|Publication number||US2330536 A|
|Publication date||Sep 28, 1943|
|Filing date||Jun 16, 1941|
|Priority date||Jun 16, 1941|
|Publication number||US 2330536 A, US 2330536A, US-A-2330536, US2330536 A, US2330536A|
|Inventors||Maximilian E Zimmermann|
|Original Assignee||Maximilian E Zimmermann|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 28, 1943. M. a ZIMMERMANN MEANS FOR LOCKING VEHICLES AGAINSTSELF-PROPULSION Filed Jim's 16. 19.41
2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Sept. 28, 1943. M. a ZIMMERMANN 2,330,536 MEANS FOR LOCKING VEHICLES AGAIN S:T SELF-PROPULSION Filed June 16, 1941 2'Sheet s-Sheet 2 a I I 'arununw! Patented Sept. 28, 1943 I UNIT D LSTATE MEANS FOR LOOKING VEHICLES AGAINST Y 1 SELF-PROPULSION. v Maxiinilian E. Zimniermanii, L os An geles Calif.
lApplieationJfindlG, 1'941, Seria1No. 398,282 "10 Claims. (01. va -19a) This invention pertains to a device for locking vehicles against self-propulsion. r
Inmany States ordinances have been enacted which prohibit locking ing moved by force. externally applied thereto. By thi invention the vehicle is not locked in such a manner as to disregard suchorclinances, but is, nevertheless, locked in suchaway that u'nauthorized persons cannot utilize its own propulsive power to drive it away.
Among the objects of the invention are:
To provide an improved manually operable key controlled locking means movable ,to and from a position wherein it obstructs either the clutch pedal or brake pedal or, if desired, both of said pedals; to provide a device of this character apan automobile against 'be-' plicable to a number of difierent make of. auto- I mobiles and without altering their construction; and, to provide a I kind which can be installed conveniently and without unnecessary expense upon many difierent types of cars now on the market.
There'have been heretofore constructed lock-.
ing devices for automobiles wherein. pedal obstructing means are carried by a slidable bar extending along the steering post column at the side thereof which i nearest to the operator, thus obstructing more or less the space tween the steering column and the front seat of the vehicle. By this invention this objectionable featureis avoided because the'means for operat ing the pedal obstructin arms is located at that side of the steering column which is farthest from the operator. 7 v K The invention includes the combination of the locking means set forth with those manually op-;
locking device of the foregoing which is beerable partsof the car which it controls, and'also includes anew article of manufacture capable of being separately made and sold for subsequent installing upon the vehicles which it is desired to equip therewith. e
In itsbroader aspect the invention includes lock-controlled means for at will rendering inoperative either manually operable or foot-operable means necessaryfor the driver to use in driving his car, and isnot limited to use in the specific situation in which it is illustrated in the drawings. I
Referring which illustrate desirable embqdiments'of the in venti'on,
Fig. l is a side elevation of the device, showing the same applied to an automobile parts of which are indicated by broken lines. Except asto concealed parts the device is to the accompanying drawings,
shown in it 1ocked'po-' sition in full lines and in its'unlocked position in brokenlines. 'A part of the device is broken away to showunderlying structuremore clearly. 1
I Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the device; the automobile parts (except the pedals) being catedby theline B- -B of Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is a transverse section on an enlarged scale, of a part of one of; the pedal arresters, on the plane indicated by line 1-7 on Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is a section the plane of which is indicated by the line 8-8 on Fig. '7.
Figs. 9 to 13 showmodifications of the structures-of Figsl to 8, one of these modifications pertaining to forming the pedal arresters in a single piece. 4 h
Fig. -9 is a side elevation looking from left to right (fromv the viewpoint of the driver), a part of the structurebeing broken awa in the left portion of the View, and. some conventional parts being shown by broken lines.
' Fig. 10 illustrates the device as viewed from in front, a part being broken away to show underlying structure. a
Fig.11 is a crosssection on line He! l of Fig. 9, the scale of which is larger than in the latter view.
of mg 9 7 Fig. 13 is a reproduction of Fig. 12' except that one of the parts is shown in two pieces instead of in the unitary form shown in Fig. 12. I
Referring in detail to. Figs. 1 to 8"of the'drawings, the device is shown installed upon an auto-' mobile havinga conventional steering wheel it that surmounts basal attachment a stabilizing bracket [3 through whichit'passes,
said bracket being carried by the cowl (not shown) In'order to attach thedevice to which thein-i vention pertains to the steering column ll, a 1
bracket I5 is clamped to said column, said bracket including the arcuate hinged together'at l8 Fig. 12 is a sectional detail taken on line l2-I 2- a steering column ll having a' 12 and at about its midheight' clamping jaw l6 and I1 and respectively furnished" 7 guide and support within which is slidably fitted a bar 32 having at its upper end the locking head 38 and carrying at its lower end radially extending locking arms 33 and 33a whereby the pedals 34 and 35 are at will locked against depression. With said locking head 38 cooperates a locking means 39 carried by the upper part of the aforesaid extension 3| and consisting of lock-bolt 45 held engaged by spring 4'! and retracted against the opposition of said spring by a key 4! as indicated in Fig. 4. The locking of pedals 34 and 35 is thus quickly and easily efiected by slightly raising the arresters 33 and 33a into locking position by the finger-hold 31, and releasing of the pedals, 1
is efiected simply by a slight turn of the key M. This portion of the device is constructed alon conventional lines, modified for the particular purpose and to fit into the general scheme and outline of the device- Care is taken to prevent tampering with the device by eliminating screwed orbolted joints or parts through welded or cast construction.
The aforesaid slidable bar 32 is furnished near its upper end with a forwardly projecting'exten sion 31, shown as an arcuate lug or shortarm having its concave side directed downwardly, thus aiiording a convenient finger-hold for manually sliding the bar upwardly to bring a locking tooth or shoulder 38a carried by its upper extremity into a locked engagement with aforesaid locking means 39.
In Figs. 1, 2, 7 and 8 the locking arms 33;: and 33 are shown contoured, by reason of interlocking projections 44, to interengage each in an adjustable, nonswinging relation to each other. "Integral with the lower end of the slidable rod 32 is a screwthreaded extension 42 which is reduced in diameter thus providing an annular shoulder 43 thereabove against which abuts the apertured end portion of the upper arm 33a. The lower arm 33, however, has at its inner end a screwthreaded aperture 33b for screwing onto the screwthreaded part 42. The lower arm is threaded, as stated, and the upper arm is free from threads, so that the arms may be adjusted to different angular relations to each other and then attached as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. After these arms have been adjusted and attached, the lower end of part 42 may be peened over as shown at 46 to prevent tampering with the arms.
In Fig. 3 the locking portion of the device and the clamp are shown. The locking portion is illustrated in Fig. 4' and the clamp in Fig. 5.
The modifications shown in Figs. 9 to 13 difier only in a few details from the former the invention already described, one of which is in regard to an arcuate shield plate 5! which is in; a fixed relation to the slidable bar 32, either by the means shown in Fig. 12 or by the construction shown in Fig. 13, and prevents the clamping bolts 59 from being tampered with when said bar 32 is in its upper, pedal looking position. In Fig. 12 said shield is shown made integral with a one piece approximately U-shaped pedal locking member v united by a hinge 51.
33x having through its central basal projection 52 a vertical bore to receive a diametrically reduced unthreaded part 54 of the slidable rod 32. This structure isassembled and made secure by means of a riveted pin 55, the end of which may be peened over.
The structure shown in Fig. 13 difiers from that of Fig. 12 only in that the shield like is made in a separate piece and has a diametrically reduced tubular foot or hub portion 5| y fitted within a bore which corresponds to the bore occupied by part 54 in Fig. 12, the securing pin passing through this hub portion.
InFigs. 9 and 11 two columns are provided for, the steering column H and the smaller, gear shifting column Ha: found on some cars; and a modified clamp is used which includes jaws 58 In using this modified clamp the two screw type bolts 59 are used without nuts, and these bolt are protected by the side of the shield5l when the device isadjusted to the pedal locking position. Adjacent to the hinge 51 each jaw'58 is arcuated to fit the steering post and is of a resilient, relatively thin character to augment the' grip upon the post II when the clamping bolts are screwed down, but at 58a and 58b the jaws are furnished with internal shoulders to lengthen, their clamping surfaces.
In all the forms of the invention which have been described, whenever the locking bar 32 is released by turning the key 4|, said bar automatcally gravitates to its lowermost position wherein theparts of the device which underlie the pedals occupy so little" vertical space and lie so closeto the floor of the vehicle that they do not interfere with the pedals being depressed as far as is ever required for the proper operation of the vehicle.
1. In a. pedal, locking device attachable to the steering wheel column of an automobile, a bracket including clampinglmeans whereby said bracket is applicable to said steering wheel column in a fixed manner, an elongated guide member carried by said bracket, a bar slidably mounted on said guide member to be manually moved upwardly, a pair of pedal arresting arms carried by the lower portion of said bar to underlie both of the aforesaid pedals of the vehicle, said bar having a screw threaded portion at its lower end, said arms each having an apertured end portion through which said screw-threaded portion of the bar extends, the lowermost of said arms having its aperture screw threaded to screwon to said screw threaded portion of said bar, said arms having interlocking portions to maintain them in their angularly adjusted relation to the bar when appliedthereto, and means for releasably locking said bar when the device is in applied position, in an elevated position wherein said arms obstruct depression of said pedals.
2. A locking device for attachment tothe steering column of an automobile for controlling the operation of the pedals of the automobile, comprising a bracket secured to said steering column, the securing means for said bracket including a clamp furnished with a clamping screw, a bar extending downwardly. from said bracket and slidably fastened thereto, said bar having a foot portion which when the bar is operated moves to and from aposition wherein it obstructs depression of said pedal, key-controlled means for locking said bar in the position wherein its said foot portion obstructs depression of said pedal, and a partly tubular shield in a fixed relation to the. rod and extending upwardly from its lower part in a spaced relation thereto to prevent access to said clamping screw when the rod is in the pedal locking position.
3. The subject matter of claim 2 and, said foot portion of said bar being made in a separate piece from the remainder thereof and being provided with a bore into which a diametrically reduced lower end portion of the bar projects, and fastening means whereby said reduced bar portion is secured to said foot portion.
4. The subject matter of claim 2 and, the foot portion of said bar-beingmade in a separate piece from the remainder thereof and being provided with a bore into which a diametrically reduced lower end portion of the bar projects, said shield having a tubular lower end portion which surrounds the portion of said bar'which occupies said bore, and fastening means whereby said foot portion of the bar and shield and reduced bar portion aresecured to each other.
5. A device for attachment to the steering wheel column of an automobile to look a pedal thereof, comprising a bracket secured to said steering wheel column in a fixed manner, an
elongated guide member carried by said bracket, a bar slidably mounted on said guide member to be manually moved upwardly, pedal arresting means carried by the lower part of said bar, and means to releasably lock said bar'in its elevated position with the pedal arresting means carried thereby in a position to prevent depression of said pedal, said clamping means including a clamping screw and said bar carrying a shield which, when the bar is in its elevated position prevents access to said screw.
6. A device for attachment to the steering wheel column of an automobile to look a pedal thereof, comprising a bracket including clamping means whereby said bracket is secured to said steering wheel column in a fixed manner, the
stantially a right angle to said bar, and means whereby said arms are clamped to each other and to the bar in their radially adjusted positions. 8. In a pedal locking device for an automobile, a clamp comprising a pair of wings hinged together, said wings having each aconcave face directed toward the other to grip between them the steering column of an automobile when the device is in its applied position, means carried by said wings to draw them towardeach other into a clamping relation to said column, an elongated guide carried by said clamp, said guide when the device is in its applied position, extending parallel with and adjacent to-th-at side of the aforesaid column which is nearest to the front end of the vehicle, a bar manually slidable along said guide, and apair, of pedal. arresting arms carried by the lower end portion ofsaid bar,said
arms passing astride said column when the device is in its mounted position and havin ,pedal' ar resting portions located at that side of said column which is opposite tosaidguideg' I 1 I 9. In a pedal locking device for an automobile, f
' a bracket, means extending from one side of said securing means for said bracket ,including a clamping screw, pedal arresting means including a part movably mounted on said bracket to move to and from a pedal arresting position, and means to lock said pedal arresting means in relation to said bracket in the pedal arresting position,
said pedal arresting means carrying a shield which prevents access to said screw when said pedal arresting means is in the pedal arresting position.
