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Publication numberUS2325174 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 27, 1943
Filing dateApr 21, 1942
Priority dateNov 26, 1940
Publication numberUS 2325174 A, US 2325174A, US-A-2325174, US2325174 A, US2325174A
InventorsHenry Cooper Arthur
Original AssigneeEmi Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tuned circuits for wireless receivers
US 2325174 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 27, 1943. A. H. COOiPER TUNED CIRCUITS FOR WIRELESS RECEIVERS Filed April 21]., .1942

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70 AMPuF/m j 2: 721 AMPL mm INVENTOR. Air/we flaw/FY (oo s/ ATTORNEX i Patented July 2 1943 rime. c wwsae .BECEIV 1 .:Arthur JienryrCwpe Buchinghams ra llng E ici8:;Musica i1n mir es.if .L' e eH i ess ilan ias i n 1 -Applicatin:Aprilfil, 1942,'Se1 ial No. 439,350

tInGreati-Britain November-26,1940

gains, i-a ea;

core or magnetic material isemployed inside a solenoid. This type of tuning inductance is most convenient for receivers covering only one Wave-' band; the addition of a further band leads either i to unsuitable ratios of inductance to capacitance or else to the need for additional components. in receivers with bandspread tuning in some wavebands, the complications are likely to be serious. 7 I

The object of the present invention is to provide inexpensive waveband spreading tuning means in a circuit employing permeability'tuning and involving he use of a vary few components.

According to the present invention a tuning circuit includes a single permeability tuned inductance which serves as the main tuning adjustment means over frequencies in one tuning range and as a fine tuning adjustment means at frequencies higher than those in said tuning range.

A particular formof tunin circuit according to the invention includes a single permeabilitytuned inductance shunted by a condenser which may be variable, the frequency bandwidth covered by said inductance and condenser being extensible by the addition of an alternative shunt condenser, tuning to higher frequencies being effected by the addition of an inductance in shunt with the first inductance together with a suitable condenser or condensers in shunt, the arrangement being such that the permeability-tuned inductance operates as a fine tuning control at the higher frequencies.

The tuning inductance can take care of the medium Waveband, for example, and can easily be arranged to cover the long waveband by the connection of a suitable fixed condenser in shunt. On the short waves, the tuning inductance can be used to provide fine tuning in the spread bands by connecting suitable values of fixed inductance and capacity in shunt so as to center the tuning range in the frequency ranges required, the ratio of the fixed inductance to the fixed capacity being so chosen that the desired tuning, range is provided by the tuning inductance.

In order that the invention may be more clearly unde rst'ood and readily 1 carried into efle'ctg al- 'ternative circuits embody g 'the invention will 1. wbe described in grea fdetail by accompanying drawing.

'diun1b 'adcastwav inductance required. yrrhe "shu'nt condenser Z'may sa am i-semi 1 1 na zf ar'nple-with'refernbe ftofil igures j neat-re e; 1, the permeabilityto v. i r ,h e,

be fixed or variable. An extension orniawaimband over longer Wavelengths is obtained Without the addition of variable inductance merely by arranging the wave change switch 3 to increase the capacity across the variable inductance I by the substitution of a shunt condenser 4 for the condenser 2. band over shorter wavelengths, again Without the use of additional variable inductances, is obtained by arranging the wave change switch 3 to remove the shunt condensers 2 or i and to connect in their place in parallel withthe variable induct-- ance l appropriate tuning elements such as inductance 5 and condenser E, or inductance! and condenser 8. It will be clear that the provision of pairs of shunt components provide suff cient degrees of freedom to allow both the mid-frequency and the spread of each band to be given a any reasonable values.-

In a receiver with several bands, various components may with economy be shared between ,Wavebands; As an example, Figure 2 shows a method of sharing condensers such as, could be v performed if the values of condenser 2 and condenser 8 in Figure 1 were found to be substantially the same, by splitting up the wave change switch Sinto two ganged sections 3 and 3a, one

selecting condensers and the other inductances. v 1 7 It will be seen in Figure 2 that by providing 'a a lead 9 from the end contact of the switch contact arm 3 to the condenser 2 and by providing two dead contacts for the first two positions of the V switch contact arm 3a, the equivalent arrange ment of Figure l is provided except that in the extreme right hand position of the switch contact arms, the condenser 2 will be connected'across inductance 7, thus eliminating the condenser 8 of Figure 1.

Variation of the position of the adjustable iron core cooperating with the variable inductance I in Figure lior 2will tune the combination of shunt inductance over a range adequate to cover one of the allocated broadcast bands, although the tuning is not linear.

The invention will be found to be of particular application to the design of low priced radio re-' Further, an extension of the wavetuned inductance, a condenser and a circuit com-' prising inductance and shunt capacity, and means for selectively shunting the condenser or the latter circuit across the permeability-tuned l inductance, the arrangement beingsuchthat with,

the condenser shunting the permeability-tuned inductance the latter serves as the main tuning p means in one of the wave bands, and with the circuit of the inductance wand shunt capacity shunting the permeability-tuned inductance, the

latter serves as the fine tuning means in another,

higher frequency band.

2, A tunable circuit comprising a. single per meability-tuned inductance and a shunt condenser of such values 'to tune the circuit over 7 one, wave band, said inductance serving as the tuning means in said band, a circuit corni prisinga fixedinductance and a shunt capacity, =tunedito the mid-frequency of a band of higher frequencies than the first band, and means for substituting thelatter circuit for the first mentioned shunt condenser across the permeability- I tuned inductance, the latter now serving as the fine tuning means in the band ofhigher frequencies..

