US 2327742 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 24, 1943. P. RosENBERG BIN Filed Jan. 12, 1942 INVENTOR PHA/JP fosa/,959e /i BY ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 24, 1943Y BIN ' Philip. Rosenberg, New York, N. VY.
ApplieationJanuary 12, 1942, Serial No. 426,403
' (climi-131) 6 Claims.
Thisinvention relates to bins, more particularly to bins of the rotary or revolving type.
Bins of the kind referred to commonly include an upright vcentral shaft and a series of bin` sections mounted at different levels on the shaft, each with capacity for rotation relative to the shaft and independently of the others. l
Each b-in section generally comprises asleeve rotatably mounted on the shaft, a platform or floor member having an upstanding circumferential flange, 'and a series of vertical, radially disposed dividers permanently connected to the sleeve and to the platform to support the platform from the sleeve, and to divide the platform into sectors. l
It is desirable that the user of the bin have the continuing option of using a sector as an Vopen bin compartment or for holding a drawer flange segment of a sector and formed continuously at its outer side with opposed vcard holding channels. Y y.
' It is a further object of the invention to provide wall segments, each adapted to be fitted upon the circumferential or peripheral flange segment of a sector and to be'attached to the dividers which bound the sector, and each with capacity for removal without disturbing the attachment of other similar Wall segments in other sectors. Y- f The invention is not necessarily limited to rotary bins nor to circular bins, but may bejused to advantage in any bin structure in which adjacent bin compartments radiate from a common axis. A l
Other objects and advantages will hereinafter appear.A y In the drawing forming part of. this specification v A Fig. 1 Iis a View in .elevation of Ya rotarybin embodying the. invention, the rstructure being broken away intermediate its ends for compactnessof illustration; l f v Y f Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan View, partly broken (away, oi the bin illustrated in Fig. i;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken upon the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows, the View being on a larger scale than Figs. 1 and 2, andthe structure being broken away intermediate its ends for compactness of illustration;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detail, sectional view, taken upon the line l-d of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows;`
' Fig. 5 is a sectional, detail, perspective View showing one end of a wall segment; and
Fig. '6 is a fragmentary, vertical, sectional view taken upon the line 6-5 of Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows.
The illustrative bin comprises a base l which supports an upstanding centralshaft 2. Bin sections 3 are mounted at different levels upon the vshaft 2 each with capacity for rotation relative to the shaft and independently of the others. Only two bin sections are illustrated, but it is apparent, of course, that any desired number of sectionsmay be mounted upon a single shaft.
The mounting of a bin section d is best illustrated in Fig. 3. A pin l extends diametrically through the shaft 2 and projects beyond .the shaft at opposite sides. A ring 5 rests on the ends of the bin il and supports a ball bearing S. A sleeve l' has Welded to its inner surface upper and lower flanged rings 8 and 9. The ring 9 is supported upon the ball bearing 6.
A platform or oor member il! is supported from the sleeve 'l by a series of vertical, radially` extending dividers i I, l Ea, etc., each divider being suitably secured along its inner vertical edge to the sleeve 'l as by welding, and each being suitably secured along its lower horizontal edge to the platform lli as by welding. The several dividers illustrated are designated, respectively, Il, Ha, Hb, llc and Hd for differentiation. The dividers separate the bin section into a series of bin compartments, the dividers forming vertical radial walls for the compartments, and the platform Il] forming a common fioor member for all the compartments. The platform Ill is formed with a circumferential upstanding lip or flange l2.
The sectors are all duplicates of one another and, therefore, a description of the sector bounded by the dividers Il and Ila, will suice for all. A peripheral wall Vsegment I 3 (best illustrated in Fig. 5) is adapted to betted upon the lip or flange l2 of vthe floor member Hl between the dividers Il and Ila. This wall seg- 'the boss 32 of the nut 3l.
4an y adjacent sector.
inturned ears 2l] at itsiopposite ends for attachjk l5 ment to the dividers ll and lla. The segment may be formed of light gauge sheet metal and yet be of adequate strength and rigidity to meetevery practical requirement, the cross-sectional shape illustrated, together with the longitudinal curvature, serving to afford a high degree of rigidity in relation to the thickness of the metal employed. The folded, two-ply body portion and the infolded edge portions contribute substantially to this result.
Each ear 2S is formed with a downwardly eX- tending, downwardly opening slot 2l for embracing a projection on the adjacent divider which will be described presently. Each ear also has pivotally attached to it a latch 22, the pivotal mounting being effected through a rivet 23 above the inner or upper end of the slot 2i. The rivet 23, while permitting the latch to be rotated, maintains a firm frictional pressure between the latch 22 and the ear 2). The latch 22 is formed with a slot 2li which is adapted to be turned into embracing relation to the same projection which is embraced by the slot 2l. When the latch has been thus turned into latching position, the slots 2l and 263 face substantially at right-angles to one another. The latch 22 is formed with a short ange 25 for facilitating operation of the latch to and from latching position.
' The projections on the dividers are best illustrated in Figs. 4 and 6. A bolt 26 includes' a threaded stem 2l, a boss 28 larger than the stem, and a head 29 larger than the boss. The threaded stem is passed through an opening 30 formed in the divider near the outer end thereof. A nut 3l, comprising a boss 32 and a head 33, is threaded onto the stern 2l of the bolt 2G. The notch'Zi of an ear 2@ and the notch 24 of the associated latch 222 embrace in one instance the boss 23 of the bolt 2B, and in the other instance The latch 22 is illustrated in each instance as mounted upon the supporting ear 2t' to lie between the ear and the adjacent divider, but it may be mounted on the opposite side of the ear 2l). In any case the flange is disposed to lie substantially in the plane of the ear 20, so-that the flange never juts out into the usable bin space and does not tend to promote accidental unlatching lof -the ear. vWith the construction described, it is to be noted that a wall segment l 3 may be put in place or removed without disturbing the `bolt 2G and the nut 3l or the corresponding wall segment of The wall segment is first tted onto the ange or lip l2 of the platforml, being gently tapped into place with the notches 2l of the ears 2@ embracing the projections of adjacent dividers. TheV latches 22 are then gently tapped to their latching positions andthe assembly is complete. y Should it become neces- 22 and manipulated to operate the latch to a position like that illustrated in Fig. 5. When both latches of a wall segment have been thus released, the segment may be readily separated from the platform IU and the dividers.
It is to be noticed that the wall segment provides continuous, opposed card receiving channels, and that the outer faces of the body portions I6 and I1 of the segment 'are continuously smooth. Thus, cards may be inserted in various portions of the channels and shifted as desired. The importance of this is that very fre- Y quently a sector such as II-I la, is subdivided by removable dividers (not shown) into a series of compartments. With the wall segment struc- Y ture described a card may be inserted in front sary to remove a wall segmentfasuitable tool -of each of these subdivisions, and when the removable'dividers are rearranged, the cards may be changed or rearranged correspondingly.
I have described what I believe to bel the best embodiment of my invention.Y I do 'not wish, however, to be conned to the embodiment shown, but what I desire to cover by Letters Patent is set forth in the appended claims.
l'. A bin including, in combination, a bin floor member having an upstanding peripherally extending flange, a series of vertically disposed Vdividers that extend toward the center of the floor member for separating the bin'into a plurality of sector-like compartments, means providing projections at opposite sides of each divider near the outer end thereof, wall members each forming the outer boundary of one of the sector-like compartments, each such wall member vbeingcoextensive in length with the outer boundary ofv one of the compartments, and formed to t upon the peripherally extending flange of vthe floor member, each such wall member including at each end thereof an inturned ear having a downwardly opening slot for receiving a portion of the projection at one side of an adjacent divider, and
a slotted latch pivotally mounted on the ear and rotatable'into embracing relation tothe projection embraced by the ear with the latch slot extending substantially at right angles t0 the ear slot.
2. A bin including, in combination, a bin floor member having an upstanding peripherally eX- Y formed to t upon the peripherally extending ange ofthe floor member, each such wall member including atveachend thereof an inturned ear having a downwardly opening slot for receiving a portion of the headed projection at one side or an adjacent divider between ine need ofthe projection and the divider, a slotted latchpiv- 'otally mounted on each ear and rotatableinto embracing relation to the projection embraced` bytneeer with the laten sion extending substantialiy at right angles to the ear slot, and a rivet pivotallysupporting each latch on the associated earand p ressingthe latchagainst the ear with /rm frictional pressure. Y f. i 3. A bin as set forth in claim 1 in whichv the means for providing headed projections at 0pposite sides of each divider comprises a bolt having a threaded stem passed through the divider, a hub in contact with one fa-ce of the divider and a head, and a nut threadedon the stem and having a hub in contact with one face of the divider and a head adjacent the hub.
4. A circular bin including, in combination, a base disc having an upstanding circumferentially extending flange, a series of vertically disposed, radially extending dividers connected to the base disc for separating the bin into a plurality of sector-like compartments, means providing projections at opposite sides of each divider near the outer end thereof, curved sheet metal segments each having a rigid rearwardly displaced, uninterrupted lip coextensive in length with the segment for dening with the body portion of the segment a curved flange-embracing channel for receiving and frictionally holding the'circumferential flange substantially to prevent al1 movement of the segment relative to the flange save `in an upward direction, each segment forming the outer wall of one of the sector-like compartments, and each segment including an inturned ear at each end thereof, and latch means on each ear cooperative with a divider projection to secure the ear against upward movement relative to the divider.
5. A circular bin including, in combination, a base disc having an upstanding circumferential flange, a series of vertically disposed, radially extending dividers for separating the bin into a plurality of sector-like compartments, curved, sheet metal, segments `each forming the outer wall of one of the compartments, each segment including vertical upper and lower body portions disposed in coplanar relation, an intermediate body portion folded upon itself to form a two-ply section, said two-ply section being folded rearward and downward to dene with the lower body portion a iiange-embracing channel, and ears on opposite ends of the segment and means cooperating with the channel defining portions of the segment for securing each ear in fixed position to an adjacent divider.
6. A device for use in a bin which includes a floor member having an upstanding circumferential flange, and radial dividers each having headed projections secured thereto, said vdevice consisting of a segment adapted to be'intertted with the floor iange of the bin and to be attached at its ends to adjacent dividers thereof, said segment consisting of a curved, sheet metal member including upper and lower edge portions infolded to provide reinforcement, vertical upper and lower body portions adjacent the respective edge portions disposed in coplanar relation, and an intermediate body portion folded upon itself to form a rigid two-ply section, said two-ply section being extended rearward and downward to form a continuous rigid lip for defining with the lower body portion a flame-embracing channel, and said segment having inturned slotted ears at opposite ends thereof constructed for attachment to the dividers through the medium of the headed projections.