapted to rest on the upper surface of the underlying sheet B, as shown in Figure-2. Before the parts are nally assembled in the position they are to occupy in the nished surface covering, the extremity 46 of the foot extends upwardly practically perpendicular to the lower plane thereof. The foot portion is designedly intended to occupy the notches 22 formed in the marginal edge ilange 20 of the sheet as suggested in Figure 1. After each lower sheet Bv has been positioned on its support and its flange I6 secured by assembling the clip therewith as shown in Figure 2, another sheet A is overlapped therewith as indicated in Figures 1 and 2. Thereupon the extremity 46 of the foot of the clip is bent over into overlapping relationship with the edge flange 20 of the sheet y IA, thus firmlyl securing thevadjacent sheets in overlapping relationshi It is noted that in the assembled structure the nail head 38 is entirely covered and naturally the nail holes or slots I8 through which the nail shank passes are also covered. Thus the lcombination provides a truly weather proof joint entirely devoid of nail holes or other exposed apertures such as are usually required in fastening devices of the prior art.
While I have described quite precisely certain embodiments of the invention herein illustrated, it is to be understood that the drawing and descriptive matter are to be'lnterpreted in an illustrative rather than a limitingsense.
I claim: V
1. A weather surface covering comprising a. pair of juxtaposed sheets with overlapping marginal portions, the marginal portion of the upper sheet being bent to form an outwardly projecting V-like ridge, the margin of the lower sheet having portions bent into substantial parallelism with said V-ridge, a clip interposed between the overlapping portions of the said juxtaposed sheets, said clip having a nail extending therethrough and a leg substantially parallel therewith, the lower sheet having a slotted edge -por tion to receive the nail and the clip having a foot contacting the upper surface of a lower sheet with a bent extremity overlapping the upper surface of the marginal edge oi' the upper sheet.
2. In a structureel the character described,
supporting boards, a weather surface covering therefor comprising juxtaposed sheets having marginal portions arranged in overlapping relationship, the inner portion of one sheet including an oblique wall merging with a 'straight marginal flange substantially parallel with but spaced from said supporting boards, a clip having a leg contacting the supporting board and an upper partoverlapping said marginal ange, a nail extending through the clip-and through an aperture in said flange, said clip having an oblique portion contacting the -oblique wall of the said sheet. the overlying sheet having an outwardly pressed ridge portion overlapping the clip and the holding nail therefor, said ridge poron terminating in an edge-iiange substantially parallel with the supporting boards and said clip having a foot whose extremity is clinched over the last named parallel marginal flange.
3. The structure as'deiined in claim 2 wherein the said edgeflange is formed with notched portions to accommodate the feet of said clips.
4. A clip of the character described for securing weather surface covering sheets to supporting boards, consisting of a leg adapted to be positioned perpendicular to the surface of said supporting boards, a nail receiving portion substantially perpendicular to said leg, a nail piercing the latter portion and making a tight fit therewith, the clip having an oblique portion from the lower end of which there extends laterally a foot disposed substantially parallel to the supporting boards, the extremity of said clip being adapted` tn be clinched over into overlapping relation with the ange of a juxtaposed sheet. WILLIAM R. GARDNER.