|Publication number||US2330819 A|
|Publication date||Oct 5, 1943|
|Filing date||Feb 15, 1940|
|Priority date||Mar 10, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2330819 A, US 2330819A, US-A-2330819, US2330819 A, US2330819A|
|Inventors||Andre Faure, Antoine Faure|
|Original Assignee||Andre Faure, Antoine Faure|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
- PORTABLE BUILDING STRUCTURE Filed Feb. 15, 1940 W 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 W IZUi/QfitI/FJ 4? *2 are. %/2 2 01/ e. f? 0 re @Jkww.
Oct. 5, 1943. A, FAURE ETAL PORTABLE BUILDING S TRUCTURE Filed Feb. 15, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fr) dre' F4 0/6.
fe/I7 e l aure Patented Oct. 5, 1943 PORTABLE. BUILDING STRUCTURE Andr Faure and Antoine Faure, Firmin'y, Loire,
France; vested in the Alien Property Custodian Application February 15, 1940, Serial No. 319,098 In France March 10, 1939 4 Claims. .(Cl. 189-2) The present invention relates to small building structures which are called upon to be'frequently erected and dismantled.
It has for its object to render these erections and dismantlings very easy and of avoiding the necessity of any but simple elements which when not, assembled have a very small bulk which is of particular value for transport.
To this end the invention is characterised by the feature that these building structures are constituted of but a single type of element for both the roof and walls, in the form of a panel extended on one side by a bent portion serving for the attachment both of the walls to the roof and of the two slopes of the roof together, these bent portions fitting one within the other at the ridge, while the opposite extremities of the roof panels form watersheds-or overhanging caves.
One or more transverse ribs, that is ribs whichlie horizontally when the structure is erected, can be provided in the bent portion of each element, the purpose of which is to form as many supplementary interfittings at the ridge, and in the case of pressed sheet metal elements to facilitate the pressing operations. I
The elements are preferably of pressed sheet metal but can instead be of moulded material such as fibro-cement; they can be of any suitable section, plane or ribbed, in particular corrugated.
By way of modification, the elements can each be made in two parts, one being constituted by a panel whose general form is plane, which can serve equally well for the walls or the roof slopes of the structure, and the other being constituted by a band bent along its middle and serving for the attachment of the said panelsto one another, whether the walls to the slopes of the roof or the abutting slopes to one another at the ridge.
The invention will be clearly understood by reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which by way of example corrugated panels are shown.
Figure 1 is a side view of one of the elements of the single type used.
Figure 2 is a detail view on a larger scale showing the assembly of the elements.
Figure 3 is a view-6f the erected structure.
Figures 4 and 5 are side views of the two separate parts constituting an element, namely a, corrugated panel and a bent member ofplain material, in the case of a. modified embodiment of the invention.
Figure 6 is a detail of the assembly of this type v of two-part element.
is to say each formed of a panel a plane or ribbed,
of rectangular shape, one margin of which is bent over as at b.
Those elements used for the walls of the structure are set with the bend at the top andwith their edges 0 on the inside of the building.
Those elements used in the roof are assembled I by their bends b which are fitted one closely on the other thus forming a reinforced ridge.
The bends of the walls are then secured to the roof panels and the erection thus completed. But
the attachment of the walls to the roof might equally be made before the ridge is assembled.
The attachment of the elements one to another may be made with bolts and nuts or with pins and cotters.
The bent end b of each element may have in addition one or more ribs it (two in the example shown in the drawings) which not only facilitates the shaping of the element in the case of pressed sheet metal, but also provides as many supplementary interfittings which facilitates the assembly and reinforces the structure.
It will be apparent that the length of the building only depends on the width of the elements and the members assembled together side by side.
It is also noted that by providing elements of various lengths, by suitably combining them structures of various height and widths can be assembled.
Thus by providing two series of panels of different lengths, four difierent cross-sectional dimensions of structure can be produced, namely, walls and roof of short elements, walls and roof of long elements, walls of long elements and roof of short elements, and walls of short elements and roof of long elements.
In the modification shown in Figures 4 to '8 the bent part b of each element is separate from the panel proper a. These bent parts can be plain, i. e. bent from plane material (Figures 4 to 7) or be like the panel a, of corrugated section (Figure 8).
When the' structure'is dismounted these elements can be completely separated or only separated along one edge of the bends so that on each element comprising a main portion extending substantially in one plane and a bent portion adjoining said main portion along one edge there- Of; the side walls of the shed being formed by a plurality of vertically disposed elements, with the bent portions disposed at the top, the roof of the shed consisting of a plurality of said elements, the straight ends thereof being connected to the bent portions of said side Wall elements, and the bent portions of said roof elements being disposed in overlapping relation to farm a ridgelof inverted V-shape.
2. The device claimed in claim 1, in which each element is provided with a transverse welt-like bend adjacent said bent portion, the transverse bends in said roof elements being superimposed and interlocking the respective elements.
3. The device claimed in claim 1, in which each element consists of a sheet of corrugated material, the corrugations unning from the edge of the bent portion to the opposite edge, whereby, when the side walls of the shed are erected, the corrugations are disposed vertically.
4. The device claimed in claim 1, in which each element includes a straight edge portion adjoining said bent portion along the edge thereof opposite that adjoining said main. portion, and two transverse welt-like bends disposed substantially along the imaginary lines of abutment between said main portion and said bent portion, on the one hand, and said bent portion and said straight edge portion, on the other hand, whereby the transverse bends in said roof elements are superimposed and interlock the respective elements along the ridge.
ANDRE FAURE. ANTOINE FAURE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2561098 *||Jan 9, 1947||Jul 17, 1951||Parish Pressed Steel Co||Body structure for vehicles|
|US2641340 *||Aug 13, 1949||Jun 9, 1953||Howe Orville A||Flashing for corrugated buildings|
|US2664177 *||Oct 10, 1947||Dec 29, 1953||Birum Jr Herbert L||Flashing construction|
|US2948362 *||Jul 19, 1957||Aug 9, 1960||Jones Herbert S||Building structure|
|US3200784 *||Jun 11, 1964||Aug 17, 1965||St Louis Shipbuilding Fed Barg||Cargo barge cover|
|US3323261 *||Jan 8, 1965||Jun 6, 1967||Ruberoid Co||Corrugated sheet flashing|
|US3492765 *||May 8, 1968||Feb 3, 1970||Behlen Mfg Co||Corrugated building structure with roof and wall corner reinforcing panel|
|US3500596 *||Jun 12, 1968||Mar 17, 1970||Andersson Karl Erik Evald||Building of prefabricated sections|
|US4291510 *||Dec 15, 1977||Sep 29, 1981||Sivachenko Eugene W||Prefabricated building construction|
|US4583331 *||Dec 27, 1983||Apr 22, 1986||Clamshell Partners Ltd.||Frame supported structure with tensioned fabric panels|
|US5832683 *||Mar 4, 1997||Nov 10, 1998||Ykk Corporation Of America||Framed enclosure|
|EP0382889A1 *||Aug 16, 1989||Aug 22, 1990||MBM MULTI-BAUSYSTEME GmbH||Section bar with an angle member stiffened against bending, and its use|
|WO1990009496A1 *||Feb 13, 1990||Aug 23, 1990||Mbm Multi-Bausysteme Gmbh||Sectional bar with rigid gussets and its use|
|U.S. Classification||52/92.2, 52/263, 403/206|
|International Classification||E04B1/08, E04B1/02|