US 2329379 A
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Sebt'111943 I A. c.ANDERsEN l 2,329,379
HANDLE AS SEMBLY Filed March 25, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. Had/'ew fr/52m Hna/ervan Patented Sept. 14, 1943 j f f UNITED .STAT-Jas earl-ENT ortica -v HANDLE lAssiilvmmr Andrew Christian Andersen,v Det'ro'itQMich., asl signor to Ternstedt Manufacturing Company, Detroit, Mich., a cox-poratio'lnofy Miehigan l Application March25, 1942,,SerialIIo.lf436,-l46
'f 'This invention relates `to handle assemblies, fpar-tioulafrly aninside handle for an automobile ,b-ody.
It is the object of the invention f to provide a 'rhandle assembly in which the handle unit may be easily'finstalled andxeasily removed. It is customary with inside handles for automobile AVbodies, particularly the regulator'handle and the lock handle, to use amescutcheon. This'escutchfreen is held out against the handle by means of feitherfthepadding on the door panel orfby a 4coil spring. This invention relates toan assembly Yof this type in which ythe escutcheon may be f pressed inwardly,'exposlng a sleeve which may A"be manipulated lby aproper tool to engage or `disengage the handle and spindle unit from the housing'member in which the handle spindle isy 'supported.
`= ,Int'he mass production `of automobile doors and automobile bodie'sthev doors are `often man- '-;u"factured in a. plant remote from the plant ifwhere the vbodies are manufactured. Heretofore, itha's been-customary to insert the hardware, :such asthe window regulator, locks, etc., inthe "doors in' the fplant where they are. manufactured andbefore they are shipped. In most,if not all, :'o'f' the designs heretofore produced, the window regulator and lock spindles are a part of thelock "or Window regulator rmechanismfand protrude .from the inside panel of the door. Consequently,
it 'is'v diicult to` stack and Iship these Without lthe vprotruding spindles interferr'ing wlth'the :stacking and'often marring or injuringvthe 1pane'1s.'
`It is lthe object ofthe present invention to 'afford a rhandle assembly in which the spindle `.is lpart; `of the handle itself so `that the -spindle control lock may be inserted inthe door panel after Yit is `Fig.4 is a section on the line 4-4 .of Fig. 3.
-^Fig15 lis asection *on the line 5 5 of Fig. v2. 6 ylsan exploded perspective viewof rthe whole assembly. f i `:Fig. V'l is a section on the line 1--1 yof Fig. 6.
"Figj is `a-sectio'n on theline 8-8 of Fig. `6,y .but l-before the r'hub has been welded to the crank shown in Fig. 7. i Fig. y9Y is.` a sectionon ythe line 9-9 vof Fig. `6. 2Fig. lOVis asectionon the line |-0-,-I0of-Fig;f6.
i ylfyligff` 1-1 .is-an elevation of kthe tool yby which .the assembly-isfmade `or disengaged. l
The inside door panel isldesignated l. This .is provided lwitha vstruck-in or` inbent Iportion 2 'in .which is secured by` bolts -3 )the housing et twostampings -.5 and/5, A1flan'ged beaming sleeve 1 is welded to the outer-housing stampi-rig ber jgagpandthis member carriesv .anarm which withl the Hl'l-ub forms Aa crank .B Afor operating a llink -(not show-n). This link connects wit/h a .lockmotfshownl The .flanged hub S--vand crank V-9 `constitute v.the drivenpar-ts of the assembly .and with vthe housing constitute `what I 'term tlredrivenosubfassembly. n n Ahandlegl is formedyby-means of `a chan- -nelled stamping `H being `riveted to -the spindle l2 :and afplastic material being `cast fthereover. This stampingk Ijl is riveted to the end lof the spindlell lteferringy toy Figs. 2pzavnrdn3, it Willbe @seen that the spindle I2 isfencl'osed i-n a .sleeve Y|-3 and comparing Figs. 2 and 5,it :will begibserved that the spindle -is `provided wi-than"V any-nular groove i8. Y The hairpin spring :I Sisslipped over thev sleeveand the grip portions I6 of this aspringppass throughhthe slots Il Vo'f tliekgsgleevie (see F-ig.- 6) and engage in ythe annular groove yI8 y,of thespindle. This rotativelyvtiesr the sleeve tothe-spindle.V Therotative-sleeve 53. the spindle |2fand thehandle .form rthe driving partant; the fassembly. l l f --,l9.repr-esents ythe trimming material whiohis Astretched over the space formed .by the indented portion 2 of the inner panel I. A stamped metal .escutcheon .is pressed outwardly yagainst fthe shoulderfof -thegripfportion fof the handle by ffmeans y01 thecoil spring 2l. Referring to lFig. 6 it will be seen that the rotatable sleeve .has at its lower ends stamped-'out lugsgz22. Each of these :lugs has stamped 'thereina `detent 23 l(see V4)y arranged -to yengage the recess24 stamped in the outer-housing -memberf5 (-see FigsqZ and 4). Theooilfspring v25'bearsagainst the hairl.pin `spring -I5- (see Fig.` 2) and, also vagainst the` outer housing stamping `5 andtends to lkeep, the sleeve projected outwardly so-that when the sleeve is in placethedetents 23 remain in the @detent-recesses -24` and yhold the whole 1 assembly place.
r`-Lookingvat the l,exploded view .6) the j'springg25lis-telescoped over `the sleevewlS rand this springf2j5=fbears against` the :lugs 22. ,Ilhe .,spindlevf/IZ is-then .passed into the sleeve.,Y l-.and Erthespring 25 is Vcollapsed slightlyand thehnir- ...pin spring lal 5 lsnappedinto the-slots H .mythe sleeve I3. This completes the sub-assembly of the driving parts.