3. In a receiver; at least" one tunable circuit? ceiver through a band of medium or broadcast 5 frequencies, and means for'replacing the shunt.

condenser with, a shunt circuit comprising an in ductance and a shunt capacity which are tuned. to the mid-frequency of a higher frequency band,. the permeability-tuned inductance effecting band.

10 spread tuningin said higher frequency band.

bility-tuned inductance, a, plurality of condensers: and a plurality of fixed tuned. circuits, means for selectively connecting one of the condensers or 5 one oi the fixed tuned circuits in shunt across the permeability-tuned inductance, the values of said elements being such the receiver will be tuned to different frequency bands depending upon the position of the selective means, the permeabilitytuned inductance serving as the main tuning means when one of the condensers is shunted thereacross, andsaid inductance serving a the fine tuning means for efiectin-g band spread tuning when one of the fixed tuned circuits is shunted g5 thereacross. I v

5. The invention as defined in claim 4 Where in at least one of the condensers serves also as an element of the fixed tuned circuit.


' 4'. In'amulti-band receiver, a single permea--

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2424506 *Oct 24, 1942Jul 22, 1947Rca CorpPermeability-tuned short-wave spread-band receiver
US2475638 *Sep 28, 1946Jul 12, 1949Gen ElectricTuning circuit for high-frequency receivers
US2653244 *Jan 29, 1946Sep 22, 1953Clark James LResonant line oscillator
US3139588 *Feb 20, 1962Jun 30, 1964Space Technology Lab IncVariable time delay generator utilizing switch means and plural resonating elements
US5300904 *Mar 2, 1991Apr 5, 1994Topholm & Westermann ApsCircuit arrangement for the tank circuit of a high-frequency transmitter output stage operated with frequency shift keying
US6882245 *Oct 15, 2002Apr 19, 2005Rf Stream CorporationFrequency discrete LC filter bank
US6940365Jul 18, 2003Sep 6, 2005Rfstream CorporationMethods and apparatus for an improved discrete LC filter
US6954115May 29, 2003Oct 11, 2005Rf Stream CorporationMethods and apparatus for tuning successive approximation
US7088202Aug 2, 2005Aug 8, 2006Rfstream CorporationMethods and apparatus for an improved discrete LC filter
US7102465Jan 21, 2005Sep 5, 2006Rfstream CorporationFrequency discrete LC filter bank
US7116961May 29, 2003Oct 3, 2006Rfstream CorporationImage rejection quadratic filter
US7183880Oct 7, 2005Feb 27, 2007Rfstream CorporationDiscrete inductor bank and LC filter
US7199844Sep 30, 2002Apr 3, 2007Rfstream CorporationQuadratic nyquist slope filter
US7259643 *Feb 22, 2005Aug 21, 2007Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Tunable wideband bandpass filter, tunable multi-band bandpass filter using the same, and methods therefore
US7327406Oct 16, 2002Feb 5, 2008Rfstream CorporationMethods and apparatus for implementing a receiver on a monolithic integrated circuit
US7333155Jun 5, 2003Feb 19, 2008Rfstream CorporationQuadratic video demodulation with baseband nyquist filter
US7358795Mar 10, 2006Apr 15, 2008Rfstream CorporationMOSFET temperature compensation current source
US7446631Mar 10, 2006Nov 4, 2008Rf Stream CorporationRadio frequency inductive-capacitive filter circuit topology
US20030132455 *Oct 16, 2002Jul 17, 2003Kimitake UtsunomiyaMethods and apparatus for implementing a receiver on a monolithic integrated circuit
US20030222729 *May 29, 2003Dec 4, 2003Wong Lance M.Methods and apparatus for tuning successive approximation
US20030223017 *Sep 30, 2002Dec 4, 2003Kimitake UtsunomiyaQuadratic nyquist slope filter
US20030227354 *Oct 15, 2002Dec 11, 2003Kimitake UtsunomiyaFrequency discrete LC filter bank
US20040095513 *Jun 5, 2003May 20, 2004Takatsugu KamataQuadratic video demodulation with baseband nyquist filter
US20050012565 *Jul 18, 2003Jan 20, 2005Takatsugu KamataMethods and apparatus for an improved discrete LC filter
US20050143039 *May 29, 2003Jun 30, 2005Takatsugu KamataImage rejection quadratic filter
US20050184828 *Feb 22, 2005Aug 25, 2005Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Tunable wideband bandpass filter, tunable multi-band wideband bandpass filter using the same, and methods therefore
US20050190013 *Jan 21, 2005Sep 1, 2005Kimitake UtsunomiyaFrequency discrete LC filter bank
US20050264376 *Aug 2, 2005Dec 1, 2005Takatsugu KamataMethods and apparatus for an improved discrete LC filter
US20060208832 *Mar 10, 2006Sep 21, 2006Takatsuga KamataRadio frequency inductive-capacitive filter circuit topology
US20060214723 *Mar 10, 2006Sep 28, 2006Takatsugu KamataMOSFET temperature compensation current source
US20060217095 *Mar 10, 2006Sep 28, 2006Takatsuga KamataWideband tuning circuit
U.S. Classification334/47, 334/55, 334/71
International ClassificationH03J3/10, H03J5/00, H03J5/24, H03J3/00
Cooperative ClassificationH03J5/242, H03J3/10
European ClassificationH03J5/24A, H03J3/10