7. In a pedal locking device attachable to the column of an automobile, a bracket said bracket steering wheel including clamping means whereby is securable to said steering wheel column, an
elongated guide member carried by said bracket, a bar slidably mountedon said guide member to be manually moved upwardly, a pair of pedal arresting arms carried by the lower portion of said bar to underlie both of the aforesaid pedals of the vehicle, means to releasably lock said bar when the device is in applied position, in relation to said bracket in'its elevated position with its pedal arresting arms positioned to prevent depression of said pedals, key operable means to release said bar locking means, said pedal arrestingarms being swingably connected to said bar for radial adjustment in different angular relations to each other in a plane extending at subbracket to clamp it to the steering column of the automobile, said bracket when in applied positionl having extending upwardly through it a guide channel which is angular in cross section, said bracket having an upwardextension containing a channel which alinesiwith the channel'of the bracket and forms an upward continuation thereof, the part of said guide channel which occupies said extension being channel-iron shaped with itsv open side directed away from the steering column when the device is in its applied position, a bar fitted in a slidable non-Q turnable relation to said guide channel, a pair of pedal arresting arms secured to'said bar below said bracket, said arms when the device is in its mounted position passing astride the steering column and. being positioned at all timesat the side of the steering column opposite to said bar to underlie the pedals of the automobileand means carried by the aforesaid upward extension of said bracket to lock said bar in an elevated position in relation thereto, the upper part of said bar having a finger-hold extension which I projects from the open side of the channel-iron shaped part of said guide. i
10. A locking device for attachment to the steering column of an automobile for controlling the operation of the pedals of the automobile, comprising a bracket securable to said steering. column, the securing means for said bracket including a clamp furnished with a clamping screw, a bar extending downwardly from said bracket and slidably fastened thereto, said bar having a foot portion which when the bar is operated moves to and from a position wherein it obstructs depression of a pedal, key-controlled means for locking said ar in the position wherein its said foot portion obstructs depression of. said pedal,
and means carriedby said rod to move upwardly to a position preventing access to said clamping screw. when said rod is in the pedal locking position. v MAXIMILIAN E. ZIMlVfl-JRMANN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3631694 *||Apr 3, 1970||Jan 4, 1972||Joseph O Teroux||Security device for locking gasoline accelerator pedal of automobile|
|US4615192 *||Jul 23, 1984||Oct 7, 1986||Brown William B||Brake locking system|
|US5881587 *||Jan 8, 1998||Mar 16, 1999||Lawman Armor Corp.||Anti-theft brake or clutch locking device|
|US5979197 *||Oct 25, 1996||Nov 9, 1999||Mellini; Alfredo||Vehicle anti-theft device for blocking at least a pedal arm|
|US6192724||Feb 1, 2000||Feb 27, 2001||Robert A. Vito||Anti-theft brake or clutch pedal locking device|
|US6202456||Feb 18, 2000||Mar 20, 2001||Winner International Royalty Llc||Anti-theft device for vehicles|
|US6298696||Jan 29, 2001||Oct 9, 2001||Robert A. Vito||Anti-theft brake or clutch pedal locking device|
|US6463772||Oct 5, 2001||Oct 15, 2002||Robert A. Vito||Anti-theft brake or clutch pedal locking device|
|US6575002||Jul 19, 2002||Jun 10, 2003||American Auto Accessories, Inc.||Vehicle pedal lock and method therefor|
|US6662894||Oct 29, 2001||Dec 16, 2003||Watchara Chantrasuwan||Automotive brake/clutch lock|
|US6976374 *||Jan 25, 2005||Dec 20, 2005||Christopher Dougherty||Vehicle pedal lock|
|USRE38951 *||Mar 15, 2001||Jan 31, 2006||Unbreakable Company||Anti-theft brake or clutch locking device|
|USRE39248||Feb 15, 2001||Aug 29, 2006||Unbreakable Company||Anti-theft brake locking device|
|WO1997015476A1 *||Oct 24, 1995||May 1, 1997||Alfredo Mellini||Anti-theft device for locking the brake and clutch pedals of a motor vehicle|
|WO2004108488A1 *||Sep 19, 2003||Dec 16, 2004||Ylagan N Eladio Iii||Master key brake-clutch equipment 4 layers in one|
|U.S. Classification||70/199, 70/181|