The driven parts and housing are assembled by first projection-welding the flanged hub 8 to the crank. See these parts so welded in Fig. 2. The flanged hub, before it is Welded, has a boss 21 to permit this projection-welding (see Fig. 8). The hanged bearing sleeve 1 is then spot or projection-welded to the outer housing stamping 5 as shown in both Fig. 2 and the exploded view (Fig. 6). The crank 9 has a sleeve portiong28 which form a hub for the crank and fits into thev bearing sleeve 29 stamped out of the inner housing stamping 6. The welded unit comprising the hub 8 and the crank 9 is first set in place inthe housing plate 6, the hub 28 being set in the bearing sleeve 29. Thereupon, the outer housing stamping 5, together with the bearingsleeve 1 Welded thereto, is telescoped over the hub 8 as shown in Fig. 2. Then the two housing stampings 5 and 6 are riveted together with the rivets 30 shown in Fig. 1. This-completes the' driven sub-assembly. This sub-assembly is then bolted to the indented portion 2 of the inner panel I by means of the bolts 3 which pass through slots 3| and 32 in the housing stampings. Nutsr 33 are threaded on the ends of the bolts.
Now to assemble the two sub-assemblies: trimming material has already been stretched over the space formed by the indented portion 2 '2 of the inner door panel I and the spring 2l set in between the housing and the'trimming material. The escutcheon 20 is then placed over the trimming material as shown in Fig. 2. Then the handle sub-assembly is passed through the opening in the escutcheon and the lugs 33 are passed through'the two recesses 3'I of the housing (see Fig. 3). The handle and the sleeve are then pressed down, the teeth 34 of the spindle passing andtakes a tool, such as shownat 38 in Fig. 11, '.and inserts the nub 39 of the tool in one of the recesses 48 of the sleeve. The sleeve may then be turned, bringing the lugs from a position of registry with the recesses 3'I (Fig. 3) to a right- :angular position with respect to said recesses,` as shown in the dotted lines of Fig. 3. Spring 25 is now allowed to expand and it causes the lugs to press against the under side of the housing member 5, the detent 23 locking in the detent recess 24, as shown in Fig. 4. This completes the assembly.
The disassembly may be made by simply pressing in the escutcheon, inserting the tool 38 with the nub in the recess 4U, and turning the sleeve 'gone quarter of a turn.
` sembly partially into the drivensub-assembly and then turning the sleeve with a tool through `a part of a turn on the said spindle.
2. In a handle assembly, the combination of a driven sub-assembly, and a driving sub-assembly,
vthe latter including a spindle and av rspringstressed sleeve rotatable on the spindle but'held against longitudinal movement and having on its end a lug, the driven sub-assembly having a housing and movable partsV mountedv in the housing, the said housing having a central opening provided with a recess, the said spindle and sleeve being insertable in the opening in the housing. the said spindle removably engaging with the movable parts, the lug on the end of the sleeve passing through the recess and the sleeve being capable of being kturned a portion of 'a turn to .stressed rotatable slotted sleeve having an annular groove and on its end a lug, the said sleeve 'being mounted on the spindle by means of a hairpin spring passing through the rslots in the sleeve and engaging in the said annular groove,
the driven sub-assembly having a housing and movable partsv mounted in the housing, the said l housing provided with a central opening with a n the Y recess, the said spindle and sleeve being insertable in said opening, the said spindle engaging in driving relation with the movable parts and the lug on the end of the sleeve passing through the' 'housing with a central opening with an offset recess to yreceive said spindle and sleeve with said lug, the said sleeve and spindle being capable of being forced inwardly and the sleeve given a part turn to bring the lug out of registry with said recess to lock behind the wall of said housing by said spring pressure, the said driven sub-assembly comprising also a crank and hub, the'spindle being provided with a non-circular end portion adapted to t into a similar crank hub part to engage the same together in driving relation when the lug of the sleeve is locked behind the housing wall. o
5. In a handle assembly, the combination of a vdriving sub-assembly comprising a spindle and a sleeve rotatably supported thereon and spring Astressed outwardly but limited in its outward lug, the said sleeve and spindle being capable of being forced inwardly and the sleeve given a part turn to bring the lug out of Aregistry with said recess to lock behindV the jwall of said housing by said spring pressure, the said'driven sub-assembly comprising also a crank and hub, the spindlebeing provided with a non-circular end portion adapted to fit into a similar crank hub part to engage the same together in driving relation when the lug of the sleeve is locked behind the housing l wall, the lug having a detent and the housing wall a detent recess to locate the lug inthe locked position.
6. In a handle assembly, the combination of a. driving sub-assembly comprising a spindle with an annular groove and a slotted sleeve rotatably supported thereon by a hairpin spring passing through the slots in the sleeve and engaging in the annular groovein the spindle and Spring pressed outwardly but limited in its outward movement, said sleeve having a lug on its inner end,/ and a driven sub-assembly comprising a housing with a central opening with an offset recess to receive said spindle and sleeve with said lug, the said sleeve and spindle being capable of being forced inwardly and the sleeve given a partA turn to bring the lug out of registry with said recess to lock behind the wall of said housing by ANDREW CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN.